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[PMID]:27770708
[Au] Autor:Glorennec P; Lucas JP; Mercat AC; Roudot AC; Le Bot B
[Ad] Endereço:EHESP, School of Public Health, Sorbonne Paris Cité, - Avenue du Professeur Léon-Bernard, CS 74312, 35043 Rennes cedex, France; Irset Inserm, UMR 1085-Institut de Recherche sur la Santé, l'Environnement et le Travail, Rennes, France. Electronic address: Philippe.glorennec@ehesp.fr.
[Ti] Título:Environmental and dietary exposure of young children to inorganic trace elements.
[So] Source:Environ Int;97:28-36, 2016 12.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6750
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Children are exposed to toxic metals and metalloids via their diet and environment. Our objective was to assess the aggregate chronic exposure of children aged 3-6years, living in France, to As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Pb, Sb, Sr, and V present in diet, tap water, air, soil and floor dust in the years 2007-2009. Dietary data came from the French Total Diet Study, while concentrations in residential tap water, soil and indoor floor dust came from the 'Plomb-Habitat' nationwide representative survey on children's lead exposure at home. Indoor air concentrations were assumed to be equal to outdoor air concentrations, which were retrieved from regulatory measurements networks. Human exposure factors were retrieved from literature. Data were combined with Monte Carlo simulations. Median exposures were 1.7, 0.3, 10.2, 34.1, 60.3, 0.7, 0.1, 44.3, 1.5 and 95th percentiles were 4.4, 0.5, 15.8, 61.3, 98.3, 2.5, 0.1, 111.1, 2.9µg/kgbw/d for As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Pb, Sb, Sr, and V respectively. Dietary exposures dominate aggregate exposures, with the notable exception of Pb - for which soils and indoor floor dust ingestion contribute most at the 95th percentile. The strengths of this study are that it aggregates exposures that are often estimated separately, and uses a large amount of representative data. This assessment is limited to main diet and residential exposure, and does not take into account the relative bioavailability of compounds. These results could be used to help target prevention strategies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade
Oligoelementos/toxicidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/efeitos adversos
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Exposição Dietética/efeitos adversos
Poeira/análise
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Feminino
França
Intoxicação por Metais Pesados
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Poluentes do Solo/análise
Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dust); 0 (Environmental Pollutants); 0 (Soil Pollutants); 0 (Trace Elements); 0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180311
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180311
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161023
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 91908 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446579
[Au] Autor:Savchenkov MF; Efimova NV; Manueva RS; Nikolaeva LA; Shin NS
[Ti] Título:[Thyroid gland pathology in children population exposed to the combination of iodine deficiency and fluoride pollution of environment].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(12):1201-5, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The article presents results of study of the impact of iodine deficiency and technogenic fluoride on the state of the thyroid gland in children. On the example of two districts of the city of Bratsk there were executed dynamic investigations (2002 and 2012), including the estimation of the pollution of ambient air and soil by fluorine compounds, levels of iodine intake by the body, the clinical examination of children aged from 5 to 7 years d and interviewing of their parents. In the course of the medical examination there were executed: physical examination by the pediatrician, endocrinologist, ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland, the determination both of serum hormone content by radioimmunoassay and urinary excretion offluorine and iodine. Concentrations of hydrogen fluoride and a solidfluorides in ambient air led to the accumulation offluoride ion in the soil. The iodine entering with drinking water and food, was established to provide only 37.5-50% of the daily requirement of iodine. Increased fluoride ion content in urine and milk teeth in children is associated with the concentrations of the fluorine-containing pollutants in the ambient air and soil. The fluoride pollution against the background of the natural iodine deficiency was established to increase the frequency of functional and morphological disorders of the thyroid gland in children.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição Ambiental
Iodo
Doenças da Glândula Tireoide
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Poluição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Poluição Ambiental/análise
Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Poluição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Compostos de Flúor/efeitos adversos
Compostos de Flúor/análise
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Iodo/análise
Iodo/deficiência
Masculino
Saúde Pública/métodos
Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos
Sibéria/epidemiologia
Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico
Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia
Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/etiologia
Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/prevenção & controle
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fluorine Compounds); 9679TC07X4 (Iodine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 91908 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446578
[Au] Autor:Pogorelova IG; Amgalan G
[Ti] Título:[Characteristics of physical growth of schoolchildren in Mongolia and their forming factors].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(12):1198-201, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The article considers the findings of hygienic assessments of educational conditions in urban and rural schools in Mongolia and socio-economic conditions of living of schoolchildren and analysis of anthropometric measurements of schoolchildren aged of 7-16 years in relation to the assessment of harmonicity of their physical development. Hygienic conditions in Mongolian schools are characterized by improper organization of the educational - accomplishment process, high occupancy rate in classes causing insufficient space for a pupil and disconformity of school furniture parameters of school desks and chairs to growth and age requirements of pupils. Comparative assessment of socio-economic factors revealed (выделено автором) that the majority (84.1%) of rural pupils reside in uncomfortable houses and gerdwellings, 58.5 % - in large families with many children, 46.3 % - in families with poor living conditions. There were obtained data about differences in physical development of urban and rural schoolchildren pronounced with age by the gain in the number of children with disharmonious development and children with lower physical indices of the development, delayed by 1-2 years appearance of the crossing of growth and growth shift typical for rural children in comparison with their urban counterparts. According to results of multivariate regression analysis most significant factors for the formation of physical development of school children in descending order are academic workload, the place of residence, the number of children in the family, uncomfortable living conditions, household income and parent's education. In the presence of these factors, the risk of the formation of disharmonious physical growth of school children increases by 1.8-2.8 times. The probability of the risk offormation of disharmonious physical development of schoolchildren living in rural areas was found to be by 2.5 times more than for their urban counterparts. The results can be usedfor scientific substantiation and development of targeted health measures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento do Adolescente
Desenvolvimento Infantil
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Antropometria/métodos
Criança
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Monitoramento Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Mongólia/epidemiologia
População Rural
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos
Fatores Sexuais
Fatores Socioeconômicos
População Urbana
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 91908 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446577
[Au] Autor:Mylnikova IV
[Ti] Título:[Hygienic assessment of intraschool environment in rural and urban secondary school institutions].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(12):1193-7, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The purpose of the research is to assess the intra-environment indices in urban and rural secondary schools. In the course of special studies there was given the hygienic assessment of the climate, illumination and air quality of classrooms. In classrooms in rural schools microclimate indices were established to fail to meet hygienic requirements mainly on the temperature and humidity parameters. In rural schools, the temperature was decreased to 16-17 °C in 19.0 ± 8.6% of classrooms, humidity was elevated to 63.1% in 25.7 ± 7.4% of classrooms. Among urban schools the humidity in 49.6 ± 4.4% of classrooms reduced to 23.3 ± 0.3%, in 20.8 ± 5.4% of offices it was increased to 71.9 ± 0.9%. The coefficient of the natural illumination in rural schools has been reduced to 0.86-1.4% in 33.9 ± 14.2% of classrooms. In 25.1 ± 2.3% of classrooms in urban schools the level of natural light ratio was below the normative values and varied in the range of 0.32-1.3%. It is noted that in the offices of informatics natural light indices are significantly lower than in the classrooms for core subjects. The artificial lighting in urban schools was found to be lower than hygienic standards on the desks by 1.9 times, 2.2 times - at the board. There were obtained statistically significant handshaking health problems of urban schoolchildren due to intraenvironmental factors. The c dimate in surveyed gyms in rural schools is different in the low temperature and high humidity. The hygienic assessment of the air pollution classrooms' medium was executed for a range of chemicals: formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, particulate matter. Concentrations of formaldehyde; nitrogen dioxide, suspended solids in the air in classrooms in urban schools appeared to be higher than in rural schools. Carbon monoxide concentrations in classrooms in rural schools was found to exceed their values in urban schools. The air in classrooms of the one of the cities was found to be differed by a specific atmosphere for its chemical - hydrogen fluoride, in concentrations exceeding the maximum allowed concentration by 3-3.5 times.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados
Calefação
Iluminação
Serviços de Saúde Escolar
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/efeitos adversos
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/estatística & dados numéricos
Criança
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Monitoramento Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Calefação/métodos
Calefação/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Iluminação/métodos
Iluminação/estatística & dados numéricos
Masculino
Concentração Máxima Permitida
Material Particulado/administração & dosagem
Material Particulado/análise
Saúde da População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos
Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos
Sibéria/epidemiologia
Saúde da População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants); 0 (Particulate Matter)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 91908 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446576
[Au] Autor:Makarov OA; Zimina AN; Nenakhova EV
[Ti] Título:[Ambient air pollution of territories of children preschool institutions by emissions of vehicle components and health of children population].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(12):1188-92, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this study was the assessment of levels of pollution of territories of preschool educational institutions (PEI) by components of vehicle emissions, in dependence on their locations relatively to highways with different traffic load and, in this regard, the assessment of children health according to the incidence on the seeking medical advice. To achieve this goal there were solved following tasks: to assess air pollution levels of PEI territories by components of vehicle emissions; to evaluate levels and the structure of morbidity rate according to seeking medical advice by children attending observed PEI. In the article there is presented the evaluation of air pollution levels of the components of vehicle emissions territories 4 PEI of the city of Irkutsk located near to highways with different intensity the road transport load. The research results were obtained with the use of «Methodics for the determination vehicle emissions for summary calculations of ambient air pollution in cities¼, which allows to determine the maximum emissions of a moving vehicle per time unit (g/s) for the main combustion components and with following use of software «Superhighway -city¼ to calculate surface concentrations of considered pollutants in the surface ambient air layer (1 m) in MPC proportions. The highest levels of contamination on the content of nitric oxide and benzo- (a)-pyrene (4 and 6,5 MPC respectively) are registered in the territories adjacent to the PEI motorways with high load tracking. To assess the morbidity rate according to seeking medical advice by children attending PEI with different road transport load there were used records from outpatient medical cards «Medical card of the child¼ (f.112/y). Morbidity rate according to seeking medical advice was evaluated in dynamics throughout five years and calculated per 1000 cases. The total sample size accounted for 670 children. The highest morbidity incidence rate levels according both to seeking medical advice and the class of respiratory diseases were recorded in PEI located in close proximity to the highway with a high load of vehicle transport.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar
Doença Ambiental
Material Particulado
Serviços de Saúde Escolar
Emissões de Veículos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos
Poluição do Ar/análise
Poluição do Ar/prevenção & controle
Automóveis/classificação
Automóveis/normas
Benzo(a)pireno/análise
Saúde da Criança
Pré-Escolar
Doença Ambiental/diagnóstico
Doença Ambiental/epidemiologia
Doença Ambiental/etiologia
Doença Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Poluição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Poluição Ambiental/análise
Poluição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Óxido Nítrico/análise
Material Particulado/efeitos adversos
Material Particulado/análise
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos
Sibéria/epidemiologia
Emissões de Veículos/análise
Emissões de Veículos/prevenção & controle
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Particulate Matter); 0 (Vehicle Emissions); 31C4KY9ESH (Nitric Oxide); 3417WMA06D (Benzo(a)pyrene)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 91908 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446279
[Au] Autor:Anganova EV; Savchenkov MF; Stepanenko LA; Savilov ED
[Ti] Título:[Microbiological monitoring of opportunistic Enterobacteriaceae of the Lena river].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(12):1124-8, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The aim is the study of the circulation, biological activity, persistent potential and genotypic characteristics of opportunistic Enterobacteriaceae of microbial community of the Lena River which is the one of the largest sources of water in Russia and Siberia. Gram-negative component of microbial community in the Lena River was mainly represented by Enterobacteriaceae (80%), including dominated Escherichia (dominant class) and Enterobacter and Klebsiella (subdominant class). In conditions of anthropogenic pollution there is a reorganization of microbial community of the Lena River in the direction of the increase in the proportion of opportunistic pathogens, their species diversity; there is a change of the biological activity of microorganisms, gains of share of strains characterized by antilysozyme activity, hemolytic activity, production DNase, phosphatase. The parameters of system "lysozyme-antilysozyme" are changing, the frequency of the occurrence of bacteria with antilysozyme activity is increasing. This shows the restructurization of the microbial community of water objects. Microorganisms of water objects in territories of anthropogenic pollution are characterized by multiple antibiotic resistance. The proportion of gram-negative opportunistic Enterobacteriaceae in microbial communities of water ecosystems determines the potential danger of water objects and the impact on the level of antibiotic resistance of bacteria. Opportunistic Enterobacteriaceae of microbial community of the Lena River near the city of Yakutsk are characterized by the presence of genetic determinants of pathogenicity (hlyA and sfaG). This is indicative of their potential epidemiological relevance. Microorganisms with high biological activity are markers of their epidemiological danger.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae
Enterobacteriaceae
Consórcios Microbianos/fisiologia
Rios/microbiologia
Microbiologia da Água/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Enterobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação
Enterobacteriaceae/patogenicidade
Enterobacteriaceae/fisiologia
Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/epidemiologia
Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/prevenção & controle
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Monitoramento Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Sibéria/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 91908 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446277
[Au] Autor:Rakhmanin YA; Levanchuk AV
[Ti] Título:[Hygienic assessment of atmospheric air in the areas with different degrees of the development of the road-traffic complex].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(12):1117-21, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The paper presents the results of a study of the qualitative composition and quantity of pollutants in atmospheric air in the course of operational wear of the road surface, braking system and tire treads of automobiles. On the basis of field research in samples ofatmospheric air ofthe city of St. Petersburg there were identified compounds of heavy metals andpolycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). There was established the dependence of the level of air pollution on traffic flows in locations of the city. Pollutants were shown to enter the air environment mainly in the form offine dust particles. There was justified the need for the control ofproducts of wear the road traffic complex in the hygienic assessment of the quality of ambient air ofmegalopises.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar
Poeira/análise
Metais Pesados/análise
Veículos Automotores
Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos Policíclicos/análise
Emissões de Veículos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
Poluição do Ar/análise
Poluição do Ar/prevenção & controle
Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Seres Humanos
Veículos Automotores/normas
Veículos Automotores/estatística & dados numéricos
Saúde Pública/métodos
Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Saúde da População Urbana/normas
Saúde da População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
Emissões de Veículos/análise
Emissões de Veículos/prevenção & controle
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants); 0 (Dust); 0 (Metals, Heavy); 0 (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons); 0 (Vehicle Emissions)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 91908 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446275
[Au] Autor:Volkova VN; Mukhina LP; Chistova ZA; Fedorova SG
[Ti] Título:[Determination of polioksin B in the air environment and in washouts from skin of operators by HPLC].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(11):1105-7, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Polyoxin B being an effective inhibitor of synthesis of chitin of the cell wall of many phytopathogenic fungi, is recommended as a fungicide for control of phytopathogenic organisms that cause damage to crop. For the determination of the exposure of employees working with pesticides there was developed the method of the measurement of concentrations of polyoxin B in air of working area, atmospheric air of populated areas and washouts from the operators ' integuments, based on high performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detector (detection wavelength of270 nm), including sampling air environment in the sorption tube ORBO-44, filled with sorbent XAD-2, extraction of the sorbent with polyoxin by a mixture of carbinol-water (in a ratio of 95:5,on volume), washout from the surface of the skin with ethyl alcohol by way of washing, concentrating, quantitative chromatographic analysis. Lower limits of the quantification ofpolyoxin B in the air ofworking area - 0.2 mg/m at the aspiration of 2 dm of air, atmospheric air - 0.016 mg/m at the aspiration of 25 dm of air, in washouts from the operators' integuments - 0.4 pg/wash, the linear range of the defined concentrations accounted for of 0.2 - 2.4 pg/cm, the total error of measurement of the concentrations of polyoxin B in air is 17%; in washouts from the operators' integuments - 16%. The developed method was approbated for the determination of polyoxin in samples of air of working zone, atmospheric air within the sanitary gap, washouts from the operators ' integuments and air drift samples taken under processing of roses in the hothouse and in the monitoring of the phytosanitary condition of the plants every other day after treatment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos
Exposição Ocupacional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antifúngicos/análise
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Seres Humanos
Exposição Ocupacional/análise
Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
Nucleosídeos de Pirimidina/análise
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antifungal Agents); 0 (Pyrimidine Nucleosides); 11113-80-7 (polyoxin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 91908 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446274
[Au] Autor:Bragina IV; Fedorova NE; Volkova VN; Egorchenkova OE; Mukhina LP; Larkina MV
[Ti] Título:[The method of multicomponent determination of herbicides of various chemical classes in water].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(11):1099-104, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:In the work there are considered results of the development of the multicomponent method of measurement of concentration of herbicides of various chemical nature under their joint presence in the water. There was justified the optimality of application of HPLC-DAD (the working wavelength of 240 nm) for the determination of levels of 10 active ingredients of herbicides of class of sulfonylurea (metsulfuron-methyl, nikosulfuron, sulfometuron-methyl, thifensulfuron-methyl, triflusulfuron-methyl), imidazolinone (imazapyr, imazethapyr), 2,6-Bis[(4,6-dimethoxy-2- pyrimidinyl)oxy]benzoic acid (bispyribac acid), triazol-pyrimidines (Penoxsulam), a benzoylpyrazole compound (Topramenzone). For the concentrating and cleaning of samples of water there were used cartridges for solid-phase extraction of Oasis HLB - the macro porous copolymer made on the basis of the balanced ratio of 2 monomers - lipophilic divinylbenzene and hydrophilic N-vinylpirrolidone. The range of the detected concentrations in water was volatile between 0.0005 and 0.005 mg/L, values of standard deviation vary in the range of 1.8-3.9%. Chlorine-containing acidic herbicides were analyzed by the method of GC-ECD and GC-MS (IE) after preliminary converting of compounds into flying derivatives with the use of diazomethane. Satisfactory extraction of substances from a water sample may be achieved by classical extraction in the system "liquid-liquid" with the application of Methyl tert-butyl ester. For cleaning of the derivatized sample there were used cartridges for solid-phase extraction on the basis of silica gel. The range of the determination of 9 active ingredients referring to classes of phenoxy-acetic acid (2,4- D, MCPA), pyridinecarboxylic (aminopyiralid, picloram, clopyralid), benzoic acids (dicamba), benzothiadiazinone (bentazone), biphenyl ester (acifluorfen) and a chloroacetamide (acetochlor) - 0.0001-0.001 mg/L, SD values vary in the range of 1.8-33%.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cromatografia Gasosa/métodos
Cromatografia de Fase Reversa/métodos
Herbicidas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Herbicidas/análise
Herbicidas/classificação
Seres Humanos
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Poluição Química da Água/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Herbicides)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 91908 MEDLINE  
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Fotocópia
[PMID]:29446264
[Au] Autor:Stepanova NV; Valeeva ER; Fomina SF; Ziyatdinova AI
[Ti] Título:[Assessment of non-carcinogenic risk for the health of the child population under the consumption of drinking water].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(11):1079-83, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:In the article there are given results of the evaluation of non-carcinogenic risks for the health of the child population residing in different areas (districts) of the city of Kazan with the aim of the subsequent comprehensive assessment of the pollutants in drinking water. Assessment of the risk for the human health was performed correspondingly to with the P 2.1.10.1920-04 for oral route of exposure in accordance to the chemical composition of drinking water with account for the standard and regional factors of the exposure. The results of the risk assessment under the consumption of drinking tap water by the child population with localized place of residence permit to reveal areas with a high level of health risk in the city. The screening assessment of carcinogenic risk due to the consumption of chemicals with drinking water revealed differences in regional and standard values of the exposure factors. This affects both on the value of the chronic average daily intake of chemical contaminants in drinking water and the level of risk under the consumption of drinking water by the child population.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Água Potável
Poluentes Químicos da Água
Qualidade da Água/normas
Abastecimento de Água
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Pré-Escolar
Exposição Dietética/efeitos adversos
Exposição Dietética/análise
Exposição Dietética/normas
Água Potável/efeitos adversos
Água Potável/análise
Água Potável/normas
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Saúde Pública/métodos
Medição de Risco/métodos
Medição de Risco/normas
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Tempo
Poluentes Químicos da Água/efeitos adversos
Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
Poluentes Químicos da Água/normas
Abastecimento de Água/métodos
Abastecimento de Água/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Drinking Water); 0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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