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Pesquisa : N06.850.670.300 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:27677344
[Au] Autor:Hunt AP; Tofari PJ; Billing DC; Silk AJ
[Ad] Endereço:a Land Division , Defence Science and Technology Organisation , Melbourne , Australia.
[Ti] Título:Tactical combat movements: inter-individual variation in performance due to the effects of load carriage.
[So] Source:Ergonomics;59(9):1232-41, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1366-5847
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:An examination into the effects of carried military equipment on the performance of two tactical combat movement simulations was conducted. Nineteen Airfield Defence Guards performed a break contact (five 30-m sprints) and a fire and movement simulation (16 6-m bounds) in five load conditions (10-30 kg). Heavier loads significantly increased movement duration on the break contact (0.8%/kg load) and fire and movement (1.1%/kg). Performance deterioration was observed from the beginning to the end of the series of movements (bounds or sprints) with deterioration becoming significantly greater in heavier load conditions. Inter-individual variation between slower and faster participants showed a range in load effects; 0.6, 0.8%/kg for fast and 1.0, 1.4%/kg for slow (break contact, fire and movement, respectively). Velocity profiles revealed that the initial acceleration and peak velocity were the primary determinants of performance. As the duration of these tactical combat movements reflects periods of heightened vulnerability, these findings highlight important implications for commanders. Practitioner Summary: Increasing amounts of carried military equipment impairs the performance of tactical combat movements. Examination of inter-individual variation in velocity profiles identified that the initial acceleration and the peak velocity achieved during sprints and bounds are key determinants of overall performance.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desaceleração
Militares
Movimento/fisiologia
Suporte de Carga/fisiologia
Desempenho Profissional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Equipamentos e Provisões/classificação
Treinamento Intervalado de Alta Intensidade
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Higiene Militar/métodos
Estatística como Assunto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170512
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170512
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; S
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160929
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00140139.2015.1132780


  2 / 436 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27416725
[Au] Autor:Kuznetsov SM; Terentev LP; Logatkin SM
[Ti] Título:[Scientist-hygienist, teacher and public figure (to the 100th anniversary of birthday of professor Koshelev N F].
[So] Source:Voen Med Zh;337(4):80-3, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:0026-9050
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Koshelev N.F. made a significant contribution to the development of general and military hygiene. Under his leadership at the S.M.Kirov Military Medical Academy were actively conducted researchers in the field of general hygiene, hygiene, military labour, water, food and sanitation support for the troops formed a new way of hygienic structure understanding, its goals, methods, object and subject of study. Koshelev N.F. developed provisions oJ methodological basics, structure and algorithm of hygienic diagnostics. He also defined basic principles of the universal theory of hygienic regulation and developed its structure, made a number of other original theoretical positions. Koshelev N.F. created a scientific, school, continues the best traditions of domestic hygiene.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação Médica/história
Higiene Militar/história
Medicina Militar/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
Higiene Militar/educação
Higiene Militar/organização & administração
Medicina Militar/educação
Medicina Militar/organização & administração
U.R.S.S.
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Koshelev NF
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160716
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 436 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27416724
[Au] Autor:Gorelova LE; Loktev AE
[Ti] Título:[Sanitary-hygienic and antiepidemic support for the Red army during the last stage of the Great Patriotic War (1944-1945)].
[So] Source:Voen Med Zh;337(4):75-80, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:0026-9050
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Sanitation measures of the final period of World War II included the sanitary surveillance of water and power forces, observation of their placement and content of the territory occupied by them, monitor the implementation of military rules of personal hygiene and health education. The content of anti-epidemic measures was control of vectors of infectious and parasitic diseases, the protection of troops against the penetration of these diseases from the outside, the sanitary-epidemiological investigation and vaccination of staff, early detection and isolation of infectious patients, their timely hospitalization, disinfection of the source of infection, identify the sources of infection and epidemiological surveillance behind the hearth. Epidemiological welfare of the Red Army has been achieved by the virtue of the hard and persistent work of many thousands of military doctors, good organization of anti-epidemic protection of troops and use of military medical service of science.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/história
Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle
Monitoramento Epidemiológico
Higiene Militar/história
Medicina Militar/história
II Guerra Mundial
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/organização & administração
História do Século XX
Higiene Militar/organização & administração
Medicina Militar/organização & administração
Saneamento/história
U.R.S.S.
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160716
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26772388
[Au] Autor:Middleton KJ; Carstairs GL; Ham DJ
[Ad] Endereço:a Centre for Human and Applied Physiology, School of Medicine , University of Wollongong , Wollongong , Australia.
[Ti] Título:Lift performance and lumbar loading in standing and seated lifts.
[So] Source:Ergonomics;59(9):1242-50, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1366-5847
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study investigated the effect of posture on lifting performance. Twenty-three male soldiers lifted a loaded box onto a platform in standing and seated postures to determine their maximum lift capacity and maximum acceptable lift. Lift performance, trunk kinematics, lumbar loads, anthropometric and strength data were recorded. There was a significant main effect for lift effort but not for posture or the interaction. Effect sizes showed that lumbar compression forces did not differ between postures at lift initiation (Standing 5566.2 ± 627.8 N; Seated 5584.0 ± 16.0) but were higher in the standing posture (4045.7 ± 408.3 N) when compared with the seated posture (3655.8 ± 225.7 N) at lift completion. Anterior shear forces were higher in the standing posture at both lift initiation (Standing 519.4 ± 104.4 N; Seated 224.2 ± 9.4 N) and completion (Standing 183.3 ± 62.5 N; Seated 71.0 ± 24.2 N) and may have been a result of increased trunk flexion and a larger horizontal distance of the mass from the L5-S1 joint. Practitioner Summary: Differences between lift performance and lumbar forces in standing and seated lifts are unclear. Using a with-in subjects repeated measures design, we found no difference in lifted mass or lumbar compression force at lift initiation between standing and seated lifts.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Remoção
Vértebras Lombares/fisiologia
Região Lombossacral/fisiologia
Higiene Militar/métodos
Postura/fisiologia
Suporte de Carga/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Militares
Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
Desempenho Profissional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170512
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170512
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; S
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160117
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00140139.2015.1120888


  5 / 436 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26827523
[Au] Autor:Kostyuk AV
[Ti] Título:[Sanitary state of the ships of the Baltic fleet and development of the navy hygiene in the 18th century].
[So] Source:Voen Med Zh;336(9):74-81, 2015 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:0026-9050
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Sanitary and hygienic state of the Baltic navy ships in the 18th century was considered as unsatisfactory due to inappropriate habitation conditions answering hygienic requirements. The reason for the low ship habitation of that time was limited technological possibilities of the sail shipbuilding, lack of appropriate labour, and life and rest conditions for navy servicemen. In fact, wooden ships were not suitable for life activity of the navy crew, but contributed to disease increase. Because of the rapid development of the' navy hygiene and improvement of shipbuilding technologies, sanitary and hygienic state of local navy ships had became improving. With a glance on recommendations, developed by physicians D.P.Sinopeus and A.G.Bakherakht, were made following improvements: were implemented ventilators on ships, daily fumigation of ships rooms, monitoring of personal hygiene.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Higiene Militar/história
Higiene Militar/organização & administração
Navios
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XVIII
Higiene Militar/normas
Rússia (pré-1917)
Navios/história
Navios/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1603
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160201
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160201
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160202
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 436 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26827518
[Au] Autor:Ogarkov PI; Valevskii VV; Smirnov AV; Kotov SS; Golubkov AV; Svistunov SA; Kolesnikov VV
[Ti] Título:[Peculiarities of sanitary and epidemiological (preventive) measures aimed at contraction and spread control of Ebola virus disease].
[So] Source:Voen Med Zh;336(9):40-4, 2015 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:0026-9050
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Now the Ebola virus continues to extend in the Western Africa. Cases, including with lethal outcomes are also registered in the countries of Europe and America. The probability of drift of this disease on the territory of the Russian Federation, including through the foreign military personnel who is trained in the country isn't excluded. For prevention of drift and distribution in Russia of the illness caused by the Ebola virus the complex of sanitary and anti-epidemic (preventive) actions is developed and introduced in practice of military health care. The specified actions allow to control an epidemiological situation on this infection and can be recommended for use to military medical experts at all levels.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle
Doença pelo Vírus Ebola/epidemiologia
Controle de Infecções/métodos
Higiene Militar/métodos
Medicina Militar/métodos
Prevenção Primária/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doença pelo Vírus Ebola/prevenção & controle
Doença pelo Vírus Ebola/transmissão
Seres Humanos
Controle de Infecções/organização & administração
Militares
Prevenção Primária/organização & administração
Federação Russa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1603
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160201
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160201
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160202
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26454932
[Au] Autor:Samtsov AV; Khairutdinov VR
[Ti] Título:[Improvement of dermatovenereologic care in the Armed Forces].
[So] Source:Voen Med Zh;336(4):4-9, 2015 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:0026-9050
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Authors presented data about primary incidence of diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation over the past 6 years and gave information about basic peculiarities of the delivery of medical dermatovenereologic care to servicemen in peacetime. A list of dermatovenereologic diseases, which have to be treated by the medical service at the troop level. Main factors affecting the level of skin and venereal diseases among servicemen are revealed. Authors' considered typical errors occurring in the process of medical care delivery to patients suffering from dermatovenereologic diseases at the troop level. These errors are usually of organizational and methodical nature.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Assistência à Saúde/tendências
Medicina Militar/tendências
Militares
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis
Dermatopatias
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração
Assistência à Saúde/normas
Seres Humanos
Higiene Militar/organização & administração
Higiene Militar/normas
Higiene Militar/tendências
Medicina Militar/organização & administração
Medicina Militar/normas
Federação Russa
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/diagnóstico
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/terapia
Dermatopatias/diagnóstico
Dermatopatias/terapia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1510
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151012
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151012
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151013
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26442320
[Au] Autor:Pischugin EY; Mathis AA; Tsintsadze OG; Tarumov RA
[Ti] Título:[To the 80th anniversary of the 637th center of the state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance].
[So] Source:Voen Med Zh;336(6):82-6, 2015 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:0026-9050
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:In March 2015 marked the 80th anniversary of the creation of the 637th Center of State Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance. The date of establishment of the Centre is rooted in the pre-war period, when sanitary-epidemiological laboratories of the Black Sea Fleet were organized as a scientific and methodological institution. During the Great Patriotic War, as well as during the early postwar period, the staff of the Centre carried out valuable work on provision of sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the Black Sea Fleet. Later, soldiers of the Center participated in the aftermath of the Chernobyl accident, fulfilling their international duty in the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, on the island of Dahlak, as well as in the Chechen Republic during the anti-terrorist operation. During its existence, the Centre repeatedly reorganized and is now an institution that successfully solves the problem of ensuring sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the troops in the area of responsibility.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Higiene Militar/história
Higiene Militar/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Regulamentação Governamental
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Higiene Militar/legislação & jurisprudência
Federação Russa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1510
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151007
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151007
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151008
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 436 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26442319
[Au] Autor:Budko AA; Gribovskaya GA
[Ti] Título:[The contribution of the Archive of the Military Medical Museum in summarizing the experience of the Great Patriotic War].
[So] Source:Voen Med Zh;336(6):76-81, 2015 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:0026-9050
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:During 70 years of existence of the Military Medical Museum one of its main goals was to create an archive of military medical documents, the formation of his ideology and collecting funds, saving and promotion of unique materials related to the history of Russia, feat of arms Defenders of the Fatherland in the wars of the XX century. Creating a military medical museum archive was conceived in the beginning of the Great Patriotic War by leading figures of the military medicine--E.I.Smirnov, S.M.Bagdasaryan, V.N.Shevkunenko, A.N.Maksimenkov, who offered to collect all materials about the work of physicians at the front and in the rear, to consider the archive as a base for scientific works on the history of the military health care. Today the archive was removed from the Army Medical Museum and now it is a branch of the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation (military medical records). His staff keeps the traditions established by predecessors and use in their activities a wealth of experience and background research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arquivos/história
Higiene Militar/organização & administração
Medicina Militar/história
Museus/história
II Guerra Mundial
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Regulamentação Governamental
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Higiene Militar/história
Higiene Militar/legislação & jurisprudência
Medicina Militar/legislação & jurisprudência
Federação Russa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1510
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151007
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151007
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151008
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26309310
[Au] Autor:Frances SP; Sferopoulos R; Lee B
[Ad] Endereço:Australian Army Malaria Institute, Gallipoli Barracks, Enoggera, QLD 4051, Australia. steve.frances@defence.gov.au.
[Ti] Título:Protection From Mosquito Biting Provided by Permethrin-Treated Military Fabrics.
[So] Source:J Med Entomol;51(6):1220-6, 2014 Nov 01.
[Is] ISSN:0022-2585
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A study to evaluate the protection provided by permethrin-treated fabric following cold-water washing against biting by mosquitoes is reported. Australian Defense Force (ADF) disruptive pattern combat uniform (DPCU) shirt fabric and entire shirts were treated by dipping in a 0.6% emulsion (Perigen Defense, containing 500 g/liter permethrin), and commercial factory treatment in the United States (Factory A) and Europe (Factory B). Protection was recorded after 1, 3, 5, 10, 30, and 50 washes. The treated fabric provided 100% protection against bites of Anopheles farauti Laveran for at least 50 washes, although only 4.8-19.0% of this species fed through untreated DPCU. The protection provided by each type of permethrin treatment against Aedes aegypti (L.) biting was variable; however, there were no significant differences between the percentage of mosquitoes biting between 1 and 10 washes. A comparison between the two factory treatments for 1-50 washes also showed no statistical difference in Ae. aegypti feeding. Chemical analysis of fabric was conducted using gas chromatography and showed that the initial dose was 0.125 mg/cm(2) for Perigen-treated fabric, which fell to 0.004 mg/cm(2) after 10 washes. By contrast, factory treatments resulted in initial dose rates of 0.20 mg/cm(2) for Factory A and 0.19 mg/cm(2) for Factory B. After 10 washes, Factory A-treated fabric had 0.09 mg/cm(2) and Factory B 0.15 mg/cm(2) of permethrin. Despite the higher concentrations of permethrin in the fabric, there was not a commensurate increase in biting protection provided by the factory-treated fabric, compared with fabric treated by dipping in permethrin emulsion.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aedes
Anopheles
Inseticidas/administração & dosagem
Permetrina/administração & dosagem
Roupa de Proteção
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Higiene Militar
Testes de Toxicidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Insecticides); 509F88P9SZ (Permethrin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170921
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170921
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150827
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1603/ME14084



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