Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : N06.850.780 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 4828 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 483 ir para página                         

  1 / 4828 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29494570
[Au] Autor:Heaton D; Huang S; Shiau R; Casillas S; Straily A; Kong LK; Ng V; Petru V
[Ti] Título:Trichinellosis Outbreak Linked to Consumption of Privately Raised Raw Boar Meat - California, 2017.
[So] Source:MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep;67(8):247-249, 2018 Mar 02.
[Is] ISSN:1545-861X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:On January 15, 2017, a hospital physician notified the Alameda County Public Health Department (ACPHD) in California of a patient with a suspected diagnosis of trichinellosis, a roundworm disease transmitted by the consumption of raw or undercooked meat containing Trichinella spp. larvae (1). A family member of the initial patient reported that at least three other friends and family members had been evaluated at area hospitals for fever, myalgia, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting. The patients had attended a celebration on December 28, 2016, at which several pork dishes were served, including larb, a traditional Laotian raw pork dish, leading the hospital physician to suspect a diagnosis of trichinellosis. Although the event hosts did not know the exact number of attendees, ACPHD identified 29 persons who attended the event and seven persons who did not attend the event, but consumed pork taken home from the event by attendees. The event hosts reported that the meat had come from a domesticated wild boar raised and slaughtered on their private family farm in northern California. ACPHD conducted a case investigation that included identification of additional cases, testing of leftover raw meat, and a retrospective cohort study to identify risk factors for infection.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Surtos de Doenças
Carne/parasitologia
Alimentos Crus/efeitos adversos
Alimentos Crus/parasitologia
Triquinelose/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Animais
California/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Prática de Saúde Pública
Suínos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180302
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.15585/mmwr.mm6708a3


  2 / 4828 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28449047
[Au] Autor:Vijaykumar S; Meurzec RW; Jayasundar K; Pagliari C; Fernandopulle Y
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Northumbria University, UK.
[Ti] Título:What's buzzing on your feed? Health authorities' use of Facebook to combat Zika in Singapore.
[So] Source:J Am Med Inform Assoc;24(6):1155-1159, 2017 Nov 01.
[Is] ISSN:1527-974X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In 2016, Singapore grappled with one of the largest Zika outbreaks in Southeast Asia. This study examines the use of Facebook for Zika-related outreach by the Ministry of Health (MOH) and the National Environmental Agency (NEA) from March 1, 2015, to September 1, 2016, and public response to this effort. Despite nearly equivalent outreach, MOH's Facebook posts received more likes (µ = 3.49) and shares (µ = 30.11), whereas NEA's posts received more comments (µ = 4.55), with NEA posting mostly on prevention (N = 30) and MOH on situational updates (N = 24). Thematic analyses identified prevention-related posts as garnering the most likes (N = 1277), while update-related posts were most shared (N = 1059) and commented upon (N = 220). Outreach ceased briefly for 2 months after Singapore's first imported case of Zika, but increased following the outbreak of locally transmitted cases in August 2016. Public engagement was significantly higher during Zika compared with prior haze and dengue outbreaks. The results indicate the value of Facebook as a tool for rapid outreach during infectious disease outbreaks, and as a "listening" platform for those managing the situation. We discuss implications for public health communication research and policy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle
Comunicação em Saúde/métodos
Prática de Saúde Pública
Mídias Sociais
Infecção pelo Zika virus/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Órgãos Governamentais
Seres Humanos
Singapura/epidemiologia
Zika virus
Infecção pelo Zika virus/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170428
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jamia/ocx028


  3 / 4828 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29381697
[Au] Autor:Safreed-Harmon K; Hetherington KL; Aleman S; Alho H; Dalgard O; Frisch T; Gottfredsson M; Weis N; Lazarus JV; Hep-Nordic Study Group
[Ad] Endereço:CHIP, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
[Ti] Título:Policy responses to hepatitis C in the Nordic countries: Gaps and discrepant reporting in the Hep-Nordic study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190146, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden), the prevalence of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is relatively low in the general population, but is much higher among people who inject drugs (PWID). We conducted an exploratory study to investigate the extent to which these countries have policies supporting key elements of the public health response that is necessary to achieve the global goal of eliminating HCV as a public health threat. METHODS: Fourteen stakeholders representing government agencies, medical societies, and civil society organisations (CSOs) in the Nordic countries completed a cross-sectional online survey that included 21 policy questions related to national coordination, prevention, testing, linkage to care, and treatment. We summarised the findings in a descriptive analysis, and noted discrepant responses from stakeholders within the same country. RESULTS: Stakeholders reported that three of the five study countries have national viral hepatitis strategies, while only Iceland has a national HCV elimination goal. The availability of harm reduction services varies, with opioid substitution therapy provided for the general population throughout all countries, but not needle and syringe programmes. No country has access to anonymous HCV testing in all parts of the country. National HCV treatment guidelines are available in all countries except Finland, and all countries provide publicly funded direct-acting antiviral treatment. Disagreement regarding policies was observed across countries, and CSOs were the stakeholder group that most frequently answered survey questions incorrectly. CONCLUSION: The Nordic region as a whole has not consistently expressed its commitment to tackling HCV, despite the existence of large HCV epidemics among PWID in these countries. Stakeholder alignment and an established elimination goal with an accompanying strategy and implementation plan should be recognised as the basis for coordinated national public health efforts to achieve HCV elimination in the Nordic region and elsewhere.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hepatite C/diagnóstico
Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/complicações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estudos Transversais
Hepatite C/epidemiologia
Hepatite C/etiologia
Seres Humanos
Prevalência
Prática de Saúde Pública
Países Escandinavos e Nórdicos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190146


  4 / 4828 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29293516
[Au] Autor:Geary RS; Tanton C; Erens B; Clifton S; Prah P; Wellings K; Mitchell KR; Datta J; Gravningen K; Fuller E; Johnson AM; Sonnenberg P; Mercer CH
[Ad] Endereço:Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Sexual identity, attraction and behaviour in Britain: The implications of using different dimensions of sexual orientation to estimate the size of sexual minority populations and inform public health interventions.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0189607, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Sexual orientation encompasses three dimensions: sexual identity, attraction and behaviour. There is increasing demand for data on sexual orientation to meet equality legislation, monitor potential inequalities and address public health needs. We present estimates of all three dimensions and their overlap in British men and women, and consider the implications for health services, research and the development and evaluation of public health interventions. METHODS: Analyses of data from Britain's third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles, a probability sample survey (15,162 people aged 16-74 years) undertaken in 2010-2012. FINDINGS: A lesbian, gay or bisexual (LGB) identity was reported by 2·5% of men and 2·4% of women, whilst 6·5% of men and 11·5% of women reported any same-sex attraction and 5·5% of men and 6·1% of women reported ever experience of same-sex sex. This equates to approximately 547,000 men and 546,000 women aged 16-74 in Britain self-identifying as LGB and 1,204,000 men and 1,389,000 women ever having experience of same-sex sex. Of those reporting same-sex sex in the past 5 years, 28% of men and 45% of women identified as heterosexual. INTERPRETATION: There is large variation in the size of sexual minority populations depending on the dimension applied, with implications for the design of epidemiological studies, targeting and monitoring of public health interventions and estimating population-based denominators. There is also substantial diversity on an individual level between identity, behaviour and attraction, adding to the complexity of delivering appropriate services and interventions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Grupos Minoritários/psicologia
Prática de Saúde Pública
Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Reino Unido
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180103
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189607


  5 / 4828 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29320531
[Au] Autor:Avong YK; Aliyu GG; Jatau B; Gurumnaan R; Danat N; Kayode GA; Adekanmbi V; Dakum P
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Human Virology, Nigeria, Maina Court, Herbert Macaulay Way, Central Business District, Abuja, Nigeria.
[Ti] Título:Integrating community pharmacy into community based anti-retroviral therapy program: A pilot implementation in Abuja, Nigeria.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190286, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The landscape of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) epidemic control is shifting with the United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) 90-90-90 benchmarks for epidemic control. Community-based Antiretroviral Therapy (CART) models have improved treatment uptake and demonstrated good clinical outcomes. We assessed the feasibility of integrating community pharmacy as a task shift structure for differentiated community ART in Abuja-Nigeria. METHODS: Stable patients on first line ART regimens from public health facilities were referred to community pharmacies in different locations within the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja for prescription refills and treatment maintenance. Bio-demographic and clinical data were collected from February 25, 2016 to May 31st, 2017 and descriptive statistics analysis applied. The outcomes of measure were prescription refill and patient retention in care at the community pharmacy. RESULTS: Almost 10% of stable patients on treatment were successfully devolved from eight health facilities to ten community pharmacies. Median age of the participants was 35 years [interquartile range (IQR); 30, 41] with married women in the majority. Prescription refill was 100% and almost all the participants (99.3%) were retained in care after they were devolved to the community pharmacies. Only one participant was lost-to-follow-up as a result of death. CONCLUSION: Excellent prescription refill and high retention in care with very low loss-to-follow-up were associated with the community pharmacy model. The use of community pharmacy for community ART is feasible in Nigeria. We recommend the scale up of the model in all the 36 states of Nigeria.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico
Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Contagem de Linfócito CD4
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Modelos Organizacionais
Nigéria
Projetos Piloto
Prática de Saúde Pública
Encaminhamento e Consulta
Carga Viral
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-HIV Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180206
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180206
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180111
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190286


  6 / 4828 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29281726
[Au] Autor:Hongoh V; Gosselin P; Michel P; Ravel A; Waaub JP; Campagna C; Samoura K
[Ad] Endereço:The Research Group on Epidemiology of Zoonoses and Public Health (GREZOSP), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal, Saint-Hyacinthe, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Criteria for the prioritization of public health interventions for climate-sensitive vector-borne diseases in Quebec.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0190049, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Prioritizing resources for optimal responses to an ever growing list of existing and emerging infectious diseases represents an important challenge to public health. In the context of climate change, there is increasing anticipated variability in the occurrence of infectious diseases, notably climate-sensitive vector-borne diseases. An essential step in prioritizing efforts is to identify what considerations and concerns to take into account to guide decisions and thus set disease priorities. This study was designed to perform a comprehensive review of criteria for vector-borne disease prioritization, assess their applicability in a context of climate change with a diverse cross-section of stakeholders in order to produce a baseline list of considerations to use in this decision-making context. Differences in stakeholder choices were examined with regards to prioritization of these criteria for research, surveillance and disease prevention and control objectives. A preliminary list of criteria was identified following a review of the literature. Discussions with stakeholders were held to consolidate and validate this list of criteria and examine their effects on disease prioritization. After this validation phase, a total of 21 criteria were retained. A pilot vector-borne disease prioritization exercise was conducted using PROMETHEE to examine the effects of the retained criteria on prioritization in different intervention domains. Overall, concerns expressed by stakeholders for prioritization were well aligned with categories of criteria identified in previous prioritization studies. Weighting by category was consistent between stakeholders overall, though some significant differences were found between public health and non-public health stakeholders. From this exercise, a general model for climate-sensitive vector-borne disease prioritization has been developed that can be used as a starting point for further public health prioritization exercises relating to research, surveillance, and prevention and control interventions in a context of climate change. Multi-stakeholder engagement in prioritization can help broaden the range of criteria taken into account, offer opportunities for early identification of potential challenges and may facilitate acceptability of any resulting decisions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Clima
Vetores de Doenças
Prática de Saúde Pública
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Grupos Focais
Seres Humanos
Projetos Piloto
Quebeque
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180206
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180206
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190049


  7 / 4828 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29226442
[Au] Autor:Sharfstein JM
[Ti] Título:Common Ground on Responsibility for Health.
[So] Source:Milbank Q;95(4):718-721, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1468-0009
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Planejamento de Cidades
Desastres/economia
Política de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde
Socorro em Desastres/economia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Tempestades Ciclônicas/economia
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/economia
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência
Seres Humanos
Prática de Saúde Pública
Socorro em Desastres/legislação & jurisprudência
Discriminação Social
Responsabilidade Social
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180202
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180202
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171212
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1468-0009.12295


  8 / 4828 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29309495
[Au] Autor:Richman I; Krumholz HM
[Ad] Endereço:Section of General Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.
[Ti] Título:Lessons From the Opioid Epidemic to Reinvigorate Tobacco Control Initiatives.
[So] Source:JAMA;319(4):339-340, 2018 Jan 23.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/epidemiologia
Fumar/epidemiologia
Fumar Tabaco/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Prática de Saúde Pública
Fumar/efeitos adversos
Prevenção do Hábito de Fumar/métodos
Governo Estadual
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180131
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180131
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180109
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.19739


  9 / 4828 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29267308
[Au] Autor:Piltch-Loeb R; Abramson DM; Merdjanoff AA
[Ad] Endereço:College of Global Public Health, New York University, New York, NY, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Risk salience of a novel virus: US population risk perception, knowledge, and receptivity to public health interventions regarding the Zika virus prior to local transmission.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0188666, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: As the incidence of Zika infection accelerated in Central and South American countries from November 2015 through April 2016, U.S. public health officials developed vector control and risk communication strategies to address mosquito-borne and sexual modes of transmission. This study reports upon U.S. perceptions of the Zika virus prior to domestic transmission, and analyzes the association of socio-economic, political, knowledge and risk factors with population receptivity to selected behavioral, environmental, and clinical intervention strategies. METHODS: A representative sample of 1,233 U.S. residents was drawn from address-based telephone and mobile phone lists, including an oversample of 208 women of child-bearing age living in five U.S. southern states. Data were collected between April and June, 2016, and weighted to represent U.S. population distributions. RESULTS: Overall, 78% of the U.S. population was aware of Zika prior to domestic transmission. Those unaware of the novel virus were more likely to be younger, lower income, and of Hispanic ethnicity. Among those aware of Zika, over half would delay pregnancy for a year or more in response to public health warnings; approximately one third agreed with a possible vector-control strategy of targeted indoor spraying by the government; and nearly two-thirds agreed that the government should make pregnancy-termination services available to women who learn their fetus had a Zika-related birth defect. Receptivity to these public health interventions varied by age, risk perception, and knowledge of the virus. CONCLUSION: Risk salience and population receptivity to public health interventions targeting a novel virus can be conditioned on pre-existing characteristics in the event of an emerging infectious disease. Risk communicators should consider targeted strategies to encourage adoption of behavioral, environmental, and clinical interventions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conscientização
Prática de Saúde Pública
Infecção pelo Zika virus/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores de Risco
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
Infecção pelo Zika virus/psicologia
Infecção pelo Zika virus/transmissão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0188666


  10 / 4828 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29212612
[Au] Autor:Seltzer EK
[Ad] Endereço:Penn Medicine Center for Digital Health, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address: Emily.seltzer@uphs.upenn.edu.
[Ti] Título:Re: Letter to the Editor of Public Health in response to 'Public sentiment and discourse about Zika virus on Instagram'.
[So] Source:Public Health;154:187, 2018 01.
[Is] ISSN:1476-5616
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecção pelo Zika virus/epidemiologia
Zika virus
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aedes
Vírus da Dengue
Surtos de Doenças
Saúde Global
Seres Humanos
Saúde Pública
Prática de Saúde Pública
Opinião Pública
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180105
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180105
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171208
[St] Status:MEDLINE



página 1 de 483 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde