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[PMID]:28167603
[Au] Autor:Bonwitt J; Sáez AM; Lamin J; Ansumana R; Dawson M; Buanie J; Lamin J; Sondufu D; Borchert M; Sahr F; Fichet-Calvet E; Brown H
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, University of Durham, Durham, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:At Home with and : Human-Rodent Interactions and Potential for Primary Transmission of Lassa Virus in Domestic Spaces.
[So] Source:Am J Trop Med Hyg;96(4):935-943, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1476-1645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AbstractThe multimammate mouse ( ) is the reservoir for Lassa virus (LASV). Zoonotic transmission occurs when humans are directly or indirectly exposed to fluids of the multimammate mouse, such as urine, saliva, and blood. Housing characteristics and domestic organization affect rodent density in and around households and villages, and are likely to be a risk factor for Lassa fever in humans where the reservoir exists. We use semi-structured interviews ( = 51), a quantitative survey ( = 429), direct observations, and a rodent ecology study to provide new insights into how the organization of domestic spaces brings together humans and rodents and creates pathways for infection in rural settlements in Bo District, Sierra Leone. Rodents were frequently reported inside houses (92.4% of respondents), in which we predominantly trapped (57% of trapped rodents) and (38% of trapped rodents). Building design and materials provide hiding and nesting places for rodents and lead to close proximity with humans. Patterns of contact are both unintentional and intentional and research participants reported high levels of contact with rodents (34.2% of respondents) and rodent fluids (52.8% of respondents). Rodents are also perceived as a serious threat to food security. These results present detailed knowledge about how humans live with and come into contact with rodents, including the LASV reservoir. Our results argue for further collaborative research in housing and environmental modification such as ceiling construction, food storage, and sanitation as prevention against zoonotic LASV transmission.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Reservatórios de Doenças/veterinária
Febre Lassa/transmissão
Vírus Lassa
Murinae
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Animais
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Reservatórios de Doenças/virologia
Feminino
Abastecimento de Alimentos
Habitação
Seres Humanos
Febre Lassa/epidemiologia
Masculino
Ratos
Controle de Roedores
Serra Leoa/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170731
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170731
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4269/ajtmh.16-0675


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[PMID]:27933554
[Au] Autor:Memmott K; Murray M; Rutberg A
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Animals and Public Policy, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, 200 Westboro Rd, North Grafton, MA, 01536, USA. Memmott.Kristin@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Use of anticoagulant rodenticides by pest management professionals in Massachusetts, USA.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicology;26(1):90-96, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1573-3017
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Secondary exposure to chemical rodenticides, specifically second-generation anticoagulant rodenticides (SGARs), poses a threat to non-target wildlife including birds of prey. Federal regulations in the United States currently limit homeowner access to SGARs as a way of minimizing this threat. With legal access to SGARs, pest management professionals (PMPs) represent a potential linkage to non-target exposure. There is limited research focused on rodent control practices, chemical rodenticide preferences, level of concern and awareness, or opinions on rodenticide regulations as they relate to PMPs. An online survey was sent to PMP companies across Massachusetts, USA, between October and November 2015. Thirty-five responses were obtained, a 20 % response rate. The preferred rodent control method among responding PMP companies was chemical rodenticides, specifically the SGAR bromadiolone. Respondents varied in their level of concern regarding the impact of chemical rodenticides on non-target species and showed a low level of awareness regarding SGAR potency and half-life. All responding companies reported using integrated pest management (IPM) strategies, with nearly all utilizing chemical rodenticides at some point. Enhanced education focused on SGAR potency, bioaccumulation potential, exposure routes, and negative impacts on non-target wildlife may improve efforts made by PMPs to minimize risk to wildlife and decrease dependence on chemical rodenticide use. Future studies evaluating use of anticoagulant rodenticide (ARs) by PMPs and the association with AR residues found in non-target wildlife is necessary to determine if current EPA regulations need to be modified to effectively reduce the risk of SGARs to non-target wildlife.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anticoagulantes/análise
Controle de Roedores/métodos
Rodenticidas/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Monitoramento Ambiental
Política Ambiental
Poluentes Ambientais/análise
Massachusetts
Controle de Roedores/estatística & dados numéricos
Estados Unidos
United States Environmental Protection Agency
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anticoagulants); 0 (Environmental Pollutants); 0 (Rodenticides)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171019
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171019
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161210
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10646-016-1744-5


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[PMID]:27196872
[Au] Autor:Goulois J; Hascoët C; Dorani K; Besse S; Legros L; Benoit E; Lattard V
[Ad] Endereço:USC 1233 INRA-VetAgro Sup, Veterinary School of Lyon, Marcy l'Etoile, France.
[Ti] Título:Study of the efficiency of anticoagulant rodenticides to control Mus musculus domesticus introgressed with Mus spretus Vkorc1.
[So] Source:Pest Manag Sci;73(2):325-331, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1526-4998
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Antivitamin K anticoagulant (AVK) rodenticides are commonly used to control rodent pests worldwide. They specifically inhibit the VKORC1 enzyme essential for the recycling of vitamin K, and thus prevent blood clotting and cause death by haemorrhage. Numerous mutations or polymorphisms of the Vkorc1 gene were reported in rodents, and some led to resistance to rodenticides. In house mice (Mus musculus domesticus), adaptive introgression of the Vkorc1 gene from the Algerian mouse (Mus spretus) was reported. This adaptive introgression causes the substitution of four amino acids in M. musculus domesticus. RESULTS: The consequences of introgression were assessed by (i) the characterisation of the in vivo resistant phenotype of adaptive Vkorc1 -introgressed mice, (ii) the characterisation of the ex vivo resistance phenotype of the liver VKOR activity and (iii) the comparison of these results with the properties of recombinant VKORC1 protein expressed in yeast. The resistance factor (from 1 to 120) induced by the four introgressed polymorphisms obtained using these three approaches was dependent on the AVKs used but were highly correlated among the three approaches. CONCLUSION: The four introgressed polymorphisms were clearly the cause of the strong resistant phenotype observed in the field. In the context of strong selection pressure due to the extensive use of AVKs, this resistant phenotype may explain the widespread distribution of this genotype from Spain to Germany. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anticoagulantes
Camundongos/genética
Controle de Roedores/métodos
Rodenticidas
Vitamina K Epóxido Redutases/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Genótipo
Hibridização Genética
Fígado/enzimologia
Masculino
Fenótipo
Pichia
Polimorfismo Genético
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anticoagulants); 0 (Rodenticides); EC 1.17.4.4 (Vitamin K Epoxide Reductases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170713
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170713
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160520
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ps.4319


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[PMID]:27135773
[Au] Autor:Vadell MV; García Erize F; Gómez Villafañe IE
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ecology, Genetics and Evolution. Institute of Ecology, Genetics and Evolution (IEGEBA-CONICET), University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
[Ti] Título:Evaluation of habitat requirements of small rodents and effectiveness of an ecologically-based management in a hantavirus-endemic natural protected area in Argentina.
[So] Source:Integr Zool;12(1):77-94, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1749-4877
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is a severe cardio pulmonary disease transmitted to humans by sylvan rodents found in natural and rural environments. Disease transmission is closely linked to the ecology of animal reservoirs and abiotic factors such as habitat characteristics, season or climatic conditions. The main goals of this research were: to determine the biotic and abiotic factors affecting richness and abundance of rodent species at different spatial scales, to evaluate different methodologies for studying population of small rodents, and to describe and analyze an ecologically-based rodent management experience in a highly touristic area. A 4-year study of small rodent ecology was conducted between April 2007 and August 2011 in the most relevant habitats of El Palmar National Park, Argentina. Management involved a wide range of control and prevention measures, including poisoning, culling and habitat modification. A total of 172 individuals of 5 species were captured with a trapping effort of 13 860 traps-nights (1.24 individuals/100 traps-nights). Five rodent species were captured, including 2 hantavirus-host species, Oligoryzomys nigripes and Akodon azarae. Oligoryzomys nigripes, host of a hantavirus that is pathogenic in humans, was the most abundant species and the only one found in all the studied habitats. Our results are inconsistent with the dilution effect hypothesis. The present study demonstrates that sylvan rodent species, including the hantavirus-host species, have distinct local habitat selection and temporal variation patterns in abundance, which may influence the risk of human exposure to hantavirus and may have practical implications for disease transmission as well as for reservoir management.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ecossistema
Controle de Roedores/métodos
Roedores/fisiologia
Roedores/virologia
Sigmodontinae/fisiologia
Sigmodontinae/virologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Argentina
Reservatórios de Doenças/virologia
Hantavirus
Síndrome Pulmonar por Hantavirus/prevenção & controle
Parques Recreativos
Dinâmica Populacional
Doenças dos Roedores/virologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170203
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170203
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1749-4877.12207


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[PMID]:26800251
[Au] Autor:Endepols S; Klemann N; Richter D; Matuschka FR
[Ad] Endereço:Bayer CropScience R&D-ES, Monheim, Germany.
[Ti] Título:The potential of coumatetralyl enhanced by cholecalciferol in the control of anticoagulant-resistant Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus).
[So] Source:Pest Manag Sci;73(2):280-286, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1526-4998
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: We evaluated the potential of cholecalciferol as an enhancer of the first-generation anticoagulant coumatetralyl in the Westphalia anticoagulant-resistant strain of the Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus Berkenhout), characterised by the Tyr139Cys polymorphism on the VKOR enzyme. Because today only the most potent, but also most persistent anticoagulant rodenticides of the second generation remain available to control this strain, new rodenticide solutions are required. RESULTS: Feeding trials in the laboratory confirmed a significant level of efficacy, which was corroborated by field trials in the Münsterland resistance area. After frequency and level of resistance were assessed by blood clotting response tests, field trials were conducted with bait containing coumatetralyl at 375 mg kg and cholecalciferol at 50 mg kg or 100 mg kg . Control success was 94% when a large rat infestation comprising 42% resistant animals was treated. Another field trial applying the combination to a rat population that had survived a preceding treatment with bromadiolone resulted in a 99.5% control success according to the first census day, but with some increase in rat activity during subsequent census days. CONCLUSION: The combination of coumatetralyl and cholecalciferol is a promising alternative approach to the most potent second-generation anticoagulants in resistance management, particularly in respect of environmental risks, such as secondary poisoning. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: 4-Hidroxicumarinas
Anticoagulantes
Colecalciferol
Ratos/fisiologia
Rodenticidas
Vitamina K Epóxido Redutases/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Resistência a Medicamentos
Feminino
Alemanha
Masculino
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
Ratos/genética
Controle de Roedores/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (4-Hydroxycoumarins); 0 (Anticoagulants); 0 (Rodenticides); 1C6V77QF41 (Cholecalciferol); EC 1.17.4.4 (VKORC1 protein, rat); EC 1.17.4.4 (Vitamin K Epoxide Reductases); J2FR050NM5 (bromadiolone); NWK4HW86A8 (coumatetralyl)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170713
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170713
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160123
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ps.4235


  6 / 550 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27792449
[Au] Autor:Denagamage TN; Patterson P; Wallner-Pendleton E; Trampel D; Shariat N; Dudley EG; Jayarao BM; Kariyawasam S
[Ad] Endereço:1 Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University , University Park, Pennsylvania.
[Ti] Título:Longitudinal Monitoring of Successive Commercial Layer Flocks for Salmonella enterica Serovar Enteritidis.
[So] Source:Foodborne Pathog Dis;13(11):618-625, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1556-7125
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Pennsylvania Egg Quality Assurance Program (EQAP) provided the framework for Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) control programs, including the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) mandated Final Egg Rule, for commercial layer facilities throughout the United States. Although flocks with ≥3000 birds must comply with the FDA Final Egg Rule, smaller flocks are exempted from the rule. As a result, eggs produced by small layer flocks may pose a greater public health risk than those from larger flocks. It is also unknown if the EQAPs developed with large flocks in mind are suitable for small- and medium-sized flocks. Therefore, a study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of best management practices included in EQAPs in reducing SE contamination of small- and medium-sized flocks by longitudinal monitoring of their environment and eggs. A total of 59 medium-sized (3000 to 50,000 birds) and small-sized (<3000 birds) flocks from two major layer production states of the United States were enrolled and monitored for SE by culturing different types of environmental samples and shell eggs for two consecutive flock cycles. Isolated SE was characterized by phage typing, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats-multi-virulence-locus sequence typing (CRISPR-MVLST). Fifty-four Salmonella isolates belonging to 17 serovars, 22 of which were SE, were isolated from multiple sample types. Typing revealed that SE isolates belonged to three phage types (PTs), three PFGE fingerprint patterns, and three CRISPR-MVLST SE Sequence Types (ESTs). The PT8 and JEGX01.0004 PFGE pattern, the most predominant SE types associated with foodborne illness in the United States, were represented by a majority (91%) of SE. Of the three ESTs observed, 85% SE were typed as EST4. The proportion of SE-positive hen house environment during flock cycle 2 was significantly less than the flock cycle 1, demonstrating that current EQAP practices were effective in reducing SE contamination of medium and small layer flocks.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Galinhas/microbiologia
Ovos/microbiologia
Contaminação de Equipamentos/prevenção & controle
Contaminação de Alimentos/prevenção & controle
Qualidade dos Alimentos
Controle de Qualidade
Salmonella enteritidis/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criação de Animais Domésticos/instrumentação
Criação de Animais Domésticos/legislação & jurisprudência
Criação de Animais Domésticos/normas
Animais
Galinhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle
Ovos/efeitos adversos
Ovos/normas
Feminino
Inspeção de Alimentos
Gastroenterite/epidemiologia
Gastroenterite/etiologia
Gastroenterite/microbiologia
Seres Humanos
Iowa/epidemiologia
Legislação sobre Alimentos
Camundongos
Tipagem Molecular/veterinária
Pennsylvania/epidemiologia
Controle de Roedores/legislação & jurisprudência
Controle de Roedores/normas
Intoxicação Alimentar por Salmonella/epidemiologia
Intoxicação Alimentar por Salmonella/etiologia
Intoxicação Alimentar por Salmonella/microbiologia
Salmonella enteritidis/classificação
Salmonella enteritidis/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Análise Espaço-Temporal
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170816
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170816
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161030
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27613544
[Au] Autor:Hansen SC; Stolter C; Imholt C; Jacob J
[Ad] Endereço:Julius Kühn Institute, Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants, Institute for Plant Protection in Horticulture and Forests, Vertebrate Research, Münster, Germany. hansen@mailbio.de.
[Ti] Título:Plant Secondary Metabolites as Rodent Repellents: a Systematic Review.
[So] Source:J Chem Ecol;42(9):970-983, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1573-1561
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The vast number of plant secondary metabolites (PSMs) produced by higher plants has generated many efforts to exploit their potential for pest control. We performed a systematic literature search to retrieve relevant publications, and we evaluated these according to PSM groups to derive information about the potential for developing plant-derived rodent repellents. We screened a total of 54 publications where different compounds or plants were tested regarding rodent behavior/metabolism. In the search for widely applicable products, we recommend multi-species systematic screening of PSMs, especially from the essential oil and terpenoid group, as laboratory experiments have uniformly shown the strongest effects across species. Other groups of compounds might be more suitable for the management of species-specific or sex-specific issues, as the effects of some compounds on particular rodent target species or sex might not be present in non-target species or in both sexes. Although plant metabolites have potential as a tool for ecologically-based rodent management, this review demonstrates inconsistent success across laboratory, enclosure, and field studies, which ultimately has lead to a small number of currently registered PSM-based rodent repellents.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo
Plantas/metabolismo
Controle de Roedores/métodos
Rodenticidas/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alcaloides/química
Alcaloides/metabolismo
Alcaloides/toxicidade
Animais
Glucosinolatos/química
Glucosinolatos/metabolismo
Glucosinolatos/toxicidade
Óleos Voláteis/química
Óleos Voláteis/metabolismo
Óleos Voláteis/toxicidade
Fenóis/química
Fenóis/metabolismo
Fenóis/toxicidade
Extratos Vegetais/química
Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade
Plantas/química
Plantas/toxicidade
Roedores/fisiologia
Rodenticidas/química
Rodenticidas/toxicidade
Metabolismo Secundário
Terpenos/química
Terpenos/metabolismo
Terpenos/toxicidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Alkaloids); 0 (Glucosinolates); 0 (Oils, Volatile); 0 (Phenols); 0 (Plant Extracts); 0 (Rodenticides); 0 (Terpenes)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160911
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27444998
[Au] Autor:Könneker S; Krezdorn N; Vogt PM; Altintas MA; Hiller MT; Ipaktchi R; Radtke C
[Ad] Endereço:Klinik für Plastische, Ästhetische, Hand- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Carl- Neuberg-Str. 1, 30625, Hannover, Deutschland. koenneker.soeren@mh-hannover.de.
[Ti] Título:[Pest control in your garden - a case series of severe hand injuries caused by privately used explosives and shot traps].
[Ti] Título:Schädlingsbekämpfung im eigenen Garten - Fallserie schwerer Handverletzungen durch Spreng- und Schussfallen in privatem Gebrauch..
[So] Source:Unfallchirurg;119(10):854-8, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1433-044X
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:Booby traps and gun-like devices for vole control can lead to complex trauma requiring emergency medical care. We present a case series of patients who suffered severe hand and facial trauma through detonation of booby traps and paraphernalia (n = 9, Ø 60 years of age). All patients were admitted to the emergency department of Hannover Medical School for primary care. Between 2011 and 2015 we treated six patients with hand trauma due to gun-like devices, two patients with hand trauma due to booby traps, and one patient with injury to the face including eyes due to a gas cartridge explosion. All hand trauma patients (n = 8) showed injuries of the soft tissue. Six of these patients also presented fractures or lesions of capsular or tendon structures. Therapies included debridement as well as skin grafts or flaps for tissue defect coverage. We informed the Department for Commercial Safety (Gewerbeaufsicht Hannover) in 2014 because we believe that these traps pose a serious safety hazard.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traumatismos por Explosões/terapia
Fraturas Ósseas/terapia
Traumatismos da Mão/terapia
Controle de Roedores
Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/terapia
Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Animais
Arvicolinae
Traumatismos por Explosões/diagnóstico
Desbridamento/métodos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos
Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico
Traumatismos da Mão/diagnóstico
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Traumatismo Múltiplo/diagnóstico
Traumatismo Múltiplo/terapia
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos
Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/diagnóstico
Resultado do Tratamento
Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/diagnóstico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170419
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170419
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160723
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00113-016-0212-2


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[PMID]:27430543
[Au] Autor:Diatta G; Mediannikov O; Boyer S; Sokhna C; Bassène H; Fenollar F; Chauvancy G; Ndiaye AA; Diene F; Parola P; Raoult D
[Ad] Endereço:Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Unité de Recherche sur les Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Émergentes (UMR 198 IRD), Campus International de Recherche IRD/UCAD de Hann, Dakar, Senegal.
[Ti] Título:An Alternative Strategy of Preventive Control of Tick-Borne Relapsing Fever in Rural Areas of Sine-Saloum, Senegal.
[So] Source:Am J Trop Med Hyg;95(3):537-45, 2016 Sep 07.
[Is] ISSN:1476-1645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In Senegal, tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF) is a major cause of morbidity and a neglected public health problem. Borreliosis cases commonly detected in two villages led us to implement a borreliosis preventive control including cementing of floors in bedrooms and outbuildings attended by inhabitants to avoid human contacts with tick vectors. Epidemiological and medical monitoring of the TBRF incidence was carried out at Dielmo and Ndiop by testing the blood of febrile patients since 1990 and 1993, respectively. Intra-domiciliary habitat conditions were improved by cementing, coupled with accompanying measures, from March 2013 to September 2015. Application of this strategy was associated with a significant reduction of borreliosis incidence. This was more evident in Dielmo, dropping from 10.55 to 2.63 cases per 100 person-years (P < 0.001), than in Ndiop where it changed from 3.79 to 1.39 cases per 100 person-years (P < 0.001). Thirty-six cases of TBRF were estimated to be prevented at a cost of €526 per infection. The preventive control strategy was successful in Dielmo and Ndiop, being associated with decreased incidence by 89.8% and 81.5%, respectively, suggesting that TBRF may be widely decreased when the population is involved. Public health authorities or any development stakeholders should adopt this effective tool for promoting rural health through national prevention programs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Febre Recorrente/prevenção & controle
Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Borrelia
Análise Custo-Benefício
Habitação
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Ornithodoros/microbiologia
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Vigilância da População
Febre Recorrente/epidemiologia
Controle de Roedores/métodos
Roedores/parasitologia
Senegal/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170907
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170907
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160720
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4269/ajtmh.15-0776


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[PMID]:27199410
[Au] Autor:Cornwall W
[Ti] Título:A Plague of Rats.
[So] Source:Science;352(6288):912-5, 2016 May 20.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Portador Sadio/microbiologia
Cidades
Leptospirose/transmissão
Áreas de Pobreza
Ratos/microbiologia
Controle de Roedores
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Brasil
Seres Humanos
Leptospirose/prevenção & controle
Esgotos/microbiologia
Poluição da Água
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Sewage)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160520
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160520
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160521
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1126/science.352.6288.912



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