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[PMID]:27771334
[Au] Autor:Aenishaenslin C; Bouchard C; Koffi JK; Ogden NH
[Ad] Endereço:Groupe de Recherche en Épidémiologie des Zoonoses et Santé Publique (GREZOSP), Faculté de médecine vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, CP 5000, Saint-Hyacinthe, J2S 7C6, Québec, Canada; Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, 1140 Pine Avenue, Montreal
[Ti] Título:Exposure and preventive behaviours toward ticks and Lyme disease in Canada: Results from a first national survey.
[So] Source:Ticks Tick Borne Dis;8(1):112-118, 2017 01.
[Is] ISSN:1877-9603
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Lyme disease (LD) risk is increasing in Canada. In 2014, the government of Canada launched a national communication campaign to raise awareness and promote the adoption of individual preventive behaviours toward ticks and LD. The objectives of this study were to evaluate and compare the adoption of LD preventive behaviours and the exposure to tick bites of Canadians in the five main targeted regions (British Columbia, Prairie provinces, Ontario, Quebec and the Atlantic provinces). A national survey was conducted in December 2014 (n=2876) to collect data on LD awareness, behaviours and risk factors. Overall, the proportion of respondents reporting tick exposure was high (20%). The results suggest that even though LD awareness was found to be high (with only 12% of the respondents reporting that they never heard about LD), less than half of the Canadians who heard about it have adopted specific preventive behaviours toward tick bites, such as regular tick checks (reported by 52%), protective clothing (50%), using tick repellent (41%) or shower or bath (41%) after visiting a wooded area in a LD risk area. Moreover, significant differences were found between regions, gender, age groups and dog ownership status, regarding preventive behaviours and factors of exposure. A high level of knowledge of Lyme disease, living in the Prairie region, as well as having found a tick on oneself or a relative, were found to be associated with the adoption of preventive behaviours. This study underlines the importance to take into account specific regional characteristics of risk and to maintain public health communication efforts through time in order to increase the adoption of preventive behaviours of Canadians.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Doença de Lyme/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Animais
Canadá/epidemiologia
Coleta de Dados
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Doença de Lyme/epidemiologia
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Picadas de Carrapatos/prevenção & controle
Controle de Ácaros e Carrapatos
Carrapatos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28686725
[Au] Autor:Locke B; Semberg E; Forsgren E; de Miranda JR
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Persistence of subclinical deformed wing virus infections in honeybees following Varroa mite removal and a bee population turnover.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0180910, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Deformed wing virus (DWV) is a lethal virus of honeybees (Apis mellifera) implicated in elevated colony mortality rates worldwide and facilitated through vector transmission by the ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor. Clinical, symptomatic DWV infections are almost exclusively associated with high virus titres during pupal development, usually acquired through feeding by Varroa mites when reproducing on bee pupae. Control of the mite population, generally through acaricide treatment, is essential for breaking the DWV epidemic and minimizing colony losses. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of remedial mite control on clearing DWV from a colony. DWV titres in adult bees and pupae were monitored at 2 week intervals through summer and autumn in acaricide-treated and untreated colonies. The DWV titres in Apistan treated colonies was reduced 1000-fold relative to untreated colonies, which coincided with both the removal of mites and also a turnover of the bee population in the colony. This adult bee population turnover is probably more critical than previously realized for effective clearing of DWV infections. After this initial reduction, subclinical DWV titres persisted and even increased again gradually during autumn, demonstrating that alternative non-Varroa transmission routes can maintain the DWV titres at significant subclinical levels even after mite removal. The implications of these results for practical recommendations to mitigate deleterious subclinical DWV infections and improving honeybee health management are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acaricidas/farmacologia
Abelhas/virologia
Ectoparasitoses/prevenção & controle
Picornaviridae/efeitos dos fármacos
Controle de Ácaros e Carrapatos/métodos
Varroidae/efeitos dos fármacos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Abelhas/parasitologia
Vetores de Doenças
Ectoparasitoses/parasitologia
Ectoparasitoses/virologia
Picornaviridae/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Picornaviridae/patogenicidade
Pupa/parasitologia
Pupa/virologia
RNA Viral/genética
Estações do Ano
Varroidae/virologia
Carga Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Acaricides); 0 (RNA, Viral)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170708
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0180910


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[PMID]:28472470
[Au] Autor:Prado-Rebolledo OF; Molina-Ochoa J; Lezama-Gutiérrez R; García-Márquez LJ; Minchaca-Llerenas YB; Morales-Barrera E; Tellez G; Hargis B; Skoda SR; Foster JE
[Ad] Endereço:Universidad de Colima, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, autopista Colima-Manzanillo km. 40, crucero de Tecomán, Colima 28930, México.
[Ti] Título:Effect of Metarhizium anisopliae (Ascomycete), Cypermethrin, and D-Limonene, Alone and Combined, on Larval Mortality of Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Acari: Ixodidae).
[So] Source:J Med Entomol;54(5):1323-1327, 2017 Sep 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2928
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The effect of the fungus Metarhizium anisopliae Ma14 strain, D-limonene, and cypermethrin, alone and combined, on the mortality of Rhipicephalus sanguineus Latreille larvae was evaluated. Eight separate groups with 25 tick larvae were inoculated with the fungus, cypermethrin, and D-limonene, and four groups were used as untreated controls. The groups were inoculated with serial dilutions of each treatment material: for example, conidial concentrations were 1 × 101, 1 × 102, 1 × 103, 1 × 104, 1 × 105, 1 × 106, 1 × 107, and 1 × 108. A complete randomized experimental design was used. Significant differences were obtained between fungal concentrations, with larval mortalities ranging from 29 to 100%; the D-limonene concentrations showed significant differences, with mortalities that ranged from 47.9 to 82.6%, and cypermethrin mortalities ranged from 69.9 to 89.9% when each was applied alone. In the combined application, the serial dilution of the Ma14 fungus plus cypermethrin at 0.1% concentration caused mortalities ranging from 92.9 to 100%; the mix of serially diluted Ma14 plus D-limonene at 0.1% caused mortalities from 10.3 to 100%; and the mix consisting of serially diluted D-limonene plus cypermethrin at 0.1% caused mortalities from 7.4 to 35.9%. Further laboratory and field research could show that these materials, alone and in combinations, are useful in future tick management and control programs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cicloexenos
Inseticidas
Metarhizium/fisiologia
Piretrinas
Terpenos
Controle de Ácaros e Carrapatos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Controle Biológico de Vetores
Distribuição Aleatória
Rhipicephalus sanguineus/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Cyclohexenes); 0 (Insecticides); 0 (Pyrethrins); 0 (Terpenes); 1TR49121NP (cypermethrin); 9MC3I34447 (limonene)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jme/tjx092


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[PMID]:28399280
[Au] Autor:Schulze TL; Jordan RA; Williams M; Dolan MC
[Ad] Endereço:Terry L. Schulze, Ph.D, Inc, 9 Evergreen Court, Millstone Township, NJ 08535.
[Ti] Título:Evaluation of the SELECT Tick Control System (TCS), a Host-Targeted Bait Box, to Reduce Exposure to Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) in a Lyme Disease Endemic Area of New Jersey.
[So] Source:J Med Entomol;54(4):1019-1024, 2017 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2928
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We describe a 2-yr trial to evaluate the ability of SELECT Tick Control System (TCS) host-targeted bait boxes to reduce numbers of host-seeking Ixodes scapularis nymphs in a residential neighborhood. After four successive 9-wk deployments, nymphal and larval I. scapularis infestation prevalence and intensity were significantly reduced on target small mammals. In addition, these deployments resulted in 87.9% and 97.3% control of host-seeking nymphs in treatment sites at 1 yr and 2 yr postintervention, respectively. Installation of a protective metal cover around the SELECT TCS bait boxes eliminated nontarget wildlife damage to bait boxes that resulted in failure of previous bait box types. The results are discussed in the context of the residential environment and future research needs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ixodes
Mamíferos
Controle de Ácaros e Carrapatos/métodos
Infestações por Carrapato/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Ixodes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Doença de Lyme/parasitologia
Doença de Lyme/prevenção & controle
New Jersey
Ninfa/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Infestações por Carrapato/parasitologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171013
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171013
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170412
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jme/tjx044


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[PMID]:28395754
[Au] Autor:Geurden T; Becskei C; Vatta AF; Slootmans N; von Reitzenstein M; King VL; Lin D; Rugg D
[Ad] Endereço:Zoetis, Veterinary Medicine Research and Development, Mercuriusstraat 20, B-1930 Zaventem, Belgium. Electronic address: thomas.geurden@zoetis.com.
[Ti] Título:Efficacy of a new spot-on formulation of selamectin plus sarolaner against four common tick species infesting cats in Europe.
[So] Source:Vet Parasitol;238 Suppl 1:S3-S7, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2550
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A single application of a new spot-on formulation of selamectin plus sarolaner (Stronghold Plus, Zoetis) was evaluated for efficacy against the most common tick species infesting cats in Europe. In each of the seven laboratory studies, 16 adult and purpose-bred cats were randomly allocated to one of two treatment groups based on pre-treatment tick counts. Weekly infestations with 50 unfed adult Ixodes ricinus (2 studies), Ixodes hexagonus (1 study), Dermacentor reticulatus (2 studies), or Rhipicephalus sanguineus (2 studies) were scheduled on Days -2, 5, 12, 19, 26 and 33. Cats were treated on Day 0 with the spot-on formulation at the minimum recommended label dose of 6.0mg selamectin and 1.0mg sarolaner per kg bodyweight or with a placebo. Ticks were counted 48h after treatment and after each re-infestation. No treatment-related adverse reactions were recorded in any of the studies. Geometric mean live tick counts were significantly (P≤0.0012) lower in the selamectin/sarolaner-treated group compared to the placebo-treated group at all time-points. Against I. ricinus and I. hexagonus, efficacy was ≥97.2% against existing infestations and ≥97.4% against weekly re-infestations for at least 5 weeks. Treatment was 100% effective against existing R. sanguineus infestations and was ≥95.8% for at least 4 weeks. Against D. reticulatus treatment resulted in ≥94.4% efficacy for at least 4 weeks. Thus, a single application of the new spot-on formulation of selamectin plus sarolaner at the minimum dose provides rapid treatment of existing infestations and is at least one month effective against re-infestation by all relevant European tick species in cats.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acaricidas/administração & dosagem
Doenças do Gato/tratamento farmacológico
Isoxazóis/administração & dosagem
Ivermectina/análogos & derivados
Controle de Ácaros e Carrapatos/normas
Infestações por Carrapato/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Administração Tópica
Animais
Gatos
Europa (Continente)
Feminino
Ivermectina/administração & dosagem
Masculino
Distribuição Aleatória
Infestações por Carrapato/tratamento farmacológico
Carrapatos
Fatores de Tempo
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Acaricides); 0 (Isoxazoles); 70288-86-7 (Ivermectin); A2669OWX9N (selamectin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170418
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170418
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170412
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28388479
[Au] Autor:Alquisira-Ramírez EV; Peña-Chora G; Hernández-Velázquez VM; Alvear-García A; Arenas-Sosa I; Suarez-Rodríguez R
[Ad] Endereço:Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, Av. Universidad 1001, Colonia Chamilpa, Cuernavaca, Morelos C.P. 62209, Mexico. Electronic address: eva.alquisira@uaem.mx.
[Ti] Título:Effects of Bacillus thuringiensis strains virulent to Varroa destructor on larvae and adults of Apis mellifera.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;142:69-78, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The sublethal effects of two strains of Bacillus thuringiensis, which were virulent in vitro to Varroa destructor, were measured on Apis mellifera. The effects of five concentrations of total protein (1, 5, 25, 50 and 100µg/mL) from the EA3 and EA26.1 strains on larval and adult honey bees were evaluated for two and seven days under laboratory conditions. Based on the concentrations evaluated, total protein from the two strains did not affect the development of larvae, the syrup consumption, locomotor activity or proboscis extension response of adults. These same parameters were also tested for the effects of three concentrations (1, 10 and 15µg/kg) of cypermethrin as a positive control. Although no significant differences were observed after two days of treatment with cypermethrin, a dose-response relationship in syrup consumption and locomotor activity was observed. A significant reduction in the proboscis extension response of the bees treated with cypermethrin was also observed. Therefore, in contrast to cypermethrin, our results indicate that the EA3 and EA26.1 strains of B. thuringiensis can be used in beehives to control V. destructor and reduce the negative effects of this mite on colonies without adverse effects on the larvae and adults of A. mellifera. Additionally, the overuse of synthetic miticides, which produce both lethal and sublethal effects on bees, can be reduced.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bacillus thuringiensis/metabolismo
Proteínas de Bactérias/toxicidade
Abelhas/efeitos dos fármacos
Varroidae/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acaricidas/toxicidade
Animais
Bacillus thuringiensis/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Bacillus thuringiensis/patogenicidade
Proteínas de Bactérias/farmacologia
Criação de Abelhas
Abelhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Abelhas/parasitologia
Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita
Atividade Motora/efeitos dos fármacos
Controle Biológico de Vetores
Pupa
Piretrinas/toxicidade
Controle de Ácaros e Carrapatos
Varroidae/patogenicidade
Virulência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Acaricides); 0 (Bacterial Proteins); 0 (Pyrethrins); 1TR49121NP (cypermethrin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170915
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170915
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170408
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28377149
[Au] Autor:Brites-Neto J; Brasil J; de Andrade J; Saqui GL
[Ad] Endereço:University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; Surveillance Program and Ticks Control, Health Department, Americana, Brazil. Electronic address: samevet@yahoo.com.br.
[Ti] Título:Evaluation of an association of alpha-cypermethrin and flufenoxuron for tick control in an area at risk of Brazilian spotted fever.
[So] Source:Vet Parasitol;238:1-4, 2017 Apr 30.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2550
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Brazilian spotted fever (BSF) is an endemic anthropozoonosis caused by Gram-negative bacteria (Rickettsia rickettsii) that is associated with the risk of human infection by ticks. In the city of Americana, São Paulo (SP), Brazil, there were 12 cases (67% lethal) between 2004 and 2015. This study evaluated the effectiveness of control over tick infestations in an area at risk of BSF, in a field trial on an association of alpha-cypermethrin (3%) and flufenoxuron (3%) (Tenopa ) conducted in Americana. The infestation levels of the target species (Amblyomma sculptum and Amblyomma dubitatum) in the field trial were evaluated through acarological surveys (CO traps) on days 0, 22, 43 and 62 after treatment, both in the treatment area and in a control area. In the treatment area, the insecticide formulation was applied using a motorized sprayer, at the dosage of 80mL/10L of water per 200m . These surveys in the treatment area showed that there were reductions in the infestation levels of the adult stage on days 22 (33%), 43 (87%) and 62 (70%) and immature stages (nymphs and larvae) on days 22 (54%), 43 (87%) and 62 (97%), in relation to day zero and to infestation levels in the control area. This study demonstrated that the product applied was effective for reducing the environmental infestation of ticks and that this effect persisted two months after a single application in areas of proven risk of BSF.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ixodidae/efeitos dos fármacos
Compostos de Fenilureia/farmacologia
Piretrinas/farmacologia
Infecções por Rickettsia/prevenção & controle
Controle de Ácaros e Carrapatos/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acaricidas/farmacologia
Animais
Brasil/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Infecções por Rickettsia/epidemiologia
Infecções por Rickettsia/transmissão
Rickettsia rickettsii
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Acaricides); 0 (Phenylurea Compounds); 0 (Pyrethrins); 1TR49121NP (cypermethrin); OD068OSS0N (flufenoxuron)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170406
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28332070
[Au] Autor:Laisser EL; Chenyambuga SW; Karimuribo ED; Msalya G; Kipanyula MJ; Mwilawa AJ; Mdegela RH; Kusiluka LJ
[Ad] Endereço:School Quality Assurance Department, Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, Eastern Zone, P.O. Box 325, Morogoro, Tanzania. emalaisser@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:A review on prevalence, control measure, and tolerance of Tanzania Shorthorn Zebu cattle to East Coast fever in Tanzania.
[So] Source:Trop Anim Health Prod;49(4):813-822, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1573-7438
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In Tanzania, control of East Coast fever (ECF) has predominantly relied on tick control using acaricides and chemotherapy, little on ECF vaccination, and very little on dissemination regarding animal immunization. In this paper, the prevalence, control measure, and tolerance of Tanzania Shorthorn Zebu (TSHZ) cattle to ECF are reviewed. In addition, the opportunities available for reducing the use of acaricides for the benefit of the farmers in terms of reduction of costs of purchasing acaricides and environmental pollution are described. The tick distribution and epidemiological factors for ECF such as the agro-ecological zones (AEZ), livestock production systems (LPS), strain, and age of the animals are also described. These factors influence the epidemiology of ECF and the distribution of TSHZ strains in different geographic locations of Tanzania. We have further showed that there is a tendency of farmers to select among the strains of TSHZ for animals which can tolerate ticks and ECF and crossbreed them with their local strains with the aim of benefiting from the inherent characteristics of the most tolerant strains. Generally, many strains of TSHZ cattle are tolerant to tick infestation and ECF infection and can be bred to respond to the needs of the people. In this review paper, we recommend that in future, ECF epidemiological studies should account for factors such as livestock production system, agro-climate, breed of animal, tick control strategy, and the dynamic interactions between them. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that an integrated control method involving use of acaricides, immunization, and ECF-tolerant/-resistant animals is required.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Theileriose/epidemiologia
Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acaricidas
Animais
Bovinos
Imunização/veterinária
Gado
Prevalência
Tanzânia/epidemiologia
Theileriose/imunologia
Theileriose/prevenção & controle
Controle de Ácaros e Carrapatos
Infestações por Carrapato/imunologia
Infestações por Carrapato/prevenção & controle
Infestações por Carrapato/veterinária
Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/epidemiologia
Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/imunologia
Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/prevenção & controle
Carrapatos
Vacinação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Acaricides)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170324
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11250-017-1266-z


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[PMID]:28215869
[Au] Autor:Anish RK; Latha BR; Ramanathan G; Sivagnanam UT; Sreekumar C; Leela V
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai-7, India. Electronic address: anishvijay145@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:A novel assembly pheromone trap for tick control in dog kennels.
[So] Source:Vet Parasitol;235:57-63, 2017 Feb 15.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2550
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A novel ecofriendly sticky tick trap device for the control of dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus using gold nanoparticle assembly pheromone complex as a bait was developed. Assembly pheromones comprising of guanine, xanthine and adenine in the ratio of 25:1:1 was encapsulated in gold nanoparticle. The response of the different stages of unfed R. sanguineus ticks was evaluated using petridish bioassay. Statistical analysis was done using chi-square test. Petridish bioassay with unfed stages of R. sanguineus revealed that 100% of the larvae, nymph and adults were attracted to assembly pheromone nanogold complex within 24h. Of the 952 ticks trapped, ticks of different stages trapped in total by the baited sticky trap device, 543 (57%) were engorged and 409 (43%) were unfed ticks. The study revealed that assembly pheromone baited traps has the potential to control tick infestations in dog kennels.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças do Cão/prevenção & controle
Feromônios/farmacologia
Rhipicephalus sanguineus/efeitos dos fármacos
Controle de Ácaros e Carrapatos/métodos
Infestações por Carrapato/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Doenças do Cão/parasitologia
Cães
Ouro
Larva
Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura
Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão/veterinária
Ninfa
Rhipicephalus sanguineus/fisiologia
Infestações por Carrapato/parasitologia
Infestações por Carrapato/prevenção & controle
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Pheromones); 7440-57-5 (Gold)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170713
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170713
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170221
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28141966
[Au] Autor:Walker JT; Suckling DM; Wearing CH
[Ad] Endereço:The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Limited, Havelock North 4157, New Zealand; email: jim.walker@plantandfood.co.nz.
[Ti] Título:Past, Present, and Future of Integrated Control of Apple Pests: The New Zealand Experience.
[So] Source:Annu Rev Entomol;62:231-248, 2017 Jan 31.
[Is] ISSN:1545-4487
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This review describes the New Zealand apple industry's progression from 1960s integrated pest control research to today's comprehensive integrated pest management system. With the exception of integrated mite control implemented during the 1980s, pest control on apple crops was dominated by intensive organophosphate insecticide regimes to control tortricid leafrollers. Multiple pest resistances to these insecticides by the 1990s, and increasing consumer demand for lower pesticide residues on fruit, led to the implementation of integrated fruit production. This substantially eliminated organophosphate insecticide use by 2001, replacing it with pest monitoring systems, threshold-based selective insecticides, and biological control. More recently, new demands for ultralow-residue fruit have increased the adoption of mating disruption and use of biological insecticides. Widespread adoption of selective pest management has substantially reduced the status of previously important pests, including leafrollers, mealybugs, leafhoppers, and mites for improved phytosanitary performance, and contributed to major reductions in total insecticide use.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Controle de Insetos/história
Malus
Controle Biológico de Vetores/história
Controle de Ácaros e Carrapatos/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Controle de Insetos/métodos
Nova Zelândia
Controle Biológico de Vetores/métodos
Controle de Ácaros e Carrapatos/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170915
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170915
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1146/annurev-ento-031616-035626



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