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  1 / 2025 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28986081
[Au] Autor:Garcia-Heras MS; Arroyo B; Simmons RE; Camarero PR; Mateo R; Mougeot F
[Ad] Endereço:FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology, DST-NRF Centre of Excellence, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa. Electronic address: ms.garciaheras@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Blood concentrations of PCBs and DDTs in an avian predator endemic to southern Africa: Associations with habitat, electrical transformers and diet.
[So] Source:Environ Pollut;232:440-449, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6424
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Persistent pollutants such as organochlorine compounds (OCs) have been highlighted as a cause of population decline in avian predators. Understanding patterns of OCs contamination can be crucial for the conservation of affected species, yet little is known on these threats to African raptors. Here we report on OC concentrations in an endangered predator endemic to southern Africa, the Black Harrier Circus maurus. Blood samples were collected in 2012-2014 from wild nestlings (n = 90) and adults (n = 23) in south-western South Africa, where agriculture and urbanization have developed rapidly since the 1950s. Polychlorinated biphenyl (ΣPCB) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (ΣDDT, for p,p'-DDT + p,p'-DDE) were detected in 79% and 84% of sampled individuals, respectively, with varying concentrations among demographic groups: nestlings had significantly higher ΣPCB and p,p'-DDT concentrations than adults, while adults had higher levels of p,p'-DDE than nestlings. Levels of ΣPCB significantly increased with an index of electric transformer density, a measure of the number and power of electric transformers around active nests. We propose this index as a useful tool for assessing ΣPCB exposure risk in other wildlife. Levels of p,p'-DDE significantly increased with the proportion of wetlands within the breeding territory, and also with the proportion of bird biomass in the diet. No association was found between OC levels and the protected area status of nesting sites. Physiological effects of contaminants were also manifest in increased white blood cell counts with higher p,p'-DDT levels. Heterophil to lymphocyte ratio increased with higher ΣPCB levels, suggesting increased physiological stress and reduced immunity in contaminated individuals. Our results suggest that OCs are still a current cause of concern for endangered Black Harriers, as well as other sympatric predators.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: DDT/sangue
Exposição Dietética/análise
Resíduo Eletrônico
Monitoramento Ambiental
Poluentes Ambientais/sangue
Falconiformes/sangue
Bifenilos Policlorados/sangue
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
África Austral
Animais
Aves
Diclorodifenil Dicloroetileno/sangue
Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos
Exposição Dietética/estatística & dados numéricos
Ecossistema
Seres Humanos
Hidrocarbonetos Clorados/sangue
África do Sul
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Environmental Pollutants); 0 (Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated); 4M7FS82U08 (Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene); CIW5S16655 (DDT); DFC2HB4I0K (Polychlorinated Biphenyls)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180123
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180123
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171008
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 2025 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29190263
[Au] Autor:Hines JZ; Ntsuape OC; Malaba K; Zegeye T; Serrem K; Odoyo-June E; Nyirenda RK; Msungama W; Nkanaunena K; Come J; Canda M; Nhaguiombe H; Shihepo EK; Zemburuka BLT; Mutandi G; Yoboka E; Mbayiha AH; Maringa H; Bere A; Lawrence JJ; Lija GJI; Simbeye D; Kazaura K; Mwiru RS; Talisuna SA; Lubwama J; Kabuye G; Zulu JE; Chituwo O; Mumba M; Xaba S; Mandisarisa J; Baack BN; Hinkle L; Grund JM; Davis SM; Toledo C
[Ti] Título:Scale-Up of Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Services for HIV Prevention - 12 Countries in Southern and Eastern Africa, 2013-2016.
[So] Source:MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep;66(47):1285-1290, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:1545-861X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Countries in Southern and Eastern Africa have the highest prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the world; in 2015, 52% (approximately 19 million) of all persons living with HIV infection resided in these two regions.* Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) reduces the risk for heterosexually acquired HIV infection among males by approximately 60% (1). As such, it is an essential component of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) strategy for ending acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) by 2030 (2). Substantial progress toward achieving VMMC targets has been made in the 10 years since the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNAIDS recommended scale-up of VMMC for HIV prevention in 14 Southern and Eastern African countries with generalized HIV epidemics and low male circumcision prevalence (3). This has been enabled in part by nearly $2 billion in cumulative funding through the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), administered through multiple U.S. governmental agencies, including CDC, which has supported nearly half of all PEPFAR-supported VMMCs to date. Approximately 14.5 million VMMCs were performed globally during 2008-2016, which represented 70% of the original target of 20.8 million VMMCs in males aged 15-49 years through 2016 (4). Despite falling short of the target, these VMMCs are projected to avert 500,000 HIV infections by the end of 2030 (4). However, UNAIDS has estimated an additional 27 million VMMCs need to be performed by 2021 to meet the Fast Track targets (2). This report updates a previous report covering the period 2010-2012, when VMMC implementing partners supported by CDC performed approximately 1 million VMMCs in nine countries (5). During 2013-2016, these implementing partners performed nearly 5 million VMMCs in 12 countries. Meeting the global target will require redoubling current efforts and introducing novel strategies that increase demand among subgroups of males who have historically been reluctant to undergo VMMC.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Circuncisão Masculina/estatística & dados numéricos
Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle
Programas Voluntários/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
África Oriental/epidemiologia
África Austral/epidemiologia
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Cooperação Internacional
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estados Unidos
Programas Voluntários/economia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180119
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180119
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.15585/mmwr.mm6647a2


  3 / 2025 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28981506
[Au] Autor:Lover AA; Harvard KE; Lindawson AE; Smith Gueye C; Shretta R; Gosling R; Feachem R
[Ad] Endereço:Malaria Elimination Initiative, Global Health Group at the University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Regional initiatives for malaria elimination: Building and maintaining partnerships.
[So] Source:PLoS Med;14(10):e1002401, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1549-1676
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Andrew Lover and colleagues discuss regional malaria initiatives, the strengths and challenges.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis
Erradicação de Doenças
Malária
Regionalização
Programas Médicos Regionais/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África Austral/epidemiologia
Ásia Sudeste/epidemiologia
América Central/epidemiologia
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/organização & administração
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/tendências
Erradicação de Doenças/métodos
Erradicação de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos
Monitoramento Epidemiológico
Política de Saúde/tendências
Seres Humanos
Cooperação Internacional
Malária/epidemiologia
Malária/prevenção & controle
Ilhas do Pacífico/epidemiologia
Regionalização/economia
Regionalização/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171022
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171022
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171006
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002401


  4 / 2025 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28957420
[Au] Autor:Arbieu U; Grünewald C; Schleuning M; Böhning-Gaese K
[Ad] Endereço:Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (SBiK-F), Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
[Ti] Título:The importance of vegetation density for tourists' wildlife viewing experience and satisfaction in African savannah ecosystems.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0185793, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Southern African protected areas (PAs) harbour a great diversity of animals, which represent a large potential for wildlife tourism. In this region, global change is expected to result in vegetation changes, such as bush encroachment and increases in vegetation density. However, little is known on the influence of vegetation structure on wildlife tourists' wildlife viewing experience and satisfaction. In this study, we collected data on vegetation structure and perceived mammal densities along 196 road transects (each 5 km long) and conducted a social survey with 651 questionnaires across four PAs in three Southern African countries. Our objectives were 1) to assess visitors' attitude towards vegetation, 2) to test the influence of perceived mammal density and vegetation structure on the easiness to spot animals, and 3) on visitors' satisfaction during their visit to PAs. Using a Boosted Regression Tree procedure, we found mostly negative non-linear relationships between vegetation density and wildlife tourists' experience, and positive relationships between perceived mammal densities and wildlife tourists' experience. In particular, wildlife tourists disliked road transects with high estimates of vegetation density. Similarly, the easiness to spot animals dropped at thresholds of high vegetation density and at perceived mammal densities lower than 46 individuals per road transect. Finally, tourists' satisfaction declined linearly with vegetation density and dropped at mammal densities smaller than 26 individuals per transect. Our results suggest that vegetation density has important impacts on tourists' wildlife viewing experience and satisfaction. Hence, the management of PAs in savannah landscapes should consider how tourists perceive these landscapes and their mammal diversity in order to maintain and develop a sustainable wildlife tourism.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Animais Selvagens
Ecossistema
Satisfação Pessoal
Viagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África Austral
Animais
Atitude
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170929
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0185793


  5 / 2025 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28797062
[Au] Autor:Mtangadura TJ; Mtambanengwe F; Nezomba H; Rurinda J; Mapfumo P
[Ad] Endereço:Soil Fertility Consortium for Southern Africa (SOFECSA), Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Engineering, University of Zimbabwe, Mt Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe.
[Ti] Título:Why organic resources and current fertilizer formulations in Southern Africa cannot sustain maize productivity: Evidence from a long-term experiment in Zimbabwe.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182840, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Sustainability of maize-based cropping systems is a major challenge for southern Africa, yet the demand for maize as staple food and animal feed in the region continues to increase. A study was conducted on a sandy clay loam (220 g clay kg-1 soil) at Domboshawa in Zimbabwe to investigate the long-term effects of organic resource quality and application rate, and nitrogen (N) fertilization on soil chemical properties and maize (Zea mays L.) productivity. Crotalaria juncea (high quality), Calliandra calothyrsus (medium quality), cattle manure (variable quality), maize stover and Pinus patula sawdust (both low quality) were incorporated into soil at 4.0 t C ha-1 (high rate) and 1.2 t C ha-1 (low rate) at the start of each cropping season for nine consecutive years. At both high and low application rates, each of the five organic resources was applied in combination with or without mineral nitrogen (N) fertilizer at 120 kg N ha-1. The nine-year period saw maize grain yields declining by 22% to 84% across treatments despite increases in soil organic carbon, total N and available P from 6% to 80%. Crotalaria, Calliandra and manure led to a less steep yield decline. Exchangeable calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg) and potassium (K), and soil pH explained much of the variation in yield patterns observed under the different organic resource applications. Maize grain yield was positively correlated with exchangeable Ca (r = 0.51), Mg (r = 0.62) and K (r = 0.53), and soil pH (r = 0.49), but negatively correlated with other soil properties over the 9-year period. We concluded that declining soil exchangeable basic cations were the underlying causes of decreasing maize productivity, and was aggravated by use of low rates of organic resource inputs, particularly with N fertilization. Current nutrient management and fertilizer recommendations that emphasize inorganic N, P and K significantly undervalue the role played by organic resources in sustainability of maize cropping systems in southern Africa.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agricultura
Produtos Agrícolas
Fertilizantes/análise
Nitrogênio/análise
Solo/química
Zea mays/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África Austral
Biomassa
Esterco
Fósforo/análise
Zimbábue
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fertilizers); 0 (Manure); 0 (Soil); 27YLU75U4W (Phosphorus); N762921K75 (Nitrogen)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170811
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182840


  6 / 2025 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28614397
[Au] Autor:Chirikure S; Moultrie T; Bandama F; Dandara C; Manyanga M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Archaeology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
[Ti] Título:What was the population of Great Zimbabwe (CE1000 - 1800)?
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0178335, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The World Heritage Site of Great Zimbabwe is one of the most iconic and largest archaeological settlements in Africa. It was the hub of direct and indirect trade which internally connected various areas of southern Africa, and externally linked them with East Africa and the Near and Far East. Archaeologists believe that at its peak, Great Zimbabwe had a fully urban population of 20,000 people concentrated in approximately 2.9 square kilometres (40 percent of 720 ha). This translates to a population density of 6,897, which is comparable with that of some of the most populous regions of the world in the 21st century. Here, we combine archaeological, ethnographic and historical evidence with ecological and statistical modelling to demonstrate that the total population estimate for the site's nearly 800-year occupational duration (CE1000-1800), after factoring in generational succession, is unlikely to have exceeded 10,000 people. This conclusion is strongly firmed up by the absence of megamiddens at the site, the chronological differences between several key areas of the settlement traditionally assumed to be coeval, and the historically documented low populations recorded for the sub-continent between CE1600 and 1950.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dinâmica Populacional/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África Austral
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Modelos Teóricos
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Zimbábue
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170914
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170914
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0178335


  7 / 2025 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28610293
[Au] Autor:Taylor CK
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Environment and Agriculture, Curtin University. GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Australia; School of Animal Biology, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Hwy, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia.. Chris.Taylor@curtin.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:Notes on Phalangiidae (Arachnida: Opiliones) of southern Africa with description of new species and comments on within-species variation.
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4272(2):236-250, 2017 05 29.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Notes are provided on a collection of Afrotropical harvestmen (Opiliones: Palpatores: Phalangiidae) from the California Academy of Sciences. A new species of Rhampsinitus, R. conjunctidens n. sp., is described from Limpopo province of South Africa. Rhampsinitus flavobrunneus Starega 2009 and R. silvaticus Lawrence 1931 are recognised as junior synonyms of R. nubicolus Lawrence 1963 and R. vittatus Lawrence 1931, respectively. Both R. conjunctidens and R. nubicolus are recognised as exhibiting strong male dimorphism with major males exhibiting larger body size and greatly enlarged chelicerae relative to minor males; minor males cannot be readily identified to species without examination of genitalia. A discussion is also provided on generic boundaries within Afrotropical Phalangiidae, and a generic key to males of the region is presented.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aracnídeos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África Austral
Animais
Tamanho Corporal
California
Masculino
África do Sul
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170810
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170810
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4272.2.5


  8 / 2025 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28610256
[Au] Autor:Smit H
[Ad] Endereço:Naturalis Biodiversity Center, P.O. Box 9517, 2300 RA Leiden, the Netherlands.. harry.smit@naturalis.nl.
[Ti] Título:New species of aturid water mites from southern Africa (Acari: Hydrachnidia: Aturidae).
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4273(2):287-295, 2017 Jun 02.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:One new subgenus, i.e. Shebaturus and one new species, Amperaturus globulipes n. sp. is described from South Africa. Hexaxonopsis clavigera (Walter, 1922) is re-described. New records are given for South Africa and Namibia, including the first records of the genera Aturus Kramer and Kongsbergia Thor.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ácaros
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África Austral
Animais
Ecossistema
Namíbia
África do Sul
Água
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
059QF0KO0R (Water)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4273.2.9


  9 / 2025 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28610043
[Au] Autor:Sehnal R
[Ad] Endereço:Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Department of Zoology and Fisheries, Kamýcká 129, CZ-165 21 Praha 6 - Suchdol, Czech Republic.. richard.sehnal@seznam.cz.
[Ti] Título:Scapanoclypeus bicoloratus new species from Hardap, Namibia (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae: Tanyproctini).
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4247(5):593-598, 2017 Mar 30.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Scapanoclypeus Evans (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae: Tanyproctini) was established with Trichinopus aberrans Frey designated as its type species and included five additional species: S. testaceus Evans, S. carinatus Evans, S. cornutus Evans, S. brunneus Evans, and S. aulacocoleatus Evans. Scapanoclypeus, Trichinopus Waterhouse, and Oedanomerus Waterhouse are distinguished from other African Tanyproctini by their small size (12 mm or less), reduced mouthparts, and antennae with 8-10 antennomeres (Evans 1987). Species of Scapanoclypeus and Oedanomerus have simple claws without cleft or teeth at base, a slightly conical labrum, and a third antennomere that is equal in length to the fourth; while Trichinopus has bifid claws, a distinctly conical labrum with rounded end, and the third antennomere approximately as long as the fourth (Lacroix 2007). The antennal club of Scapanoclypeus is at least three times longer than the combined length of antennomeres I-IV and the clypeal surface at nearly a right angle in relation to the plane of the frons, while Oedanomerus has an antennal club about as long as the combined length of antennomeres I-IV and coplanar clypeal and frontal surfaces (Evans 1987; Lacroix 2007; Sehnal 2013). Scapanoclypeus was subsequently mentioned in Lacroix (2007), who re-drew the figures and adopted the key from Evans (1987). Three additional species have since been described from southern Africa: S. triapicalis Sehnal, S. sinepunctatus Sehnal, and S. hardap Sehnal (see Sehnal 2013, 2014).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Coleópteros
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África Austral
Estruturas Animais
Animais
Namíbia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4247.5.6


  10 / 2025 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28542647
[Au] Autor:Taylor GC; Hill JM; Jackson MC; Peel RA; Weyl OLF
[Ad] Endereço:South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB), Grahamstown, South Africa.
[Ti] Título:Estimating δ15N fractionation and adjusting the lipid correction equation using Southern African freshwater fishes.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(5):e0178047, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Stable isotope analysis is an important tool for characterising food web structure; however, interpretation of isotope data can often be flawed. For instance, lipid normalisation and trophic fractionation values are often assumed to be constant, but can vary considerably between ecosystems, species and tissues. Here, previously determined lipid normalisation equations and trophic fractionation values were re-evaluated using freshwater fish species from three rivers in the Upper Zambezian floodplain ecoregion in southern Africa. The parameters commonly used in lipid normalisation equations were not correct for the 18 model species (new D and I parameters were estimated as D = 4.46‰ [95% CI: 2.62, 4.85] and constant I = 0 [95% CI: 0, 0.17]). We suggest that future isotopic analyses on freshwater fishes use our new values if the species under consideration do not have a high lipid content in their white muscle tissue. Nitrogen fractionation values varied between species and river basin; however, the average value closely matched that calculated in previous studies on other species (δ15N fractionation factor of 3.37 ± 1.30 ‰). Here we have highlighted the need to treat stable isotope data correctly in food web studies to avoid misinterpretation of the data.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Metabolismo dos Lipídeos
Lipídeos/análise
Isótopos de Nitrogênio/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África Austral
Animais
Isótopos de Carbono/análise
Peixes
Água Doce
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Carbon Isotopes); 0 (Lipids); 0 (Nitrogen Isotopes)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170918
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170918
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170526
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0178047



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