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[PMID]:29178825
[Au] Autor:Abalde S; Tenorio MJ; Afonso CML; Uribe JE; Echeverry AM; Zardoya R
[Ad] Endereço:Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN-CSIC), José Gutiérrez Abascal 2, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Phylogenetic relationships of cone snails endemic to Cabo Verde based on mitochondrial genomes.
[So] Source:BMC Evol Biol;17(1):231, 2017 Nov 25.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2148
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Due to their great species and ecological diversity as well as their capacity to produce hundreds of different toxins, cone snails are of interest to evolutionary biologists, pharmacologists and amateur naturalists alike. Taxonomic identification of cone snails still relies mostly on the shape, color, and banding patterns of the shell. However, these phenotypic traits are prone to homoplasy. Therefore, the consistent use of genetic data for species delimitation and phylogenetic inference in this apparently hyperdiverse group is largely wanting. Here, we reconstruct the phylogeny of the cones endemic to Cabo Verde archipelago, a well-known radiation of the group, using mitochondrial (mt) genomes. RESULTS: The reconstructed phylogeny grouped the analyzed species into two main clades, one including Kalloconus from West Africa sister to Trovaoconus from Cabo Verde and the other with a paraphyletic Lautoconus due to the sister group relationship of Africonus from Cabo Verde and Lautoconus ventricosus from Mediterranean Sea and neighboring Atlantic Ocean to the exclusion of Lautoconus endemic to Senegal (plus Lautoconus guanche from Mauritania, Morocco, and Canary Islands). Within Trovaoconus, up to three main lineages could be distinguished. The clade of Africonus included four main lineages (named I to IV), each further subdivided into two monophyletic groups. The reconstructed phylogeny allowed inferring the evolution of the radula in the studied lineages as well as biogeographic patterns. The number of cone species endemic to Cabo Verde was revised under the light of sequence divergence data and the inferred phylogenetic relationships. CONCLUSIONS: The sequence divergence between continental members of the genus Kalloconus and island endemics ascribed to the genus Trovaoconus is low, prompting for synonymization of the latter. The genus Lautoconus is paraphyletic. Lautoconus ventricosus is the closest living sister group of genus Africonus. Diversification of Africonus was in allopatry due to the direct development nature of their larvae and mainly triggered by eustatic sea level changes during the Miocene-Pliocene. Our study confirms the diversity of cone endemic to Cabo Verde but significantly reduces the number of valid species. Applying a sequence divergence threshold, the number of valid species within the sampled Africonus is reduced to half.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Genoma Mitocondrial
Filogenia
Caramujos/classificação
Caramujos/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Sequência de Bases
Cabo Verde
DNA Mitocondrial/genética
Variação Genética
Análise de Sequência de DNA
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Mitochondrial)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12862-017-1069-x


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[PMID]:28369105
[Au] Autor:Militão T; Dinis HA; Zango L; Calabuig P; Stefan LM; González-Solís J
[Ad] Endereço:Institut de Recerca de la Biodiversitat (IRBio) and Departament de Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Population size, breeding biology and on-land threats of Cape Verde petrel (Pterodroma feae) in Fogo Island, Cape Verde.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(4):e0174803, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cape Verde petrel (Pterodroma feae) is currently considered near threatened, but little is known about its population size, breeding biology and on land threats, jeopardizing its management and conservation. To improve this situation, we captured, marked and recaptured (CMR) birds using mist-nets over 10 years; measured and sexed them; monitored up to 14 burrows, deployed GPS devices on breeders and analyzed activity data of geolocators retrieved from breeders in Fogo (Cape Verde). We set cat traps over the colony and investigated their domestic/feral origin by marking domestic cats from a nearby village with transponders, by deploying GPS devices on domestic cats and by performing stable isotope analyses of fur of the trapped and domestic cats. The population of Fogo was estimated to be 293 birds, including immatures (95% CI: 233-254, CMR modelling). Based on geolocator activity data and nest monitoring we determined the breeding phenology of this species and we found biometric differences between sexes. While monitoring breeding performance, we verified a still ongoing cat predation and human harvesting. Overall, data gathered from trapped cats without transponder, cats GPS trips and the distinct isotopic values between domestic and trapped cats suggest cats visiting the colony are of feral origin. GPS tracks from breeders showed birds left and returned to the colony using the sector NE of the islands, where high level of public lights should be avoided specially during the fledging period. Main threats for the Cape Verde petrel in the remaining breeding islands are currently unknown but likely to be similar to Fogo, calling for an urgent assessment of population trends and the control of main threats in all Cape Verde Islands and uplisting its conservation status.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aves/fisiologia
Reprodução
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Migração Animal
Animais
Cabo Verde
Gatos
Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
Poluição Ambiental
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Ilhas
Luz
Masculino
Modelos Biológicos
Comportamento de Nidação
Densidade Demográfica
Comportamento Predatório
Ratos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170404
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0174803


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[PMID]:28100247
[Au] Autor:Delgado AP; Tolentino AC; Ferrinho P
[Ad] Endereço:Global Health and Tropical Medicine, GHTM, WHO Collaborating Centre on Health Workforce Policy and Planning, Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, IHMT, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, UNL, Rua da Junqueira 100, 1349-008, Lisboa, Portugal. apc_delgado@hotmail.com.
[Ti] Título:The evolution of the medical workforce in Cape Verde since independence in 1975.
[So] Source:Hum Resour Health;15(1):5, 2017 Jan 18.
[Is] ISSN:1478-4491
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Cape Verdean doctors have always graduated abroad. The first experience of pre-graduate medical education in Cape Verde begun in October 2015. Counting how many doctors Cape Verde has, knowing who they are, and knowing how they are distributed are very important to help fine-tune the medical training. The aim of this study is to analyze the evolution of the medical workforce in Cape Verde to support medical education implementation. METHODS: Secondary data on doctors, from July 1975 until December 2014, collected from the Ministry of Health, were entered into an SPSS 20 database and studied by a simple descriptive statistical analysis. RESULTS: The database included data on 401 medical doctors. There was a predominance of females (n = 218; 54.4%). The overwhelming majority (n = 378; 94.3%) graduated from 5 of the 17 countries that contributed to the training of Cape Verdean doctors. All the islands of this archipelago country contributed to the 324 (80.8%) doctors born in the country. Of the 272 doctors still active in December 2014, 119 (43.6%) were general practitioners and 153 (56.4%) had specialized in one of the 31 specialties. The national ratio of doctors per 10 000 inhabitants was 5.25, but the reality varied significantly among islands. About one third of the doctors (n = 86; 32%) were at the primary care level, 38 (14%) at the secondary care level, and 144 (52%) in central hospitals. In 2053, all active physicians in 2014 will already be retired. CONCLUSIONS: This is a unique study of the evolution of the medical workforce of a country over 40 years, from the first day of independence. The study illustrates the importance of international collaborations, particularly of Cuba, in sustaining the medical workforce in Cape Verde. It is an example of how this collaboration was used to equip the country with doctors in an increasingly more equitable distribution across all islands. The study further illustrates the progressive feminization of the medical workforce. The study clarifies the effort required from the emerging medical faculty to supply the national health system with the needed number of doctors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação Médica
Intercâmbio Educacional Internacional
Médicos/provisão & distribuição
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cabo Verde
Cuba
Educação Médica/história
Feminino
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
Intercâmbio Educacional Internacional/história
Masculino
Corpo Clínico Hospitalar
Médicos/história
Médicos de Atenção Primária
Fatores Sexuais
Especialização
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12960-017-0180-9


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[PMID]:27749773
[Au] Autor:Mendes Marques NBPS; Barros SR; Miranda AF; Nobre Cardoso J; Parreira S; Fonseca T; Donaire NM; Campos N
[Ad] Endereço:Garcia de Orta Hospital, Almada, Portugal.
[Ti] Título:Horizontal Gaze Palsy and Progressive Scoliosis With ROBO 3 Mutations in Patients From Cape Verde.
[So] Source:J Neuroophthalmol;37(2):162-165, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5166
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Horizontal gaze palsy with progressive scoliosis (HGPPS) is a rare and autosomal recessive syndrome. We describe 2 cases of HGPPS which are the first documented in patients of African ancestry from an isolated population in Cape Verde. They demonstrated typical findings on neuro-ophthalmic examination and brain magnetic resonance imaging. One patient had novel heterozymous mutations of the ROB0 3 gene.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tronco Encefálico/patologia
DNA/genética
Mutação
Transtornos da Motilidade Ocular/etiologia
Oftalmoplegia Externa Progressiva Crônica/complicações
Receptores Imunológicos/genética
Escoliose/complicações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Cabo Verde
Criança
Análise Mutacional de DNA
Progressão da Doença
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso
Transtornos da Motilidade Ocular/diagnóstico
Transtornos da Motilidade Ocular/fisiopatologia
Oftalmoplegia Externa Progressiva Crônica/diagnóstico
Linhagem
Receptores Imunológicos/metabolismo
Escoliose/diagnóstico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Nerve Tissue Proteins); 0 (ROBO3 protein, human); 0 (Receptors, Immunologic); 9007-49-2 (DNA)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161018
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/WNO.0000000000000455


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[PMID]:26830465
[Au] Autor:Marcos R; Pereira C; Maia JP; Santos M; Luzzago C; Lauzi S; Genchi C; Faustino A; Puente-Payo P
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar, University of Porto,Porto,Portugal.
[Ti] Título:The occurrence of the filarial nematode Dirofilaria repens in canine hosts from Maio Island, Cape Verde.
[So] Source:J Helminthol;91(1):87-90, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1475-2697
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The prevalence of canine Dirofilaria infection in Maio Island (Cape Verde) was analysed by serology, morphological and molecular identification of the parasite species. Blood and sera were collected from 150 dogs and 80 cats aged over 6 months from various localities of the island. DNA was extracted from blood and samples were screened by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using microfilaria-specific primers. No Dirofilaria immitis was found in dogs while D. repens microfilariae were found in 5.3% of dogs and 6% were positive by PCR. The species identity was confirmed by sequencing of PCR products, which showed almost 100% homology with D. repens European sequences published in GenBank. No difference in Dirofilaria infection was observed between males and females or in dogs with different weights. However, older dogs and those from the western part of Maio Island were more frequently infected. No Dirofilaria was found in cats. This study represents the first evidence of D. repens in Cape Verde (West Africa) and highlights the need for implementing control measures and for a better surveillance of dirofilariosis in Africa.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dirofilaria repens/isolamento & purificação
Dirofilariose/epidemiologia
Dirofilariose/parasitologia
Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia
Doenças do Cão/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Sangue/parasitologia
Cabo Verde/epidemiologia
Doenças do Gato/epidemiologia
Doenças do Gato/parasitologia
Gatos
DNA de Helmintos/genética
DNA de Helmintos/isolamento & purificação
Dirofilaria repens/genética
Cães
Ilhas/epidemiologia
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Prevalência
Análise de Sequência de DNA
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Helminth)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160203
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0022149X16000067


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[PMID]:26432271
[Au] Autor:Marques R; Prudêncio MI; Freitas MDC; Dias MI; Rocha F
[Ad] Endereço:Centro de Ciências e Tecnologias Nucleares (C2TN), IST, Universidade de Lisboa, Estrada Nacional 10 (km 139.7), 2695-066, Bobadela, Portugal. rmarques@ctn.ist.utl.pt.
[Ti] Título:Chemical element accumulation in tree bark grown in volcanic soils of Cape Verde-a first biomonitoring of Fogo Island.
[So] Source:Environ Sci Pollut Res Int;24(13):11978-11990, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1614-7499
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Barks from Prosopis juliflora (acacia) were collected in 12 sites of different geological contexts over the volcanic Fogo Island (Cape Verde). Elemental contents of Ba, Br, Co, Cr, Fe, K, Na, Zn and some rare earth elements (REE)-La, Ce, Sm, Eu, Tb, Yb, and Lu, were obtained for biological samples and topsoils by using k -standardized and comparative method of instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA), aiming the evaluation of chemical elements uptake by acacia bark. This first biomonitoring study of Fogo Island showed that, in general, significant accumulations of trace elements present in high amounts in these soils occur. This can be partially explained by the semi-arid climate with a consequent bioavailability of chemical elements when rain drops fall in this non-polluted environment. REE enrichment factors (EFs) increase with the decrease of ionic radius. Heavy REE (HREE) are significantly enriched in bark, which agrees with their release after the primary minerals breakdown and the formation of more soluble compounds than the other REE, and uptake by plants. Among the potential harmful chemical elements, Cr appears to be partially retained in nanoparticles of iron oxides. The high EFs found in tree barks of Fogo Island are certainly of geogenic origin rather than anthropogenic input since industry and the use of fertilizers is scarce.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acacia/química
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Casca de Planta/química
Solo/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cabo Verde
Ilhas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants); 0 (Soil)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151004
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11356-015-5498-z


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[PMID]:27879689
[Au] Autor:Craveiro I; Alves D; Amado M; Santos Z; Fortes AT; Delgado AP; Correia A; Gonçalves L
[Ad] Endereço:Unidade de Saúde Pública e Bioestatística and Global Health and Tropical Medicine, GHTM, Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, IHMT, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisboa 1349-008, Portugal. isabelc@ihmt.unl.pt.
[Ti] Título:Determinants, Health Problems, and Food Insecurity in Urban Areas of the Largest City in Cape Verde.
[So] Source:Int J Environ Res Public Health;13(11), 2016 Nov 22.
[Is] ISSN:1660-4601
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Urbanization processes are intertwined with nutritional transition because there is easier access to food of low nutritional quality at reduced prices, changing dietary patterns and leading to an increase of non-communicable chronic diseases. This study aims to understand the perceptions for high blood pressure, obesity, and alcoholism, describing some interactions of these dimensions in the problem of food security in the city of Praia. A qualitative study was carried out under the framework of the research project "UPHI-STAT: Urban Planning and Health Inequalities-moving from macro to micro statistics". Ten focus groups were conducted in three urban areas with distinct characteristics in the city of Praia, with a total of 48 participants. Participants reported frequent consumption of foods with poor nutritional quality, understanding the potential danger in terms of food security in the city of Praia. Easy access to and high levels of alcohol consumption, and poor quality of traditional drinks were mentioned by participants in the study areas. The impact of the economic situation on the possibility of access to safe and healthy options emerged as a differentiating factor.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alcoolismo/psicologia
Abastecimento de Alimentos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Hipertensão/psicologia
Valor Nutritivo
Obesidade/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Cabo Verde
Cidades
Feminino
Grupos Focais
Inocuidade dos Alimentos
Abastecimento de Alimentos/economia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Percepção
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161124
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
[PMID]:27653363
[Au] Autor:Zanella L; Pina-Araujo I Id; Morgado MG; Vicente AC
[Ad] Endereço:Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Laboratório de Genética Molecular de Microrganismos, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Genome-wide analyses of HTLV-1aD strains from Cape Verde, Africa.
[So] Source:Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz;111(9):594-6, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1678-8060
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We characterised and reported the first full-length genomes of Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 subgroup HTLV-1aD (CV21 and CV79). This subgroup is one of the major determinants of HTLV-1 infections in North and West Africa, and recombinant strains involving this subgroup have been recently demonstrated. The CV21 and CV79 strains from Cape Verde/Africa were characterised as pure HTLV-1aD genomes, comparative analyses including HTLV-1 subtypes and subgroups revealed HTLV-1aD signatures in the envelope, pol, and pX regions. These genomes provide original information that will contribute to further studies on HTLV-1a epidemiology and evolution.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla
Vírus 1 Linfotrópico T Humano/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cabo Verde
Seres Humanos
Filogenia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160923
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27508290
[Ti] Título:WHO SUPPORTS CABO VERDE IN MANAGING ZIKA VIRUS.
[So] Source:Saudi Med J;37(4):470-1, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:0379-5284
[Cp] País de publicação:Saudi Arabia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/prevenção & controle
Organização Mundial da Saúde
Infecção pelo Zika virus/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cabo Verde/epidemiologia
Feminino
Educação em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Cooperação Internacional
Gravidez
Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico
Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia
Infecção pelo Zika virus/diagnóstico
Infecção pelo Zika virus/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160811
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27482622
[Au] Autor:Plata-Luis J; Foronda P; Martín-Alonso A; Feliu C; Alves J; Gil H; Valladares B
[Ad] Endereço:1 Instituto Universitario de Enfermedades Tropicales y Salud Pública de Canarias, Universidad de La Laguna , La Laguna, Spain .
[Ti] Título:Leptospira interrogans in Rodents from Cape Verde.
[So] Source:Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis;16(11):731-733, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1557-7759
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Leptospirosis is an important worldwide zoonotic disease that can infect both animals and humans. In most cases, leptospirosis is a nonspecific self-limiting illness, but some patients can develop a severe form with a high mortality. This study was carried out in Santiago Island, Cape Verde, in 2012-2013. A total of 62 wild rodents (Rattus rattus and Mus domesticus) were analyzed. The lipL32 gene, present only in pathogenic Leptospira spp., was amplified by PCR, and 16 samples were positive (25.8%). In both rodent species, Leptospira interrogans was identified. The results show the presence of pathogenic Leptospira in the three localities analyzed in Santiago. The presence of L. interrogans demonstrates a serious health risk for the population, since this species has been associated with the most severe form of leptospirosis, the Weil's disease in humans, a severe infection with jaundice, renal failure, and hemorrhage.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Leptospira interrogans/isolamento & purificação
Leptospirose/veterinária
Doenças dos Roedores/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cabo Verde/epidemiologia
Leptospirose/epidemiologia
Leptospirose/microbiologia
Camundongos
Ratos
Doenças dos Roedores/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160803
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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