Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : Z01.107 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29359899
[Au] Autor:Berry MD
[Ad] Endereço:Thomson Reuters Accelus.
[Ti] Título:Business of Health: International Healthcare.
[So] Source:Issue Brief Health Policy Track Serv;2017:1-66, 2017 Dec 26.
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração
Saúde Global
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aborto Legal
África
Américas
Ásia
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto
Aprovação de Drogas
Custos de Medicamentos
Indústria Farmacêutica
Europa (Continente)
União Europeia
Custos de Cuidados de Saúde
Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração
Seres Humanos
Seguro Saúde
Mortalidade Materna
Oriente Médio
Política
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180219
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180219
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180124
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 10390 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29180184
[Au] Autor:Zetlen HL; LaGrone LN; Foianini JE; Egoavil EH; Sproviero J; Rivera FV; Mock CN
[Ad] Endereço:University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
[Ti] Título:Status of trauma quality improvement programs in the Americas: a survey of trauma care providers.
[So] Source:J Surg Res;220:213-222, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1095-8673
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Global disparities in trauma care contribute to significant morbidity and mortality (M&M) in low- and middle-income countries. Implementation of quality improvement (QI) programs has been shown to be a cost-effective strategy to improve trauma care quality. In this study, we aim to characterize the trauma QI programs in a broad range of low- to high-income countries in the Americas to assess areas for targeted improvement in global trauma QI efforts. METHODS: We conducted a mixed methods survey of trauma care providers in North and South America distributed in-person at trauma care conferences and online via a secure survey platform. Responses were analyzed to observe differences across respondent country income categories. RESULTS: One hundred ninety-two surveys were collected, representing 21 different countries from three income strata (three lower-middle-, eleven upper-middle-, and eight high-income countries). Respondents were primarily physicians or physicians-in-training (85%). Eighty-nine percent of respondents worked at an institution where M&M conferences occurred. M&M conferences were significantly more frequent at higher income levels (P = 0.002), as was attending physician presence at M&M conferences (70% in high-income countries versus 43% in lower-middle-income countries). There were also significant differences in the structure, quality, and follow-up of M&M conferences in lower versus higher income countries. Sixty-three percent of respondents reported observing some kind of positive change at their institution due to M&M conferences. The survey also suggested significantly higher utilization of autopsy (P < 0.001) and electronic trauma registries (P = 0.01) at higher income levels. CONCLUSIONS: This survey demonstrated an encouraging pattern of widespread adoption of trauma QI programs in several countries in North and South America. However, there continue to be significant disparities in the structure and function of trauma QI efforts in low- and middle-income countries in the Americas. There are several potential areas for development and improvement of trauma care systems, including standardization of case selection and follow-up for M&M conferences and increased use of medical literature to improve evidence-based care.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Melhoria de Qualidade/organização & administração
Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Américas
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171211
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171211
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 10390 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29218962
[Ti] Título:Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiases: number of people treated in 2016.
[Ti] Título:Schistosomiase et géohelminthiases: nombre de personnes traitées en 2016..
[So] Source:Wkly Epidemiol Rec;92(49):749-60, 2017 Dec 08.
[Is] ISSN:0049-8114
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng; fre
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anti-Helmínticos/uso terapêutico
Helmintíase/tratamento farmacológico
Helmintíase/epidemiologia
Mebendazol/uso terapêutico
Esquistossomose/tratamento farmacológico
Esquistossomose/epidemiologia
Solo/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
África/epidemiologia
Albendazol/uso terapêutico
Américas/epidemiologia
Ásia/epidemiologia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Helmintíase/transmissão
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Região do Mediterrâneo/epidemiologia
Praziquantel/uso terapêutico
Esquistossomose/transmissão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anthelmintics); 0 (Soil); 6490C9U457 (Praziquantel); 81G6I5V05I (Mebendazole); F4216019LN (Albendazole)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171208
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171208
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171209
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 10390 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28450208
[Au] Autor:Laureano-Rosario AE; Garcia-Rejon JE; Gomez-Carro S; Farfan-Ale JA; Muller-Karger FE
[Ad] Endereço:Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida, College of Marine Science, 140 7th Avenue South, Saint Petersburg, FL 33701, USA. Electronic address: elias3@mail.usf.edu.
[Ti] Título:Modelling dengue fever risk in the State of Yucatan, Mexico using regional-scale satellite-derived sea surface temperature.
[So] Source:Acta Trop;172:50-57, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6254
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Accurately predicting vector-borne diseases, such as dengue fever, is essential for communities worldwide. Changes in environmental parameters such as precipitation, air temperature, and humidity are known to influence dengue fever dynamics. Furthermore, previous studies have shown how oceanographic variables, such as El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO)-related sea surface temperature from the Pacific Ocean, influences dengue fever in the Americas. However, literature is lacking on the use of regional-scale satellite-derived sea surface temperature (SST) to assess its relationship with dengue fever in coastal areas. Data on confirmed dengue cases, demographics, precipitation, and air temperature were collected. Incidence of weekly dengue cases was examined. Stepwise multiple regression analyses (AIC model selection) were used to assess which environmental variables best explained increased dengue incidence rates. SST, minimum air temperature, precipitation, and humidity substantially explained 42% of the observed variation (r =0.42). Infectious diseases are characterized by the influence of past cases on current cases and results show that previous dengue cases alone explained 89% of the variation. Ordinary least-squares analyses showed a positive trend of 0.20±0.03°C in SST from 2006 to 2015. An important element of this study is to help develop strategic recommendations for public health officials in Mexico by providing a simple early warning capability for dengue incidence.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dengue/epidemiologia
Modelos Teóricos
Oceanos e Mares
Temperatura Ambiente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Américas
El Niño Oscilação Sul
Seres Humanos
Umidade
Incidência
México/epidemiologia
Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 10390 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29051349
[Au] Autor:McMichael CH; Feeley KJ; Dick CW; Piperno DR; Bush MB
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ecosystem and Landscape Dynamics, Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands. c.n.h.mcmichael@uva.nl.
[Ti] Título:Comment on "Persistent effects of pre-Columbian plant domestication on Amazonian forest composition".
[So] Source:Science;358(6361), 2017 10 20.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Levis (Research Articles, 3 March 2017, p. 925) concluded that pre-Columbian tree domestication has shaped present-day Amazonian forest composition. The study, however, downplays five centuries of human influence following European arrival to the Americas. We show that the effects of post-Columbian activities in Amazonia are likely to have played a larger role than pre-Columbian ones in shaping the observed floristic patterns.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Domesticação
Florestas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Américas
Seres Humanos
Plantas
Árvores
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171103
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171103
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171021
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 10390 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28973011
[Au] Autor:Leder K; Grobusch MP; Gautret P; Chen LH; Kuhn S; Lim PL; Yates J; McCarthy AE; Rothe C; Kato Y; Bottieau E; Huber K; Schwartz E; Stauffer W; Malvy D; Shaw MTM; Rapp C; Blumberg L; Jensenius M; van Genderen PJJ; Hamer DH; GeoSentinel Surveillance Network
[Ad] Endereço:School of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Zika beyond the Americas: Travelers as sentinels of Zika virus transmission. A GeoSentinel analysis, 2012 to 2016.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0185689, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) was first isolated in Africa; decades later, caused large outbreaks in the Pacific, and is considered endemic in Asia. We aim to describe ZIKV disease epidemiology outside the Americas, the importance of travelers as sentinels of disease transmission, and discrepancies in travel advisories from major international health organizations. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This descriptive analysis using GeoSentinel Surveillance Network records involves sixty-four travel and tropical medicine clinics in 29 countries. Ill returned travelers with a confirmed or probable diagnosis of ZIKV disease acquired in Africa, Asia and the Pacific seen between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2016 are included, and the frequencies of demographic, trip, and diagnostic characteristics described. ZIKV was acquired in Asia (18), the Pacific (10) and Africa (1). For five countries (Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Cameroon), GeoSentinel patients were sentinel markers of recent Zika activity. Additionally, the first confirmed ZIKV infection acquired in Kiribati was reported to GeoSentinel (2015), and a probable case was reported from Timor Leste (April 2016), representing the only case known to date. Review of Zika situation updates from major international health authorities for country risk classifications shows heterogeneity in ZIKV country travel advisories. CONCLUSIONS: Travelers are integral to the global spread of ZIKV, serving as sentinel markers of disease activity. Although GeoSentinel data are collected by specialized clinics and do not capture all imported cases, we show that surveillance of imported infections by returned travelers augments local surveillance system data regarding ZIKV epidemiology and can assist with risk categorization by international authorities. However, travel advisories are variable due to risk uncertainties.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vigilância de Evento Sentinela
Infecção pelo Zika virus/transmissão
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Américas/epidemiologia
Ásia Sudeste/epidemiologia
Surtos de Doenças
Seres Humanos
Infecção pelo Zika virus/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171004
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0185689


  7 / 10390 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28886023
[Au] Autor:Hamrick PN; Aldighieri S; Machado G; Leonel DG; Vilca LM; Uriona S; Schneider MC
[Ad] Endereço:PAHO Health Emergencies Department, Pan American Health Organization, Washington D.C., United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Geographic patterns and environmental factors associated with human yellow fever presence in the Americas.
[So] Source:PLoS Negl Trop Dis;11(9):e0005897, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1935-2735
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: In the Americas, yellow fever virus transmission is a latent threat due to the proximity between urban and wild environments. Although yellow fever has nearly vanished from North and Central America, there are still 13 countries in the Americas considered endemic by the World Health Organization. Human cases usually occur as a result of the exposure to sylvatic yellow fever in tropical forested environments; but urban outbreaks reported during the last decade demonstrate that the risk in this environment still exists. The objective of this study was to identify spatial patterns and the relationship between key geographic and environmental factors with the distribution of yellow fever human cases in the Americas. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: An ecological study was carried out to analyze yellow fever human cases reported to the Pan American Health Organization from 2000 to 2014, aggregated by second administrative level subdivisions (counties). Presence of yellow fever by county was used as the outcome variable and eight geo-environmental factors were used as independent variables. Spatial analysis was performed to identify and examine natural settings per county. Subsequently, a multivariable logistic regression model was built. During the study period, 1,164 cases were reported in eight out of the 13 endemic countries. Nearly 83.8% of these cases were concentrated in three countries: Peru (37.4%), Brazil (28.1%) and Colombia (18.4%); and distributed in 57 states/provinces, specifically in 286 counties (3.4% of total counties). Yellow fever presence was significantly associated with altitude, rain, diversity of non-human primate hosts and temperature. A positive spatial autocorrelation revealed a clustered geographic pattern in 138/286 yellow fever positive counties (48.3%). CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: A clustered geographic pattern of yellow fever was identified mostly along the Andes eastern foothills. This risk map could support health policies in endemic countries. Geo-environmental factors associated with presence of yellow fever could help predict and adjust the limits of other risk areas of epidemiological concern.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Meio Ambiente
Febre Amarela/epidemiologia
Febre Amarela/transmissão
Vírus da Febre Amarela/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Américas/epidemiologia
Animais
Brasil/epidemiologia
Colômbia/epidemiologia
Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle
Surtos de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos
Doenças Endêmicas/prevenção & controle
Doenças Endêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos
Geografia
Seres Humanos
Modelos Estatísticos
Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde
Peru/epidemiologia
Primatas/virologia
Chuvas
Análise Espaço-Temporal
Temperatura Ambiente
Organização Mundial da Saúde
Febre Amarela/virologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171017
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171017
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170909
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pntd.0005897


  8 / 10390 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28885138
[Au] Autor:Rogers MB; Gulino KM; Tesh RB; Cui L; Fitch A; Unnasch TR; Popov VL; Travassos da Rosa APA; Guzman H; Carrera JP; Vasilakis N; Ghedin E
[Ad] Endereço:2​Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA 1​Department of Computational and Systems Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
[Ti] Título:Characterization of five unclassified orthobunyaviruses (Bunyaviridae) from Africa and the Americas.
[So] Source:J Gen Virol;98(9):2258-2266, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1465-2099
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Bunyaviridae family is made up of a diverse range of viruses, some of which cause disease and are a cause for concern in human and veterinary health. Here, we report the genomic and antigenic characterization of five previously uncharacterized bunyaviruses. Based on their ultrastructure, antigenic relationships and phylogenomic relationships, the five viruses are classified as members of the Orthobunyavirus genus. Three are viruses in the California encephalitis virus serogroup and are related to Trivittatus virus; the two others are most similar to the Mermet virus in the Simbu serogroup, and to the Tataguine virus, which is not currently assigned to a serogroup. Each of these five viruses was pathogenic to newborn mice, indicating their potential to cause illness in humans and other animals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aedes/virologia
Doenças das Aves/virologia
Infecções por Bunyaviridae/veterinária
Bunyaviridae/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África
Américas
Animais
Bunyaviridae/classificação
Bunyaviridae/genética
Bunyaviridae/ultraestrutura
Infecções por Bunyaviridae/virologia
Camundongos
Passeriformes/virologia
Filogenia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170919
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170919
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170909
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1099/jgv.0.000899


  9 / 10390 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28873400
[Au] Autor:Maia-Elkhoury ANS; O B Valadas SY; Puppim-Buzanovsky L; Rocha F; Sanchez-Vazquez MJ
[Ad] Endereço:Communicable Diseases and Health Analysis (CHA), VT, Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Duque de Caxias, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:SisLeish: A multi-country standardized information system to monitor the status of Leishmaniasis in the Americas.
[So] Source:PLoS Negl Trop Dis;11(9):e0005868, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1935-2735
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: In the Americas, leishmaniasis is endemic in 18 countries, and from 2001 through 2015, 17 countries reported 843,931 cases of cutaneous and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis, and 12 countries reported 52,176 cases of visceral leishmaniasis. A Regional Information System (SisLeish) was created in order to provide knowledge of the distribution and tendency of this disease to analyze and monitor the leishmaniasis status. This article analyses the performance and progress of SisLeish from 2012-2015. METHODOLOGY: The performance of SisLeish was evaluated by country adhesion, data completeness and delay in entering the data, and also by the SWOT technique. Furthermore, we outlined the structure and modus operandi of the system and indicators utilized. RESULTS: In 2012, only 18% of the countries entered the data in SisLeish before the deadline, where 66.7% and 50% of the countries with autochthonous CL/ML and VL reported their cases to the system, respectively. Whereas in 2015, 59% of the countries reached the deadline, where 94.4% and 58.3% of the countries reported their CL/ML and VL data, respectively. Regarding data completeness, there was great progress for different variables since its launch, such as gender, which had an approximately 100% improvement from 2012 to 2015. The SWOT analysis of SisLeish showed 12 strengths, 11 opportunities, seven weaknesses and six threats. CONCLUSIONS: From 2012-2015 there has been an improvement in the adhesion, quality and data completeness, showing the effort of the majority of the countries to enhance their national database. The SWOT analysis demonstrated that strengths and opportunities exceed weaknesses and threats; however, it highlighted the system frailties and challenges that need to be addressed. Furthermore, it has stimulated several National Programs to advance their surveillance system. Therefore, SisLeish has become an essential tool to prioritize areas, assist in decision-making processes, and to guide surveillance and control actions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Monitoramento Epidemiológico
Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde
Sistemas de Informação/organização & administração
Sistemas de Informação/normas
Leishmaniose/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Américas/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Cooperação Internacional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170925
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170925
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170906
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pntd.0005868


  10 / 10390 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28859572
[Au] Autor:Adhikari K; Chacón-Duque JC; Mendoza-Revilla J; Fuentes-Guajardo M; Ruiz-Linares A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Genetics, Evolution, and Environment, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:The Genetic Diversity of the Americas.
[So] Source:Annu Rev Genomics Hum Genet;18:277-296, 2017 Aug 31.
[Is] ISSN:1545-293X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The history of the Americas involved the encounter of millions of Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans. A variable admixture of these three continental groups has taken place throughout the continent, influenced by demography and a range of social factors. This variable admixture has had a major influence on the genetic makeup of populations across the continent. Here, we summarize the demographic history of the region, highlight some social factors that affected historical admixture, and review major patterns of ancestry across the Western Hemisphere based on genetic data.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Demografia
Variação Genética
Genética Populacional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/genética
Grupo com Ancestrais Nativos do Continente Americano/genética
Américas
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171018
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171018
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170902
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1146/annurev-genom-083115-022331



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