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[PMID]:29309413
[Au] Autor:Ruttenberg B; Caselle JE; Estep AJ; Johnson AE; Marhaver KL; Richter LJ; Sandin SA; Vermeij MJA; Smith JE; Grenda D; Cannon A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biological Sciences, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Ecological assessment of the marine ecosystems of Barbuda, West Indies: Using rapid scientific assessment to inform ocean zoning and fisheries management.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0189355, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To inform a community-based ocean zoning initiative, we conducted an intensive ecological assessment of the marine ecosystems of Barbuda, West Indies. We conducted 116 fish and 108 benthic surveys around the island, and measured the abundance and size structure of lobsters and conch at 52 and 35 sites, respectively. We found that both coral cover and fish biomass were similar to or lower than levels observed across the greater Caribbean; live coral cover and abundance of fishery target species, such as large snappers and groupers, was generally low. However, Barbuda lacks many of the high-relief forereef areas where similar work has been conducted in other Caribbean locations. The distribution of lobsters was patchy, making it difficult to quantify density at the island scale. However, the maximum size of lobsters was generally larger than in other locations in the Caribbean and similar to the maximum size reported 40 years ago. While the lobster population has clearly been heavily exploited, our data suggest that it is not as overexploited as in much of the rest of the Caribbean. Surveys of Barbuda's Codrington Lagoon revealed many juvenile lobsters, but none of legal size (95 mm carapace length), suggesting that the lagoon functions primarily as nursery habitat. Conch abundance and size on Barbuda were similar to that of other Caribbean islands. Our data suggest that many of the regional threats observed on other Caribbean islands are present on Barbuda, but some resources-particularly lobster and conch-may be less overexploited than on other Caribbean islands. Local management has the potential to provide sustainability for at least some of the island's marine resources. We show that a rapid, thorough ecological assessment can reveal clear conservation opportunities and facilitate rapid conservation action by providing the foundation for a community-driven policymaking process at the island scale.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ecossistema
Pesqueiros
Biologia Marinha
Oceanos e Mares
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Antígua e Barbuda
Biodiversidade
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180129
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180129
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180109
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189355


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[PMID]:27553287
[Au] Autor:Ciapponi A; Alcaraz A; Calderón M; Matta MG; Chaparro M; Soto N; Bardach A
[Ad] Endereço:Departamento de Revisiones Sistemáticas, Evaluación de Tecnologías Sanitarias y Evaluaciones Económicas, Instituto de Efectividad Clínica y Sanitaria (IECS-CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address: aciapponi@iecs.org.ar.
[Ti] Título:Burden of Heart Failure in Latin America: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
[So] Source:Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed);69(11):1051-1060, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1885-5857
[Cp] País de publicação:Spain
[La] Idioma:eng; spa
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Heart failure is a major public health concern. The aim of this review was to estimate the burden of heart failure in Latin America. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis following a search in MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, and CENTRAL for articles published between January 1994 and June 2014, with no language restrictions. We included experimental and observational studies with at least 50 participants aged ≥ 18 years. RESULTS: In total, 143 of the 4792 references retrieved were included in the study. Most studies had been conducted in South America (92%), and mainly in Brazil (64%). The mean age of the patients was 60 ± 9 years, and mean ejection fraction was 36% ± 9%. The incidence of heart failure in the single population study providing this information was 199 cases per 100000 person-years. The prevalence of heart failure was 1% (95% confidence interval [95%CI], 0.1%-2.7%); hospital readmission rates were 33%, 28%, 31%, and 35% at 3, 6, 12, and 24 to 60 months of follow-up, respectively; and the median duration of hospitalization was 7.0 days. The 1-year mortality rate was 24.5% (95%CI, 19.4%-30.0%). In-hospital mortality was 11.7% (95%CI, 10.4%-13.0%), and the rate was higher in patients with a reduced ejection fraction, ischemic heart disease, or Chagas disease. CONCLUSIONS: Few studies have evaluated the incidence and prevalence of heart failure in Latin America. High mortality and hospitalization rates were found, and the main limitation was heterogeneity between studies. The results presented provide useful epidemiologic information for decision-making related to this disease. Further studies with standardized methods and representative populations are needed in this line.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antígua e Barbuda/epidemiologia
Argentina/epidemiologia
Brasil/epidemiologia
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/epidemiologia
Chile/epidemiologia
Colômbia/epidemiologia
Cuba/epidemiologia
Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade
Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia
Mortalidade Hospitalar
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Jamaica/epidemiologia
América Latina/epidemiologia
Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos
México/epidemiologia
Mortalidade
Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos
Peru/epidemiologia
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
Volume Sistólico
Uruguai/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171103
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171103
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160825
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26312539
[Au] Autor:Smyth D
[Ad] Endereço:Lecturer-Practitioner in Cancer and Palliative Care, Birmingham City University, Birmingham, UK.
[Ti] Título:Politics and palliative care: Antigua and Barbuda.
[So] Source:Int J Palliat Nurs;21(8):414, 2015 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1357-6321
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Dion Smyth's review of the internet for palliative nursing.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida/legislação & jurisprudência
Internet
Cuidados Paliativos/legislação & jurisprudência
Política
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antígua e Barbuda
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1512
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150828
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150828
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150828
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.12968/ijpn.2015.21.8.414


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Texto completo SciELO México
Texto completo SciELO Saúde Pública
[PMID]:25604181
[Au] Autor:Rivera-Ávila RC
[Ad] Endereço:Coordinación de epidemiología, Región sanitaria XII, Centro-Tlaquepaque, Secretaría de Salud Jalisco, San Pedro Tlaquepaque, Jalisco, México, roberto_c_r@hotmail.com.
[Ti] Título:[Chikungunya fever in Mexico: confirmed case and notes on the epidemiologic response].
[Ti] Título:Fiebre chikungunya en México: caso confirmado y apuntes para la respuesta epidemiológica..
[So] Source:Salud Publica Mex;56(4):402-4, 2014 Jul-Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1606-7916
[Cp] País de publicação:Mexico
[La] Idioma:spa
[Ab] Resumo:Chikungunya fever (CHIK) is a viral disease transmitted to human beings by the same vector as dengue -the Aedes mosquito. Besides fever and severe pain in the joints, it produces other symptoms such as myalgias, headache, nausea, fatigue and exanthema. There is no specific treatment for it; the therapeutic management of patients focuses on symptom relief. Historically, outbreaks of large proportions have been reported; even since 2010 it was considered to be a potential emerging epidemic. In 2013 it was introduced into the islands of the Caribbean, and it has recently been reported in the American continent. This paper describes the first confirmed case of chikungunya in Mexico -in the municipality of Tlajomulco de Zúñiga, Jalisco, in May, 2014-, which was imported from the Caribbean island of Antigua and Barbuda by a 39 year-old woman.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Febre de Chikungunya/epidemiologia
Controle de Mosquitos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Aedes
Animais
Antígua e Barbuda
Febre de Chikungunya/diagnóstico
Febre de Chikungunya/prevenção & controle
Febre de Chikungunya/transmissão
Notificação de Doenças
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Insetos Vetores
México/epidemiologia
Viagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150122
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:24012113
[Au] Autor:Trefry SA; Diamond AW; Spencer NC; Mallory ML
[Ad] Endereço:Atlantic Laboratory for Avian Research, PO Box 4400, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB E3B 5A3, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Contaminants in magnificent frigatebird eggs from Barbuda, West Indies.
[So] Source:Mar Pollut Bull;75(1-2):317-21, 2013 Oct 15.
[Is] ISSN:1879-3363
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We examined persistent organic pollutant and trace element concentrations in eggs of magnificent frigatebirds (Fregata magnificens), a species of conservation concern breeding in the West Indies. Despite that frigatebirds feed at high positions in tropical marine food chains, we detected low levels of most contaminants, suggesting limited contamination of their prey.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aves/metabolismo
Monitoramento Ambiental
Poluentes Ambientais/metabolismo
Cadeia Alimentar
Óvulo/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Antígua e Barbuda
Poluição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Environmental Pollutants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1402
[Cu] Atualização por classe:131004
[Lr] Data última revisão:
131004
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130910
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:24001505
[Au] Autor:Shampo MA; Kyle RA; Steensma DP
[Ad] Endereço:Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
[Ti] Título:Stamp vignette on medical science. Vincent du Vigneaud-Nobel Prize in chemistry.
[So] Source:Mayo Clin Proc;88(9):e99, 2013 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1942-5546
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Química Farmacêutica/história
Prêmio Nobel
Filatelia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antígua e Barbuda
História do Século XX
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:du Vigneaud V
[Em] Mês de entrada:1311
[Cu] Atualização por classe:131213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
131213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130905
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:23805947
[Au] Autor:Cobbett M; Warrington M
[Ad] Endereço:a Faculty of Education , University of Cambridge , Cambridge , UK.
[Ti] Título:'Sometimes it's fun to play with them first': girls and boys talking about sexual harassment in Caribbean schools.
[So] Source:Cult Health Sex;15(9):1026-39, 2013.
[Is] ISSN:1464-5351
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper discusses findings from a qualitative study conducted in four government secondary schools in the Caribbean state of Antigua and Barbuda on students' experiences at school in relation to sexuality. Both girls and boys experienced a range of anxieties and confusions in relation to sexuality, whilst also seeing (hetero)sexual attraction as an exciting part of schooling. Sexual harassment of girls emerged as a widespread and serious (as well as 'normalised') occurrence in all the schools studied. However, the data also showed that girls were far from passive. Instead, girls demonstrated complex and contradictory responses to boys' behaviour due to their own investments in being desirable within discourses of hetero-femininity, as well as the pleasure they gained from their relationships. Both genders would clearly benefit from opportunities to discuss their needs, beliefs and desires regarding sexuality and relationships.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cultura
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
Assédio Sexual/psicologia
Sexualidade/psicologia
Estudantes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Antígua e Barbuda
Feminino
Grupos Focais
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Instituições Acadêmicas
Fatores Sexuais
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1406
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151119
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151119
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130629
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/13691058.2013.804585


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[PMID]:23274030
[Au] Autor:Shampo MA; Kyle RA; Steensma DP
[Ad] Endereço:Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.
[Ti] Título:Elias James Corey--Nobel Prize for retrosynthetic analysis.
[So] Source:Mayo Clin Proc;88(1):e7, 2013 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1942-5546
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Filatelia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antígua e Barbuda
Química/história
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Prêmio Nobel
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Corey EJ
[Em] Mês de entrada:1303
[Cu] Atualização por classe:131213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
131213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130101
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:23036683
[Au] Autor:Shampo MA; Kyle RA; Steensma DP
[Ad] Endereço:Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
[Ti] Título:Sidney Altman--Nobel laureate for work with RNA.
[So] Source:Mayo Clin Proc;87(10):e73, 2012 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1942-5546
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biologia Molecular/história
Prêmio Nobel
Filatelia
RNA Catalítico/história
RNA/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antígua e Barbuda
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Altman S
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (RNA, Catalytic); 0 (RNA, recombinant); 63231-63-0 (RNA)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1212
[Cu] Atualização por classe:131213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
131213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:121006
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:22802928
[Au] Autor:Ditmer MA; Stapleton SP
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Fisheries, Wildlife and Conservation Biology, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States of America. ditme004@umn.edu
[Ti] Título:Factors affecting hatch success of hawksbill sea turtles on Long Island, Antigua, West Indies.
[So] Source:PLoS One;7(7):e38472, 2012.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Current understanding of the factors influencing hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) hatch success is disparate and based on relatively short-term studies or limited sample sizes. Because global populations of hawksbills are heavily depleted, evaluating the parameters that impact hatch success is important to their conservation and recovery. Here, we use data collected by the Jumby Bay Hawksbill Project (JBHP) to investigate hatch success. The JBHP implements saturation tagging protocols to study a hawksbill rookery in Antigua, West Indies. Habitat data, which reflect the varied nesting beaches, are collected at egg deposition, and nest contents are exhumed and categorized post-emergence. We analyzed hatch success using mixed-model analyses with explanatory and predictive datasets. We incorporated a random effect for turtle identity and evaluated environmental, temporal and individual-based reproductive variables. Hatch success averaged 78.6% (SD: 21.2%) during the study period. Highly supported models included multiple covariates, including distance to vegetation, deposition date, individual intra-seasonal nest number, clutch size, organic content, and sand grain size. Nests located in open sand were predicted to produce 10.4 more viable hatchlings per clutch than nests located >1.5 m into vegetation. For an individual first nesting in early July, the fourth nest of the season yielded 13.2 more viable hatchlings than the initial clutch. Generalized beach section and inter-annual variation were also supported in our explanatory dataset, suggesting that gaps remain in our understanding of hatch success. Our findings illustrate that evaluating hatch success is a complex process, involving multiple environmental and individual variables. Although distance to vegetation and hatch success were inversely related, vegetation is an important component of hawksbill nesting habitat, and a more complete assessment of the impacts of specific vegetation types on hatch success and hatchling sex ratios is needed. Future research should explore the roles of sand structure, nest moisture, and local weather conditions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tamanho da Ninhada
Tartarugas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Antígua e Barbuda
Região do Caribe
Ecossistema
Feminino
Comportamento de Nidação
Oceanos e Mares
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1212
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150224
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150224
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:120718
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0038472



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