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Pesquisa : Z01.107.084.900.262 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 82 [refinar]
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  1 / 82 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28542432
[Au] Autor:Tornabene L; Baldwin CC
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Vertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:A new mesophotic goby, Palatogobius incendius (Teleostei: Gobiidae), and the first record of invasive lionfish preying on undescribed biodiversity.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(5):e0177179, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A new species of deep-reef fish in the goby genus Palatogobius is described from recent submersible collections off Curaçao and Dominica. Video footage of schools of this species reveal predation by the invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish (Pterois spp.), the first record of undescribed fauna potentially being eaten by lionfish outside of its native range. We present molecular phylogenetic data for all valid species of Palatogobius and related genera, as well as a taxonomic key to the species of Palatogobius and a generic key to Palatogobius and related genera in the western Atlantic. Lastly, we discuss ecological and behavioral aspects of some deep-reef fishes in light of potential threats from invasive lionfish.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Peixes/classificação
Perciformes/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Biodiversidade
Recifes de Corais
Dominica
Ecossistema
Espécies Introduzidas
Filogenia
Dinâmica Populacional
Comportamento Predatório/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170526
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0177179


  2 / 82 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27977761
[Au] Autor:Yang Y; Kelly PJ; Bai J; Zhang R; Wang C
[Ad] Endereço:Jiangsu Co-Innovation Center for the Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou University College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, China.
[Ti] Título:First Molecular Characterization of Bovine Leukemia Virus Infections in the Caribbean.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(12):e0168379, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is a retrovirus that causes enzootic bovine leucosis. To investigate the presence and genetic variability of BLV in the Caribbean for the first time, we preformed fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-PCR for the pol of BLV on DNA from whole blood of cattle from Dominica, Montserrat, Nevis and St. Kitts. Standard PCRs with primers for the env were used for phylogenetic analysis of BLV in positive animals. We found FRET-PCR positive cattle (12.6%, 41/325) on Dominica (5.2%; 4/77) and St. Kitts (19.2%; 37/193) but not on Montserrat (0%, 0/12) or Nevis (0%, 0/43). Positive animals were cows on farms where animals were raised intensively. Phylogenetic analysis using the neighbor-joining (NJ) method on partial and full-length env sequences obtained for strains from Dominica (n = 2) and St. Kitts (n = 5) and those available in GenBank (n = 90) (genotypes 1-10) revealed the Caribbean strains belonged to genotype 1 (98-100% sequence homology). Ours is the first molecular characterization of BLV infections in the Caribbean and the first description of genotype 1 in the region.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Leucose Enzoótica Bovina/virologia
Vírus da Leucemia Bovina/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Região do Caribe
Bovinos
Dominica
Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência
Genótipo
Vírus da Leucemia Bovina/classificação
Filogenia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170705
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170705
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0168379


  3 / 82 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27394204
[Au] Autor:Pinheiro LR
[Ad] Endereço:Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo. Avenida Nazaré, 481, Ipiranga, 04263-000, São Paulo - SP, Brazil.; Email: lrpinheiro@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Description of two new species of Nelphe Herrich-Schäffer, with comments on the genus (Lepidoptera, Erebidae, Arctiinae, Arctiini, Ctenuchina).
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4079(4):487-94, 2016 Feb 15.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Two new species of Ctenuchina are described from Haiti and Dominica, respectively: Nelphe trimaculata Pinheiro, sp. nov., and N. dominica Pinheiro, sp. nov. Nelphe trimaculata differs from all other species of Nelphe in the three linear (as opposed to round) dark brown markings on cell CuP-1A and on the inner margin of the forewings. Nelphe dominica differs from other species placed in Nelphe in the sixth and seventh abdominal tergites, with orange scales covering not only the lateral surfaces of the tergites as it occurs in other species, but also the dorsal surface. Both new taxa are illustrated in habitus and genitalia, and comments on the genus, now with 13 valid species, are provided.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mariposas/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição Animal
Estruturas Animais/anatomia & histologia
Estruturas Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Animais
Tamanho Corporal
Dominica
Feminino
Haiti
Masculino
Mariposas/anatomia & histologia
Mariposas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Tamanho do Órgão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170210
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170210
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160711
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4079.4.8


  4 / 82 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26797853
[Au] Autor:Khimoun A; Arnoux E; Martel G; Pot A; Eraud C; Condé B; Loubon M; Théron F; Covas R; Faivre B; Garnier S
[Ad] Endereço:CNRS, Biogéosciences UMR6282, Univ. Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 21000, Dijon, France. aurelie.khimoun@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Contrasted patterns of genetic differentiation across eight bird species in the Lesser Antilles.
[So] Source:Genetica;144(1):125-38, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6857
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Archipelagoes are considered as "natural laboratories" for studying processes that shape the distribution of diversity. The Lesser Antilles provide a favorable geographical context for divergence to occur. However, although morphological subspecies have been described across this archipelago in numerous avian species, the potential for the Lesser Antilles in driving intra-specific genetic divergence in highly mobile organisms such as birds remains understudied. Here, we assessed level of intra-specific genetic diversity and differentiation between three islands of the Lesser Antilles (Guadeloupe, Dominica and Martinique) using a multi-species approach on eight bird species. For each species, we built a set of microsatellite markers from cross-species amplifications. Significant patterns of inter-island and/or within-island genetic differentiation were detected in all species. However, levels of intra-specific genetic differentiation among the eight bird species were not always consistent with the boundaries of subspecies previously described in the sampled islands. These results suggest different histories of colonization/expansion and/or different species-specific ecological traits affecting gene flow, advocating for multi-species studies of historical and contemporary factors shaping the distribution of diversity on islands.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aves/genética
Especiação Genética
Variação Genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Aves/classificação
Dominica
Loci Gênicos
Genética Populacional
Guadalupe
Ilhas
Martinica
Repetições de Microssatélites
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160123
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10709-016-9883-4


  5 / 82 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26166501
[Au] Autor:Imai K; Nakayama E; Maeda T; Mikita K; Kobayashi Y; Mitarai A; Honma Y; Miyake S; Kaku K; Miyahira Y; Kawana A
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Infectious Diseases and Pulmonary Medicine, National Defense Medical College.
[Ti] Título:Chikungunya Fever in Japan Imported from the Caribbean Islands.
[So] Source:Jpn J Infect Dis;69(2):151-3, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1884-2836
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A 53-year-old Japanese woman who was working as a volunteer in the Commonwealth of Dominica in the Caribbean islands presented with a high-grade fever and severe incapacitating generalized arthralgia. The Asian genotype of the chikungunya virus was confirmed using reverse transcription-PCR and serology, based on the presence of a specific neutralization titer and immunoglobulin M antibodies. She was diagnosed with post-chikungunya chronic arthritis based on persistence of her polyarthritis for 3 months and the presence of rheumatoid factor, immunoglobulin G-rheumatoid factor, and matrix metalloproteinase-3. Chikungunya virus should be considered as a causative pathogen in travelers returning from Caribbean islands. Clinicians should consider chikungunya fever in the differential diagnosis of patients who complain of chronic arthritis and have a history of travel to an endemic area.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Febre de Chikungunya/diagnóstico
Febre de Chikungunya/patologia
Viagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue
Dominica
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Imunoglobulina M/sangue
Japão
Meia-Idade
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Testes Sorológicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antibodies, Neutralizing); 0 (Antibodies, Viral); 0 (Immunoglobulin M)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150714
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.7883/yoken.JJID.2015.063


  6 / 82 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26701466
[Au] Autor:Stonis JR; Remeikis A
[Ad] Endereço:Lithuanian University of Educational Sciences and Baltic-American Biotaxonomy Institute, Studentu St. 39, Vilnius LT-08106, Lithuania; Email: stonis@leu.lt.
[Ti] Título:The first records on the genus Acalyptris from the Caribbean (Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae).
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4057(1):79-90, 2015 Dec 09.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this paper we describe three new species of Acalyptris Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae): Acalyptris nigrisignum Remeikis & Stonis, sp. nov. from the Country of Curaçao (formerly the Netherlands Antilles), A. trigonijuxtus Remeikis & Stonis, sp. nov. from British Virgin Islands, and A. dominicanus Remeikis & Stonis, sp. nov. from Dominica. A pictorial key is provided for two newly established species complexes: bicornutus and tenuijuxtus. The newly described species are illustrated with photographs of the adults and the genitalia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mariposas/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição Animal
Estruturas Animais/anatomia & histologia
Estruturas Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Animais
Tamanho Corporal
Região do Caribe
Dominica
Ecossistema
Feminino
Masculino
Mariposas/anatomia & histologia
Mariposas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Tamanho do Órgão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151224
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151224
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151225
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4057.1.4


  7 / 82 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26503682
[Au] Autor:Macfarlan SJ; Lyle HF
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, University of Utah, 270 South 1400 East, Room 102, Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0060, USA shane.macfarlan@anthro.utah.edu.
[Ti] Título:Multiple reputation domains and cooperative behaviour in two Latin American communities.
[So] Source:Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci;370(1683):20150009, 2015 Dec 05.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2970
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Reputations are a ubiquitous feature of human social life, and a large literature has been dedicated to explaining the relationship between prosocial reputations and cooperation in social dilemmas. However, humans form reputations in domains other than prosociality, such as economic competency that could affect cooperation. To date, no research has evaluated the relative effects of multiple reputation domains on cooperation. To bridge this gap, we analyse how prosocial and competency reputations affect cooperation in two Latin American communities (Bwa Mawego, Dominica, and Pucucanchita, Peru) across a number of social contexts (Dominica: labour contracting, labour exchange and conjugal partnership formation; Peru: agricultural and health advice network size). First, we examine the behavioural correlates of prosocial and competency reputations. Following, we analyse whether prosocial, competency, or both reputation domains explain the flow of cooperative benefits within the two communities. Our analyses suggest that (i) although some behaviours affect both reputation domains simultaneously, each reputation domain has a unique behavioural signature; and (ii) competency reputations affect cooperation across a greater number of social contexts compared to prosocial reputations. Results are contextualized with reference to the social markets in which behaviour is embedded and a call for greater theory development is stressed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Cooperativo
Relações Interpessoais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Características Culturais
Dominica
Feminino
Processos Grupais
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Peru
População Rural
Fatores Sexuais
Desejabilidade Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151028
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26422131
[Au] Autor:Ren Y; VanSchoiack A; Chai HB; Goetz M; Kinghorn AD
[Ti] Título:Cytotoxic Barrigenol-like Triterpenoids from an Extract of Cyrilla racemiflora Housed in a Repository.
[So] Source:J Nat Prod;78(10):2440-6, 2015 Oct 23.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6025
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Two new [(+)-cyrillins A (1) and B (2)] and four known barrigenol-like triterpenoids (3-6), along with betulinic acid and (+)-3ß-O-trans-feruloylbetulinic acid, were isolated from a sample-restricted CH2Cl2-soluble extract of the bark of Cyrilla racemiflora, collected in Dominica. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by interpretation of their spectroscopic data, and the absolute configuration of the cyclic 1,2-diol unit of (+)-cyrillin A (1) was ascertained by analysis of the electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectrum induced with [Mo2(OAc)4]. In the case of (+)-cyrillin B (2), which was found to contain a diangeloylated glucose residue, the structure proposed was supported by analysis of its MS(2) and MS(3) spectra. All compounds isolated were evaluated for their cytotoxicity against HT-29 human colon cancer cells, and the known compound, (+)-barringtogenol B (3), was found to be the most potent, exhibiting an IC50 value of 1.7 µM. This compound also showed inhibitory activity toward the CCD-112CoN human normal colon cell line, with an IC50 value of 5.9 µM, indicating a lack of cytotoxic selectivity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia
Ericaceae/química
Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação
Triterpenos/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química
Linhagem Celular Tumoral
Dominica
Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais
Glucose/análise
Células HT29
Seres Humanos
Concentração Inibidora 50
Estrutura Molecular
Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular
Casca de Planta/química
Triterpenos/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic); 0 (Triterpenes); 0 (cyrillin A); 0 (cyrillin B); 4G6A18707N (betulinic acid); IY9XDZ35W2 (Glucose)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1602
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151001
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1021/acs.jnatprod.5b00532


  9 / 82 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26274813
[Au] Autor:Nsoesie EO; Ricketts RP; Brown HE; Fish D; Durham DP; Ndeffo Mbah ML; Christian T; Ahmed S; Marcellin C; Shelly E; Owers K; Wenzel N; Galvani AP; Brownstein JS
[Ad] Endereço:Children's Hospital Informatics Program, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America; Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America; Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Was
[Ti] Título:Spatial and Temporal Clustering of Chikungunya Virus Transmission in Dominica.
[So] Source:PLoS Negl Trop Dis;9(8):e0003977, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:1935-2735
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Using geo-referenced case data, we present spatial and spatio-temporal cluster analyses of the early spread of the 2013-2015 chikungunya virus (CHIKV) in Dominica, an island in the Caribbean. Spatial coordinates of the locations of the first 417 reported cases observed between December 15th, 2013 and March 11th, 2014, were captured using the Global Positioning System (GPS). We observed a preponderance of female cases, which has been reported for CHIKV outbreaks in other regions. We also noted statistically significant spatial and spatio-temporal clusters in highly populated areas and observed major clusters prior to implementation of intensive vector control programs suggesting early vector control measures, and education had an impact on the spread of the CHIKV epidemic in Dominica. A dynamical identification of clusters can lead to local assessment of risk and provide opportunities for targeted control efforts for nations experiencing CHIKV outbreaks.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Febre de Chikungunya/epidemiologia
Febre de Chikungunya/transmissão
Vírus Chikungunya/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Febre de Chikungunya/virologia
Análise por Conglomerados
Dominica/epidemiologia
Feminino
Sistemas de Informação Geográfica
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Análise Espacial
Análise Espaço-Temporal
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170321
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170321
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150815
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003977


  10 / 82 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26249471
[Au] Autor:Runyon JB
[Ad] Endereço:Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 1648 S. 7th Avenue, Bozeman, Montana 59717, USA Montana Entomology Collection, Montana State University, Room 50 Marsh Laboratory, Bozeman, Montana 59717, USA.; Email: jrunyon@montana.edu.
[Ti] Título:Haromyia, a new genus of long-legged flies from Dominica (Diptera: Dolichopodidae).
[So] Source:Zootaxa;3964(5):589-95, 2015 Jun 05.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5326
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The new micro-dolichopodid genus Haromyia gen. nov. and the type species H. iviei sp. nov. are described from the island of Dominica in the Lesser Antilles. Males and females of Haromyia are distinguished by the large setae on a bulging clypeus, minute size, and wing veins that are nearly straight and evenly diverging from wing base. Haromyia does not fit readily into any contemporary dolichopodid subfamily, although it superficially resembles the Enliniinae and Achalcinae. Haromyia should be regarded as incertae sedis until the dolichopodid subfamilies can be refined, particularly to better incorporate the tropical diversity of this large family.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Braquiúros/classificação
Dípteros/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição Animal
Estruturas Animais/anatomia & histologia
Estruturas Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Animais
Tamanho Corporal
Braquiúros/anatomia & histologia
Braquiúros/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Dípteros/anatomia & histologia
Dípteros/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Dominica
Feminino
Masculino
Tamanho do Órgão
Asas de Animais/anatomia & histologia
Asas de Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170130
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170130
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150808
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.3964.5.10



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