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  1 / 112 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28448942
[Au] Autor:Cofano SC; Ojukwu D; Mozumdar N; Raza Z; Saigal S; Musku S; Zar S; Merolla M; Jalonen TO
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Physiology and Neuroscience, St. George's University School of Medicine, Grenada, West Indies.
[Ti] Título:Assessing knowledge of symptoms and first-aid care of epilepsy in Grenada, West Indies.
[So] Source:Epilepsy Behav;70(Pt A):232-237, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1525-5069
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that is increasingly prevalent in developing countries. It is critical to provide appropriate support to patients during seizures in order to prevent injuries. False beliefs regarding the etiology or pathogenesis of the epilepsy and inadequate health information may put patients with epilepsy or other seizure disorders at increased risk of injury. Our objective was to assess the level of epilepsy awareness amongst the general population in Grenada and educate the participants regarding proper first-aid measures. A pilot questionnaire containing a total of 25 items surveying the knowledge, attitudes, and first-aid care of epilepsy was presented to 200 adult residents of Grenada as face-to-face interviews. Study participants were recruited over a nine-month period on a voluntary basis at health fairs, in local communities, and on the campus of St. George's University. Our results indicate that 35 out of 198 (17.7%) respondents erroneously believed that medicine should be placed in a person's mouth during a seizure, and 83 out of 200 (41.5%) answered that a person who is convulsing should be held down. Furthermore, 128 out of 195 (65.6%) respondents erroneously believed that seizures occur when there is low brain activity and an additional 35 out of 199 (17.6%) regarded epilepsy as a contagious disorder. Our data suggest that persons with seizures and/or epilepsy may be at increased risk of injury in Grenada due to common misconceptions and false beliefs. It is critical that epilepsy awareness is promoted in developing countries, such as Grenada, where inadequate health information may be common.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Países em Desenvolvimento
Epilepsia/epidemiologia
Epilepsia/terapia
Primeiros Socorros/métodos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Conscientização
Epilepsia/diagnóstico
Feminino
Granada
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Projetos Piloto
Distribuição Aleatória
Convulsões
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170428
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27775481
[Au] Autor:Chikweto A; Sharma RN; Tiwari KP; Verma SK; Calero-Bernal R; Jiang T; Su C; Kwok OC; Dubey JP
[Ad] Endereço:Pathobiology Department, School of Veterinary Medicine, St. George's University, Grenada, West Indies.
[Ti] Título:Isolation and RFLP Genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii in Free-Range Chickens (Gallus domesticus) in Grenada, West Indies, Revealed Widespread and Dominance of Clonal Type III Parasites.
[So] Source:J Parasitol;103(1):52-55, 2017 02.
[Is] ISSN:1937-2345
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The objectives of the present cross-sectional study were to isolate and genotype Toxoplasma gondii in free-range chickens from Grenada, West Indies. Using the modified agglutination test, antibodies to T. gondii were found in 39 (26.9%) of 145 free-range chickens with titers of 25 in 7 chickens, 50 in 6 chickens, 100 in 2 chickens, and 200 or higher in 24 chickens. The hearts of the 39 seropositive chickens were bioassayed in mice; viable T. gondii was isolated from 20 and further propagated in cell culture. Genotyping of T. gondii DNA extracted from cell-cultured tachyzoites using the 10 PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) markers SAG1, SAG2, SAG3, BTUB, GRA6, c22-8, c29-2, L358, PK1, and Apico revealed 4 genotypes, including ToxoDB PCR-RFLP no. 2 (Type III), no. 7, no. 13, and no. 259 (new). These results indicated that T. gondii population genetics in free-range chickens seems to be moderately diverse with ToxoDB no. 2 (Type III) as the most frequent (15/20 = 75%) compared to other genotypes in Grenada.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Galinhas/parasitologia
Técnicas de Genotipagem/veterinária
Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição
Doenças das Aves Domésticas/parasitologia
Toxoplasma/isolamento & purificação
Toxoplasmose Animal/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Testes de Aglutinação/veterinária
Animais
Anticorpos Antiprotozoários/sangue
Bioensaio/veterinária
Estudos Transversais
Genótipo
Granada/epidemiologia
Coração/parasitologia
Camundongos
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Doenças das Aves Domésticas/epidemiologia
Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
Toxoplasma/classificação
Toxoplasma/genética
Toxoplasma/imunologia
Toxoplasmose Animal/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antibodies, Protozoan)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1645/15-945


  3 / 112 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27852813
[Au] Autor:Wilkerson MJ; Black KE; Lanza-Perea M; Sharma B; Gibson K; Stone DM; George A; Nair AD; Ganta RR
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology and Kansas State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS (Wilkerson, Black, George, Nair, Ganta).
[Ti] Título:Initial development and preliminary evaluation of a multiplex bead assay to detect antibodies to Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma platys, and Ehrlichia chaffeensis outer membrane peptides in naturally infected dogs from Grenada, West Indies.
[So] Source:J Vet Diagn Invest;29(1):109-114, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1943-4936
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Tick-borne bacteria, Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma platys, and Ehrlichia chaffeensis are significant pathogens of dogs worldwide, and coinfections of E. canis and A. platys are common in dogs on the Caribbean islands. We developed and evaluated the performance of a multiplex bead-based assay to detect antibodies to E. canis, A. platys, and E. chaffeensis peptides in dogs from Grenada, West Indies, where E. canis and A. platys infections are endemic. Peptides from outer membrane proteins of P30 of E. canis, OMP-1X of A. platys, and P28-19/P28-14 of E. chaffeensis were coupled to magnetic beads. The multiplex peptide assay detected antibodies in dogs experimentally infected with E. canis and E. chaffeensis, but not in an A. platys experimentally infected dog. In contrast, the multiplex assay and an in-house enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) detected A. platys antibodies in naturally infected Grenadian dogs. Following testing of 104 Grenadian canine samples, multiplex assay results had good agreement with commercially available ELISA and immunofluorescent assay for E. canis antibody-positive dogs ( K values of 0.73 and 0.84), whereas A. platys multiplex results had poor agreement with these commercial assays ( K values of -0.02 and 0.01). Prevalence of seropositive E. canis and A. platys Grenadian dogs detected by the multiplex and commercial antibody assays were similar to previous reports. Although the multiplex peptide assay performed well in detecting the seropositive status of dogs to E. canis and had good agreement with commercial assays, better antigen targets are necessary for the antibody detection of A. platys.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico
Ehrlichiose/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anaplasma/imunologia
Anaplasma/isolamento & purificação
Animais
Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue
Doenças do Cão/sangue
Doenças do Cão/microbiologia
Cães
Ehrlichia canis/imunologia
Ehrlichia canis/isolamento & purificação
Ehrlichia chaffeensis/imunologia
Ehrlichia chaffeensis/isolamento & purificação
Ehrlichiose/diagnóstico
Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/veterinária
Granada
Valor Preditivo dos Testes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antibodies, Bacterial)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161118
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1040638716671979


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[PMID]:27603390
[Au] Autor:Patrice-Coy C; Johnson EJ; Boodram CA
[Ad] Endereço:aDepartment of Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, The University of the West Indies bSocial Work Unit, Department of Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, The University of the West Indies.
[Ti] Título:Sexual behavior of female adolescents on the spread of HIV/AIDS and other STDs in Carriacou.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);95(36):e4800, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article explores information relating to female adolescents knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors toward human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in Carriacou. The authors aimed at finding out whether adolescent females in Carriacou receive adequate information about HIV and other STDs. Where did students receive most of their information about HIV/STDs and whether the knowledge has influenced their sexual behaviors? Furthermore, this study focused on how female adolescents feel toward people living with HIV/STDs.Focus group method was employed with 2 age groups of female adolescent students. Content analysis was carried out by the researcher to analyze the data. Themes were developed using coding and thematic analysis.The findings revealed that female adolescents were highly aware of HIV/STDs-related facts. They were knowledgeable and have received adequate information about HIV/STDs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento do Adolescente
Educação em Saúde
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Comportamento Sexual
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/transmissão
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Feminino
Grupos Focais
Granada
Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle
Infecções por HIV/transmissão
Seres Humanos
Psicologia do Adolescente
Sexo sem Proteção
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170224
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170224
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160908
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000004800


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[PMID]:27527629
[Au] Autor:Macpherson C; Noël T; Fields P; Jungkind D; Yearwood K; Simmons M; Widjaja S; Mitchell G; Noel D; Bidaisee S; Myers TE; LaBeaud AD
[Ad] Endereço:St. George's University School of Medicine, Saint George, Grenada. Windward Islands Research and Education Foundation, Saint George, Grenada. cmacpherson@sgu.edu.
[Ti] Título:Clinical and Serological Insights from the Asian Lineage Chikungunya Outbreak in Grenada, 2014: An Observational Study.
[So] Source:Am J Trop Med Hyg;95(4):890-893, 2016 Oct 05.
[Is] ISSN:1476-1645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) spread rapidly throughout the Caribbean region in 2014, and the first serologically confirmed case was seen in Grenada in July. This study investigated the outbreak of CHIKV in Grenada to identify the distinguishing clinical manifestations and the symptoms that corresponded the closest with serological test results. Sera were tested by IgM enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and polymerase chain reaction to distinguish between cases positive or negative for CHIKV. Of 493 cases, 426 (86%) tested positive for CHIKV. The diagnostic decision rule, "Define as CHIKV positive a patient presenting with joint pain and any combination of fever, body pain, or rash," produced the closest agreement (85%) with the serological test results (Cohen's kappa, k = 0.289, P value < 0.001). When laboratory facilities are not available for diagnostic confirmation, syndromic surveillance using these four symptoms could be useful to define cases during a CHIKV outbreak when CHIKV is the predominant circulating arbovirus.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia
Febre de Chikungunya/epidemiologia
Surtos de Doenças
Imunoglobulina M/imunologia
RNA Viral/sangue
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Artralgia/etiologia
Febre de Chikungunya/sangue
Febre de Chikungunya/complicações
Febre de Chikungunya/imunologia
Vírus Chikungunya/genética
Vírus Chikungunya/imunologia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Calafrios/etiologia
Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática
Exantema/etiologia
Feminino
Febre/etiologia
Granada/epidemiologia
Cefaleia/etiologia
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex
Mialgia/etiologia
Fatores Sexuais
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antibodies, Viral); 0 (Immunoglobulin M); 0 (RNA, Viral)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171005
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171005
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160817
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27100682
[Au] Autor:Wolff MS; Hill R; Wilson-Genderson M; Hirsch S; Dasanayake AP
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Cariology, New York University College of Dentistry, New York, N.Y., USA.
[Ti] Título:Nationwide 2.5-Year School-Based Public Health Intervention Program Designed to Reduce the Incidence of Caries in Children of Grenada.
[So] Source:Caries Res;50 Suppl 1:68-77, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1421-976X
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:UNLABELLED: This paper describes an innovative public health intervention, called 'Smile Grenada', targeting the oral health of children in Grenada utilizing the resources of a US dental school, several oral health care companies, local governmental and public health authorities, and Grenadian school personnel. METHODS: Preintervention visual/tactile caries examinations were collected from 1,092 schoolchildren (mean age 9.9 years, standard deviation, SD = 3.7) in 2010. The intervention included: (1) classroom-based toothbrushing with fluoridated toothpaste, (2) fluoride varnish applied by trained dental students, teachers and local providers 3 times a year and (3) glass ionomer sealants placed on first permanent molars in children aged 6-8 years. Postintervention data were collected in May, 2013 (n = 2,301, mean age 9.8 years, SD = 3.7). Decayed and demineralized surfaces were examined for the whole sample and decay/demineralization and sealant retention on 6-year molars were examined separately (ages 6-8 in 2013 cohort). RESULTS: The number of decayed/demineralized surfaces declined across all age groups. The average number of decayed surfaces dropped from 9 at baseline to just over 6 (F1, 3,393 = 69.8, p < 0.0001) and the average number of demineralized surfaces dropped from 6 to less than 2 (1.8 surfaces; F1, 3,393 = 819.0, p < 0.0001). For children aged 6-8 years, there were statistically significantly fewer decayed surfaces (t1, 2,086 = 12.40, p < 0.0001; mean baseline 0.93, SD = 1.75; mean follow-up 0.23, SD = 0.83) and demineralized surfaces (t1, 2,086 = 19.7, p < 0.0001; mean baseline 2.11, SD = 2.74; mean follow-up 0.50, SD = 0.97) on 6-year molars. The Smile Grenada program successfully demonstrated a locally sustainable model for improving oral health in children in a developing country.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia
Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle
Saúde Bucal
Odontologia em Saúde Pública/métodos
Serviços de Odontologia Escolar/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Diagnóstico Bucal
Feminino
Fluoretação
Fluoretos Tópicos/administração & dosagem
Granada/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Masculino
Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras
Escovação Dentária
Cremes Dentais/administração & dosagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fluorides, Topical); 0 (Pit and Fissure Sealants); 0 (Toothpastes)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171013
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171013
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160422
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1159/000439058


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[PMID]:26867293
[Au] Autor:Akpinar-Elci M; Nguyen MT; Bidaisee S; Elci OC
[Ti] Título:Pesticide Exposure in the Caribbean: A Case From Nutmeg Processing.
[So] Source:J Environ Health;78(6):62-4, 2016 Jan-Feb.
[Is] ISSN:0022-0892
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Many developed countries around the world have implemented regulations to phase out or greatly restrict the use of pesticides. Pesticides are still utilized with minimal restrictions, however, in fumigating agricultural commodities in developing countries such as Grenada. This special report presents the case of a nutmeg factory worker in Grenada who worked with various pesticides including methyl bromide, magnesium phosphide (magtoxin), and aluminum phosphide (phostoxin) without the proper awareness and utilization of health and safety measures. The nutmeg factory worker later developed metastatic bladder cancer, which may have been triggered by a combination of individual risk factors along with long-term occupational exposure to these pesticides. In this special report, the occupational health importance of prevention in a work environment with significant exposure to pesticides is highlighted as well as some of the fundamental deficiencies in awareness among workers in developing nations concerning the deleterious effects of frequent exposure to pesticides.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Indústria de Processamento de Alimentos
Exposição Ocupacional
Praguicidas/toxicidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Granada
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Myristica fragrans
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Pesticides)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1603
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26691257
[Au] Autor:Sharma R; Kimmitt T; Tiwari K; Chikweto A; Thomas D; Lanza Perea M; Bhaiyat MI
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, St George's University Grenada, West Indies.
[Ti] Título:Serological evidence of antibodies to Neospora caninum in stray and owned Grenadian dogs.
[So] Source:Trop Biomed;32(2):286-90, 2015 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:0127-5720
[Cp] País de publicação:Malaysia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Neospora caninum causes abortion in cattle and neuromuscular disease in dogs, world wide. Cattle become infected by ingesting oocysts voided by dogs. The aim of this study was to estimate the seroprevalence of Neospora caninum in two populations of dogs (stray and owned) in Grenada, West Indies. Sera were collected from 625 dogs from all parishes in Grenada. Three hundred and sixty eight dogs were stray, while 257 dogs were owned. Sera were tested for the presence of antibodies against N. caninum using an indirect enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) IDvet, France. Antibodies to N. caninum were found in 6 (1.6%) (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.32% to 2.88%) of the stray dogs and in 3 (1.2%, 95% CI: 0.13% to 2.53%) of the owned dogs. Seroprevalence did not differ significantly between the two populations (p=0.74) and between the males and females (p=1). These results suggest that the prevalence of N. caninum infection in dogs in Grenada is low.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anticorpos Antiprotozoários/sangue
Coccidiose/veterinária
Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia
Neospora/imunologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Coccidiose/epidemiologia
Cães
Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática
Feminino
Granada/epidemiologia
Masculino
Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
Testes Sorológicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antibodies, Protozoan)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151223
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26482772
[Au] Autor:Thongkham D; Tran J; Clunes MT; Brahim F
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, St. George's University, Grenada, West Indies.
[Ti] Título:Prevalence and severity of asthmatic symptoms in Grenadian school children: the Grenada National Asthma Survey.
[So] Source:BMJ Open;5(10):e008557, 2015 Oct 19.
[Is] ISSN:2044-6055
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of asthma in school children in the tri-island Caribbean nation of Grenada. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND OUTCOMES: This was a self-report study provided to the guardians of all primary school children between ages 6 and 7 throughout Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique in 2013. Of the 2362 surveys provided, 1374 were returned, resulting in a response rate of 58.2%. Only responders listing birthdays between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2007 were included in the analysis, resulting in 1165 qualifying responders. Asthma diagnosis was based on previous physician diagnosed asthma and/or self-reported presence of wheeze in the past 12 months (current wheeze). Severity of asthma, medication usage, environmental exposures, physician and emergency department visits were compared among respondents. RESULTS: The prevalence of wheezing in the past year was 30.5±1.8%, and of these 68.4% were previously diagnosed with asthma. Of the current wheeze participants, 39.9±9.2% reported moderate to severe asthma symptoms and increased exposure to cigarette smoke, excessive dust, burning brush and landfills. Carriacou and Petite Martinique, the two smaller islands, had a lower incidence of current wheeze (14.1±7.7%) and exposure rates to cigarette smoke and burning brush as compared to the larger, denser island of Grenada. Although 65.7% of respondents diagnosed with asthma reported taking medication, the number of annual doctor and emergency department visits were high (2.82 and 0.86, respectively). Respondents with the most severe asthma symptoms reported the most emergency department visits with an average of 1.05 visits annually, whereas respondents with moderate asthma symptoms had the most doctor visits with an average of 3.33 visits annually. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that the prevalence of childhood asthma in Grenada is very high and warrants policy consideration in public health and education to decrease its morbidity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Asma/epidemiologia
Sons Respiratórios/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos
Asma/tratamento farmacológico
Criança
Estudos Transversais
Exposição Ambiental
Feminino
Granada/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fatores de Risco
Autorrelato
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151021
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008557


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[PMID]:26199071
[Au] Autor:Akpinar-Elci M; Coomansingh K; Blando J; Mark L
[Ad] Endereço:a Center for Global Health , College of Health Sciences, Old Dominion University , Norfolk , VA , USA.
[Ti] Título:Household bush burning practice and related respiratory symptoms in Grenada, the Caribbean.
[So] Source:J Air Waste Manag Assoc;65(9):1148-52, 2015 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1096-2247
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:UNLABELLED: The practice of household bush burning in Grenada occurs frequently, though it is not well documented. The effects of the emissions from bush burning on respiratory health of the population have never been researched in Grenada. The goal of the study was to measure the frequency of bush burning and to investigate the relationship between bush burning practice and respiratory health in Grenada. In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire was used to gather information from households in the parishes of St. George and St. Andrew, Grenada. In total, 225 participants were recruited and their responses on household bush burning and respiratory symptoms were analyzed. Self-reported data showed that the practice of bush burning was conducted by 43% (n = 96) of the participants as a regular practice (every month) and 86% (n = 192) of participants stated that their neighbors burn bush regularly. The most common lower respiratory symptom associated with bush burning was dry cough (31.4%). The participants who engage in the practice of bush burning had a statistically significant, higher prevalence of sinusitis symptoms (OR: 2.1, CI 95%: 1.1-3.9) and had slightly higher prevalence of cough (OR: 1.6, CI 95%: 0.9-2.8). Prevalences of physician-diagnosed asthma and sinusitis were 12.3% and 31.2%, respectively. Conducting studies on the health effects of bush burning in different settings and with different practices, such as the household bush burning in our current study, could help to improve public health in the developing world. IMPLICATIONS: Household disposal of waste is a significant issue in the developing world. In particular, residential bush burning is a common practice in tropical regions. This study demonstrates that the common practice of bush burning in the Caribbean is associated with respiratory symptoms and demonstrates the need for better management of residential yard waste. Burning of yard waste results in potentially significant exposures to air pollution and therefore alternative disposal practices need to be available. There is a need to increase awareness of the importance of avoiding exposure to the air pollutants generated during bush burning among communities in the Caribbean.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos
Incineração
Doenças Respiratórias/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Granada/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Doenças Respiratórias/induzido quimicamente
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1512
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150815
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150815
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150723
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10962247.2015.1070773



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