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[PMID]:29252998
[Au] Autor:Wang M; Wu J; Luan J; Lafleur P; Chen H; Zhu X
[Ad] Endereço:Sustainable Resource Management, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Corner Brook, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Near-zero methane emission from an abandoned boreal peatland pasture based on eddy covariance measurements.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0189692, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although estimates of the annual methane (CH4) flux from agriculturally managed peatlands exist, knowledge of controls over the variation of CH4 at different time-scales is limited due to the lack of high temporal-resolution data. Here we present CH4 fluxes measured from May 2014 to April 2016 using the eddy covariance technique at an abandoned peatland pasture in western Newfoundland, Canada. The goals of the study were to identify the controls on the seasonal variations in CH4 flux and to quantify the annual CH4 flux. The seasonal variation in daily CH4 flux was not strong in the two study years, however a few periods of pronounced emissions occurred in the late growing season. The daily average CH4 flux was small relative to other studies, ranging from -4.1 to 9.9 nmol m-2 s-1 in 2014-15 and from -7.1 to 12.1 nmol m-2 s-1 in 2015-16. Stepwise multiple regression was used to investigate controls on CH4 flux and this analysis found shifting controls on CH4 flux at different periods of the growing season. During the early growing season CH4 flux was closely related to carbon dioxide fixation rates, suggesting substrate availability was the main control. The peak growing season CH4 flux was principally controlled by the CH4 oxidation in 2014, where the CH4 flux decreased and increased with soil temperature at 50 cm and soil water content at 10 cm, but a contrasting temperature-CH4 relation was found in 2015. The late growing season CH4 flux was found to be regulated by the variation in water table level and air temperature in 2014. The annual CH4 emission was near zero in both study years (0.36 ± 0.30 g CH4 m-2 yr-1 in 2014-15 and 0.13 ± 0.38 g CH4 m-2 yr-1 in 2015-16), but fell within the range of CH4 emissions reported for agriculturally managed peatlands elsewhere.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Metano/química
Estações do Ano
Solo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura/métodos
Clima
Meio Ambiente
Modelos Estatísticos
Terra Nova e Labrador
Análise de Regressão
Temperatura Ambiente
Incerteza
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Soil); OP0UW79H66 (Methane)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171219
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189692


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[PMID]:28858757
[Au] Autor:Ochoo B; Valcour J; Sarkar A
[Ad] Endereço:Communicable Disease Control (CDC), Public Health, Manitoba Health, Seniors and Active Living, Winnipeg, MB, Canada R3B 3M9.
[Ti] Título:Association between perceptions of public drinking water quality and actual drinking water quality: A community-based exploratory study in Newfoundland (Canada).
[So] Source:Environ Res;159:435-443, 2017 11.
[Is] ISSN:1096-0953
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Studying public perception on drinking water quality is crucial for managing of water resources, generation of water quality standards, and surveillance of the drinking-water quality. However, in policy discourse, the reliability of public perception concerning drinking water quality and associated health risks is questionable. Does the public perception of water quality equate with the actual water quality? We investigated public perceptions of water quality and the perceived health risks and associated with the actual quality of public water supplies in the same communities. The study was conducted in 45 communities of Newfoundland (Canada) in 2012. First, a telephone survey of 100 households was conducted to examine public perceptions of drinking water quality of their respective public sources. Then we extracted public water quality reports of the same communities (1988-2011) from the provincial government's water resources portal. These reports contained the analysis of 2091 water samples, including levels of Disinfection By-Products (DBPs), nutrients, metals, ions and physical parameters. The reports showed that colour, manganese, total dissolved solids, iron, turbidity, and DBPs were the major detected parameters in the public water. However, the majority of the respondents (>56%) were either completely satisfied or very satisfied with the quality of drinking water. Older, higher educated and high-income group respondents were more satisfied with water quality than the younger, less educated and low-income group respondents. The study showed that there was no association with public satisfaction level and actual water quality of the respective communities. Even, in the communities, supplied by the same water system, the respondents had differences in opinion. Despite the effort by the provincial government to make the water-test results available on its website for years, the study showed existing disconnectedness between public perception of drinking water quality and actual quality. We had little scope to explore the possible explanations, and hence further studies are required to verify the age, gender educational status and income differential about the satisfaction of public service like water supply.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Água Potável/normas
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Percepção
Opinião Pública
Qualidade da Água
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Água Potável/análise
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Terra Nova e Labrador
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Drinking Water)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171120
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171120
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170901
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28821189
[Au] Autor:Rando HM; Stutchman JT; Bastounes ER; Johnson JL; Driscoll CA; Barr CS; Trut LN; Sacks BN; Kukekova AV
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Animal Science, College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801; Laboratory of Comparative Behavioral Genomics, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 208
[Ti] Título:Y-Chromosome Markers for the Red Fox.
[So] Source:J Hered;108(6):678-685, 2017 Sep 01.
[Is] ISSN:1465-7333
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The de novo assembly of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes) genome has facilitated the development of genomic tools for the species. Efforts to identify the population history of red foxes in North America have previously been limited by a lack of information about the red fox Y-chromosome sequence. However, a megabase of red fox Y-chromosome sequence was recently identified over 2 scaffolds in the reference genome. Here, these scaffolds were scanned for repeated motifs, revealing 194 likely microsatellites. Twenty-three of these loci were selected for primer development and, after testing, produced a panel of 11 novel markers that were analyzed alongside 2 markers previously developed for the red fox from dog Y-chromosome sequence. The markers were genotyped in 76 male red foxes from 4 populations: 7 foxes from Newfoundland (eastern Canada), 12 from Maryland (eastern United States), and 9 from the island of Great Britain, as well as 48 foxes of known North American origin maintained on an experimental farm in Novosibirsk, Russia. The full marker panel revealed 22 haplotypes among these red foxes, whereas the 2 previously known markers alone would have identified only 10 haplotypes. The haplotypes from the 4 populations clustered primarily by continent, but unidirectional gene flow from Great Britain and farm populations may influence haplotype diversity in the Maryland population. The development of new markers has increased the resolution at which red fox Y-chromosome diversity can be analyzed and provides insight into the contribution of males to red fox population diversity and patterns of phylogeography.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Raposas/genética
Marcadores Genéticos
Genética Populacional
Cromossomo Y/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Primers do DNA
Fluxo Gênico
Haplótipos
Masculino
Maryland
Repetições de Microssatélites
Terra Nova e Labrador
Filogeografia
Federação Russa
Análise de Sequência de DNA
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA Primers); 0 (Genetic Markers)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170914
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170914
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170820
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jhered/esx066


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[PMID]:28765616
[Au] Autor:Zhu Y; Wang PP; Zhai G; Bapat B; Savas S; Woodrow JR; Sharma I; Li Y; Zhou X; Yang N; Campbell PT; Dicks E; Parfrey PS; Mclaughlin JR
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Community Health and Humanities, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John's, NL A1B 3V6, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Vitamin D receptor and calcium-sensing receptor polymorphisms and colorectal cancer survival in the Newfoundland population.
[So] Source:Br J Cancer;117(6):898-906, 2017 Sep 05.
[Is] ISSN:1532-1827
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Increased serum levels of vitamin D and calcium have been associated with lower risks of colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality. These inverse associations may be mediated by the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and the calcium-sensing receptor (CASR). We investigated genetic variants in VDR and CASR for their relevance to CRC prognosis. METHODS: A population-based cohort of 531 CRC patients diagnosed from 1999 to 2003 in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, was followed for mortality and cancer recurrence until April 2010. Germline DNA samples were genotyped with the Illumina Omni-Quad 1 Million chip. Multivariate Cox models assessed 41 tag single-nucleotide polymorphisms and relative haplotypes on VDR and CASR in relation to all-cause mortality (overall survival, OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). RESULTS: Gene-level associations were observed between VDR and the DFS of rectal cancer patients (P=0.037) as well as between CASR and the OS of colon cancer patients (P=0.014). Haplotype analysis within linkage blocks of CASR revealed the G-G-G-G-G-A-C haplotype (rs10222633-rs10934578-rs3804592-rs17250717-A986S-R990G-rs1802757) to be associated with a decreased OS of colon cancer (HR, 3.15; 95% CI, 1.66-5.96). Potential interactions were seen among prediagnostic dietary calcium intake with the CASR R990G (P =0.040) and the CASR G-T-G-G-G-G-C haplotype for rs10222633-rs10934578-rs3804592-rs17250717-A986S-R990G-rs1802757 (P =0.017), with decreased OS time associated with these variants limited to patients consuming dietary calcium below the median, although the stratified results were not statistically significant after correction for multiple testing. CONCLUSIONS: Polymorphic variations in VDR and CASR may be associated with survival after a diagnosis of CRC.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Neoplasias do Colo/genética
Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade
Variação Genética
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
Receptores de Calcitriol/genética
Receptores de Detecção de Cálcio/genética
Neoplasias Retais/genética
Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Dieta/efeitos adversos
Intervalo Livre de Doença
Feminino
Haplótipos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Terra Nova e Labrador
Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Receptors, Calcitriol); 0 (Receptors, Calcium-Sensing); 0 (VDR protein, human)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170914
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170914
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170803
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/bjc.2017.242


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[PMID]:28432368
[Au] Autor:Sarkar A; Wilton DH; Fitzgerald E
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Community Health and Humanities, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University, St John's, NL, A1B 3V6, Canada. atanu.sarkar@med.mun.ca.
[Ti] Título:Indoor Radon in Micro-geological Setting of an Indigenous Community in Canada: A Pilot Study for Hazard Identification.
[So] Source:Int J Occup Environ Med;8(2):69-79, 2017 04.
[Is] ISSN:2008-6814
[Cp] País de publicação:Iran
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer after smoking. In Canada, the health authorities have no access to comprehensive profile of the communities built over uranium-rich micro-geological settings. The present indoor radon monitoring guideline is unable to provide an accurate identification of health hazards due to discounting several parameters of housing characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To explore indoor radon levels in a micro-geological setting known for high uranium in bedrock and to develop a theoretical model for a revised radon testing protocol. METHODS: We surveyed a remote community in Labrador, located in the midst of uranium belt. We selected 25 houses by convenience sampling and placed electret-ion-chamber radon monitoring devices in the lowest levels of the house (basement/crawl space). The standard radon study questionnaire developed and used by Health Canada was used. RESULTS: 7 (28%) houses had radon levels above the guideline value (range 249 to 574 Bq/m ). Housing characteristics, such as floors, sump holes, ventilation, and heating systems were suspected for high indoor radon levels and health consequences. CONCLUSION: There is a possibility of the existence of high-risk community in a low-risk region. The regional and provincial health authorities would be benefited by consulting geologists to identify potentially high-risk communities across the country. Placing testing devices in the lowest levels provides more accurate assessment of indoor radon level. The proposed protocol, based on synchronized testing of radon (at the lowest level of houses and in rooms of normal occupancy) and thorough inspection of the houses will be a more effective lung cancer prevention strategy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Radioativos do Ar/análise
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise
Habitação
Radônio/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Monitoramento Ambiental
Geologia
Guias como Assunto
Habitação/normas
Seres Humanos
Inuítes
Terra Nova e Labrador
Projetos Piloto
Urânio
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants, Radioactive); 4OC371KSTK (Uranium); Q74S4N8N1G (Radon)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170916
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170916
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170423
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.15171/ijoem.2017.1001


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[PMID]:28422135
[Au] Autor:Jeffery NW; DiBacco C; Wringe BF; Stanley RRE; Hamilton LC; Ravindran PN; Bradbury IR
[Ad] Endereço:Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Centre, St. John's, NL, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Genomic evidence of hybridization between two independent invasions of European green crab (Carcinus maenas) in the Northwest Atlantic.
[So] Source:Heredity (Edinb);119(3):154-165, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1365-2540
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Invasive species have been associated with significant negative impacts in their introduced range often outcompeting native species, yet the long-term evolutionary dynamics of biological invasions are not well understood. Hybridization, either among waves of invasion or between native and introduced populations, could alter the ecological and evolutionary impacts of invasions yet has rarely been studied in marine invasive species. The European green crab (Carcinus maenas) invaded eastern North America twice from northern and southern locations in its native range. Here we examine the frequency of hybridization among these two distinct invasions at locations from New Jersey, USA to Newfoundland, Canada using restriction-site-associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq), microsatellite loci and cytochrome c oxidase subunit I mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences. We used Bayesian clustering and hybrid assignment analyses to investigate hybridization between the northern and southern populations. Of the samples analyzed, six locations contained at least one hybrid individual, while two locations were characterized by extensive hybridization, with 95% of individuals collected from Placentia Bay, Newfoundland being hybrids (mostly F ) and 90% of individuals from Kejimkujik, Nova Scotia being classified as hybrids, mostly backcrosses to the northern ecotype. The presence of both F hybrids and backcrossed individuals suggests that these hybrids are viable and introgression is occurring between invasions. Our results provide insight into the demographic and evolutionary consequences of hybridization between independent invasions, and will inform the management of green crabs in eastern North America.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Braquiúros/genética
Genética Populacional
Hibridização Genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Teorema de Bayes
DNA Mitocondrial/genética
Marcadores Genéticos
Espécies Introduzidas
Repetições de Microssatélites
New Jersey
Terra Nova e Labrador
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
Análise de Sequência de DNA
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Mitochondrial); 0 (Genetic Markers)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170828
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170828
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170420
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/hdy.2017.22


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[PMID]:28418804
[Au] Autor:Temple Newhook J; Newhook LA; Midodzi WK; Murphy Goodridge J; Burrage L; Gill N; Halfyard B; Twells L
[Ad] Endereço:1 Janeway Pediatric Research Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University, St. John's, NL, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Determinants of Nonmedically Indicated In-Hospital Supplementation of Infants Whose Birthing Parents Intended to Exclusively Breastfeed.
[So] Source:J Hum Lact;33(2):278-284, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1552-5732
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Despite high rates of intention to exclusively breastfeed, rates of exclusive breastfeeding in Canada are low. Supplementation may begin in hospital and is associated with reduced breastfeeding duration. Research aim: The aim of this investigation was to explore determinants of in-hospital nonmedically indicated supplementation of infants whose birthing parents intended to exclusively breastfeed. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional one-group nonexperimental design, focused on participants who intended to exclusively breastfeed for 6 months ( n = 496). Data were collected between October 2011 and October 2015 in Newfoundland and Labrador. Variables measured included age; rural/urban location; education; income; race; marital status; parity; smoking status; having been breastfed as an infant; previous breastfeeding experience; Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale score; delivery mode; infant birth weight; birth satisfaction; skin-to-skin contact; length of participant's hospital stay; breastfeeding advice from a lactation consultant, registered nurse, or physician; and first impression of breastfeeding. We evaluated determinants of in-hospital nonmedically indicated supplementation using bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: Overall, 16.9% ( n = 84) of infants received nonmedically indicated supplementation in hospital. Multivariate modeling revealed four determinants: low total prenatal Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale score (odds ratio [OR] = 1.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] [1.18, 3.27]), no previous breastfeeding experience (OR = 2.03, 95% CI [1.15, 3.61]), negative first impression of breastfeeding (OR = 2.67, 95% CI [1.61, 4.43]), and receiving breastfeeding advice from a hospital physician (OR = 2.86, 95% CI [1.59, 5.15]). CONCLUSION: Elements of the hospital experience, self-efficacy, and attitudes toward infant feeding are determinants of nonmedically indicated supplementation of infants whose birthing parents intended to exclusively breastfeed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos
Suplementos Nutricionais/estatística & dados numéricos
Comportamento Alimentar
Intenção
Pais/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Aleitamento Materno/psicologia
Estudos de Coortes
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Fórmulas Infantis/utilização
Recém-Nascido
Estudos Longitudinais
Terra Nova e Labrador
Autorrelato
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171002
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171002
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170419
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0890334417695204


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[PMID]:28380029
[Au] Autor:Wang Y; Lin M; Gao X; Pedram P; Du J; Vikram C; Gulliver W; Zhang H; Sun G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Endocrinology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning, China.
[Ti] Título:High dietary selenium intake is associated with less insulin resistance in the Newfoundland population.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(4):e0174149, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:As an essential nutrient, Selenium (Se) is involved in many metabolic activities including mimicking insulin function. Data on Se in various biological samples and insulin resistance are contradictory, moreover there is no large study available regarding the relationship of dietary Se intake with insulin resistance in the general population. To investigate the association between dietary Se intake and variation of insulin resistance in a large population based study, a total of 2420 subjects without diabetes from the CODING (Complex Diseases in the Newfoundland Population: Environment and Genetics) study were assessed. Dietary Se intake was evaluated from the Willett Food Frequency questionnaire. Fasting blood samples were used for the measurement of glucose and insulin. Insulin resistance was determined with the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR). Body composition was measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Analysis of covariance showed that high HOMA-IR groups in both males and females had the lowest dietary Se intake (µg/kg/day) (p < 0.01), being 18% and 11% lower than low HOMA-IR groups respectively. Insulin resistance decreased with the increase of dietary Se intake in females but not in males after controlling for age, total calorie intake, physical activity level, serum calcium, serum magnesium, and body fat percentage (p < 0.01). Partial correlation analysis showed that dietary Se intake was negatively correlated with HOMA-IR after adjusting for the Se confounding factors in subjects whose dietary Se intake was below 1.6 µg/kg/day (r = -0.121 for males and -0.153 for females, p < 0.05). However, the negative correlation was no longer significant when dietary Se intake was above 1.6 µg/kg/day. Our findings suggest that higher dietary Se intake is beneficially correlated with lower insulin resistance when total dietary Se intake was below 1.6 µg/kg/day. Above this cutoff, this beneficial effect disappears.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia
Insulina/metabolismo
Selênio/administração & dosagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Absorciometria de Fóton/métodos
Adulto
Composição Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos
Composição Corporal/fisiologia
Cálcio/sangue
Exercício/fisiologia
Jejum/sangue
Jejum/fisiologia
Feminino
Glucose/metabolismo
Seres Humanos
Magnésio/sangue
Masculino
Terra Nova e Labrador
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Insulin); H6241UJ22B (Selenium); I38ZP9992A (Magnesium); IY9XDZ35W2 (Glucose); SY7Q814VUP (Calcium)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170830
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170830
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170406
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0174149


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[PMID]:28284232
[Au] Autor:Etchegary H; Bishop L; Street C; Aubrey-Bassler K; Humphries D; Vat LE; Barrett B
[Ad] Endereço:Clinical Epidemiology, Public engagement lead, NL SUPPORT, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University, Craig L. Dobbin Centre for Genetics, Rm 4M210, St. John's, NL, A1B 3V6, Canada. holly.etchegary@med.mun.ca.
[Ti] Título:Engaging patients in health research: identifying research priorities through community town halls.
[So] Source:BMC Health Serv Res;17(1):192, 2017 Mar 11.
[Is] ISSN:1472-6963
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The vision of Canada's Strategy for Patient-Oriented Research is that patients be actively engaged as partners in health research. Support units have been created across Canada to build capacity in patient-oriented research and facilitate its conduct. This study aimed to explore patients' health research priorities in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador (NL). METHODS: Eight town halls were held with members of the general public in rural and urban settings across the province. Sessions were a hybrid information-consultation event, with key questions about health research priorities and outcomes guiding the discussion. RESULTS: Sixty eight members of the public attended town hall sessions. A broad range of health experiences in the healthcare system were recounted. Key priorities for the public included access and availability of providers and services, disease prevention and health promotion, and follow-up support and community care. In discussing their health research priorities, participants spontaneously raised a broad range of suggestions for improving the healthcare system in our jurisdiction. CONCLUSIONS: Public research priorities and suggestions for improving the provision of healthcare provide valuable information to guide Support Units' planning and priority-setting processes. A range of research areas were raised as priorities for patients that are likely comparable to other healthcare systems. These create a number of health research questions that would be in line with public priorities. Findings also provide lessons learned for others and add to the evidence base on patient engagement methods.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Participação da Comunidade
Assistência à Saúde
Prioridades em Saúde
Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Promoção da Saúde
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Terra Nova e Labrador
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170313
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12913-017-2138-y


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[PMID]:28202566
[Au] Autor:Moulton D
[Ad] Endereço:Halifax, Nova Scotia.
[Ti] Título:As much as 20% of Newfoundland's health budget may be inappropriately spent.
[So] Source:CMAJ;189(6):E255, 2017 Feb 13.
[Is] ISSN:1488-2329
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Orçamentos
Gastos em Saúde
Uso Excessivo de Produtos e Serviços de Saúde/economia
Programas Nacionais de Saúde/economia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Financiamento Governamental
Financiamento da Assistência à Saúde
Seres Humanos
Terra Nova e Labrador
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170417
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170417
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170217
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1503/cmaj.1095386



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