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[PMID]:28610261
[Au] Autor:Tishechkin DY
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Entomology, Faculty of Biology, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Vorobyevy Gory, Moscow, 119234 Russia.. macropsis@yandex.ru.
[Ti] Título:On the taxonomy of Anaceratagallia Zachvatkin, 1946 (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae: Agalliinae) of Western Kyrgyzstan.
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4273(1):50-60, 2017 Jun 01.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In Western Kyrgyzstan the genus Anaceratagallia includes four species: A. venosa (de Fourcroy, 1785), A. aciculata (Horvath, 1894), A. laevis (Ribaut, 1935) = A. acuteangulata Dubovskiy, 1966 nec Zachvatkin, 1946, and A. alabugensis Dubovskiy, 1966 = A. collicola Dubovskiy, 1966, syn. n. = A. turanica Dubovskiy, 1966, syn. n. = A. laevis Dubovskiy, 1966 nec Ribaut, 1935. Illustrated descriptions and male calling signal oscillograms for all species are given. The range of A. acuteangulata Zachvatkin, 1946 includes Italy, Greece, Turkey, and North Caucasus; records of this species from Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Central Asia are erroneous. Investigation of morphological and acoustic characters in Anaceratagallia showed that small differences in the shape of male genitalia and 2nd abdominal apodemes are not species-specific traits.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hemípteros
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição Animal
Estruturas Animais
Animais
Ásia Central
Tamanho Corporal
Grécia
Itália
Cazaquistão
Quirguistão
Masculino
Tamanho do Órgão
Turquia
Ucrânia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4273.1.4


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[PMID]:28398164
[Au] Autor:Kolmer JA; Mirza JI; Imtiaz M; Shah SJA
[Ad] Endereço:First author: United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Cereal Disease Laboratory, St. Paul, MN 55108; second author: Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Crop Disease Institute, Sunny Bank Muree, Pakistan; third author: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Cente
[Ti] Título:Genetic Differentiation of the Wheat Leaf Rust Fungus Puccinia triticina in Pakistan and Genetic Relationship to Other Worldwide Populations.
[So] Source:Phytopathology;107(6):786-790, 2017 06.
[Is] ISSN:0031-949X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Collections of Puccinia triticina, the wheat leaf rust pathogen, were obtained from Pakistan in 2008, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2014. Collections were also obtained from Bhutan in 2013. Single uredinial isolates were derived and tested for virulence phenotype to 20 lines of Thatcher wheat that differ for single leaf rust resistance genes, and for molecular genotype with 23 simple-sequence repeat (SSR) primers. Twenty-four virulence phenotypes were described among the 89 isolates tested for virulence. None of the isolates had virulence to Thatcher lines with Lr9, Lr24, or Lr18. Virulence to most of the other Thatcher lines was over 50%. The two most common virulence phenotypes, FHPSQ and KHPQQ, had virulence to Lr16, Lr17, and Lr26. Twenty-seven SSR genotypes were found among the 38 isolates tested for molecular variation. The SSR genotypes had high levels of observed heterozygosity and significant correlation with virulence phenotype, which indicated clonal reproduction. Cluster analysis and principal component plots indicated three groups of SSR genotypes that also varied significantly for virulence. Isolates with MBDSS and MCDSS virulence phenotypes from Pakistan and Bhutan were highly related for SSR genotype and virulence to isolates from Turkey, Europe, Central Asia, the Middle East, North America and South America, indicating the possible migration of the rust fungus between continental regions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Basidiomycota/genética
Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
Triticum/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ásia Central
Basidiomycota/isolamento & purificação
Basidiomycota/patogenicidade
Europa (Continente)
Genótipo
Repetições de Microssatélites/genética
Oriente Médio
América do Norte
Paquistão
Fenótipo
Folhas de Planta/microbiologia
América do Sul
Virulência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170720
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170720
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170412
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1094/PHYTO-10-16-0388-R


  3 / 419 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28183100
[Au] Autor:Tishechkin DY
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Entomology, Faculty of Biology, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Vorobyevy Gory, Moscow, 119234 Russia.. macropsis@yandex.ru.
[Ti] Título:Review of the genus Oncopsis Burmeister, 1838 (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae: Macropsinae) of Russia and adjacent countries with description of a new species from Central Asia.
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4216(6):zootaxa.4216.6.2, 2017 Jan 11.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Illustrated descriptions and data on host plants and distribution for 21 species of Oncopsis of Russia and adjacent countries are given, and O. abdykulovi sp. n. from Central Asia is described. Conspecificity of O. planiscuta from East Siberia and Sakhalin,of O. tristis from Moscow Area, Alati Mts., and Sakhalin, and of O. burjatica from East Siberia and Sakhalin is corroborated by male calling signal analysis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hemípteros/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição Animal
Estruturas Animais/anatomia & histologia
Estruturas Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Animais
Ásia Central
Tamanho Corporal
Feminino
Hemípteros/anatomia & histologia
Hemípteros/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Masculino
Tamanho do Órgão
Federação Russa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170505
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170505
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170210
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4216.6.2


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[PMID]:27924770
[Au] Autor:Saldanha VP; Buse K
[Ad] Endereço:UNAIDS, CH-1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland. Electronic address: saldanhavp@unaids.org.
[Ti] Título:AIDS in eastern Europe and central Asia: time to face the facts.
[So] Source:Lancet;388(10061):2737-2738, 2016 12 03.
[Is] ISSN:1474-547X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida
Infecções por HIV
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ásia
Ásia Central
Europa (Continente)
Europa Oriental
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170614
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170614
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161208
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27917976
[Au] Autor:Bonfoh B; Fokou G; Crump L; Zinsstag J; Schelling E
[Ti] Título:Institutional development and policy frameworks for pastoralism: from local to regional perspectives.
[So] Source:Rev Sci Tech;35(2):499-509, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:0253-1933
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Pastoralists are among the most politically and economically marginalised communities in the world. They have less and less access to the natural resources on which their livelihoods depend and very limited access to basic socio-economic services and infrastructure. This paper builds on a number of studies carried out in the Sahel, the Horn of Africa, Central Asia and the Swiss Alps to address the institutional dynamics required for sustainable pastoralism. Specifically, the authors question the way in which institutions and policies are currently shaped and suggest that reforming these could contribute to new avenues for pastoralism. Among the main drivers of pastoralist marginalisation are poor public and private institutional arrangements. The consequences are violent conflict and increased mobility and relocation. Responses to the current weaknesses of pastoralism must encompass inclusive, comprehensive institutions which allow access to resources, economic viability and integration in the new socio-ecological space. The authors argue that those involved in pastoral development in national as well as international arenas, including pastoralist groups, states and agencies, are creatively engaged in a process of innovation for pastoralism, and this will contribute towards new forms of governance and improved institutional and policy frameworks.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criação de Animais Domésticos/métodos
Políticas
Dinâmica Populacional/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África Central
África Oriental
Criação de Animais Domésticos/economia
Criação de Animais Domésticos/legislação & jurisprudência
Criação de Animais Domésticos/tendências
Animais
Ásia Central
Comércio/tendências
Clima Desértico
Seres Humanos
Internacionalidade
Marketing/normas
Marketing/tendências
Suíça
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170829
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170829
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.20506/rst.35.2.2537


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[PMID]:27427455
[Au] Autor:Altice FL; Azbel L; Stone J; Brooks-Pollock E; Smyrnov P; Dvoriak S; Taxman FS; El-Bassel N; Martin NK; Booth R; Stöver H; Dolan K; Vickerman P
[Ad] Endereço:School of Medicine and School Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. Electronic address: frederick.altice@yale.edu.
[Ti] Título:The perfect storm: incarceration and the high-risk environment perpetuating transmission of HIV, hepatitis C virus, and tuberculosis in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.
[So] Source:Lancet;388(10050):1228-48, 2016 Sep 17.
[Is] ISSN:1474-547X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Despite global reductions in HIV incidence and mortality, the 15 UNAIDS-designated countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia (EECA) that gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 constitute the only region where both continue to rise. HIV transmission in EECA is fuelled primarily by injection of opioids, with harsh criminalisation of drug use that has resulted in extraordinarily high levels of incarceration. Consequently, people who inject drugs, including those with HIV, hepatitis C virus, and tuberculosis, are concentrated within prisons. Evidence-based primary and secondary prevention of HIV using opioid agonist therapies such as methadone and buprenorphine is available in prisons in only a handful of EECA countries (methadone or buprenorphine in five countries and needle and syringe programmes in three countries), with none of them meeting recommended coverage levels. Similarly, antiretroviral therapy coverage, especially among people who inject drugs, is markedly under-scaled. Russia completely bans opioid agonist therapies and does not support needle and syringe programmes-with neither available in prisons-despite the country's high incarceration rate and having the largest burden of people with HIV who inject drugs in the region. Mathematical modelling for Ukraine suggests that high levels of incarceration in EECA countries facilitate HIV transmission among people who inject drugs, with 28-55% of all new HIV infections over the next 15 years predicted to be attributable to heightened HIV transmission risk among currently or previously incarcerated people who inject drugs. Scaling up of opioid agonist therapies within prisons and maintaining treatment after release would yield the greatest HIV transmission reduction in people who inject drugs. Additional analyses also suggest that at least 6% of all incident tuberculosis cases, and 75% of incident tuberculosis cases in people who inject drugs are due to incarceration. Interventions that reduce incarceration itself and effectively intervene with prisoners to screen, diagnose, and treat addiction and HIV, hepatitis C virus, and tuberculosis are urgently needed to stem the multiple overlapping epidemics concentrated in prisons.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico
Antivirais/uso terapêutico
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia
Hepatite C/epidemiologia
Prisioneiros/estatística & dados numéricos
Prisões/estatística & dados numéricos
Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/epidemiologia
Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/terapia
Tuberculose/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico
Ásia Central
Crime
Europa Oriental
Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico
Infecções por HIV/transmissão
Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico
Hepatite C/transmissão
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Programas de Troca de Agulhas
Tratamento de Substituição de Opiáceos
Risco
Fatores de Risco
Comportamento Sexual
Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/prevenção & controle
Tuberculose/tratamento farmacológico
Tuberculose/transmissão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-HIV Agents); 0 (Antitubercular Agents); 0 (Antiviral Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160719
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27405220
[Au] Autor:Morozov EN; Kondrashin AV; Baranova AM
[Ti] Título:[Malaria elimination progress in the countries of the World Organization of Health European Region].
[So] Source:Med Parazitol (Mosk);(2):59-62, 2016 Apr-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:0025-8326
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Erradicação de Doenças/organização & administração
Controle de Insetos/organização & administração
Malária Falciparum/prevenção & controle
Malária Vivax/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Ásia Central/epidemiologia
Culicidae/parasitologia
Seres Humanos
Insetos Vetores/parasitologia
Malária Falciparum/epidemiologia
Malária Falciparum/transmissão
Malária Vivax/epidemiologia
Malária Vivax/transmissão
Plasmodium falciparum/fisiologia
Plasmodium vivax/fisiologia
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Organização Mundial da Saúde
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160713
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160713
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160714
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27396172
[Au] Autor:Suntsov VV
[Ti] Título:[Sympatric Speciation of the Plague Microbe Yersinia pestis: Monohostal Specialization in the Host-Parasite Marmot-Flea (Marmota sibirica-Oropsylla silantiewi) System].
[So] Source:Izv Akad Nauk Ser Biol;(2):117-27, 2016 Mar-Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1026-3470
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:An ecological scenario of the origin of the plague microbe that is interpreted in the light of modern Darwinism (synthetic theory of evolution) is presented. It is shown that the plague microbe emerged from a clone of the psychrophilic saprozoonotic pseudotuberculosis microbe Yersinia pseudotuberculosis O:1b in the mountain steppe landscapes of Central Asia in the Sartan time, 22000-15000 years ago, in the monohostal Mongolian marmot (Marmota sibirica)-flea (Oropsylla silantiewi) host-parasite system. It was noted that the evolutionary process described corresponds to the sympatric form of speciation by transition ofthe clone of migrant founders to a new, already-existing ecological niche. It was established that monohostal specialization of the plague microbe was made possible due to heterothermia (5-37 degrees C) of marmots in the hibernation period. The factors of the speciation process--isolation, the struggle for existence, and natural selection--were analyzed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Marmota/parasitologia
Sifonápteros/microbiologia
Simpatria
Yersinia pestis/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Ásia Central
Evolução Biológica
Hibernação
Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita
Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno
Seres Humanos
Marmota/microbiologia
Marmota/fisiologia
Peste/microbiologia
Sifonápteros/fisiologia
Yersinia pestis/patogenicidade
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis/patogenicidade
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160712
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27395496
[Au] Autor:Bae YS; Shin YM; Na SM; Park KT
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Life Sciences, Incheon National University, Incheon, 406-772 Korea; Email: unknown.
[Ti] Título:The genus Anarsia in Cambodia and the Northern Vietnam (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae), with descriptions of ten new species and a catalogue of the genus in the Central-East Asia.
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4061(3):227-52, 2016 Jan 07.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The genus Anarsia Zeller in Vietnam and Cambodia is reviewed, with 19 species including 10 new species: A. deuterodes Park, sp. nov., Anarsia diversiola Park, sp. nov., A. porthmista Park, sp. nov., A. melanodes Park, sp. nov., A. gryphodes Park, sp. nov., A. campestra Park, sp. nov., A. similicampa Park, sp. nov., A. kepensis Park, sp. nov., A. pusillidia Park, sp. nov., and A. houhunlii Park, sp. nov. Nine previously described species, namely A. tricornis Meyrick, A. choana Park, A. isogona Meyrick, A. paraisogona Meyrick, A. incerta Ueda, A. acerata Meyrick, A. didymopa Meyrick, A. phortica Meyrick, and A. patulella (Walker), are reported for the first time from Vietnam or Cambodia. Anarsia magnibimaculata Li & Zheng, 1998 is newly synonymized with A. bimaculata Ponomarenko, 1989. A tentative check list of the genus in the Central and East Asia (including Indochina, China, Russian Far East, Korea, and Japan) is given.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mariposas/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição Animal
Estruturas Animais/anatomia & histologia
Estruturas Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Animais
Ásia Central
Tamanho Corporal
Camboja
Extremo Oriente
Feminino
Masculino
Mariposas/anatomia & histologia
Mariposas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Tamanho do Órgão
Vietnã
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170208
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170208
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160711
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4061.3.2


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[PMID]:26967159
[Au] Autor:El-Bassel N; Gilbert L; Shaw SA; Mergenova G; Terlikbayeva A; Primbetova S; Ma X; Chang M; Ismayilova L; Hunt T; West B; Wu E; Beyrer C
[Ad] Endereço:Columbia University, School of Social Work, New York, New York, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:The Silk Road Health Project: How Mobility and Migration Status Influence HIV Risks among Male Migrant Workers in Central Asia.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(3):e0151278, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: We examined whether mobility, migrant status, and risk environments are associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV risk behaviors (e.g. sex trading, multiple partners, and unprotected sex). METHODS: We used Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS) to recruit external male migrant market vendors from Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan as well internal migrant and non-migrant market vendors from Kazakhstan. We conducted multivariate logistic regressions to examine the effects of mobility combined with the interaction between mobility and migration status on STIs and sexual risk behaviors, when controlling for risk environment characteristics. RESULTS: Mobility was associated with increased risk for biologically-confirmed STIs, sex trading, and unprotected sex among non-migrants, but not among internal or external migrants. Condom use rates were low among all three groups, particularly external migrants. Risk environment factors of low-income status, debt, homelessness, and limited access to medical care were associated with unprotected sex among external migrants. CONCLUSION: Study findings underscore the role mobility and risk environments play in shaping HIV/STI risks. They highlight the need to consider mobility in the context of migration status and other risk environment factors in developing effective prevention strategies for this population.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Assistência à Saúde
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Ásia Central/epidemiologia
Demografia
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Casamento
Meia-Idade
Razão de Chances
Pobreza
Fatores de Risco
Comportamento Sexual
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Migrantes
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1611
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170808
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170808
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160312
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0151278



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