Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : Z01.252.100.940 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 535 [refinar]
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[PMID]:28492255
[Au] Autor:Pritchard HD
[Ad] Endereço:British Antarctic Survey, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK.
[Ti] Título:Asia's glaciers are a regionally important buffer against drought.
[So] Source:Nature;545(7653):169-174, 2017 05 10.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The high mountains of Asia-encompassing the Himalayas, the Hindu Kush, Karakoram, Pamir Alai, Kunlun Shan, and Tian Shan mountains-have the highest concentration of glaciers globally, and 800 million people depend in part on meltwater from them. Water stress makes this region vulnerable economically and socially to drought, but glaciers are a uniquely drought-resilient source of water. Here I show that these glaciers provide summer meltwater to rivers and aquifers that is sufficient for the basic needs of 136 million people, or most of the annual municipal and industrial needs of Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. During drought summers, meltwater dominates water inputs to the upper Indus and Aral river basins. Uncertainties in mountain precipitation are poorly known, but, given the magnitude of this water supply, predicted glacier loss would add considerably to drought-related water stress. Such additional water stress increases the risk of social instability, conflict and sudden, uncontrolled population migrations triggered by water scarcity, which is already associated with the large and rapidly growing populations and hydro-economies of these basins.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Secas/estatística & dados numéricos
Congelamento
Camada de Gelo/química
Abastecimento de Água/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Altitude
Ásia
Secas/economia
Água Subterrânea
Hidrologia
Quirguistão
Política
Chuvas
Rios/química
Estações do Ano
Tadjiquistão
Temperatura Ambiente
Turcomenistão
Incerteza
Uzbequistão
Abastecimento de Água/economia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170512
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/nature22062


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[PMID]:27029148
[Au] Autor:Ponirovsky EN; Strelkova MV; Sergiev VP; Baranets MS
[Ti] Título:[The mapping of focal areas as the basis for preventing zoonotic cutaneous leischmaniasis].
[So] Source:Med Parazitol (Mosk);(1):57-9, 2016 Jan-Mar.
[Is] ISSN:0025-8326
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Reservatórios de Doenças/veterinária
Leishmaniose Cutânea/epidemiologia
Leishmaniose Cutânea/prevenção & controle
Controle de Roedores/organização & administração
Zoonoses/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Migração Animal/fisiologia
Animais
Reservatórios de Doenças/parasitologia
Gerbillinae/parasitologia
Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita
Seres Humanos
Hidrocarbonetos Clorados
Leishmania major/patogenicidade
Leishmaniose Cutânea/parasitologia
Leishmaniose Cutânea/transmissão
Rodenticidas
Tadjiquistão/epidemiologia
Turcomenistão/epidemiologia
Uzbequistão/epidemiologia
Zoonoses/parasitologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated); 0 (Rodenticides); I4JTX7Z7U2 (chloropicrin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160331
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160331
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160401
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26852150
[Au] Autor:Bagcchi S
[Ti] Título:Turkmenistan bans tobacco sales.
[So] Source:Lancet Respir Med;4(3):180, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:2213-2619
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Prevenção do Hábito de Fumar
Produtos do Tabaco/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comércio
Seres Humanos
Turcomenistão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160208
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 535 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26727923
[Au] Autor:Smith Gueye C; Newby G; Gosling RD; Whittaker MA; Chandramohan D; Slutsker L; Tanner M
[Ad] Endereço:Malaria Elimination Initiative, Global Health Group, University of California, San Francisco, 550 16th Street, 3rd Floor, San Francisco, CA, USA. cara.smith@ucsf.edu.
[Ti] Título:Strategies and approaches to vector control in nine malaria-eliminating countries: a cross-case study analysis.
[So] Source:Malar J;15:2, 2016 Jan 04.
[Is] ISSN:1475-2875
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: There has been progress towards malaria elimination in the last decade. In response, WHO launched the Global Technical Strategy (GTS), in which vector surveillance and control play important roles. Country experiences in the Eliminating Malaria Case Study Series were reviewed to identify success factors on the road to elimination using a cross-case study analytic approach. METHODS: Reports were included in the analysis if final English language draft reports or publications were available at the time of analysis (Bhutan, Cape Verde, Malaysia, Mauritius, Namibia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Turkmenistan). A conceptual framework for vector control in malaria elimination was developed, reviewed, formatted as a matrix, and case study data was extracted and entered into the matrix. A workshop was convened during which participants conducted reviews of the case studies and matrices and arrived at a consensus on the evidence and lessons. The framework was revised and a second round of data extraction, synthesis and summary of the case study reports was conducted. RESULTS: Countries implemented a range of vector control interventions. Most countries aligned with integrated vector management, however its impact was not well articulated. All programmes conducted entomological surveillance, but the response (i.e., stratification and targeting of interventions, outbreak forecasting and strategy) was limited or not described. Indoor residual spraying (IRS) was commonly used by countries. There were several examples of severe reductions or halting of IRS coverage and subsequent resurgence of malaria. Funding and operational constraints and poor implementation had roles. Bed nets were commonly used by most programmes; coverage and effectiveness were either not measured or not articulated. Larval control was an important intervention for several countries, preventing re-introduction, however coverage and impact on incidence were not described. Across all interventions, coverage indicators were incomparable, and the rationale for which tools were used and which were not used appeared to be a function of the availability of funding, operational issues and cost instead of evidence of effectiveness to reduce incidence. CONCLUSIONS: More work is required to fill gaps in programme guidance, clarify the best methods for choosing and targeting vector control interventions, and support to measure cost, cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit of vector surveillance and control interventions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Malária/prevenção & controle
Controle de Mosquitos/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Butão
Cabo Verde
Seres Humanos
Malária/transmissão
Malásia
Maurício
Namíbia
Filipinas
Sri Lanka
Turquia
Turcomenistão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12936-015-1054-z


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[PMID]:26827579
[Au] Autor:Baranets MS; Ponirovsky EN; Kadamov DS
[Ti] Título:[MOSQUITOES (DIPTERA, PSYCHODIDAE, PHLEBOTOMINAE) IN CENTRAL ASIA: SPECIES COMPOSITION AND SPREAD].
[So] Source:Med Parazitol (Mosk);(4):10-8, 2015 Oct-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0025-8326
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Based on the data available in the literature and the results of their investigations, the authors analyzed the spread of mosquitoes in Central Asia (Kazikhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan). It has been established that there are 27 mosquito species: P. papatasii, P. sergenti, P. caucasicus, P. mongolensis, P. andrejevi, P. alexandri, P. nuri, P. kandelakii, P. keshishiani, P. smirnovi, P. notus, P. wenioni, P. 1ongiductus, P. tuianicus, P. rupester, P. angustus, P. halepensis, P. zufagarensis, S. murgaitensis, S. dentata, S. pawlowsil, S. ciyda, S. pakistanica, S. sogdiana, S. sumbarica, S. grekovi, and G. dreyfussi turkestanica in this region. Five species of them (P. papatasii, P. sergenti, P. smirnovi, P. longiductus, and P. turanicus) are of medical importance. Maps of the spread of the species of medical importance have been compiled. Entomological observations should be made in individual areas of this region due to climate changes in the environment and to man-made interventions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Leishmaniose Visceral/transmissão
Phlebotomus/classificação
Filogeografia
Psychodidae/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Seres Humanos
Insetos Vetores/classificação
Insetos Vetores/parasitologia
Cazaquistão
Quirguistão
Leishmaniose Visceral/parasitologia
Phlebotomus/parasitologia
Psychodidae/parasitologia
Tadjiquistão
Turcomenistão
Uzbequistão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1602
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160201
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160201
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160202
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26720978
[Au] Autor:Ponirovsky EN
[Ti] Título:[Bi-Regional Meeting on Leishmaniasis to Strengthen Cross Border Collaboration for the Control of Leishmaniasis in Central Asian Countries (WHO Regional Office for Europe) and Middle East Countries (WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean), WHO and Turkmenistan (Avaza, Turkmenbashi, Turkmenistan, 18-20 November 2014)].
[So] Source:Med Parazitol (Mosk);(3):62-3, 2015 Jul-Sep.
[Is] ISSN:0025-8326
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Leishmaniose/epidemiologia
Leishmaniose/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Congressos como Assunto
Seres Humanos
Oriente Médio
Turcomenistão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1602
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160101
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160101
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160102
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26077778
[Au] Autor:Strelkova MV; Ponirovsky EN; Morozov EN; Zhirenkina EN; Razakov SA; Kovalenko DA; Schnur LF; Schönian G
[Ad] Endereço:The Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Martsinovsky Institute of Medical Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, Moscow, Russia. mstrelkova@mail.ru.
[Ti] Título:A narrative review of visceral leishmaniasis in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, the Crimean Peninsula and Southern Russia.
[So] Source:Parasit Vectors;8:330, 2015 Jun 16.
[Is] ISSN:1756-3305
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:There is an extensive body of medical and scientific research literature on visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in the Caucasus, Central Asia, the Crimean Peninsula and the southern part of The Russian Federation that is written in Russian, making it inaccessible to the majority of people who are interested in the leishmaniases in general and VL in particular. This review and summary in English of VL in what was Imperial Russia, which then became the Soviet Union and later a number of different independent states intends to give access to that majority. There are numerous publications in Russian on VL and, mostly, those published in books and the main scientific journals have been included here. The vast geographical area encompassed has been subdivided into four main parts: the southern Caucasus, covering Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia; Central Asia, covering Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan; the Crimean Peninsula and the northern Caucasus, which is part of The Russian Federation. Only rare cases of VL have been recorded in the northern Caucasus and Crimean Peninsula. In the other countries mentioned, human VL has been more intense but epidemics like those associated with L. donovani in India and East Africa have not occurred. For most of the countries, there are sections on the distribution, clinical aspects, the causative agent, the reservoirs and the vectors. Serological surveys and research into therapy are also covered. Recent studies on VL in Uzbekistan covered the application of serological, biochemical and molecular biological methods to diagnose human and canine VL, to identify the leishmanial parasites causing them in Uzbekistan and neighbouring Tajikistan and the epidemiology of VL in the Namangan Region of the Pap District, Eastern Uzbekistan. More recently, two studies were carried out in Georgia investigating the prevalence of human and canine VL, and the species composition of phlebotomine sand flies and their rates of infection with what was probably L. infantum in Tbilisi, eastern Georgia and Kutaisi, a new focus, in western Georgia. Though published in English, summaries of this information have been included where relevant to update the parts on VL in Uzbekistan and Georgia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia
Leishmaniose Visceral/epidemiologia
Leishmaniose Visceral/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Armênia/epidemiologia
Azerbaijão/epidemiologia
Cães
República da Geórgia/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Cazaquistão/epidemiologia
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Tadjiquistão/epidemiologia
Turcomenistão/epidemiologia
Uzbequistão/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1603
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150620
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150620
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150617
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s13071-015-0925-z


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[PMID]:25842829
[Au] Autor:Spiridonova LN
[Ti] Título:[Introgression of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA markers of Mus musculus musculus to aboriginal populations of wild mice from central Asia (M. m. wagneri) and south Siberia (M. m. gansuensis)].
[So] Source:Mol Biol (Mosk);48(1):89-98, 2014 Jan-Feb.
[Is] ISSN:0026-8984
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Variability of the nucleotide sequences of the second intron of the b1-chain of hemoglobin (Hbb-b1) and complete control region of mitochondrial DNA (D-loop) was studied in aboriginal and commensal populations of M. m. wagneri from Central Asia and M. m. gansuensis from South Siberia. A difference in frequency of the hemoglobin Hbb(w1) type for natural and urban populations of mice was shown. All mice from natural habitats of studied areas kept musculus-type of mtDNA. Apparently, the substitution of taxonpecific mitochondrial haplotypes of wagneri and gansuensis might occur due to absorbing hybridization with nominate subspecies musculus, what is consistent with the results on nuclear DNA (Hbb-b1 gene) of this work. Two differentiated haplo groups among aboriginal subspecies wagneri were discovered first time (d = 0.01), one of which included house mice from Turkmenistan. This may indicate on mtDNA introgression from commensal forms of Turkmenistan into natural populations of Kazakhstan mice. The castaneus-type of mtDNA was detected in two individuals from the natural habitat of Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan, it had not been met in Central Asia before. It is suggested that the gene flow of nuclear and mitochondrial genomes in microevolution processes in M. musculus is directed from the commensal forms towards wild populations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: DNA Mitocondrial/genética
Fluxo Gênico
Genoma Mitocondrial
Haplótipos
Hemoglobinas/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Marcadores Genéticos
Genética Populacional
Cazaquistão
Camundongos
Sibéria
Turcomenistão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Mitochondrial); 0 (Genetic Markers); 0 (Hemoglobins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1504
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150406
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150406
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150407
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:25812402
[Au] Autor:Zvantsov AB; Gordeev MI; Goriacheva II; Ezhov MN
[Ti] Título:[The distribution of the mosquitoes of the Anopheles maculipennis complex (Diptera, Culicidae, Anophelinae) in Central Asia].
[So] Source:Med Parazitol (Mosk);(4):19-23, 2014 Oct-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0025-8326
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method, cytogenetic analysis, and investigation of egg exochorion have indicated that three representatives of the Anopheles maculipennis complex (subgenus Anopheles): An artemievi Gordeev et al., An. messeae Falleroni, and An. marinius Shingarev. An. messeae is a European-Siberian species that has extended the southern border of its habitat and has been distributed in the south of Kazakhstan and in the north of Kyrgyzstan. In, Kyrgyzstan, An. messeae inhabiting the plains of Europe and Siberia is encountered rather high up in the mountains: the highest point where this species is found is at 1,879 m above sea level. An. artemievi is present in the highland and piedmont regions of Central Asia (Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, southern Kazakhstan, and northern Tajikistan) and in the intermountain basins (Naryn and Fergana ones). The single finding of this species is in south-eastern Turkmenistan. On the contrary, An. martinius tends to be in the plains and occurs in north-eastern Turkmenistan, Karakalpakstan, and Kazakhstan (Kzyl-Orda). On the other hand, a population of this species is found in proximity to the foothills of the Gissar Range in the east of Uzbekistan. An.maculipennis s.str. is not seen in Central Asia. Early evidence for the presence of both An. maculipennis s.str. and An. martinius in Kopet Dag (Southern Turkmenistan) is rather questionable. It is not improbable that these data are appropriate for either the newly described species An.persiensis or the scientifically new representative of the An. maculipennis complex.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anopheles/genética
Insetos Vetores/genética
Malária/epidemiologia
Malária/transmissão
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética
Quirguistão
Malária/genética
Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição
Turcomenistão
Uzbequistão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Ribosomal Spacer)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1504
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150327
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150327
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150328
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:25549464
[Au] Autor:Al'khovskii SV; L'vov DK; Shchelkanov MIu; Shchetinin AM; Deriabin PG; Gitel'man AK; Aristova VA; Botikov AG
[Ti] Título:[Genetic characterization of the Wad Medani virus (WMV) (Reoviridae, Orbivirus), isolated from the ticks Hyalomma asiaticum Schulze et Schlottke, 1930 (Ixodidae: Hyalomminae) in Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, and Armenia and from the ticks H. anatolicum Koch, 1844 in Tajikistan].
[So] Source:Vopr Virusol;59(4):25-30, 2014 Jul-Aug.
[Is] ISSN:0507-4088
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Near full-genome sequence of the Wad Medani Virus (WMV) (strain LEIV-8066Tur) (Orbivirus, Reoviridae) isolated from the ticks Hyalomma asiaticum Schulze et Schlottke, 1929, collected from sheep in Baharly district in Turkmenistan, was determined using next generation sequencing approach. The similarity of the RNA-dependent RNA-polymerase (Pol, VP1) amino acid sequence between WMV and the Kemerovo group orbiviruses (KEMV), as well as of the Baku virus (BAKV), was 64%. The similarity of the conserved structural protein VP3 (T2) of WMV with mosquito-borne and tick-borne orbiviruses reaches 46% and 67%, respectively. For the surface proteins VP2, VP5, and VP7 (T13), which have major antigenic determinants of orbiviruses, the similarity of WMV with tickborne orbiviruses (KEMV and BAKV) is 26-30%, 45% and, 57%, respectively (ID GenBank: KJ425426-35).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Genoma Viral
Filogenia
Infecções por Reoviridae/virologia
Reoviridae/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Armênia
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala
Ixodidae/virologia
Cazaquistão
Dados de Sequência Molecular
Reoviridae/patogenicidade
Infecções por Reoviridae/genética
Ovinos/virologia
Tadjiquistão
Turcomenistão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1502
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150101
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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