Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : Z01.252.122 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 9 [refinar]
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[PMID]:27362499
[Au] Autor:Uboni A; Horstkotte T; Kaarlejärvi E; Sévêque A; Stammler F; Olofsson J; Forbes BC; Moen J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Long-Term Trends and Role of Climate in the Population Dynamics of Eurasian Reindeer.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(6):e0158359, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Temperature is increasing in Arctic and sub-Arctic regions at a higher rate than anywhere else in the world. The frequency and nature of precipitation events are also predicted to change in the future. These changes in climate are expected, together with increasing human pressures, to have significant impacts on Arctic and sub-Arctic species and ecosystems. Due to the key role that reindeer play in those ecosystems, it is essential to understand how climate will affect the region's most important species. Our study assesses the role of climate on the dynamics of fourteen Eurasian reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) populations, using for the first time data on reindeer abundance collected over a 70-year period, including both wild and semi-domesticated reindeer, and covering more than half of the species' total range. We analyzed trends in population dynamics, investigated synchrony among population growth rates, and assessed the effects of climate on population growth rates. Trends in the population dynamics were remarkably heterogeneous. Synchrony was apparent only among some populations and was not correlated with distance among population ranges. Proxies of climate variability mostly failed to explain population growth rates and synchrony. For both wild and semi-domesticated populations, local weather, biotic pressures, loss of habitat and human disturbances appear to have been more important drivers of reindeer population dynamics than climate. In semi-domesticated populations, management strategies may have masked the effects of climate. Conservation efforts should aim to mitigate human disturbances, which could exacerbate the potentially negative effects of climate change on reindeer populations in the future. Special protection and support should be granted to those semi-domesticated populations that suffered the most because of the collapse of the Soviet Union, in order to protect the livelihood of indigenous peoples that depend on the species, and the multi-faceted role that reindeer exert in Arctic ecosystems.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mudança Climática
Rena/fisiologia
Temperatura Ambiente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais Domésticos
Animais Selvagens
Regiões Árticas
Ásia Setentrional
Clima
Ecossistema
Europa (Continente)
Dinâmica Populacional/tendências
Federação Russa
Estações do Ano
Sibéria
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170718
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170718
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160701
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0158359


  2 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26832380
[Au] Autor:Stepanov V; Vagaitseva K; Kharkov V; Cherednichenko A; Bocharova A; Berezina G; Svyatova G
[Ad] Endereço:Research Institute for Medical Genetics, Nab. Ushayky 10, 634050 Tomsk, Russia; Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia. Electronic address: vadim.stepanov@medgenetics.ru.
[Ti] Título:Forensic and population genetic characteristics of 62 X chromosome SNPs revealed by multiplex PCR and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry genotyping in 4 North Eurasian populations.
[So] Source:Leg Med (Tokyo);18:66-71, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1873-4162
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:X chromosome genetic markers are widely used in basic population genetic research as well as in forensic genetics. In this paper we analyze the genetic diversity of 62 X chromosome SNPs in 4 populations using multiplex genotyping based on multi-locus PCR and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, and report forensic and population genetic features of the panel of X-linked SNPs (XSNPid). Studied populations represent Siberian (Buryat and Khakas), North Asian (Khanty) and Central Asian (Kazakh) native people. Khanty, Khakas and Kazakh population demonstrate average gene diversity over 0.45. Only East Siberian Buryat population is characterized by lower average heterozygosity (0.436). AMOVA analysis of genetic structure reveals a relatively low but significant level of genetic differentiation in a group of 4 population studied (FST=0.023, p=0.0000). The XSNPid panel provides a very high discriminating power in each population. The combined probability of discrimination in females (PDf) for XSNPid panel ranged between populations from 0.99999999999999999999999982 in Khakas to 0.9999999999999999999999963 in Buryats. The combined discriminating power in males (PDm) varies from 0.999999999999999792 to 0.9999999999999999819. The developed multiplex set of X chromosome SNPs can be a useful tool for population genetic studies and for forensic identity and kinship testing.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cromossomos Humanos X/genética
Variação Genética
Genética Populacional/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ásia Central
Ásia Setentrional
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética
Feminino
Genética Forense/métodos
Marcadores Genéticos
Técnicas de Genotipagem
Projeto HapMap
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
Sibéria
Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Genetic Markers)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160203
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26050269
[Ti] Título:Review of the 2014-2015 influenza season in the northern hemisphere.
[So] Source:Wkly Epidemiol Rec;90(23):281-96, 2015 Jun 05.
[Is] ISSN:0049-8114
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Influenza Humana/epidemiologia
Influenza Humana/virologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África do Norte/epidemiologia
Ásia Setentrional/epidemiologia
Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia
Extremo Oriente/epidemiologia
Geografia Médica
Seres Humanos
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/imunologia
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2/imunologia
Vírus da Influenza B/imunologia
Vacinas contra Influenza/imunologia
Vacinas contra Influenza/uso terapêutico
Influenza Humana/mortalidade
Oriente Médio/epidemiologia
América do Norte/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Influenza Vaccines)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1507
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161201
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161201
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150609
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25648445
[Au] Autor:Krasnov BR; Shenbrot GI; Khokhlova IS
[Ad] Endereço:Mitrani Department of Desert Ecology, Swiss Institute for Dryland Environmental and Energy Research, Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University, Negev, SedeBoqer Campus, 84990, Midreshet Ben-Gurion, Israel, krasnov@bgu.ac.il.
[Ti] Título:Historical biogeography of fleas: the former Bering Land Bridge and phylogenetic dissimilarity between the Nearctic and Palearctic assemblages.
[So] Source:Parasitol Res;114(5):1677-86, 2015 May.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1955
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We investigated the phylogenetic structure of flea assemblages collected from small mammals on opposite sides of and increasing distance from the former Bering Land Bridge (BLB) using crossed double principal coordinate analysis (crossed-DPCoA). Phylogenetic composition of flea assemblages differed substantially between continents, but phylogenetic similarity between the Nearctic and Palearctic assemblages was the highest in the regions closer to the BLB. Within continents, phylogenetic similarity of flea assemblages was lower between regions closer to the BLB and those farther from the BLB than among regions within each of these groups. The Palearctic assemblages were represented mainly by basal families, while the Nearctic assemblages were dominated by a derived family (Ceratophyllidae), suggesting predominantly eastward pre-glaciation movements. In contrast, within the youngest flea family (Ceratophyllidae), the basal clades were characteristic for the Nearctic, while some species of a few derived clades were characteristic for the Palearctic, suggesting that, at least, during glaciation, westward movements occurred as well. In addition, multiple within-family clades of fleas were represented on opposite sides of the BLB suggesting multiple colonization events. This study is the first attempt to apply modern analytical methods of community ecology to reveal patterns in historical biogeography.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sifonápteros/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Regiões Árticas
Ásia Setentrional
Biota
Infestações por Pulgas/parasitologia
Infestações por Pulgas/veterinária
Mamíferos
América do Norte
Filogenia
Filogeografia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1601
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171007
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171007
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150205
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00436-015-4349-7


  5 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25065142
[Au] Autor:L'vov DK; Al'khovskii SV; Shchelkanov MIu; Shchetinin AM; Deriabin PG; Samokhvalov EI; Gitel'man AK; Botikov AG
[Ti] Título:[Genetic characterization of the Caspiy virus (CASV) (Bunyaviridae, Nairovirus) isolated from the Laridae (Vigors, 1825) and Sternidae (Bonaparte, 1838) birds and the Argasidae (Koch, 1844) ticks Ornithodoros capensis Neumann, 1901, in Western and Eastern coasts of the Caspian Sea].
[So] Source:Vopr Virusol;59(1):24-9, 2014 Jan-Feb.
[Is] ISSN:0507-4088
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Full-genome sequencing of the Caspiy virus (CASV - Caspiy virus) (ID GenBank KF801658) revealed its attribution to the Nairovirus genus of the Bunyaviridae family as a separate species. CASV forms separate line, which is the most close to the Hughes virus (HUGV) and Sakhalin virus (SAKV) groups containing viruses linked with seabirds and ticks parasitizing on them and distributed over the shelf and island ecosystems in the Northern Eurasia, as well as the North and South America.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Argasidae/virologia
Aves/parasitologia
Nairovirus/genética
Filogenia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Ásia Setentrional
Sequência de Bases
Dados de Sequência Molecular
Nairovirus/classificação
Nairovirus/isolamento & purificação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1408
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140729
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25065140
[Au] Autor:L'vov DK; Al'khovskii SV; Shchelkanov MIu; Shchetinin AM; Deriabin PG; Gitel'man AK; Samokhvalov EI; Botikov AG
[Ti] Título:[Genetic characterization of the Zaliv Terpeniya virus (ZTV, Bunyaviridae, Phlebovirus, Uukuniemi serogroup) strains isolated from the ticks Ixodes (Ceratixodes) uriae White, 1852, obligate parasites of the Alcidae birds, in high latitudes of Northern Eurasia and the mosquitoes Culex modestus Ficalbi, 1889, in subtropics Transcaucasus].
[So] Source:Vopr Virusol;59(1):12-8, 2014 Jan-Feb.
[Is] ISSN:0507-4088
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Complete genome sequences were obtained for the LEIV-13841Ka (ID GenBank KF767463-65) and LEIV-279Az (ID GenBank KF767460-62) virus strains, which were classified as different strains of the Zaliv Terpeniya virus (ZTV). LEIV-13841Ka was isolated from the ticks Ixodes (Ceratixodes) uriae White, 1852 collected on Ariy Kamen (Commander Islands) in 1986. LEIV-279Az was isolated from the mosquitoes Culex modestus Ficalbi, 1889, collected in heron colony (Ardea Linnaeus, 1758) in Azerbaijan (1969) and was initially identified as Uukuniemi virus (UUKV). According to the results obtained LEIV-279Az is ZTV strain as well. LEIV-13841Ka and LEIV-279Az RdRp sequences have high level of homology (99%) with previously sequenced ZTV/LEIV-271Ka. The L-segment nucleotide sequences are homological with ZTV/LEIV-271Ka on the level of 94% and 98% for LEIV-13841Ka and LEIV-279Az, respectively; M-segment--89% and 88%, respectively. Such homologies for the amino acid sequences of Gn/Gc polyprotein are 98.3% and 97.7%. NP proteins of ZTV/LEIV-13841Ka and LEIV-279Az have 88.7% and 84.6% homologies with ZTV/LEIV-271Ka both for amino acid and nucleotide sequences, respectively. Thus, for the very first time we demonstrated ZTV strain isolated from mosquitoes in subtropical Transcaucasia zone. Obtained results permit to expand suggested areal of ZTV and to fill up data upon the ecology of the Uukuniemi virus group.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antígenos Virais/genética
Aves/parasitologia
Evolução Molecular
Ixodes/virologia
Phlebovirus/genética
Filogenia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Ásia Setentrional
DNA Viral/genética
Europa (Continente)
Phlebovirus/isolamento & purificação
Análise de Sequência de DNA
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antigens, Viral); 0 (DNA, Viral)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1408
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140729
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24871188
[Au] Autor:Sihvonen P; Skou P; Flamigni C; Fiumi G; Hausmann A
[Ad] Endereço:Käärmekuusenpolku 4 C 11, 02880 Veikkola, Finland and Research Affairs, P.O. Box 33, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland.; Email: pasi.sihvonen@helsinki.fi.
[Ti] Título:Revision of the Hylaea fasciaria (Linnaeus, 1758) species group in the western Palaearctic (Lepidoptera: Geometridae, Ennominae).
[So] Source:Zootaxa;3768:469-86, 2014 Feb 27.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5326
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Palaearctic Hylaea fasciaria (Linnaeus, 1758) species group is revised (Lepidoptera: Geometridae, Ennominae). Four taxa are considered valid at species level: H. fasciaria (Linnaeus, 1758), H. pinicolaria (Bellier, 1861), H. compararia (Staudinger, 1894) and one new species, H. mediterranea, from Italy: Sicily, Calabria and Molise. The following taxonomic changes are proposed: Ellopia cedricola Wehrli, 1919, from Turkey is downgraded to subspecies of Hylaea fasciaria (Linnaeus, 1758) (revised status), Hylaea fasciaria cleui Leraut, 1993, from France is downgraded from subspecies to synonymy with H. fasciaria fasciaria (Linnaeus, 1758) (new synonymy) and Ellopia compararia Staudinger, 1894, from Algeria is raised from subspecies of Hylaea fasciaria (Linnaeus, 1758) to species status (revised status). Hemithea squalidaria O. G. Costa, 1848 from southern Italy was placed in the genus Hylaea, but it is reverted to its original combination as its taxonomic status is uncertain. Adults, male and female genitalia and distribution maps are illustrated for all species. DNA barcodes are presented for most taxa studied.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mariposas/anatomia & histologia
Mariposas/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Ásia Central
Ásia Setentrional
DNA/genética
Código de Barras de DNA Taxonômico
Demografia
Ecossistema
Europa (Continente)
Feminino
Masculino
Oriente Médio
Mariposas/genética
Filogenia
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
9007-49-2 (DNA)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1407
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140529
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140529
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140530
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.3768.4.5


  8 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24583761
[Au] Autor:Ye B; Du TT; Xie T; Ji JT; Zheng ZH; Liao Z; Hu LH; Li ZS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Internal Medicine, Changhai Hospital, the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.
[Ti] Título:Scientific publications in respiratory journals from Chinese authors in various parts of North Asia: a 10-year survey of literature.
[So] Source:BMJ Open;4(2):e004201, 2014 Feb 28.
[Is] ISSN:2044-6055
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Respiratory disease remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in China. However, little is known about the research status of respirology in three major regions of China-Mainland (ML), Hong Kong (HK) and Taiwan (TW). A 10-year survey of literature was conducted to compare the three regions' outputs in the research of respirology. DESIGN: A bibliometric study. SETTING: China. PARTICIPANTS AND OUTCOME MEASURES: A literature search in PubMed database, updated as of September 2012, led to the identification of the related articles from 2000 to 2009. The number of total articles, randomised controlled trials, case reports, meta-analysis, impact factors (IF), citations and articles published in top general medicine journals was collected for quantity and quality comparisons. RESULTS: 2208 articles were collected, 814 from ML, 909 from TW and 485 from HK. The total number of articles from the three regions has increased significantly from 2000 to 2009. The number of articles published per year from ML has exceeded that from HK in 2005 and TW in 2008. The accumulated IF of articles from TW (3192.417) was much higher than that from ML (2409.956) and HK (1898.312). HK got the highest average IF of respirology articles and the majority of articles were published in top general medicine journals. CONCLUSIONS: The total number of published articles from the three major regions of China has increased notably from 2000 to 2009. The annual number of publications by ML researchers exceeded those from TW and HK. However, the quality of articles from TW and HK is better than that from ML.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bibliometria
Publicações Periódicas como Assunto
Pneumologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ásia Setentrional
China
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1605
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160603
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160603
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140304
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-004201


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[PMID]:23850942
[Au] Autor:Chen DS; Locarnini S; Wait S; Bae SH; Chen PJ; Fung JY; Kim HS; Lu SN; Sung J; Tanaka J; Wakita T; Ward J; Wallace J; CEVHAP North Asia Workshop on Viral Hepatitis
[Ad] Endereço:National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.
[Ti] Título:Report from a Viral Hepatitis Policy Forum on implementing the WHO Framework for Global Action on viral hepatitis in North Asia.
[So] Source:J Hepatol;59(5):1073-80, 2013 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1600-0641
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND & AIMS: The World Health Organisation (WHO) Prevention & Control of Viral Hepatitis Infection: Framework for Global Action offers a global vision for the prevention and control of viral hepatitis. In October 2012, the Coalition to Eradicate Viral Hepatitis in Asia Pacific (CEVHAP) organised the North Asia Workshop on Viral Hepatitis in Taipei to discuss how to implement the WHO Framework in the North Asia region. This paper presents outcomes from this workshop. METHODS: Twenty-eight representatives from local liver associations, patient organisations, and centres of excellence in Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan participated in the workshop. FINDINGS: Priority areas for action were described along the four axes of the WHO Framework: (1) awareness, advocacy and resources; (2) evidence and data; (3) prevention of transmission; and (4) screening and treatment. Priorities included: axis 1: greater public and professional awareness, particularly among primary care physicians and local advocacy networks. Axis 2: better economic data and identifying barriers to screening and treatment uptake. Axis 3: monitoring of vaccination outcomes and targeted harm reduction strategies. Axis 4: strengthening links between hospitals and primary care providers, and secure funding of screening and treatment, including for hepatocellular carcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: The WHO Framework provides an opportunity to develop comprehensive and cohesive policies in North Asia and the broader region. A partnership between clinical specialists, primary care physicians, policy makers, and people with or at risk of viral hepatitis is essential in shaping future policies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hepatite Viral Humana/epidemiologia
Formulação de Políticas
Organização Mundial da Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antivirais/uso terapêutico
Ásia Setentrional/epidemiologia
Hepatite Viral Humana/tratamento farmacológico
Hepatite Viral Humana/prevenção & controle
Seres Humanos
Fatores de Risco
Vacinas Virais/uso terapêutico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CONGRESSES; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antiviral Agents); 0 (Viral Vaccines)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1409
[Cu] Atualização por classe:131021
[Lr] Data última revisão:
131021
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130716
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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