Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : Z01.252.474.164.675 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 147 [refinar]
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[PMID]:28034433
[Au] Autor:Huang J; Lou I; Li Y
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Macau, Macau SAR, China. Electronic address: jeffjianyong@qq.com.
[Ti] Título:Integrated water resources management for emergency situations: A case study of Macau.
[So] Source:J Environ Sci (China);50:72-78, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1001-0742
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Integrated urban water management (IUWM) is a useful tool that can be used to alleviate water resource shortages in developing regions like Macau, where 98% of the raw water comes from mainland China. In Macau, scarce water resources deteriorate rapidly in emergency situations, such as accidental chemical spills upstream of the supply reservoir or salty tides. During these times, only the water from the two freshwater reservoirs in Macau can be used. In this study, we developed urban water management optimization models that integrated the raw water supply from the two reservoirs with various proposed governmental policies (wastewater reuse, rainwater collection, and water saving). We then determined how various water resource strategies would influence the urban water supply in Macau in emergency situations. Our results showed that, without imported raw water, the water supply from only the two Macau reservoirs would last for 7.95days. However, when all the government policies were included in the model, the supply could be extended to 13.79days. Out of the three non-conventional water resources, wastewater reuse is the most beneficial for increasing the Macau water supply, and rainwater collection also has great potential.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conservação de Recursos Naturais/métodos
Secas/estatística & dados numéricos
Recursos Hídricos/provisão & distribuição
Abastecimento de Água/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Planejamento em Desastres
Macau
Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161230
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 147 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28034421
[Au] Autor:Wei T; Lou I; Yang Z; Li Y
[Ad] Endereço:State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China. Electronic address: weitong1992@163.com.
[Ti] Título:A system dynamics urban water management model for Macau, China.
[So] Source:J Environ Sci (China);50:117-126, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1001-0742
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Urban water resources have been facing significant pressure from population growth, urbanization, and climate change. A system dynamics urban water management model was proposed to simulate the dynamic interactions between urban water demands and society, economy, climate, and water conservation. The residents' water conservation willingness was incorporated in the model and water-saving effects were quantified. The simulation results for Macau showed that population size was the main driving force for urban water demand. The change of temperature and precipitation has obvious effects on the landscape water demand. The water demand output is sensitive to the change in population, per capita demand, and temperature. Increased precipitation will reduce urban water demand and increased economic growth will increase water demand. By implementing integrated water conservation measures and improved water conservation willingness, water demand could be reduced by 17.5%.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conservação de Recursos Naturais/métodos
Modelos Teóricos
Recursos Hídricos/provisão & distribuição
Abastecimento de Água/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Mudança Climática
Macau
Densidade Demográfica
Crescimento Demográfico
Urbanização/tendências
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161230
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 147 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27011194
[Au] Autor:Li Y; Yu H; Zheng S; Miao Y; Yin S; Li P; Bian Y
[Ad] Endereço:State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, Av. Padre Tomás Pereira Taipa, Macau 999078, China. ly77109@163.com.
[Ti] Título:Direct Quantification of Rare Earth Elements Concentrations in Urine of Workers Manufacturing Cerium, Lanthanum Oxide Ultrafine and Nanoparticles by a Developed and Validated ICP-MS.
[So] Source:Int J Environ Res Public Health;13(3), 2016 Mar 22.
[Is] ISSN:1660-4601
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Rare earth elements (REEs) have undergone a steady spread in several industrial, agriculture and medical applications. With the aim of exploring a sensitive and reliable indicator of estimating exposure level to REEs, a simple, accurate and specific ICP-MS method for simultaneous direct quantification of 15 REEs ((89)Y, (139)La, (140)Ce, (141)Pr, (146)Nd, (147)Sm, (153)Eu, (157)Gd, (159)Tb, (163)Dy, (165)Ho, (166)Er, (169)Tm, (172)Yb and (175)Lu) in human urine has been developed and validated. The method showed good linearity for all REEs in human urine in the concentrations ranging from 0.001-1.000 µg ∙ L(-1) with r² > 0.997. The limits of detection and quantification for this method were in the range of 0.009-0.010 µg ∙ L(-1) and 0.029-0.037 µg ∙ L(-1), the recoveries on spiked samples of the 15 REEs ranged from 93.3% to 103.0% and the relative percentage differences were less than 6.2% in duplicate samples, and the intra- and inter-day variations of the analysis were less than 1.28% and less than 0.85% for all REEs, respectively. The developed method was successfully applied to the determination of 15 REEs in 31 urine samples obtained from the control subjects and the workers engaged in work with manufacturing of ultrafine and nanoparticles containing cerium and lanthanum oxide. The results suggested that only the urinary levels of La (1.234 ± 0.626 µg ∙ L(-1)), Ce (1.492 ± 0.995 µg ∙ L(-1)), Nd (0.014 ± 0.009 µg ∙ L(-1)) and Gd (0.023 ± 0.010 µg ∙ L(-1)) among the exposed workers were significantly higher (p < 0.05) than the levels measured in the control subjects. From these, La and Ce were the primary components, and accounted for 88% of the total REEs. Lanthanum comprised 27% of the total REEs while Ce made up the majority of REE content at 61%. The remaining elements only made up 1% each, with the exception of Dy which was not detected. Comparison with the previously published data, the levels of urinary La and Ce in workers and the control subjects show a higher trend than previous reports.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cério/urina
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Resíduos Industriais/análise
Lantânio/urina
Metais Terras Raras/urina
Óxidos/urina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Humanos
Macau
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Nanopartículas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Industrial Waste); 0 (Metals, Rare Earth); 0 (Oxides); 30K4522N6T (Cerium); 4QI5EL790W (lanthanum oxide); 6I3K30563S (Lanthanum)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161111
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161111
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160325
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 147 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25967106
[Au] Autor:Fong LH; So AS; Law R
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Business Administration, University of Macau, Avenida da Universidade, Taipa, Macau SAR, China. lawrencefong@umac.mo.
[Ti] Título:Betting Decision Under Break-Streak Pattern: Evidence from Casino Gaming.
[So] Source:J Gambl Stud;32(1):171-85, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1573-3602
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cognitive bias is prevalent among gamblers, especially those with gambling problems. Grounded in the heuristics theories, this study contributes to the literature by examining a cognitive bias triggered by the break streak pattern in the casino setting. We postulate that gamblers tend to bet on the latest outcome when there is a break-streak pattern. Moreover, three determinants of the betting decision under break-streak pattern, including the streak length of the alternative outcome, the frequency of the latest outcome, and gender, were identified and examined in this study. A non-participatory observational study was conducted among the Cussec gamblers in a casino in Macao. An analysis of 1229 bets confirms our postulation, particularly when the streak of the alternative outcome is long, the latest outcome is frequent, and the gamblers are females. The findings provide meaningful implications for casino management and public policymakers regarding the minimization of gambling harm.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia
Jogo de Azar/psicologia
Controle Interno-Externo
Recompensa
Assunção de Riscos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Humanos
Macau
Masculino
Prevalência
Recreação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161021
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161021
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160224
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10899-015-9550-1


  5 / 147 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26355222
[Au] Autor:Xiong L; Zhao H; Mo Z; Shi L
[Ad] Endereço:School of Light Industry and Food Sciences, South China University of Technology.
[Ti] Título:Prevalence of 7 virulence genes of Legionella strains isolated from environmental water sources of public facilities and sequence types diversity of L. pneumopila strains in Macau.
[So] Source:Biosci Trends;9(4):214-20, 2015 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1881-7823
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this study, we analyzed 7 virulence genes in 55 Legionella species (including 29 L. pneumophila and 26 non-L. pneumophila strains) which isolated from environmental water sources of the public facilities in Macau by using PCR and real-time PCR. In addition, 29 Legionella pneumophila isolates were subjected to genotyping by sequence-based typing scheme and compared with the data reported. The detection rate of flaA, pilE, asd, mip, mompS, proA and neuA genes in the L. pneumophila were 100.0%, respectively. The neuA gene was not detected in the non-L. pneumophila strains, but flaA, pilE, asd, mip, mompS, and proA genes could be amplified with a positive rate of 15.4%, 15.4%, 53.8%, 38.5%, 15.4%, and 38.5%, respectively. The results from real-time PCR were generally consistent with that of PCR. Those L. pneumophila strains were assigned into 10 sequence types (STs) and ST1 (9/29) was the dominant STs. Four new STs were found to be unique in Macau. The analysis of population structure of L. pneumophila strains which isolated from Macau, Guangzhou and Shenzhen indicated that the similar clones were existed and ST1 was the most prevalent STs. However, the distribution of the subtypes isolated from Macau was not the same extensive as those from Guangzhou and Shenzhen. The different detection rates of the 7 virulence genes in different species of Legionella might reflect their own potential for environmental adaptability and pathogenesis. And the data analyzed from STs diversity indicated the Macau L. pneumophila possessed obvious regional specificity and high genetic diversity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Variação Genética
Legionella pneumophila/genética
Legionella pneumophila/isolamento & purificação
Logradouros Públicos
Análise de Sequência de DNA
Virulência/genética
Microbiologia da Água
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana
Genes Bacterianos
Legionella pneumophila/classificação
Doença dos Legionários/genética
Doença dos Legionários/microbiologia
Macau
Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus
Filogenia
Prevalência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1606
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150911
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5582/bst.2015.01075


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[PMID]:26084161
[Au] Autor:Cheng CS; Zhou LY; Xu SQ; Lang JS; Zhang ZF
[Ti] Título:[Uses of fresh herbs with antioxidant effect and prospect for population ecology reconstruction in Macau].
[So] Source:Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi;40(3):410-3, 2015 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1001-5302
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:The average life expectancy in Macau is ranking the second in the world, the consumption of fresh medicinal plants is a profound culture in Macau. The paper focus on the distribution of the antioxidant herbs, a comprehensive investigation and analysis the amount of the plant resources was carried out. The antioxidant activity of alcohol extracts was determined by using the DPPH method, and six kinds fresh herbs with high antioxidant free radical activity were screened out. Reference to adult daily dose of vitamin C, it is calculated that the daily dose amount of fresh herbs is less than 200 g. For the expected shortage of resources and the ecological status of Macau, we give some suggestions of herbal introduction in population ecology reconstruction.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antioxidantes/farmacologia
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ecossistema
Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia
Macau
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Free Radical Scavengers); 0 (Plant Extracts)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1507
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150618
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150618
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150618
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 147 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25238131
[Au] Autor:Wu AM; Lau JT
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Macau, Macao, China.
[Ti] Título:Gambling in China: socio-historical evolution and current challenges.
[So] Source:Addiction;110(2):210-6, 2015 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1360-0443
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIMS: This paper provides an overview of gambling issues in China, including historical development, governmental responses and social consequences. METHODS: Based on materials written in Chinese or English available at academic databases and other online resources, historical, cultural and policy analyses were conducted. The focus is on mainland China, but reference is made to Hong Kong and Macao to illustrate differences. RESULTS: Throughout Chinese history, gambling was strictly prohibited by law. In contrast, small-stakes betting for entertainment instead of monetary gain, defined as 'gaming' in this paper, has been culturally acceptable and tolerated by governments. After banning gambling for three decades, the Chinese government attempts to meet public demand for 'gaming' and to confine gambling to 'gaming' by issuing national lotteries. In response to increased economic wealth, gambling opportunities were allowed to develop, but were restricted to Macao. Social problems such as illegal and youth gambling are, however, emerging. The 'gaming' perception may predispose Chinese individuals to wagering activities and increase the risk of gambling disorder, which has been widely seen as misconduct rather than a mental disorder. Currently, the country has a dearth of gambling research and limited prevention and rehabilitation services, almost none at national level. CONCLUSIONS: A distinction between small-stakes 'gaming' and large-stakes 'gambling', which has cultural roots, plays an important role in relevant governmental policies and social responses in mainland China. Gambling disorder prevention and treatment is not yet on the national agenda. The country's knowledge and services gaps on gambling problems need to be filled out.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Jogo de Azar/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China/epidemiologia
Cultura
Jogo de Azar/história
Regulamentação Governamental
Política de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência
Política de Saúde/tendências
História do Século XV
História do Século XVI
História do Século XVII
História do Século XVIII
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
História Antiga
História Medieval
Hong Kong/epidemiologia
Humanos
Macau/epidemiologia
Recreação
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1611
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/add.12710


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[PMID]:25063734
[Au] Autor:Ke L; Ho J; Feng J; Mpofu E; Dibley MJ; Li Y; Feng X; Van F; Lau W; Brock KE
[Ad] Endereço:Macau Hypertension Alliance, Macau SAR, China; Discipline of Behavioural and Social Sciences in Health Faculty of Health Science, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia;
[Ti] Título:Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in Macau: results from a cross-sectional epidemiological study in Macau, China.
[So] Source:Am J Hypertens;28(2):159-65, 2015 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1941-7225
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Awareness of hypertension, as well as its prevalence, treatment, and control status, has not been comprehensively investigated in Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR), China. METHODS: A survey was conducted on a randomly sampled population of 1,410 participants (n = 638 men) aged 18-93 years in 2012. Blood pressure was individually measured twice. Awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension were assessed by interview-administered questionnaire. RESULTS: Prevalence of hypertension was 34% in Macau, similar to the United States (30%) and United Kingdom (31%). Among hypertensives, 69% were aware of their condition, 59% were treated, and 30% were adequately controlled. Older age (≥50 years; odds ratio (OR) = 5.3; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 4.6-6.1), being of the male sex (OR = 2.2; 95% CI = 1.9-2.5), having retired (OR = 2.0; 95% CI = 1.8-2.3), being married (OR = 1.5; 95% CI = 1.3-1.9), having a low level of education in women (OR = 1.5; 95% CI = 1.1-2.1), Pinteraction = 0.01), and lack of salt awareness (OR = 1.1; 95% CI = 1.0-1.3) were associated with hypertension. Older age, having retired, and being married were also associated with higher awareness and treatment rates. Those who were older and married were better controlled. These demographic factors differed by sex. Those who had some knowledge of salt intake were more likely to have higher hypertension awareness, treatment, and control rates. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of hypertension in Macau in 2012 has increased compared with 2006 (28%) and is comparable with prevalence rates in developed countries. Specific health promotion campaigns related to knowledge of risk factors such as salt intake and smoking may be useful for hypertension prevention and to improve hypertension awareness, treatment, and control rates.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Hipertensão/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Estudos Transversais
Escolaridade
Feminino
Humanos
Hipertensão/quimioterapia
Macau/epidemiologia
Masculino
Estado Civil
Meia-Idade
Fatores Sexuais
Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antihypertensive Agents); 0 (Sodium Chloride, Dietary)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1509
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150117
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150117
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150117
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/ajh/hpu121


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[PMID]:24848350
[Au] Autor:Ho SW; Sanders GF
[Ad] Endereço:Univerity of Macau, Macao, China.
[Ti] Título:Preferences on end-of-life decisions among older Chinese in Macau.
[So] Source:J Transcult Nurs;26(2):157-63, 2015 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1552-7832
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to learn about the perspectives on end-of-life decision making among older Chinese people in Macau. METHOD: A qualitative approach was used, and interviews were conducted with 18 Chinese aged 65 years or older. RESULTS: Four major themes were identified: (a) institutionalized care at the end of life was preferred as not to be a burden on family, (b) life-prolonging measures were not preferred, (c) funeral arrangement preferences were based on personal and religious beliefs, and (d) end-of-life decision making would be deferred to others. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: These themes provide an understanding of personal preferences of older Chinese on end-of-life issues, and personal preferences are always secondary to their respect toward family and medical doctors. This compliance with family and medical authority can be understood through Chinese cultural beliefs. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Knowledge of cultural influences is needed for nursing professionals to deal effectively with older adults and families regarding end-of-life issues.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia
Tomada de Decisões
Assistência Terminal/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Humanos
Macau
Preferência do Paciente
Religião
Assistência Terminal/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161021
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161021
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150220
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1043659614526758


  10 / 147 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24596073
[Au] Autor:Wu AM; Lai MH; Tong KK
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences (FSS), University of Macau, Av. Padre Tomás Pereira, Taipa, Macao, China, anisewu@umac.mo.
[Ti] Título:Internet Gambling Among Community Adults and University Students in Macao.
[So] Source:J Gambl Stud;31(3):643-57, 2015 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1573-3602
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Despite the high availability of offline gambling in Macao, China, Internet gambling may remain attractive to many gamblers due to its anonymity and convenience. Given the scarcity of relevant research, this study aims to not only investigate the public attitude and prevalence of Internet gambling but also identify the demographic and psychological characteristics of Internet gamblers in Macao. We recruited 952 community adults with the random residential number dialing method and 427 university students through convenience sampling. Only 5.4% of the community adult respondents preferred online gambling compared to offline gambling, and the past-year prevalence of online gambling was about 1%. As hypothesized, Internet gambling was found to be positively associated with pathological gambling in both community and student samples. It was also associated with casino employment across samples. Moreover, we found that male gender, casino employment, materialism, and life dissatisfaction were significant risk factors of pathological gambling among Chinese gamblers. The findings provide insights on future designs of preventive measures and research direction for Internet gambling and pathological gambling in Chinese communities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia
Jogo de Azar/epidemiologia
Internet
Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia
Feminino
Jogo de Azar/psicologia
Humanos
Macau
Masculino
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Estudantes/psicologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Universidades
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1603
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161021
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161021
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150813
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10899-014-9451-8



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