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[PMID]:28446098
[Au] Autor:O'Connor M; Cotrel-Gibbons L
[Ad] Endereço:Health and Social Services, Jersey General Hospital, Department of Higher Education, St Helier, Jersey.
[Ti] Título:World Café: a proactive approach to working with mentors.
[So] Source:Nurs Manag (Harrow);24(2):26-29, 2017 Apr 27.
[Is] ISSN:1354-5760
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Mentors are vital for supporting nursing students' learning in practice, but increasing demands on registered nurses can make this a challenging part of their role. This article describes how a new education team in Jersey used the World Café approach to working with mentors on a mentor update day. It explains how the café environment helped mentors to share ideas, develop opportunities to support students' learning in practice areas, increase interdepartmental working and increased communication between the education department and mentors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Processos Grupais
Mentores
Estudantes de Enfermagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ilhas Anglo-Normandas
Seres Humanos
Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170622
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170622
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170428
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.7748/nm.2017.e1553


  2 / 98 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26288066
[Au] Autor:Goddard NS; Statham MJ; Sacks BN
[Ad] Endereço:Mammalian Ecology and Conservation Unit, Veterinary Genetics Laboratory, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, California, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Mitochondrial Analysis of the Most Basal Canid Reveals Deep Divergence between Eastern and Western North American Gray Foxes (Urocyon spp.) and Ancient Roots in Pleistocene California.
[So] Source:PLoS One;10(8):e0136329, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Pleistocene aridification in central North America caused many temperate forest-associated vertebrates to split into eastern and western lineages. Such divisions can be cryptic when Holocene expansions have closed the gaps between once-disjunct ranges or when local morphological variation obscures deeper regional divergences. We investigated such cryptic divergence in the gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus), the most basal extant canid in the world. We also investigated the phylogeography of this species and its diminutive relative, the island fox (U. littoralis), in California. The California Floristic Province was a significant source of Pleistocene diversification for a wide range of taxa and, we hypothesized, for the gray fox as well. Alternatively, gray foxes in California potentially reflected a recent Holocene expansion from further south. We sequenced mitochondrial DNA from 169 gray foxes from the southeastern and southwestern United States and 11 island foxes from three of the Channel Islands. We estimated a 1.3% sequence divergence in the cytochrome b gene between eastern and western foxes and used coalescent simulations to date the divergence to approximately 500,000 years before present (YBP), which is comparable to that between recognized sister species within the Canidae. Gray fox samples collected from throughout California exhibited high haplotype diversity, phylogeographic structure, and genetic signatures of a late-Holocene population decline. Bayesian skyline analysis also indicated an earlier population increase dating to the early Wisconsin glaciation (~70,000 YBP) and a root height extending back to the previous interglacial (~100,000 YBP). Together these findings support California's role as a long-term Pleistocene refugium for western Urocyon. Lastly, based both on our results and re-interpretation of those of another study, we conclude that island foxes of the Channel Islands trace their origins to at least 3 distinct female founders from the mainland rather than to a single matriline, as previously suggested.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: DNA Mitocondrial/genética
Raposas/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Teorema de Bayes
California
Ilhas Anglo-Normandas
Citocromos b/genética
Evolução Molecular
Feminino
Efeito Fundador
Raposas/classificação
Variação Genética
Genética Populacional
Haplótipos
História Antiga
Modelos Genéticos
América do Norte
Filogenia
Filogeografia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Mitochondrial); 9035-37-4 (Cytochromes b)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1605
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150902
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150902
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150820
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0136329


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[PMID]:22998572
[Au] Autor:Reilly GD; Muhlemann M; Lai C; Verne J; Ives A; Southall PJ; Goulding H; Healy E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Dermatology, Princess Elizabeth Hospital, Guernsey, UK. gdr@health.gg
[Ti] Título:High incidence of skin cancer in the Channel Islands.
[So] Source:Clin Exp Dermatol;38(3):239-43, 2013 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1365-2230
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Previous studies looking at rates of malignant melanoma (MM) and nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) in the UK have documented one of the highest rates in the southwest of England; however, the incidence of these tumours in Guernsey and Jersey, two of the Channel Islands, has not previously been reported. AIMS: To determine the incidence of cutaneous MM and NMSC in the Channel Islands. METHODS: Data for the period 2005-2009 were obtained from clinical and histopathological records for all MMs excised in the Channel Islands, and from the South-west Cancer Registry for MMs excised in the southwest of England and for NMSCs in both areas. The age-standardized incidence rate (ASRs) per 100,000 of the population in the Channel Islands were compared with those with the southwest of England, the UK and the rest of Europe where available. The MM characteristics of the Channel Islands were then compared with the southwest of England using standardized incidence ratios (SIRs). RESULTS: The ASR/100,000 for cutaneous MM for 2005-2009 was 30 for the Channel Islands (31.3 for Jersey, 28.2 for Guernsey), 20.3 for the southwest of England, and 15.6 for the UK. Comparison with the rest of Europe indicated that the incidence of MM in the Channel Islands is one of the highest in Europe. The highest incidence of MM was in the over 65 years age group on both Guernsey and Jersey, and when divided into 5-year age bands, the 70-74 years age group had the highest rate. This suggests that this particular age group may have previously received greater exposure to some environmental factor that promotes MM development. The ASR/100,000 for NMSC was also higher for the Channel Islands (263.3) than for the southwest of England (174.6) for 2005-2009, and for the UK in 2009 (104.9). CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that the Channel Islands have a high incidence of skin cancer (both MM and NMSC). In addition, the data show that the ASRs in older people in this population group differ from those in mainland UK, showing higher rates in the over 65 years age group.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Melanoma/epidemiologia
Neoplasias Cutâneas/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Distribuição por Idade
Idoso
Ilhas Anglo-Normandas/epidemiologia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Lactente
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1309
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150708
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150708
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:120925
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2230.2012.04480.x


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[PMID]:22027377
[Au] Autor:Reilly GD; Reilly CA; Smith EG; Baker-Austin C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Dermatology, Princess Elizabeth Hospital, Guernsey.
[Ti] Título:Vibrio alginolyticus-associated wound infection acquired in British waters, Guernsey, July 2011.
[So] Source:Euro Surveill;16(42), 2011 Oct 20.
[Is] ISSN:1560-7917
[Cp] País de publicação:Sweden
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In July 2011, a Vibrio alginolyticus infection was diagnosed in a woman from Guernsey in the Channel Islands, British Isles after sea bathing and application of a natural seaweed dressing to a pre-existing leg wound. Microbiological investigation confirmed Vibrio in the wound and the species of seaweed used for the dressing. The washing of open wounds in seawater and use of unsterilised seaweed dressings should be discouraged, particularly in individuals with underlying risk conditions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vibrioses/etiologia
Vibrio alginolyticus
Infecção dos Ferimentos/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Ilhas Anglo-Normandas
Feminino
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1202
[Cu] Atualização por classe:130501
[Lr] Data última revisão:
130501
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:111027
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 98 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:19835106
[Au] Autor:Head RF; Gilthorpe MS; Ellison GT
[Ad] Endereço:St George's, University of London. rosie.green@natcen.ac.uk
[Ti] Título:Cholesterol levels in later life amongst UK Channel Islanders exposed to the 1940-45 German occupation as children, adolescents and young adults.
[So] Source:Nutr Health;20(2):91-105, 2009.
[Is] ISSN:0260-1060
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: To clarify the nature of the relationship between: food deprivation and undernutrition during pre- and postnatal development; and cholesterol levels in later life, this study examined the relationship between birth weight (as a marker of prenatal nutrition) and cholesterol levels among 396 Guernsey islanders (born in 1923-1937), 87 of whom (22%) had been exposed to food deprivation as children, adolescents or young adults (i.e. to postnatal undernutrition) during the 1940-45 German occupation of the Channel Islands, and 309 of whom (78%) had left or been evacuated from the islands before the occupation began. METHODS: Three sets of multiple regression models were used to investigate: Model A - the relationship between birth weight and cholesterol levels; Model B - the relationship between postnatal exposure to the occupation and cholesterol levels; and Model C - any interaction between birth weight, postnatal exposure to the occupation and cholesterol levels. Model A and Model B also tested for any interactions between: birth weight/occupation exposure and sex; and birth weight/occupation exposure and parish of residence at birth (as a marker of parish of residence during the occupation and related variation in the severity of food deprivation). RESULTS: Before (and after) adjusting for potential confounders, no statistically significant relationships were observed between either birth weight (before adjustment: 0.09 mmol/l per kg increase, 95% CI: -0.30, 0.16; after adjustment: 0.08 mmol/l per kg increase, 95%CI: -0.17, 0.34) or exposure to the occupation (before adjustment: 0.01 mmol/l for exposed group, 95%CI: -0.24, 0.27; after adjustment: 0.04 mmol/l for exposed group, 95%CI: -0.26, 0.33) and cholesterol levels in later life. There was also little evidence of significant relationships between birth weight, exposure to the occupation and cholesterol levels in later life when Model A and Model B were stratified by sex or parish of residence at birth, although there was a significant positive relationship between birth weight and cholesterol levels in women (0.44 mmol/l per kg increase, 95%CI: 0.07, 0.81). CONCLUSIONS: These analyses provide little support for the theory that birth weight is inversely related to cholesterol levels in later life. and do not offer any evidence in support of a relationship between undernutrition in childhood, adolescence and early adulthood and cholesterol levels in later life. However, further research may determine whether undernutrition at different stages of the life-course may influence cholesterol levels in later life.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/epidemiologia
Colesterol/sangue
Hipercolesterolemia/epidemiologia
Desnutrição/epidemiologia
II Guerra Mundial
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Peso ao Nascer
Ilhas Anglo-Normandas
Criança
Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/sangue
Estudos de Coortes
Feminino
Alemanha
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Seres Humanos
Hipercolesterolemia/sangue
Masculino
Desnutrição/sangue
Meia-Idade
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Distribuição por Sexo
Reino Unido
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
97C5T2UQ7J (Cholesterol)
[Em] Mês de entrada:0911
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:091020
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 98 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:19504687
[Au] Autor:Gainsbury S
[Ti] Título:Island anger as U.K. ends 33-year-old agreement.
[So] Source:Health Serv J;119(6156):11, 2009 May 14.
[Is] ISSN:0952-2271
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ira
Contratos
Cuidados Críticos/economia
Viagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ilhas Anglo-Normandas
Cooperação Internacional
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:0906
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161125
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161125
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:H
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:090609
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 98 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:18082310
[Au] Autor:Quine CP; Watts K
[Ad] Endereço:Forest Research, Northern Research Station, Roslin, Midlothian, EH25 9SY Scotland, UK. chris.quine@forestry.gsi.gov.uk
[Ti] Título:Successful de-fragmentation of woodland by planting in an agricultural landscape? An assessment based on landscape indicators.
[So] Source:J Environ Manage;90(1):251-9, 2009 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:0301-4797
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Habitat fragmentation is the focus of much conservation concern and associated research. In some countries, such as Britain, the main phase of fragmentation occurred centuries ago and the focus of conservation management is now on restoration and recovery. Scenario studies have suggested that spatial targeting is preferable if landscape scale restoration is to be achieved, and that this should bring greater benefits than site-focussed activities but this has rarely been tested in practice. In Britain, woodland expansion has been encouraged through a number of financial incentives, which have evolved from instruments that encouraged almost any addition to the potential woodland resource, to grant schemes that have set out to restore connectivity to remnant ancient woodland. This study assessed the degree of de-fragmentation achieved by woodland expansion on the Isle of Wight and in particular the success of spatial targeting of new woodland planting implemented through grant aid in the JIGSAW (Joining and Increasing Grant Scheme for Ancient Woodland) scheme. Five steps in the re-development of broad-leaved woodland were tested using eight indicators - six commonly used landscape metrics, and two ecologically scaled indicators derived from application of least-cost network evaluation. Only half of the measures indicated de-fragmentation over the whole sequence of five steps. However, the spatial targeting did appear successful, when compared to equivalent untargeted grant-aided woodland expansion, and resulted in positive change to six of the eight indicators. We discuss the utility of the indicators and ways in which future targeting could be supported by their application.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agricultura/tendências
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Ecossistema
Árvores
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ilhas Anglo-Normandas
Geografia
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:0902
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161124
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161124
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:071218
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 98 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:18828559
[Au] Autor:Stoddard RA; DeLong RL; Byrne BA; Jang S; Gulland FM
[Ad] Endereço:The Marine Mammal Center, 1065 Fort Cronkhite, Sausalito, California 94965, USA. stoddardr@tmmc.org
[Ti] Título:Prevalence and characterization of Salmonella spp. among marine animals in the Channel Islands, California.
[So] Source:Dis Aquat Organ;81(1):5-11, 2008 Aug 19.
[Is] ISSN:0177-5103
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Salmonella enterica is a zoonotic pathogen that has been isolated from free-ranging marine mammals throughout the world, with animals in the Channel Islands of California (USA) showing the highest prevalence. The goal of this study was to determine prevalence, antimicrobial sensitivity and genetic similarity using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of Salmonella in several non-domestic animal species on San Miguel and San Nicolas Islands. Fecal samples were collected from 90 California sea lion Zalophus californianus pups, 30 northern elephant seal Mirounga angustirostris pups and 87 western gulls Larus occidentalis in the Channel Islands and 59 adult male sea lions in Puget Sound, WA (USA). Salmonella were isolated, identified and serotyped, followed by antimicrobial susceptibility testing and PFGE. Of the California sea lion pups that were sampled on the islands, 21% (n = 19) were positive for Salmonella, whereas no adults males in Puget Sound were positive. Of the northern elephant seal pups sampled, 87% (n = 26) were harboring Salmonella. Only 9% (n = 8) of western gulls were shedding Salmonella, with one of these gulls harboring the only antimicrobial resistant isolate. The serotypes found in these animals were Enteritidis, Montevideo, Newport, Reading, and Saint Paul. The only serotype that showed variation on PFGE was Newport. The pinnipeds of the Channel Islands harbor Salmonella at a higher prevalence than pinnipeds from other geographic areas observed in previous studies. Researchers and veterinarians should exercise increased caution when working with these animals due to the zoonotic potential of Salmonella.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Salmonelose Animal/epidemiologia
Salmonella/classificação
Leões-Marinhos
Focas Verdadeiras
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Antibacterianos/farmacologia
Ilhas Anglo-Normandas
Charadriiformes/microbiologia
Farmacorresistência Bacteriana
Fezes/microbiologia
Masculino
Prevalência
Salmonella/efeitos dos fármacos
Sorotipagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:0811
[Cu] Atualização por classe:081002
[Lr] Data última revisão:
081002
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:081003
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3354/dao01905


  9 / 98 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:18764932
[Au] Autor:Head RF; Gilthorpe MS; Byrom A; Ellison GT
[Ad] Endereço:St George's, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, SW17 0RE, UK. rhead@hscs.sgul.ac.uk
[Ti] Título:Cardiovascular disease in a cohort exposed to the 1940-45 Channel Islands occupation.
[So] Source:BMC Public Health;8:303, 2008 Sep 02.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2458
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: To clarify the nature of the relationship between food deprivation/undernutrition during pre- and postnatal development and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in later life, this study examined the relationship between birth weight (as a marker of prenatal nutrition) and the incidence of hospital admissions for CVD from 1997-2005 amongst 873 Guernsey islanders (born in 1923-1937), 225 of whom had been exposed to food deprivation as children, adolescents or young adults (i.e. postnatal undernutrition) during the 1940-45 German occupation of the Channel Islands, and 648 of whom had left or been evacuated from the islands before the occupation began. METHODS: Three sets of Cox regression models were used to investigate (A) the relationship between birth weight and CVD, (B) the relationship between postnatal exposure to the occupation and CVD and (C) any interaction between birth weight, postnatal exposure to the occupation and CVD. These models also tested for any interactions between birth weight and sex, and postnatal exposure to the occupation and parish of residence at birth (as a marker of parish residence during the occupation and related variation in the severity of food deprivation). RESULTS: The first set of models (A) found no relationship between birth weight and CVD even after adjustment for potential confounders (hazard ratio (HR) per kg increase in birth weight: 1.12; 95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.70-1.78), and there was no significant interaction between birth weight and sex (p=0.60). The second set of models (B) found a significant relationship between postnatal exposure to the occupation and CVD after adjustment for potential confounders (HR for exposed vs. unexposed group: 2.52; 95% CI: 1.54-4.13), as well as a significant interaction between postnatal exposure to the occupation and parish of residence at birth (p=0.01), such that those born in urban parishes (where food deprivation was worst) had a greater HR for CVD than those born in rural parishes. The third model (C) found no interaction between birth weight and exposure to the occupation (p=0.43). CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the levels of postnatal undernutrition experienced by children, adolescents and young adults exposed to food deprivation during the 1940-45 occupation of the Channel Islands were a more important determinant of CVD in later life than the levels of prenatal undernutrition experienced in utero prior to the occupation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Coeficiente de Natalidade
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia
Desnutrição/complicações
Admissão do Paciente/tendências
II Guerra Mundial
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Ilhas Anglo-Normandas/epidemiologia
Criança
Estudos de Coortes
Feminino
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Masculino
Desnutrição/epidemiologia
Desnutrição/história
Avaliação Nutricional
Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos
Cuidado Pós-Natal
Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:0809
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:080904
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-8-303


  10 / 98 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:18590021
[Au] Autor:Hirst D
[Ad] Endereço:School of Social Sciences, University of Bangor, Bangor, Gwynedd, UK. j.d.hirst@bangor.ac.uk
[Ti] Título:Lunacy and the 'Islands in the British Seas'.
[So] Source:Hist Psychiatry;18(72 Pt 4):411-33, 2007 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0957-154X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In the mid-nineteenth century the Dependent Territories of Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man all had small, relatively stable populations, many of whom did not speak English as their first language. The response of each to the public asylum movement was very different. Guernsey had an asylum by 1852, but Jersey and the Isle of Man opened permanent asylums only in 1868. This comparative study examines the interactions between British government agencies, the Home Office, Commissioners in Lunacy and Lieutenant Governors, and the autonomous insular legislatures. It discusses the reasons why Jersey and the Isle of Man were reluctant to establish publicly funded asylums, the alternatives considered, and the opportunities afforded to private madhouse proprietors by absent or lax supervisory frameworks.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hospitais Psiquiátricos/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ilhas Anglo-Normandas
História do Século XIX
Hospitais Psiquiátricos/legislação & jurisprudência
Seres Humanos
Transtornos Mentais/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:0807
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:080702
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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