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Pesquisa : Z01.542.363.161.500 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 17 [refinar]
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  1 / 17 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27861008
[Au] Autor:Dean E
[Ti] Título:Island life is calling: make the move to Guernsey.
[So] Source:Nurs Stand;31(10):36-37, 2016 Nov 02.
[Is] ISSN:2047-9018
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The island of Guernsey has plenty to offer: beautiful countryside, miles of beaches and mild winters. But, like mainland UK, it finds recruiting nurses a challenge.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Serviços de Saúde Comunitária/recursos humanos
Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida
População Rural
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Serviços de Saúde Comunitária/métodos
Guernsey
Seres Humanos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/provisão & distribuição
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170714
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170714
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161119
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 17 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27179857
[Au] Autor:Cooper TA; Eaglen SAE; Wiggans GR; Jenko J; Huson HJ; Morrice DR; Bichard M; Luff WGL; Woolliams JA
[Ad] Endereço:Animal Genomics and Improvement Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, Beltsville, MD 20705-2350.
[Ti] Título:Genomic evaluation, breed identification, and population structure of Guernsey cattle in North America, Great Britain, and the Isle of Guernsey.
[So] Source:J Dairy Sci;99(7):5508-5515, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1525-3198
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:As of December 2015, 2,376 Guernsey bulls and cows had genotypes from collaboration between the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the Isle of Guernsey. Of those, 439 bulls and 504 cows had traditional US evaluations, which provided sufficient data to justify investigation of the possible benefits of genomic evaluation for the Guernsey breed. Evaluation accuracy was assessed using a traditional 4-yr cutoff study. Twenty-two traits were analyzed (5 yield traits, 3 functional traits, and 14 conformation traits). Mean reliability gain over that for parent average was 16.8 percentage points across traits, which compares with 8.2, 18.5, 20.0, and 32.6 percentage points reported for Ayrshires, Brown Swiss, Jerseys, and Holsteins, respectively. Highest Guernsey reliability gains were for rump width (44.5 percentage points) and dairy form (40.5 percentage points); lowest gains were for teat length (1.9 percentage points) and rear legs (side view) (2.3 percentage points). Slight reliability losses (1.5 to 4.5 percentage points) were found for udder cleft, final score, and udder depth as well as a larger loss (13.6 percentage points) for fore udder attachment. Twenty-one single nucleotide polymorphisms were identified for Guernsey breed determination and can be used in routine genotype quality control to confirm breed and identify crossbreds. No haplotypes that affect fertility were identified from the current data set. Principal component analysis showed some divergence of US and Isle of Guernsey subpopulations. However, the overlap of US, Canadian, UK, and Isle of Guernsey subpopulations indicated the presence of gene flow, and the similarities in the subpopulations supports a common genomic evaluation system across the regions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bovinos/classificação
Bovinos/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cruzamento
Canadá
Bovinos/anatomia & histologia
Feminino
Fertilidade/genética
Genômica
Genótipo
Guernsey
Haplótipos
Lactação/genética
Masculino
América do Norte
Fenótipo
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
Característica Quantitativa Herdável
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Reprodução/genética
Especificidade da Espécie
Reino Unido
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160516
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 17 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25155188
[Au] Autor:Bock A; Sparks TH; Estrella N; Jee N; Casebow A; Leuchner M; Menzel A
[Ad] Endereço:Chair of Ecoclimatology, Technische Universität München, Hans-Carl-von-Carlowitz-Platz 2, 85354, Freising, Germany, anna.bock@wzw.tum.de.
[Ti] Título:Climate sensitivity and variation in first flowering of 26 Narcissus cultivars.
[So] Source:Int J Biometeorol;59(4):477-80, 2015 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1254
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The first flowering dates of 26 Narcissus cultivars were recorded over a 27-year period on the island of Guernsey, within the English Channel. We analysed flowering trends over time and relationships with climate variables. The study revealed that earlier flowering cultivars advanced most and were more variable than later flowering Narcissus. We furthermore discovered a strong relationship between flowering and climate variables, with temperature appearing to be the main driver. Whilst the first flowering date averaged over all cultivars did show a significant advance, this was significant for only one of the individual cultivars. This is likely because temperatures from December to March had not significantly increased in Guernsey during the study period (1985 to 2011).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aclimatação/fisiologia
Clima
Flores/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Aquecimento Global
Narcissus/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Temperatura Ambiente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Guernsey
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140827
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00484-014-0885-6


  4 / 17 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24639048
[Au] Autor:Bock A; Sparks TH; Estrella N; Jee N; Casebow A; Schunk C; Leuchner M; Menzel A
[Ad] Endereço:Chair of Ecoclimatology, Technische Universität München, Hans-Carl-von-Carlowitz-Platz 2, 85354, Freising, Germany; Institute for Advanced Study, Technische Universität München, Lichtenbergstrasse 2a, Garching, 85748, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Changes in first flowering dates and flowering duration of 232 plant species on the island of Guernsey.
[So] Source:Glob Chang Biol;20(11):3508-19, 2014 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1365-2486
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Climate change has affected plant phenology; increasing temperatures are associated with advancing first flowering dates. The impact on flowering duration, however, has rarely been studied. In this study, we analysed first flowering dates and flowering durations from a 27 year dataset of weekly flower observations on 232 plant species from the island of Guernsey in the English Channel. The aim of this study was to explore variation in trends and relationships between first flowering dates, flowering duration and temperature. We specifically looked for evidence that traits, such as life forms and phylogenetic groups, explained variation in sensitivity of first flowering and flowering duration among species. Overall trends revealed significantly earlier flowering over time, by an average of 5.2 days decade(-1) since 1985. A highly significant shortening of flowering duration was observed by an average of 10 days decade(-1) . Correlations between first flowering, flowering duration and year varied between different species, traits and flowering periods. Significant differences among traits were observed for first flowering and to a lesser degree for flowering duration. Overall, in comparison to first flowering, more species had significant trends in flowering duration. Temperature relationships revealed large differences in strength and direction of response. 55% of the species revealed a significant negative relationship of first flowering dates and temperature. In contrast, only 19% of flowering durations had a significant negative temperature relationship. The advance in first flowering date together with a shortening of flowering duration suggests potentially serious impacts on pollinators, which might pose a major threat to biodiversity, agriculture and horticulture. Human health, in terms of pollen allergies, however, might benefit from a shortening of specific plant pollen seasons.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mudança Climática
Magnoliopsida/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Flores
Guernsey
Magnoliopsida/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Polinização
Reprodução
Estações do Ano
Temperatura Ambiente
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1507
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140319
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/gcb.12579


  5 / 17 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24418683
[Au] Autor:Wang XS; Tipper S; Appleby PN; Allen NE; Key TJ; Travis RC
[Ti] Título:First-morning urinary melatonin and breast cancer risk in the Guernsey Study.
[So] Source:Am J Epidemiol;179(5):584-93, 2014 Mar 01.
[Is] ISSN:1476-6256
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:It has been hypothesized that suppressed nocturnal melatonin production is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, but results from several small prospective studies of the association have been inconclusive. We examined the association between nocturnal melatonin and breast cancer risk in a case-control study nested within the Guernsey III Study, a British prospective cohort study (1977-2009). Concentrations of 6-sulfatoxymelatonin were measured in prediagnostic first-morning urine samples from 251 breast cancer cases and 727 matched controls. Conditional logistic regression models were used to calculate odds ratios for breast cancer in relation to 6-sulfatoxymelatonin level. No significant association was found between 6-sulfatoxymelatonin level and breast cancer risk, either overall (for highest third vs. lowest, multivariable-adjusted odds ratio = 0.90, 95% confidence interval: 0.61, 1.33) or by menopausal status. However, in a meta-analysis of all published prospective data, including 1,113 cases from 5 studies, higher 6-sulfatoxymelatonin levels were associated with lower breast cancer risk (for highest fourth vs. lowest, odds ratio = 0.81, 95% confidence interval: 0.66, 0.99). In summary, we found no evidence that 6-sulfatoxymelatonin level in a first-morning urine sample was associated with breast cancer risk among British women. However, overall the published data suggest a modest inverse association between melatonin levels and breast cancer risk. Further data are needed to confirm this association.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia
Melatonina/urina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Neoplasias da Mama/urina
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Ritmo Circadiano
Feminino
Guernsey/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Melatonina/análogos & derivados
Meia-Idade
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
2208-40-4 (6-sulfatoxymelatonin); JL5DK93RCL (Melatonin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1404
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140115
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/aje/kwt302


  6 / 17 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:18647946
[Au] Autor:Head RF; Byrom A; Ellison GT
[Ad] Endereço:St George's, University of London, London, UK. rhead@hscs.sgul.ac.uk
[Ti] Título:A qualitative exploration of the production of Hospital Episode Statistics in a Guernsey hospital: implications for regional comparisons of UK health data.
[So] Source:Health Serv Manage Res;21(3):178-84, 2008 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:0951-4848
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) are widely used in the UK for audit and research. This often includes comparisons between different geographical regions, but there is some doubt as to the reliability of comparisons made using these data. Previous studies have focused on the quantitative accuracy of the coding, but not the full data chain. This study is a qualitative examination of the production of HES in a small hospital in Guernsey, which is not part of the NHS. Interviews were conducted with key participants in the production of HES to determine how the data were created, and the strengths and weaknesses of this system. We found that face-to-face communication between administrative and clinical staff was felt to contribute to the accuracy of the HES codes, and that a lack of detail in the case-notes was felt to be more problematic than the accuracy of the coders themselves. These findings have implications for the comparison of HES between NHS Trusts, since the processes involved in producing the data will be different in larger hospitals with less contact between coders and clinicians. It is therefore important to bear this in mind when making comparisons between such diverse sources of HES.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Controle de Formulários e Registros/métodos
Hospitais
Auditoria Médica/métodos
Registros Médicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente
Coleta de Dados/métodos
Guernsey
Seres Humanos
Medicina Estatal
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:0810
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161124
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161124
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:H
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:080724
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1258/hsmr.2007.007017


  7 / 17 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:16095806
[Au] Autor:Fraser ED; Dougill AJ; Mabee WE; Reed M; McAlpine P
[Ad] Endereço:School of Earth and Environment, Sustainability Research Institute, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK. evan@env.leeds.ac.uk
[Ti] Título:Bottom up and top down: analysis of participatory processes for sustainability indicator identification as a pathway to community empowerment and sustainable environmental management.
[So] Source:J Environ Manage;78(2):114-27, 2006 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:0301-4797
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The modern environmental management literature stresses the need for community involvement to identify indicators to monitor progress towards sustainable development and environmental management goals. The purpose of this paper is to assess the impact of participatory processes on sustainability indicator identification and environmental management in three disparate case studies. The first is a process of developing partnerships between First Nations communities, environmental groups, and forestry companies to resolve conflicts over forest management in Western Canada. The second describes a situation in Botswana where local pastoral communities worked with development researchers to reduce desertification. The third case study details an on-going government led process of developing sustainability indicators in Guernsey, UK, that was designed to monitor the environmental, social, and economic impacts of changes in the economy. The comparative assessment between case studies allows us to draw three primary conclusions. (1) The identification and collection of sustainability indicators not only provide valuable databases for making management decisions, but the process of engaging people to select indicators also provides an opportunity for community empowerment that conventional development approaches have failed to provide. (2) Multi-stakeholder processes must formally feed into decision-making forums or they risk being viewed as irrelevant by policy-makers and stakeholders. (3) Since ecological boundaries rarely meet up with political jurisdictions, it is necessary to be flexible when choosing the scale at which monitoring and decision-making occurs. This requires an awareness of major environmental pathways that run through landscapes to understand how seemingly remote areas may be connected in ways that are not immediately apparent.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Participação da Comunidade
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Botsuana
Colúmbia Britânica
Guernsey
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:0605
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161124
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161124
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:050813
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 17 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:15923462
[Au] Autor:Simpson D
[Ti] Título:Guernsey (UK): size doesn't matter.
[So] Source:Tob Control;14(3):152-3, 2005 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1468-3318
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Prevenção do Hábito de Fumar
Fumar/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Guernsey
Promoção da Saúde
Seres Humanos
Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/legislação & jurisprudência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:0508
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:050601
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 17 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:11310041
[Au] Autor:Jones A
[Ad] Endereço:Emma Ferbrache Nurse Education Centre, St Martins, Guernsey.
[Ti] Título:Cream of Guernsey.
[So] Source:Nurs Stand;14(22):61, 2000 Feb 16-22.
[Is] ISSN:0029-6570
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Enfermagem em Saúde Comunitária/organização & administração
Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração
Enfermagem em Saúde Pública/organização & administração
Serviços de Enfermagem Escolar/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Medicina de Família e Comunidade/organização & administração
Guernsey
Seres Humanos
Descrição de Cargo
Inovação Organizacional
Medicina Estatal/organização & administração
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:0107
[Cu] Atualização por classe:041117
[Lr] Data última revisão:
041117
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:010420
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 17 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:11309986
[Au] Autor:Jones A
[Ad] Endereço:Emma Ferbrache Nurse Education Centre, St Martins, Guemsey.
[Ti] Título:Community channels.
[So] Source:Nurs Stand;14(23):63, 2000 Feb 23-29.
[Is] ISSN:0029-6570
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Enfermagem em Saúde Comunitária/organização & administração
Enfermagem em Saúde Pública/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Guernsey
Seres Humanos
Imunização/enfermagem
Programas de Rastreamento/enfermagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:0106
[Cu] Atualização por classe:041117
[Lr] Data última revisão:
041117
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:010420
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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