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[PMID]:29377924
[Au] Autor:Raposo L; Severo M; Santos AC
[Ad] Endereço:Insulin Resistance Study Group of the Portuguese Society of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Lisboa, Portugal.
[Ti] Título:Adiposity cut-off points for cardiovascular disease and diabetes risk in the Portuguese population: The PORMETS study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191641, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: The contribution of adiposity to cardiovascular and diabetes risk justifies the inclusion of an adiposity measure, usually waist circumference, in the definition of metabolic syndrome. However, waist circumference thresholds differ across populations. Our aim was to assess which adiposity measure performs the best in identifying the metabolic syndrome in a sample of Portuguese participants and to estimate cut-off values for these measures. METHODS: Data were obtained from a cross-sectional study (PORMETS study) conducted in Portugal between 2007 and 2009. A representative sample of non-institutionalized adults, comprising 3,956 participants, aged 18 years and older, was evaluated. A structured questionnaire was administered, collecting information on personal medical history, socio-demographics and behavioral characteristics. Anthropometrics, blood pressure and venous blood samples were also obtained. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the Joint Interim Statement of the International Diabetes Federation Task Force on Epidemiology recommended criteria. Elevated cardiometabolic risk was considered when two or more of the four criteria of metabolic syndrome were present, excluding the waist circumference component. A receiver operating characteristic curve was used to estimate cut-off points. RESULTS: This study found that waist-to-height ratio, waist circumference and body adiposity index performed better than other adiposity measures, such as body mass index. The estimated cut-off points for waist-to-height ratio, waist circumference and body adiposity index in women and men were 0.564 / 89 cm / 27.4 and 0.571 / 93.5 cm / 25.5, respectively. CONCLUSION: As waist circumference is currently used as the adiposity measure in the definition of metabolic syndrome and as no relevant differences were observed between this measure and waist-to-height ratio, it is likely that no modification to the metabolic syndrome definition needs to be proposed. Moreover, this study also confirmed the applicability of European cut-off points in the Portuguese population.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adiposidade
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Portugal/epidemiologia
Fatores de Risco
Circunferência da Cintura
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191641


  2 / 10133 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29320820
[Au] Autor:Ahmed H; Sousa SR; Simsek S; Anastácio S; Kilinc SG
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biosciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Park Road, Chakh Shazad, Islamabad, Pakistan.
[Ti] Título:First Molecular Characterization of Hypoderma actaeon in Cattle and Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) in Portugal.
[So] Source:Korean J Parasitol;55(6):653-658, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1738-0006
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Hypoderma spp. larvae cause subcutaneous myiasis in several animal species. The objective of the present investigation was to identify and characterize morphologically and molecularly the larvae of Hypoderma spp. collected from cattle (Bos taurus taurus) and red deer (Cervus elaphus) in the district of Castelo Branco, Portugal. For this purpose, a total of 8 larvae were collected from cattle (n=2) and red deer (n=6). After morphological identification of Hypoderma spp. larvae, molecular characterization was based on PCR-RFLP and mitochondrial CO1 gene sequence analysis. All larvae were morphologically characterized as the third instar larvae (L3) of H. actaeon. Two restriction enzymes were used for molecular identification of the larvae. TaqI restriction enzyme was not able to cut H. actaeon. However, MboII restriction enzyme differentiated Hypoderma species showing 210 and 450 bp bands in H. actaeon. Furthermore, according to the alignment of the mt-CO1 gene sequences of Hypoderma species and to PCR-RFLP findings, all the identified Hypoderma larvae were confirmed as H. actaeon. This is the first report of identification of Hypoderma spp. (Diptera; Oestridae) from cattle and red deer in Portugal, based on morphological and molecular analyses.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Bovinos/parasitologia
Cervos/parasitologia
Dípteros/classificação
Dípteros/genética
Larva
Miíase/parasitologia
Miíase/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Dípteros/anatomia & histologia
Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética
Larva/anatomia & histologia
Filogenia
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição
Portugal
Análise de Sequência/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
EC 1.9.3.1 (Electron Transport Complex IV)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3347/kjp.2017.55.6.653


  3 / 10133 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29029381
[Au] Autor:Coppola F; Almeida Â; Henriques B; Soares AMVM; Figueira E; Pereira E; Freitas R
[Ad] Endereço:Departamento de Biologia & CESAM, Universidade de Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal.
[Ti] Título:Biochemical responses and accumulation patterns of Mytilus galloprovincialis exposed to thermal stress and Arsenic contamination.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:954-962, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Organisms in marine systems are exposed to multiple stressors that create a range of associated environmental and ecotoxicological risks. Examples of stressors include alterations related to climate change, such as temperature increase, and the exposure to pollutants arising from human activities. The present study evaluated the impacts of Arsenic exposure (1mg/L) and warming (21°C) in Mytilus galloprovincialis, acting alone and in combination. Our results demonstrated that both Arsenic exposure and warming induced oxidative stress and reduced mussels metabolism, with changes becoming more prominent with the exposure time and when mussels were exposed to both stressors in combination. Furthermore, results obtained showed higher As accumulation in organisms exposed to warming treatments. The present study showed that under warming scenarios, the negative impacts induced by As may be enhanced in ecologically and economically relevant bivalves, with potential impacts on population stocks due to increased sensitivity to pollutants, which may eventually result in biodiversity loss and socio-economic impacts.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arsênico/toxicidade
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Resposta ao Choque Térmico/efeitos dos fármacos
Mytilus/efeitos dos fármacos
Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Arsênico/metabolismo
Biomarcadores/metabolismo
Mudança Climática
Temperatura Alta
Mytilus/metabolismo
Portugal
Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biomarkers); 0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical); N712M78A8G (Arsenic)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171015
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 10133 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28453797
[Au] Autor:Saraiva J; Antunes PE; Antunes MJ
[Ad] Endereço:Centre of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Coimbra, University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine, Coimbra, Portugal.
[Ti] Título:Coronary artery bypass surgery in young adults: excellent perioperative results and long-term survival.
[So] Source:Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg;24(5):691-695, 2017 05 01.
[Is] ISSN:1569-9285
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To analyse perioperative results, long-term survival and freedom from complications after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in young adults. METHODS: A total of 163 patients, 40 years old or younger, had isolated CABG from January 1989 to December 2010. Pre- and perioperative demographic and clinical data were retrieved from a prospectively organised database. Follow-up data were obtained by letter or telephone interviews. The mean age of the patients was 37.6 ± 2.9 years and 146 were men (90%). Fifty-three patients (32.5%) had angina class III/IV; 106 (65.0%), previous myocardial infarction; and 23 (14.1%), impaired left ventricular function (ejection fraction <40%). Indication for surgery was 3-vessel disease in 101 cases (62.0%), 2-vessel disease in 30 (18.4%) and single-vessel disease in 32 (19.6%). The left main stem was affected in 16 patients (9.8%). The mean EuroSCORE II was 0.92 ± 0.71. A total of 417 grafts were constructed (mean 2.6 grafts/patient), 247 of which (59.2%) were arterial. RESULTS: There were no in-hospital deaths. The mean hospital stay was 7.1 ± 4.0 days. Four patients (2.5%) were lost to follow-up, which extended from 3 to 25 years (mean 15.1 ± 5.5 years). There were 22 late deaths, 72.7% of cardiac or unknown origin. The 5-, 10- and 20-year survival rates were 98.7 ± 10.9, 95.2 ± 1.8 and 79.4 ± 4.4%, respectively. Twenty-six patients (18.1%) had non-fatal cardiac adverse complications (myocardial infarct, percutaneous re-revascularization or class III/IV angina), for 5-, 10- and 20-year freedom from complications of 97.9 ± 1.2, 91.9 ± 2.5 and 65.7 ± 7.1%, respectively. Twenty-two patients (17.5%) needed re-revascularization, for 5-, 10- and 20-year freedom from re-revascularization of 97.6 ± 1.4, 91.9 ± 2.6 and 69.5 ± 6.7%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the aggressive nature of coronary artery disease in young patients, perioperative death and morbidity rates are low, with good long-term survival and low rates of re-revascularization.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia
Previsões
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Portugal/epidemiologia
Estudos Prospectivos
Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/icvts/ivw407


  5 / 10133 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27770601
[Au] Autor:Azevedo LF; Sampaio R; Camila Dias C; Romão J; Lemos L; Agualusa L; Vaz-Serra S; Patto T; Costa-Pereira A; Castro-Lopes JM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Health Information and Decision Sciences (CIDES), Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.
[Ti] Título:Portuguese Version of the Pain Beliefs and Perceptions Inventory: A Multicenter Validation Study.
[So] Source:Pain Pract;17(6):808-819, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1533-2500
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: We aimed to perform the translation, cultural adaptation, and validation of the Pain Beliefs and Perceptions Inventory (PBPI) for the European Portuguese language and chronic pain population. METHODS: This is a longitudinal multicenter validation study. A Portuguese version of the PBPI (PBPI-P) was created through a process of translation, back translation, and expert panel evaluation. The PBPI-P was administered to a total of 122 patients from 13 chronic pain clinics in Portugal, at baseline and after 7 days. Internal consistency and test-retest reliability were assessed by Cronbach's alpha (α) and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Construct (convergent and discriminant) validity was assessed based on a set of previously developed theoretical hypotheses about interrelations between the PBPI-P and other measures. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed to test the theoretical structure of the PBPI-P. RESULTS: The internal consistency and test-retest reliability coefficients for each respective subscale were α = 0.620 and ICC = 0.801 for mystery; α = 0.744 and ICC = 0.841 for permanence; α = 0.778 and ICC = 0.791 for constancy; and α = 0.764 and ICC = 0.881 for self-blame. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis revealed a four-factor structure (performance, constancy, self-blame, and mystery) that explained 63% of the variance. The construct validity of the PBPI-P was shown to be adequate, with more than 90% of the previously defined hypotheses regarding interrelations with other measures confirmed. CONCLUSION: The PBPI-P has been shown to be adequate and to have excellent reliability, internal consistency, and validity. It may contribute to a better pain assessment and is suitable for research and clinical use.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dor Crônica/diagnóstico
Dor Crônica/epidemiologia
Cultura
Medição da Dor/normas
Traduções
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Dor Crônica/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Medição da Dor/métodos
Percepção da Dor/fisiologia
Portugal/epidemiologia
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; MULTICENTER STUDY; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161023
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/papr.12529


  6 / 10133 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29206977
[Au] Autor:Brandão D; Ribeiro O; Martín I
[Ad] Endereço:Research and Education Unit on Ageing (UNIFAI/ICBAS-UP), Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar, Department of Behavioral Sciences, University of Porto, Porto.
[Ti] Título:Underuse and Unawareness of Residential Respite Care Services in Dementia Caregiving: Constraining the Need for Relief.
[So] Source:Health Soc Work;41(4):254-262, 2016 Nov 20.
[Is] ISSN:0360-7283
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article describes an analysis of the use of residential respite care services and the factors that influence the use of such services among informal caregivers of people with dementia. The authors studied a sample of 223 caregivers participating in a community-based intervention project in northern Portugal. Participants provided information on their overall caregiving situation and on their use or willingness to use respite care services. Results showed that fewer than 6 percent of caregivers accessed the services and that although most caregivers were not familiar with these services, they recognized their importance and strongly considered the possibility of using them. Part-time care, lower levels of gratification, higher burden, and the care receiver's attendance of day center supported the willingness to use residential respite services. The limited offer, not knowing about the services, and cultural issues related to the family duties within the caregiving role can explain the low use of these services. Social work professionals have an important role in promoting residential respite care services, and thereby helping to reduce caregiving overload.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conscientização
Cuidadores/psicologia
Demência/enfermagem
Cuidados Intermitentes/utilização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Portugal
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/hsw/hlw041


  7 / 10133 MEDLINE  
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Tani, Go
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[PMID]:28282742
[Au] Autor:Henrique RS; Bustamante AV; Freitas DL; Tani G; Katzmarzyk PT; Maia JA
[Ad] Endereço:a Higher School of Physical Education , University of Pernambuco , Recife , Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Tracking of gross motor coordination in Portuguese children.
[So] Source:J Sports Sci;36(2):220-228, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1466-447X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The purpose of this study was to investigate the tracking of gross motor coordination (GMC) and to profile children at 6 years of age who consistently showed higher stability patterns in different levels of GMC. The participants were 245 children (123 boys and 122 girls) who were assessed longitudinally from 6 to 9 years of age. GMC was assessed using the Korperkoordinationtest fur Kinder (KTK) test battery. Anthropometry, physical activity, and health- and performance-related physical fitness were also measured. Cohen's kappa (κ) was used to estimate tracking. Tracking was poor for all GMC tests (0.17 ≤ κ ≤ 0.38) and moderate for the GMC motor quotient (MQ) in both boys and girls (0.44 ≤ κ ≤ 0.45). Instability at the extremes was low in GMC tests and negligible for MQ. Children who consistently showed high GMC levels during the 4 years of follow-up were lighter, had lower body mass index and subcutaneous fat, and showed higher scores in physical fitness tests at 6 years of age than those who consistently had low GMC levels. In conclusion, GMC showed low-to-moderate tracking over time in childhood. However, children who consistently demonstrated high GMC levels over time had healthier profiles at 6 years of age.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Destreza Motora/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropometria
Índice de Massa Corporal
Criança
Interpretação Estatística de Dados
Exercício/fisiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Aptidão Física/fisiologia
Portugal
Gordura Subcutânea/anatomia & histologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170312
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/02640414.2017.1297534


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[PMID]:28078945
[Au] Autor:Hancock DJ; Coutinho P; Côté J; Mesquita I
[Ad] Endereço:a Division of Allied Health Sciences , Indiana University Kokomo , Kokomo , IN , USA.
[Ti] Título:Influences of population size and density on birthplace effects.
[So] Source:J Sports Sci;36(1):33-38, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1466-447X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Contextual influences on talent development (e.g., birthplace effects) have become a topic of interest for sport scientists. Birthplace effects occur when being born in a certain city size leads to participation or performance advantages, typically for those born in smaller or mid-sized cities. The purpose of this study was to investigate birthplace effects in Portuguese volleyball players by analysing city size, as well as population density - an important but infrequently used variable. Participants included 4062 volleyball players (M = 33), 53.2% of whom were men. Using Portuguese national census data from 1981, we compared participants (within each sex) across five population categories. In addition, we used ANOVAs to study expertise and population density. Results indicated that men and women athletes born in districts of 200,000-399,999 were 2.4 times more likely to attain elite volleyball status, while all other districts decreased the odds of expert development. For men, being born in high-density areas resulted in less chance of achieving expertise, whereas there were no differences for women. The results suggest that athletes' infrastructure and social structure play an important role in talent development, and that these structures are influenced by total population and population density, respectively.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aptidão
Densidade Demográfica
Distribuição Espacial da População
Voleibol
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Desempenho Atlético
Cidades
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Portugal
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/02640414.2016.1276614


  9 / 10133 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27771134
[Au] Autor:Magalhães AP; Pina MF; Ramos ED
[Ad] Endereço:Departamento de Epidemiologia Clínica, Medicina Preditiva e Saúde Pública, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal; I3S-Instituto de Investigação e Inovação em Saúde, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal; INEB-Instituto de Engenharia Biomédica, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal; ISPUP, Instituto de Saúde Pública da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.
[Ti] Título:The Role of Urban Environment, Social and Health Determinants in the Tracking of Leisure-Time Physical Activity Throughout Adolescence.
[So] Source:J Adolesc Health;60(1):100-106, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1972
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: Adolescence may be a period particularly relevant for acquisition of lifelong habits of physical activity (PA). We investigated the tracking of leisure-time PA from 13 to 17 years old and the influence of urban environment and other determinants. METHODS: As part of the EPITeen cohort (Portugal), we evaluated 969 adolescents living in the city of Porto. Participants were assembled in public and private schools at 13 years and reevaluated at 17 years. Leisure-time PA was evaluated by self-reported questionnaires. The shortest routes from residence to urban green spaces and open sports spaces were calculated using the street network within a Geographical Information System. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals were calculated by multinomial logistic regression. RESULTS: Among sedentary girls at 13 years, 33.1% were still sedentary at 17 years, 39.8% changed to low, 22.3% to moderate, and only 4.6% changed to vigorous PA. In boys, the respective values were 32.3%, 17.3%, 36.2%, and 14.2%. High PA levels were maintained by 19.5% of the girls and by 41.1% of the boys. After adjustment for parental education and body image at 13 years, practice of sports at 13 years was strongly associated with stable high PA at 17 years: in girls OR = 3.96 (2.21, 7.12); in boys OR = 6.81 (3.30, 14.07). Distance to urban green spaces or to open sports spaces was not associated to changes in leisure-time PA. CONCLUSION: Practice of sports in early adolescence may be important to promote maintenance of high PA. Urban environment in the vicinity of residence did not affect changes in the practice of leisure-time PA.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia
Exercício/psicologia
Nível de Saúde
Atividades de Lazer/psicologia
Comportamento Social
População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Estudos de Coortes
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Portugal
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 10133 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29245020
[Au] Autor:Reis AM; Quintal C; Lourenço Ó
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra, Portuguese Health Regulation Authority, Av. Dias da Silva, 165 3004-512, Coimbra, Portugal. Electronic address: anamariacpr@hotmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Killing two birds with one stone? Association between tobacco and alcohol consumption.
[So] Source:Public Health;154:136-143, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1476-5616
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption are addictive behaviours, listed among the 10 leading risk factors that cause death and disability in the world, and health consequences are greater if their consumption is combined. There is sparse empirical evidence on the variables that influence the simultaneous consumption of tobacco and alcohol. This study aims to identify the variables that influence the joint decision to consume alcohol and tobacco, and that encourage drinkers to smoke. STUDY DESIGN: The sample includes Portuguese adults, mainly aged 50 years and over, extracted from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, covering the year 2011. METHODS: We propose a bivariate probit model, which allows us to model simultaneously the two goods, accounting for potential correlation between smoking and drinking decisions. RESULTS: We identified the variables that influence joint consumption, and tobacco consumption among drinkers, which could be used as policy instruments to develop concerted policies. Prevention policies should focus on males, younger and more educated individuals, as well as on individuals with unhealthy eating habits, because these variables were statistically significant and increased joint consumption. In addition, these characteristics also should be regarded if we want to control tobacco consumption among alcohol consumers. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis of the interdependence between alcohol and tobacco use presented in this article may allow reducing their consumption with a common intervention, enabling policymakers to 'kill two birds with one stone' and to achieve extended health and economic gains.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia
Fumar/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia
Comportamento Aditivo
Feminino
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Portugal/epidemiologia
Fumar/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171216
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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