Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : Z01.542.816.186 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 30909 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 3091 ir para página                         

  1 / 30909 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29258497
[Au] Autor:Granroth-Wilding H; Primmer C; Lindqvist M; Poutanen J; Thalmann O; Aspi J; Harmoinen J; Kojola I; Laaksonen T
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland. hanna@granroth-wilding.co.uk.
[Ti] Título:Non-invasive genetic monitoring involving citizen science enables reconstruction of current pack dynamics in a re-establishing wolf population.
[So] Source:BMC Ecol;17(1):44, 2017 Dec 19.
[Is] ISSN:1472-6785
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Carnivores are re-establishing in many human-populated areas, where their presence is often contentious. Reaching consensus on management decisions is often hampered by a dispute over the size of the local carnivore population. Understanding the reproductive dynamics and individual movements of the carnivores can provide support for management decisions, but individual-level information can be difficult to obtain from elusive, wide-ranging species. Non-invasive genetic sampling can yield such information, but makes subsequent reconstruction of population history challenging due to incomplete population coverage and error-prone data. Here, we combine a collaborative, volunteer-based sampling scheme with Bayesian pedigree reconstruction to describe the pack dynamics of an establishing grey wolf (Canis lupus) population in south-west Finland, where wolf breeding was recorded in 2006 for the first time in over a century. RESULTS: Using DNA extracted mainly from faeces collected since 2008, we identified 81 individual wolves and assigned credible full parentages to 70 of these and partial parentages to a further 9, revealing 7 breeding pairs. Individuals used a range of strategies to obtain breeding opportunities, including dispersal to established or new packs, long-distance migration and inheriting breeding roles. Gene flow occurred between all packs but inbreeding events were rare. CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate that characterizing ongoing pack dynamics can provide detailed, locally-relevant insight into the ecology of contentious species such as the wolf. Involving various stakeholders in data collection makes these results more likely to be accepted as unbiased and hence reliable grounds for management decisions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Fluxo Gênico
Lobos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Teorema de Bayes
Coleta de Dados
Feminino
Finlândia
Masculino
Linhagem
Dinâmica Populacional
Lobos/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171221
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12898-017-0154-8


  2 / 30909 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28453918
[Au] Autor:Vannas MJ; Boyd S; Färkkilä MA; Arola J; Isoniemi H
[Ad] Endereço:Transplantation and Liver Surgery Clinic, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.
[Ti] Título:Value of brush cytology for optimal timing of liver transplantation in primary sclerosing cholangitis.
[So] Source:Liver Int;37(5):735-742, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1478-3231
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Primary sclerosing cholangitis is associated with a high risk of cholangiocarcinoma. Here, we investigated the value of surveillance for dysplasia using brush cytology, to determine the optimal timing of liver transplantation in primary sclerosing cholangitis. We compared our preoperative findings, with the final explanted liver histopathology. METHODS: 126 consecutive patients were transplanted for primary sclerosing cholangitis from 1984 to 2012. Patients were divided into two groups: symptomatic (n=91), and asymptomatic (n=35). RESULTS: Brush cytology was available for 101 patients; 66 symptomatic and 35 asymptomatic. Suspicious cytological findings were found in nine patients (14%) in the symptomatic group and 17 (49%) in the asymptomatic group. DNA flow cytometry was available for 49 patients (25 symptomatic, 24 asymptomatic), with aneuploidy detected in six patients (24%) in the symptomatic group and 15 (63%) in the asymptomatic group. Explanted liver histology showed biliary dysplasia or cholangiocarcinoma in 11 symptomatic patients (12%) and 15 asymptomatic patients (43%). A combination of cytological and DNA flow cytometry findings resulted in a test sensitivity of 68%, with a specificity of 86%. Ten-year survival in the asymptomatic group was 91%. CONCLUSIONS: Dysplasia surveillance using brush specimens may help to select those patients likely to benefit from early liver transplantation. It remains unclear as to whether surveillance with brush cytology improves long-term survival, but there is presently no better method with which to predict transplantation timing.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sistema Biliar/patologia
Colangite Esclerosante/patologia
Colangite Esclerosante/cirurgia
Citodiagnóstico/métodos
Células Epiteliais/patologia
Transplante de Fígado
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia
Colangiocarcinoma/patologia
Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica
Diagnóstico Diferencial
Feminino
Finlândia
Seres Humanos
Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier
Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Sistema de Registros
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/liv.13276


  3 / 30909 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28453853
[Au] Autor:Seppälä H; Virtanen E; Saarela M; Laine P; Paulín L; Mannonen L; Auvinen P; Auvinen E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Virology, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.
[Ti] Título:Single-Molecule Sequencing Revealing the Presence of Distinct JC Polyomavirus Populations in Patients With Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy.
[So] Source:J Infect Dis;215(6):889-895, 2017 03 15.
[Is] ISSN:1537-6613
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a fatal disease caused by reactivation of JC polyomavirus (JCPyV) in immunosuppressed individuals and lytic infection by neurotropic JCPyV in glial cells. The exact content of neurotropic mutations within individual JCPyV strains has not been studied to our knowledge. Methods: We exploited the capacity of single-molecule real-time sequencing technology to determine the sequence of complete JCPyV genomes in single reads. The method was used to precisely characterize individual neurotropic JCPyV strains of 3 patients with PML without the bias caused by assembly of short sequence reads. Results: In the cerebrospinal fluid sample of a 73-year-old woman with rapid PML onset, 3 distinct JCPyV populations could be identified. All viral populations were characterized by rearrangements within the noncoding regulatory region (NCCR) and 1 point mutation, S267L in the VP1 gene, suggestive of neurotropic strains. One patient with PML had a single neurotropic strain with rearranged NCCR, and 1 patient had a single strain with small NCCR alterations. Conclusions: We report here, for the first time, full characterization of individual neurotropic JCPyV strains in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with PML. It remains to be established whether PML pathogenesis is driven by one or several neurotropic strains in an individual.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Proteínas do Capsídeo/genética
Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/virologia
Vírus JC/isolamento & purificação
Leucoencefalopatia Multifocal Progressiva/virologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Feminino
Finlândia
Genoma
Seres Humanos
Vírus JC/genética
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Mutação
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Análise de Sequência de DNA
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Capsid Proteins); 0 (VP1 protein, polyomavirus)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/infdis/jiw399


  4 / 30909 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28468927
[Au] Autor:Björkman J; Frösen J; Tähtinen O; Backes D; Huttunen T; Harju J; Huttunen J; Kurki MI; von Und Zu Fraunberg M; Koivisto T; Manninen H; Jääskeläinen JE; Lindgren AE
[Ad] Endereço:From the Department of Neurosurgery, NeuroCenter (J.B., J.F., T.H., J.H., M.I.K., M.v.u.z.F., T.K., J.E.J., A.E.L.), Department of Clinical Radiology (O.T., J.H., H.M.), and Hemorrhagic Brain Pathology Research Group, NeuroCenter (J.F., A.E.L.), Kuopio University Hospital, Finland; Department of Neu
[Ti] Título:Irregular Shape Identifies Ruptured Intracranial Aneurysm in Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Patients With Multiple Aneurysms.
[So] Source:Stroke;48(7):1986-1989, 2017 07.
[Is] ISSN:1524-4628
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We investigated which aneurysm-related risk factors for rupture best discriminate ruptured versus unruptured saccular intracranial aneurysms (sIAs) in subarachnoid hemorrhage patients with multiple sIAs. METHODS: We included 264 subarachnoid hemorrhage patients with a ruptured sIA and at least one additional unruptured sIA, from the Kuopio Intracranial Aneurysm database from 2003 to 2015. These patients had 268 ruptured and 445 unruptured sIAs. Angiograms of the 713 sIAs were reevaluated for multiple variables describing aneurysm shape. Multivariate generalized linear mixed models were used to calculate odds ratios with corresponding 95% confidence intervals for the independent risk factors for aneurysm rupture. RESULTS: In the multivariate analysis, only sIA size ( <0.004) and irregular shape ( <0.000) independently associated with sIA rupture. As an independent risk factor, irregular shape showed the strongest association with rupture (odds ratio 90.3; 95% confidence interval, 47.0-173.5). The sIA location, flow angles, bottleneck factor, or aspect ratio were not significantly associated with rupture. CONCLUSIONS: Irregular shape may identify the ruptured sIA better than size in patients presenting with aSAH and multiple sIAs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aneurisma Roto/diagnóstico por imagem
Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem
Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/diagnóstico por imagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aneurisma Roto/complicações
Aneurisma Roto/epidemiologia
Finlândia/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Aneurisma Intracraniano/complicações
Aneurisma Intracraniano/epidemiologia
Fatores de Risco
Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/epidemiologia
Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/etiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.017147


  5 / 30909 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29471761
[Au] Autor:Ilmakunnas P; Ilmakunnas S
[Ad] Endereço:1 Aalto University School of Business, Helsinki, Finland.
[Ti] Título:Health and retirement age: Comparison of expectations and actual retirement.
[So] Source:Scand J Public Health;46(19_suppl):18-31, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1651-1905
[Cp] País de publicação:Sweden
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIM: We examine the relationship between the subjective assessment of health status and retirement by using information on expected and actual retirement ages. METHODS: Subjective data from cross-sectional surveys, conducted in Finland in 2003 and 2008, are linked to information on actual retirement age from register data from 2003 to 2013. Regression models are estimated for actual and expected retirement ages. RESULTS: While the health status is positively correlated with both actual and anticipated full-time retirement age, the actual age of retirement is less sensitive to health. On average, individuals tend to retire later than they had anticipated. We examine potential biases in the health-retirement relationship. Measurement error in regard to health status biases the results downwards. Using data on observed retirement ages, omitting those who do not retire during the data period, leads to a selection problem. Ignoring the selection also leads to a downwards bias in the health-retirement age connection. As a more exogenous health variable we use health shocks, which are measured by average annual days of absence due to sickness in the follow-up period. These shocks are negatively related to retirement age in a subsample of initially healthy individuals. CONCLUSIONS: When subjective assessment of health is used for explaining retirement behavior, the effects of health can often be underestimated rather than overestimated. To lengthen working careers, attention should be given to both the ability (health) and willingness (perceptions of proper retirement age) of people to continue longer at work.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Nível de Saúde
Aposentadoria/psicologia
Aposentadoria/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Finlândia
Seres Humanos
Intenção
Masculino
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180224
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1403494817748295


  6 / 30909 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29471760
[Au] Autor:Polvinen A; Laaksonen M; Rantala J; Hietaniemi M; Kannisto J; Kuivalainen S
[Ad] Endereço:Finnish Centre for Pensions, Helsinki, Finland.
[Ti] Título:Working while on a disability pension in Finland: Association of diagnosis and financial factors to employment.
[So] Source:Scand J Public Health;46(19_suppl):74-81, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1651-1905
[Cp] País de publicação:Sweden
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIMS: The aim of this study was to find out whether health and financial factors are associated with engagement in paid work during a disability pension. METHODS: The data included a 10 per cent sample of Finns aged 20-62 years who were drawing earnings-related full or partial disability pension in 2012 ( n = 14,418). Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate odds ratios for working while on a full or partial disability pension. RESULTS: Fourteen per cent of full disability pensioners and 76 per cent of partial disability pensioners were engaged in paid work. Full disability pensioners due to mental disorders were working less often than full disability pensioners due to other diseases. Partial disability pensioners due to cardiovascular diseases were working more than partial disability pensioners due to other diseases. More recent timing of disability pension was associated with working for both partial and full disability pensioners. Working while on disability pension was more common among those with higher education. Partial disability pensioners with average pension worked more often than those with high pension. CONCLUSIONS: By knowing the factors associated with working while on a disability pension, policies could be more efficiently allocated to encourage disability pensioners to take up work. One way would be to support disability pensioners with low education to work more. Another way to increase work among disability pensioners is to support the recently retired in working longer.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos
Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos
Pensões/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Diagnóstico
Feminino
Finlândia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180224
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1403494817738460


  7 / 30909 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29471757
[Au] Autor:Böckerman P; Maczulskij T
[Ad] Endereço:1 Turku School of Economics, Labour Institute for Economic Research and IZA, Finland.
[Ti] Título:Unfit for work: Health and labour-market prospects.
[So] Source:Scand J Public Health;46(19_suppl):7-17, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1651-1905
[Cp] País de publicação:Sweden
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIM: The aim of this study was to examine whether health status (number of chronic diseases, health shock and use of tranquilizers/sleeping pills) is related to labour-market outcomes later in life. METHODS: Twin data for Finnish men and women who were at least 33 years old in 1990 were linked to comprehensive register-based information on unemployment and the incidence of disability pension. We used the within-twin dimension of the data to account for shared family and genetic factors. Self-reported information on the number of diagnosed chronic diseases, health shock and drug use were obtained from the 1975 and 1981 twin surveys, when the twins were at least 18 years old. Unemployment months and the incidence of disability pension were measured during prime working age over the 1990-2004/2009 period. RESULTS: Poor health status is significantly positively related to unemployment and the incidence of disability pension. The results are robust to controlling for shared family and genetic factors and the key measures of risky health behaviours (alcohol use, lifetime smoking and body mass index). CONCLUSIONS: Health status is a fundamental determinant of long-term labour-market outcomes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos
Nível de Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Finlândia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Pensões/estatística & dados numéricos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Gêmeos/estatística & dados numéricos
Desemprego/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180224
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1403494817720871


  8 / 30909 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29471755
[Au] Autor:Halonen JI; Solovieva S; Virta LJ; Laaksonen M; Martimo KP; Hiljanen I; Lallukka T; Autti-Rämö I; Viikari-Juntura E
[Ad] Endereço:1 Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Finland.
[Ti] Título:Sustained return to work and work participation after a new legislation obligating employers to notify prolonged sickness absence.
[So] Source:Scand J Public Health;46(19_suppl):65-73, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1651-1905
[Cp] País de publicação:Sweden
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIMS: Return to work (RTW) after prolonged sickness absence benefits both the individual and society. However, the effectiveness of legislation aiming to improve RTW remains uncertain. We examined whether sustained RTW and work participation were different before and after a legislative change enacted in 2012 (i.e. an intervention) that obligated employers to give notice of prolonged sickness absence to occupational health services. METHODS: Two random samples (2010 and 2013) of the Finnish working aged population (70%, ~2.6 million each) were drawn. Using survival analysis, we assessed sustained RTW (≥28 consecutive working days) during a two-month follow-up after a sickness absence minimum of 30 calendar days in the pre- and post-intervention period. We also identified pathways for RTW with cluster analysis and calculated relative gain in work participation in the total sample and by several population subgroups. RESULTS: In the total sample, sustained RTW was 4% higher and the mean time to sustained RTW was 0.42 days shorter in the post- than in the pre-intervention period. The estimates were larger among women than men and among those with mental disorders compared with other diagnoses. Changes in the pathways for sustained RTW indicated a 4.9% relative gain in work participation in the total sample. The gain was larger among those who lived in areas of low unemployment rate (20.6%) or worked in the public sector (11.9%). CONCLUSIONS: From 2010 to 2013, RTW and work participation increased among the employees with prolonged sickness absence, suggesting that the legislative change enhanced RTW. The change in work participation varied by population subgroup.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emprego/legislação & jurisprudência
Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos
Retorno ao Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
Licença Médica/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Finlândia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Serviços de Saúde do Trabalhador
Licença Médica/estatística & dados numéricos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180224
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1403494817732445


  9 / 30909 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28457982
[Au] Autor:Joki A; Mäkelä J; Fogelholm M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Food and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 66, Building: 2029, Helsingin Yliopisto, Finland. Electronic address: anu.joki@helsinki.fi.
[Ti] Título:Permissive flexibility in successful lifelong weight management: A qualitative study among Finnish men and women.
[So] Source:Appetite;116:157-163, 2017 09 01.
[Is] ISSN:1095-8304
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Maintaining normal weight in the current obesogenic environment is a challenge. However, some people can do it. More insight is needed to understand how and why some people succeed in long-term weight maintenance. This study uses a rare, qualitative approach by describing the thoughts of successful weight management and self-perceived requirements for success in weight maintenance. We interviewed 39 individuals who have maintained normal weight for their entire lives (men and women). The content analysis revealed a main theme: flexible, permissive and conscious self-regulation, which was divided into two subthemes (eating-related behavior and weight-related behavior). The informants reported certain routines that supported their weight management: regular eating, sufficient meal sizes, eating in response to hunger, healthy and vegetable-rich diet along with moderate feasting and flexible eating restriction. Flexibility in routines allowed freedom in their eating behavior. In addition, informants regarded themselves as physically active, and they enjoyed regular exercise. Regular weighing was generally considered unnecessary. Normal weight was regarded as a valuable and worthwhile issue, and most of the informants worked to keep their weight stable. Although the perceived workload varied among informants, the weight management strategies were similar. It was crucial to be conscious of the balance between eating and energy consumption. Further, flexibility characterized their behavior and was the basis of successful weight management. Women were more aware of weight control practices and knowledge than men, but otherwise, women and men reported similar weight management methods and attitudes. In conclusion, the interviewees who have maintained the normal weight had created a personal weight-management support environment where weight management was a lifestyle.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Psicológica
Manutenção do Peso Corporal
Exercício
Estilo de Vida Saudável
Modelos Psicológicos
Cooperação do Paciente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Regulação do Apetite
Índice de Massa Corporal
Exercício/psicologia
Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia
Feminino
Finlândia
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Refeições
Meia-Idade
Cooperação do Paciente/psicologia
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Autorrelato
Autocontrole/psicologia
Fatores Sexuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 30909 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29468953
[Au] Autor:Liu Y; Lintonen T; Tynjälä J; Villberg J; Välimaa R; Ojala K; Kannas L
[Ad] Endereço:1 School of Physical Education and Sport Training, Shanghai University of Sport, China.
[Ti] Título:Socioeconomic differences in the use of alcohol and drunkenness in adolescents: Trends in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study in Finland 1990-2014.
[So] Source:Scand J Public Health;46(1):102-111, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1651-1905
[Cp] País de publicação:Sweden
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIMS: The aims of this study were to explore time-based trends of socioeconomic differences in alcohol use and drunkenness in Finnish adolescents from 1990 to 2014 and to investigate the significance of two indicators in detecting socioeconomic differences in alcohol use and drunkenness. METHODS: Data were retrieved from seven surveys conducted as part of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Finland from 1990 to 2014. The alcohol use and drunkenness of 15-year-old students, as well as socioeconomic status, including educational aspiration and perceived family wealth, were assessed via a self-report questionnaire. Logistic regression models were used to investigate the relationships between alcohol use, drunkenness and indicators of socioeconomic status. RESULTS: The study showed that the alcohol use and drunkenness of Finnish 15-year-old adolescents have decreased since the late 1990s. However, the level of decrease is not consistent among different socioeconomic groups and socioeconomic differences in drinking behaviour between two educational aspiration groups have persisted over two decades. Girls from the groups with low perceived family wealth were more likely to be frequently drunk in the time period 2006-2014. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that students with low educational aspiration should be the target population for interventions aiming at reducing the alcohol use and drunkenness of Finnish adolescents. In future interventions aimed at reducing heavier drinking, adolescents (especially girls) from less wealthy families should be the first priority. Further studies on trends in socioeconomic differences in alcohol use and drunkenness in adolescence should be conducted using different indicators of socioeconomic status and other social context factors should also be taken into account.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento do Adolescente
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia
Intoxicação Alcoólica/epidemiologia
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Feminino
Finlândia/epidemiologia
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180223
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1403494816684118



página 1 de 3091 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde