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[PMID]:29411023
[Ti] Título:Current Comment.
[So] Source:JAMA;319(5):508, 2018 02 06.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Serviços de Saúde Rural/história
Medicina Estatal/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Canadá
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Literatura Moderna/história
Medicina Militar/história
Poesia como Assunto/história
Rússia (pré-1917)
U.R.S.S.
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; CLASSICAL ARTICLE; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:McCrae J
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.12226


  2 / 38275 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29297217
[Au] Autor:Musajo-Somma L; Musajo-Somma A
[Ti] Título:Medical Rejuvenation in Georgia in the past: the Sukhumi Station.
[So] Source:Vesalius;22(2 Suppl):59-66, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1373-4857
[Cp] País de publicação:Belgium
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:If youth and body appearance enhancement is as old as Homo Sapiens, reliable medical technology for such activities is only about 100 years old. At the dawn of the 20th century, surgical operations performed under the Voronoff's treatment plan (monkey gonads' tissue grafting into humans) or the Steinach's technique (vasoligation) offered a promise of longevity, beauty and therefore youth restoration. The many links with a newly recognized discipline, endocrinology, offer a critical insight on the strong interactions between medicine and surgery in the promise of successful antiaging. On the front-line of scientific research, the Institute of Experimental Endocrinology's primate station in Sukhumi (West Georgia, now Abkhazia, on the Black Sea coast) developed a leadership role in the medical research, including rejuvenation with testis' tissues. Authors focus their attention to the everlasting commitment to experimental and clinical research as developed by Sukhumi scholars and the related moral, practical and ideological implications.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fisiologia/história
Rejuvenescimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Endocrinologia/história
República da Geórgia
Gônadas/cirurgia
Gônadas/transplante
Haplorrinos/cirurgia
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Primatas/fisiologia
Primatas/cirurgia
Testículo/fisiologia
Testículo/cirurgia
U.R.S.S.
Vasectomia/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Ivanov I; Koltsov NK
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180104
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28952684
[Ti] Título:[The R.M. Fronshteyn Urology Clinic 150th Anniversary].
[So] Source:Urologiia;(4):5-11, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1728-2985
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:In 2017, the Urology Clinic of the Sechenov University celebrates the 150th anniversary. Since its foundation in 1866, it has been led by outstanding Russian medical experts. Today, the clinic features a highly specialized team of leading medical professionals that honors the traditions of the school that has been formed here for many years.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hospitais Urbanos/história
Urologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aniversários e Eventos Especiais
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Federação Russa
Rússia (pré-1917)
U.R.S.S.
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170928
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28933928
[Au] Autor:Grant S
[Ad] Endereço:Susan Grant is with the School of Humanities and Social Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK.
[Ti] Título:Nursing and the Public Health Legacies of the Russian Revolution.
[So] Source:Am J Public Health;107(11):1725-1730, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1541-0048
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The centenary of the October Revolution in 1917 provides a timely opportunity to assess the legacies of that event. I examine the role of the revolution in public health with a focus on nursing, assessing the Imperial Russian health care system, the development of Soviet nursing, and current plans for nursing and public health care in Putin's Russia. Analyzing nursing shows that there was a great deal of continuity in terms of medical personnel and ideas on how public health care service in Russia should operate. Nursing illuminates some of the complexities of Soviet health care and ideology, particularly the state's desire to create a socialist form of nursing in theory, despite the strong links with the prerevolutionary past in the form of personnel. This situation changed after the collapse of the Soviet Union, when the new Russian state attempted to sever connections with the past, this time with the Soviet past. But as I show, making a clean break with the past is a difficult and often fraught process.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: História da Enfermagem
Saúde Pública/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Enfermagem em Saúde Pública/história
U.R.S.S.
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171025
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171025
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170922
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2017.304078


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[PMID]:28933923
[Au] Autor:Starks TA
[Ad] Endereço:Tricia Starks is with the Department of History, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville.
[Ti] Título:Propagandizing the Healthy, Bolshevik Life in the Early USSR.
[So] Source:Am J Public Health;107(11):1718-1724, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1541-0048
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This essay outlines the problems facing Soviet health authorities at the inception of the People's Commissariat of Public Health in 1918 and the innovative methods employed in sanitary enlightenment propaganda in Russia throughout the 1920s. Beset by funding issues and supply problems, the emissaries of health chose the cheapest means of health improvement (propaganda) with the most cost-effective method (prevention), and crowed of great successes even as large portions of the nation still suffered from lack of contact with sanitary authorities. Targeting Soviet citizens at every stage and space of life, the envoys of public health spread the message of prophylaxis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Propaganda
Saúde Pública/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Assistência à Saúde/história
Política de Saúde/história
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Higiene/história
Política
U.R.S.S.
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171101
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171101
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170922
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2017.304049


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[PMID]:28366896
[Au] Autor:Zajicek B
[Ti] Título:Banning the Soviet Lobotomy: Psychiatry, Ethics, and Professional Politics during Late Stalinism.
[So] Source:Bull Hist Med;91(1):33-61, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1086-3176
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article examines how lobotomy came to be banned in the Soviet Union in 1950. The author finds that Soviet psychiatrists viewed lobotomy as a treatment of "last resort," and justified its use on the grounds that it helped make patients more manageable in hospitals and allowed some to return to work. Lobotomy was challenged by psychiatrists who saw mental illness as a "whole body" process and believed that injuries caused by lobotomy were therefore more significant than changes to behavior. Between 1947 and 1949, these theoretical and ethical debates within Soviet psychiatry became politicized. Psychiatrists competing for institutional control attacked their rivals' ideas using slogans drawn from Communist Party ideological campaigns. Party authorities intervened in psychiatry in 1949 and 1950, persecuting Jewish psychiatrists and demanding adherence to Ivan Pavlov's theories. Psychiatrists' existing conflict over lobotomy was adopted as part of the party's own campaign against harmful Western influence in Soviet society.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ética Médica/história
Política
Psiquiatria/história
Psicocirurgia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
Psiquiatria/ética
Psicocirurgia/ética
U.R.S.S.
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170518
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170518
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170404
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1353/bhm.2017.0002


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[PMID]:28159729
[Au] Autor:Gesser-Edelsburg A; Shalayeva S
[Ad] Endereço:University of Haifa Health and Risk Communication Research Center, School of Public Health, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.
[Ti] Título:Internet as a Source of Long-Term and Real-Time Professional, Psychological, and Nutritional Treatment: A Qualitative Case Study Among Former Israeli Soviet Union Immigrants.
[So] Source:J Med Internet Res;19(2):e33, 2017 Feb 03.
[Is] ISSN:1438-8871
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The Internet is considered to be an effective source of health information and consultation for immigrants. Nutritional interventions for immigrants have become increasingly common over the past few decades. However, each population of immigrants has specific needs. Understanding the factors influencing the success of nutrition programs among immigrants requires an examination of their attitudes and perceptions, as well as their cultural values. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine perceptions of the Internet as a tool for long-term and "real-time" professional, psychological, and nutritional treatment for immigrants from the former Soviet Union who immigrated to Israel (IIFSU) from 1990 to 2012. METHODS: A sample of nutrition forum users (n=18) was interviewed and comments of 80 users were analyzed qualitatively in accordance with the grounded theory principles. RESULTS: The results show that IIFSU perceive the Internet as a platform for long-term and "real-time" dietary treatment and not just as an informative tool. IIFSU report benefits of online psychological support with professional dietary treatment. They attribute importance to cultural customization, which helps reduce barriers to intervention. CONCLUSIONS: In light of the results, when formulating nutritional programs, it is essential to have a specific understanding of immigrants' cultural characteristics and their patterns of Internet use concerning dietary care.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aculturação
Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia
Internet
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Comportamento de Busca de Informação
Israel
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Pesquisa Qualitativa
U.R.S.S./etnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170810
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170810
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170205
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2196/jmir.7130


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[PMID]:28095962
[Au] Autor:Doarn CR
[Ti] Título:Interview with Dr. Arnold S. Barer, a Soviet Space Medicine Pioneer.
[So] Source:Aerosp Med Hum Perform;88(2):154-155, 2017 Feb 01.
[Is] ISSN:2375-6314
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Medicina Aeroespacial/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Federação Russa
U.R.S.S.
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; INTERVIEW
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Barer AS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; S
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170119
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3357/AMHP.4764.2017


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[PMID]:28095136
[Au] Autor:Serykh D
[Ad] Endereço:a Graduate Program in Social and Political Thought, Department of Social Science , York University , Toronto , Canada.
[Ti] Título:Homonationalism Before Homonationalism: Representations of Russia, Eastern Europe, and the Soviet Union in the U.S. Homophile Press, 1953-1964.
[So] Source:J Homosex;64(7):908-927, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1540-3602
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This essay focuses on representations of Russia, the Soviet Union, and Eastern Europe in U.S. homophile periodicals from 1953 to 1964. Extending the application of Jasbir Puar's concept of homonationalism to the Cold War period, the essay examines 128 articles and other items that were published in ONE, Mattachine Review, and The Ladder and demonstrates that these periodicals often engaged in homonationalist discourses when constructing the Russian, Soviet, and Eastern European "other." Negative constructions of these regions were sometimes used to affirm the political alignment of the homophile authors with the American nation. At other times, negative constructions were used in comparative assessments that critiqued both the United States and the Soviet and Eastern European regions. In contrast, positive constructions of Russian, Soviet, and Eastern European peoples and cultures were used as evidence that non-heteronormative desires and bodies had legitimate places in many "primitive" cultures and existed across all nations and periods.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Homossexualidade/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Europa Oriental
Feminino
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/história
Federação Russa
U.R.S.S.
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170502
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170502
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170118
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00918369.2017.1280992


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[PMID]:27860488
[Au] Autor:Raikhel NV
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Plant Cell Biology, Institute for Integrative Genome Biology, and Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, California 92521; email: nraikhel@ucr.edu.
[Ti] Título:Firmly Planted, Always Moving.
[So] Source:Annu Rev Plant Biol;68:1-27, 2017 Apr 28.
[Is] ISSN:1545-2123
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:I was a budding pianist immersed in music in Leningrad, in the Soviet Union (now Saint Petersburg, Russia), when I started over, giving up sheet music for the study of ciliates. In a second starting-over story, I emigrated to the United States, where I switched to studying carbohydrate-binding plant lectin proteins, dissecting plant vesicular trafficking, and isolating novel glycosyltransferases responsible for making cell wall polysaccharides. I track my journey as a plant biologist from student to principal investigator to founding director of the Center for Plant Cell Biology and then director of the Institute for Integrative Genome Biology at the University of California, Riverside. I discuss implementing a new vision as the first and (so far) only female editor in chief of Plant Physiology, as well as how my laboratory helped develop chemical genomics tools to study the functions of essential plant proteins. Always wanting to give back what I received, I discuss my present efforts to develop female scientist leadership in Chinese universities and a constant theme throughout my life: a love of art and travel.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Botânica/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Genômica
História do Século XX
U.R.S.S.
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:AUTOBIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Raikhel N
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171017
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171017
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161119
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1146/annurev-arplant-042916-040829



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