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[PMID]:29341580
[Au] Autor:Suvajdzic L; Dendic A; Sakac V; Canak G; Dankuc D
[Ti] Título:Hippocrates-The father of modern medicine.
[So] Source:Vojnosanit Pregl;73(12):1181-6, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0042-8450
[Cp] País de publicação:Serbia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: História da Medicina
Filosofia Médica/história
Médicos/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grécia Antiga
Juramento Hipocrático
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Hippocrates
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180118
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2298/VSP150212131S


  2 / 1487 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28419880
[Au] Autor:Tsoucalas G; Kousoulis AA; Mariolis-Sapsakos T; Sgantzos M
[Ad] Endereço:History of Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece. Electronic address: gregorytsoucalas@yahoo.gr.
[Ti] Título:Trepanation Practices in Asclepieia: Systematizing a Neurosurgical Innovation.
[So] Source:World Neurosurg;103:501-503, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1878-8769
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: As ancient Greeks started looking for deities that could fulfill the pragmatic needs of common people, local heroes started being mythologized and worshipped through cults. METHODS: The most widespread such example was Asclepius, possibly a skilled war surgeon who followed military expeditions to Colchis and Troy. Our study investigates the possibility of the early neurosurgery to have been started inside Asclepieia by Asclepius and his followers. RESULTS: Asclepius was worshipped at religious temples called Asclepieia where certain specific medical and surgical techniques were followed. The most advanced technique was skull trepanation, which was most likely done as an acute operation to release intracranial pressure. The contemporary Hippocratic corpus provided extensive descriptions of the technique, and archaeologic evidence has shown that many patients survived the operation. CONCLUSIONS: Decompressive craniectomy techniques have been practiced for millennia but it is possible that they were first systematized as a neurosurgical innovation through the Ancient Greek religious cult followed in Asclepieia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Craniectomia Descompressiva/história
Medicina Militar/história
Neurocirurgia/história
Trepanação/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grécia Antiga
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170419
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 1487 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28257720
[Au] Autor:Stathopoulos P
[Ad] Endereço:Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Royal Derby Hospital, Derby, UK. Electronic address: pan_stath@yahoo.gr.
[Ti] Título:Galen's Contribution to Head and Neck Surgery.
[So] Source:J Oral Maxillofac Surg;75(6):1095-1096, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1531-5053
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The historical relevance of Galen has always been very high and his works have exerted a profound influence on medical thought for more than 1,300 years. This could be the main reason why his surgical expertise is often neglected. This brief study focuses on the contribution of this distinguished physician to head and neck surgery and it shows that Galen's surgical experience is well documented in his work.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomia/história
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais/história
Fisiologia/história
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pessoas Famosas
Grécia Antiga
Mundo Grego
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170305
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 1487 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28222134
[Au] Autor:Argyriou AV; Teeuw RM; Sarris A
[Ad] Endereço:School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Centre for Applied Geosciences, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3QL, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:GIS-based landform classification of Bronze Age archaeological sites on Crete Island.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(2):e0170727, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Various physical attributes of the Earth's surface are factors that influence local topography and indirectly influence human behaviour in terms of habitation locations. The determination of geomorphological setting plays an important role in archaeological landscape research. Several landform types can be distinguished by characteristic geomorphic attributes that portray the landscape surrounding a settlement and influence its ability to sustain a population. Geomorphometric landform information, derived from digital elevation models (DEMs), such as the ASTER Global DEM, can provide useful insights into the processes shaping landscapes. This work examines the influence of landform classification on the settlement locations of Bronze Age (Minoan) Crete, focusing on the districts of Phaistos, Kavousi and Vrokastro. The landform classification was based on the topographic position index (TPI) and deviation from mean elevation (DEV) analysis to highlight slope steepness of various landform classes, characterizing the surrounding landscape environment of the settlements locations. The outcomes indicate no interrelationship between the settlement locations and topography during the Early Minoan period, but a significant interrelationship exists during the later Minoan periods with the presence of more organised societies. The landform classification can provide insights into factors favouring human habitation and can contribute to archaeological predictive modelling.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agricultura/história
Arqueologia
Demografia/história
Sistemas de Informação Geográfica
Geografia
Ilhas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Altitude
Grécia Antiga
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Distribuição Espacial da População
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0170727


  5 / 1487 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27753102
[Au] Autor:Dedo HH
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.
[Ti] Título:Observations on a set of Greco-Roman eye, ear, nose, and throat surgical instruments.
[So] Source:Laryngoscope;127(2):354-358, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1531-4995
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The tools described in this article are verified to be Greco-Roman medical and surgical instruments for the eye, ear, nose, and throat. They include three myrtle leaf-shaped scalpels, three ear spoons, a "Q-tip," a forceps, a needle, and two arrow-pointed scalpels. One of the arrow-pointed scalpels is nearly identical to a Juerger keratome, suggesting that in Roman times, cataracts were extracted, not just "couched" into the posterior chamber. The description presented here goes beyond traditional archeological claims, because as a head and neck surgeon, I evaluated these instruments from a surgeon's point of view. For example, nonsurgeon medical historians have claimed the myrtle leaf-shaped items were used as handles or for blunt dissection, which I feel is mistaken. Review of the literature reveals the Greco-Roman surgeons were doing tonsillectomies, tracheotomies, and cataract extractions, and recognized that swimming in dirty water could cause ear infection. However, it is clear that with poor or no anesthesia, the pain from blunt dissection would have been intolerable, and unnecessary tissue planes would have been opened increasing wound infection risks. Therefore, there would have been no need for the myrtle leaf-shaped blade if it were just a handle. Laryngoscope, 2016 127:354-358, 2017.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos/história
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos/instrumentação
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otorrinolaringológicos/história
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otorrinolaringológicos/instrumentação
Instrumentos Cirúrgicos/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grécia Antiga
História Antiga
Cidade de Roma
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161019
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/lary.26247


  6 / 1487 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27625080
[Au] Autor:Olivieri MF; Marzari F; Kesel AJ; Bonalume L; Saettini F
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Historical Studies , University of Milan , Milan , Italy.
[Ti] Título:Pharmacology and psychiatry at the origins of Greek medicine: The myth of Melampus and the madness of the Proetides.
[So] Source:J Hist Neurosci;26(2):193-215, 2017 Apr-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1744-5213
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Melampus is a seer-healer of Greek myth attributed with having healed the young princesses of Argos of madness. Analysis of this legend and its sources sheds light on the early stages of the "medicalizing" shift in the history of ancient Greek medicine. Retrospective psychological diagnosis suggests that the descriptions of the youths' madness rose from actual observation of behavioral and mental disorders. Melampus is credited with having healed them by administering hellebore. Pharmacological analysis of botanical specimens proves that Helleborus niger features actual neurological properties effective in the treatment of mental disorders. The discussion aims at examining the rational aspects of the treatment of mental conditions in Greco-Roman antiquity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Medicina Herbária/história
Transtornos Mentais/história
Mitologia
Farmacologia/história
Psiquiatria/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grécia Antiga
Mundo Grego/história
Helleborus/fisiologia
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Mundo Romano/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160915
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/0964704X.2016.1211901


  7 / 1487 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27129480
[Au] Autor:Huppert D; Brandt T
[Ad] Endereço:Institute for Clinical Neurosciences and German Center for Vertigo and Balance Disorders, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Descriptions of vestibular migraine and Menière's disease in Greek and Chinese antiquity.
[So] Source:Cephalalgia;37(4):385-390, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1468-2982
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background Vestibular migraine and Menière's disease are two types of episodic vertigo syndromes that were already observed in Greek and Chinese antiquity. Descriptions first appeared in the work of the classical Greek physician Aretaeus of Cappadocia, who lived in the 2nd century AD, and in Huangdi Neijing, a seminal medical source in the Chinese Medical Classics, written between the 2nd century BC and the 2nd century AD. Aim The aim of this paper is to search in Aretaeus' book De causis et signis acutorum et chronicorum morborum and in Huangdi Neijing for descriptions of vertigo co-occurring with headache or ear symptoms that resemble current classifications of vestibular migraine or Menière's disease. Results Aretaeus describes a syndrome combining headache, vertigo, visual disturbance, oculomotor phenomena, and nausea that resembles the symptoms of vestibular migraine. In the Chinese book Huangdi Neijing the Yellow Thearch mentions the co-occurrence of episodic dizziness and a ringing noise of the ears that recalls an attack of Menière's disease. Conclusions The descriptions of these two conditions in Greek and Chinese antiquity are similar to the vertigo syndromes currently classified as vestibular migraine and Menière's disease. In clinical practice it may be difficult to clearly differentiate between them, and they may also co-occur.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/história
Doença de Meniere/história
Transtornos de Enxaqueca/história
Doenças Vestibulares/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Livros Ilustrados/história
China
Grécia Antiga
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Ilustração Médica/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160501
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0333102416646755


  8 / 1487 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26977577
[Au] Autor:Malamitsi-Puchner A
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Neonatology , National and Kapodistrian University of Athens , Athens , Greece.
[Ti] Título:Preterm birth in ancient Greece: a synopsis.
[So] Source:J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med;30(2):141-143, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4954
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This report refers to preterm birth in Ancient Greece based on mythological, historical and archeological data. The two antique goddesses, patronesses of labor and birth, Artemis and Eileithyia, cared for full-term, as well as preterm infants, among them for the mythological preterms Dionysos and Eurystheus. The former was rapidly transported by Hermes and received special care by the nymphs Hyades in a mountain cave with "incubator" properties. Historical data are related to the nine months duration of a normal pregnancy, to the definition of "Elitomina" (preterms), the lower limit of viability, the causes for preterm birth, the existence of small for gestational age infants and relevant causes, the physical examination of neonates and postpartum care. Lastly, excavations in Athens and Astypalaia discovered burials - in wells or pots - of preterm infants with gestational age 24-37 weeks.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mitologia
Nascimento Prematuro/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arqueologia
Feminino
Idade Gestacional
Grécia Antiga
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Recém-Nascido Prematuro
Gravidez
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160316
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 1487 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27837575
[Au] Autor:Laios K; Moschos MM; Koukaki E; Vasilopoulos E; Karamanou M; Kontaxaki MI; Androutsos G
[Ad] Endereço:History of Medicine Department, Medical School, University of Athens.
[Ti] Título:Dreams in ancient Greek Medicine.
[So] Source:Psychiatriki;27(3):215-221, 2016 Jul-Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1105-2333
[Cp] País de publicação:Greece
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Dreams preoccupied the Greek and Roman world in antiquity, therefore they had a prominent role in social, philosophical, religious, historical and political life of those times. They were considered as omens and prophetic signs of future events in private and public life, and that was particularly accentuated when elements of actions which took place in the plot of dreams were associated directly or indirectly with real events. This is why it was important to use them in divination, and helped the growth of superstition and folklore believes. Medicine as a science and an anthropocentric art, could not ignore the importance of dreams, having in mind their popularity in antiquity. In ancient Greek medicine dreams can be divided into two basic categories. In the first one -which is related to religious medicine-dreams experienced by religionists are classified, when resorted to great religious sanctuaries such as those of Asclepius (Asclepieia) and Amphiaraos (Amfiaraeia). These dreams were the essential element for healing in this form of religious medicine, because after pilgrims underwent purifications they went to sleep in a special dwelling of the sanctuaries called "enkoimeterion" (Greek: the place to sleep) so that the healing god would come to their dreams either to cure them or to suggest treatment. In ancient Greek literature there are many reports of these experiences, but if there may be phenomena of self-suggestion, or they could be characterized as propaganda messages from the priesthood of each sanctuary for advertising purposes. The other category concerns the references about dreams found in ancient Greek medical literature, where one can find the attempts of ancient Greek physicians to interpret these dreams in a rational way as sings either of a corporal disease or of psychological distress. This second category will be the object of our study. Despite the different ways followed by each ancient Greek physician in order to explain dreams, their common intention was to give a rational answer for the creation and content of dreams setting aside any supernatural beliefs. In addition they tried to explain in a scientific way the correlation that could have emerged between the story that took place in dreams and the events that happened in everyday life. Nevertheless, ancient Greek physicians focused especially on nightmares, which were associated with physical problems. For those physicians these nightmares included information about the corporal disease of the patient, which had a reflection in the dream, and they could help them to diagnose the problem in order to restore balance of the body.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diagnóstico
Sonhos
Cura Mental/história
Parapsicologia/história
Religião e Medicina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grécia Antiga
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161113
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 1487 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27652545
[Au] Autor:Marchant J
[Ti] Título:Human skeleton found on famed Antikythera shipwreck.
[So] Source:Nature;537(7621):462-3, 2016 09 22.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Osso e Ossos/química
DNA/isolamento & purificação
Navios/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: DNA/análise
Fósseis
Grécia Antiga
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Ilhas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; NEWS
[Nm] Nome de substância:
9007-49-2 (DNA)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1611
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160923
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/537462a



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