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[PMID]:28390620
[Au] Autor:Jarollahi F; Mohamadi R; Modarresi Y; Agharasouli Z; Rahimzadeh S; Ahmadi T; Keyhani MR
[Ad] Endereço:School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS), Tehran, Iran.
[Ti] Título:Story retelling skills in Persian speaking hearing-impaired children.
[So] Source:Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol;96:84-88, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1872-8464
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Since the pragmatic skills of hearing-impaired Persian-speaking children have not yet been investigated particularly through story retelling, this study aimed to evaluate some pragmatic abilities of normal-hearing and hearing-impaired children using a story retelling test. METHODS: 15 normal-hearing and 15 profound hearing-impaired 7-year-old children were evaluated using the story retelling test with the content validity of 89%, construct validity of 85%, and reliability of 83%. Three macro structure criteria including topic maintenance, event sequencing, explicitness, and four macro structure criteria including referencing, conjunctive cohesion, syntax complexity, and utterance length were assessed. The test was performed with live voice in a quiet room where children were then asked to retell the story. The tasks of the children were recorded on a tape, transcribed, scored and analyzed. RESULTS: In the macro structure criteria, utterances of hearing-impaired students were less consistent, enough information was not given to listeners to have a full understanding of the subject, and the story events were less frequently expressed in a rational order than those of normal-hearing group (P < 0.0001). Regarding the macro structure criteria of the test, unlike the normal-hearing students who obtained high scores, hearing-impaired students failed to gain any scores on the items of this section. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that Hearing-impaired children were not able to use language as effectively as their hearing peers, and they utilized quite different pragmatic functions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/fisiopatologia
Desenvolvimento da Linguagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Comunicação
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Audição
Seres Humanos
Linguagem
Testes de Linguagem
Linguística/métodos
Masculino
Pérsia
Pessoas com Deficiência Auditiva
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170517
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170517
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170410
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 195 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26025845
[Au] Autor:Amadouny VM
[Ad] Endereço:Leamington Spa, UK.
[Ti] Título:Morris Young, pioneer physician.
[So] Source:J Med Biogr;25(1):27-34, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1758-1087
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This concise biography of Morris Young shows how he developed the medical services of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company in the first three decades of the twentieth century, and ended his career working with Sir Alexander Fleming at St Mary's Hospital in London. Young is an important figure in the history of medicine in Persia, and this biography introduces the achievements of this modest man who devoted his life to medicine.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Médicos/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
Irã (Geográfico)
Londres
Pérsia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Young M
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170503
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170503
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150531
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0967772015583445


  3 / 195 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28038489
[Au] Autor:Salehi A; Alembizar F; Hosseinkhani A
[Ti] Título:Anesthesia and pain management in traditional Iranian medicine.
[So] Source:Acta Med Hist Adriat;14(2):317-326, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1334-4366
[Cp] País de publicação:Croatia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Studying the history of science could help develop an understanding of the contributions made by ancient nations towards scientific advances. Although Iranians had an important impact on the improvement of science, the history of Iranian medicine seems not to have been given enough attention by historians. The present study focused on the history of anesthesia and pain management in Iranian medical history. In this regard, related books such as Avesta and Shahnameh were studied in order to obtain the history of anesthesiology in Iranian pre Islamic era. This subject was also studied in the famous books of Rhazes, Haly Abbas, Avicenna, Jorjani, MomenTunekaboni and Aghili from different times of the Islamic era. Scientific data bases such as PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar were searched using key words "Iranian", "Persian", "pain management" and "anesthesia". It was discovered that pain management and anesthesiology were well known to the Iranians. Rhazes and Avicenna had innovations in this regard. Fourteen Mokhader (anesthetic) herbs, which were included in the collection of the previous knowledge of the 18th century entitled Makhzan al-Advieyh and used as the Persian Materia Medica, were identified and listed. This study introduces the history of anesthesiology and pain management at different periods in the history of Iran.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anestesia/história
Medicina Tradicional/história
Manejo da Dor/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XV
História do Século XVI
História do Século XVII
História do Século XVIII
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
História Antiga
História Medieval
Seres Humanos
Irã (Geográfico)
Pérsia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170616
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170616
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170101
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 195 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27797228
[Au] Autor:Farahani N; Nikpou P; Emami MH; Hashemzadeh M; Zeinalian M; Shariatpanahi SS; Salehi R
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Hezarjarib street, Isfahan, Iran E-mail : r_salehi@med.mui.ac.ir.
[Ti] Título:Evaluation of MT1XT20 Single Quasi-Monomorphic Mononucleotide Marker for Characterizing Microsatellite Instability in Persian Lynch Syndrome Patients.
[So] Source:Asian Pac J Cancer Prev;17(9):4259-4265, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:2476-762X
[Cp] País de publicação:Thailand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Colorectal malignancies with high microsatellite instability (MSI-H), either hereditary (Lynch syndrome) or sporadic, demonstrate better prognosis and altered response to 5FU chemotherapy. It is now recommended to perform MSI testing for all new cases of colorectal cancer regardless of being categorized as hereditary or sporadic. For MSI detection, immunohistochemistry or PCR-based protocols using a cohort of various sets of STR markers are recommended. Here we aimed to evaluate a simplified protocol using just a single STR marker, MT1XT20 mononucleotide repeat, for detection of MSI in Lynch syndrome patients. A Promega five-marker MSI testing panel and immunohistochemistry (IHC) were used as the gold standard in conjunction with MT1XT20. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Colorectal patients with a positive history of familial cancers were selected by evaluating medical records. Based on Amsterdam II criteria for Lynch syndrome 20 families were short listed. DNA was extracted from formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumour and adjacent normal tissues resected from the index case in each family. Extracted DNA was subjected to MT1XT20 mononucleotide marker analysis and assessment with a commercially available five marker MSI testing kit (Promega, USA). IHC also was performed on tissue sections and the results were compared with PCR based data. RESULTS: Eight (40%), seven (35%) and five (25%) cases were MSI positive using with the Promega kit, IHC and MT1XT20, respectively. Among the markers included in Promega kit, BAT26 marker showed instability in all 8 samples. NR24 and NR21 markers showed instability in 7 (87.5%), and BAT25 and MONO 27 in 6 (75%) and 5 (62.5%). CONCLUSIONS: Although MT1XT20 was earlier reported as a valid standalone marker for MSI testing in CRC patients, we could not verify this in our Iranian patients. Instead BAT26 among the markers included in Promega MSI testing kit showed instability in all 8 MSI-H CRC samples. Therefore, it seems BAT26 could act well as a single marker for MSI testing in Iranian CRC patients.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adenocarcinoma/genética
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética
Neoplasias Colorretais Hereditárias sem Polipose/genética
Metalotioneína/genética
Instabilidade de Microssatélites
Repetições de Microssatélites/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adenocarcinoma/patologia
Adulto
Neoplasias Colorretais Hereditárias sem Polipose/patologia
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estadiamento de Neoplasias
Pérsia
Prognóstico
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biomarkers, Tumor); 0 (metallothionein1X , human); 9038-94-2 (Metallothionein)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161101
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 195 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27457063
[Au] Autor:Hashemi Shahraki A; Carniel E; Mostafavi E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Epidemiology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.
[Ti] Título:Plague in Iran: its history and current status.
[So] Source:Epidemiol Health;38:e2016033, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:2092-7193
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Plague remains a public health concern worldwide, particularly in old foci. Multiple epidemics of this disease have been recorded throughout the history of Iran. Despite the long-standing history of human plague in Iran, it remains difficult to obtain an accurate overview of the history and current status of plague in Iran. METHODS: In this review, available data and reports on cases and outbreaks of human plague in the past and present in Iran and in neighboring countries were collected, and information was compiled regarding when, where, and how many cases occurred. RESULTS: This paper considers the history of plague in Persia (the predecessor of today's Iran) and has a brief review of plague in countries in the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region, including a range of countries in the Middle East and North Africa. CONCLUSIONS: Since Iran has experienced outbreaks of plague for several centuries, neighboring countries have reported the disease in recent years, the disease can be silent for decades, and the circulation of has been reported among rodents and dogs in western Iran, more attention should be paid to disease monitoring in areas with previously reported human cases and in high-risk regions with previous epizootic and enzootic activity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Surtos de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos
Doenças do Cão/microbiologia
Peste/epidemiologia
Peste/história
Roedores/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cães
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia
Região do Mediterrâneo/epidemiologia
Pérsia/epidemiologia
Peste/veterinária
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170224
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170224
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160727
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 195 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26970504
[Au] Autor:Hajdu SI
[Ad] Endereço:Pathology Consultants, Westlake Village, California.
[Ti] Título:Pathfinders in oncology from ancient times to the end of the Middle Ages.
[So] Source:Cancer;122(11):1638-46, 2016 Jun 01.
[Is] ISSN:1097-0142
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This commentary highlights the onset and progression of the diagnosis and treatment of cancer from ancient times to the 15th century. During the preparation of this synoptic review of the lives and contributions to oncology of 7 ancient physicians, it became clear that despite separation by centuries, ethnicity, and religion, they had many things in common. For example, with the exception of Chauliac, all were born into wealthy families, had an excellent education in the liberal arts and sciences, and were mentored by outstanding teachers. After they became physicians, they traveled extensively, were polyglots, were sponsored by influential individuals, had inquisitive minds, searched for the true nature of diseases, and were proud to share the results of their observations with others. Except for Galen, all of them were kind and well-mannered individuals. They cared with sincere dedication for the poor and those who had untreatable disease, including cancer. Although their understanding of cancer was limited, they were deeply concerned about the neglect and hopelessness of cancer patients. They were aware of their shortcomings in offering effective treatment beyond the surgical excision of early cancers. For advanced cancers, they had nothing to give beyond palliative care with herbals and minerals. All physicians who care for cancer patients owe these pioneer physicians, whatever their shortcomings, an inexpressible debt for their attempts to cure cancer. Cancer 2016;122:1638-46. © 2016 American Cancer Society.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Neoplasias/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cristianismo/história
Dissecação/história
Egito
França
Grécia
Mundo Grego/história
História Antiga
História Medieval
Islamismo/história
Neoplasias/terapia
Pérsia
Religião e Medicina
Mundo Romano/história
Cidade de Roma
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Imhotep; Hippocrates; Celsus AC; Galen C; Rhazes; Avenzoar; de Chauliac G
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170303
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170303
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160313
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/cncr.29955


  7 / 195 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26913876
[Au] Autor:Aciduman A
[Ti] Título:On pains of the kidney and the bladder in Kitab al-Tajarib by Rhazes.
[So] Source:G Ital Nefrol;33 Suppl 66:33.S66.8, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1724-5990
[Cp] País de publicação:Italy
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyya al-Razi (865-925), known in the West as Rhazes, was one of the pioneer figures of the golden age of Islamic science and medicine during the middle ages. Kitab al-Hawi fi al-Tibb (Liber Continens), Kitab al-Tibb al-Mansuri (Liber Medicinalis ad Almansorem) and Kitab al-Judari wa al-Hasba (Liber de Pestilentia) are his very well-known works in medicine. One of his books Kitab al-Tajarib (The Book of Experiences/The Casebook), was written in Arabic and one of its copies is Ahmed III, Nr. 1975 manuscript in Topkapi Palace Library in Istanbul. A physician, Ali Munshi of Bursa, translated Kitab al-Tajarib into Turkish in the 18th century and Hamidiye, Nr. 1013; Veliyuddin Efendi, Nr. 2487 and orum, Nr. 2909 manuscripts are the copies of its Turkish translation in different libraries in Turkey. Both the book and its Turkish translation contain 31 chapters; 30 of them concerning diseases from head to heel and the last one on pharmaceutics. The 21st chapter, fi awja' al-kula wa al-mathana wa al-bah, of Kitab al-Tajarib is on pains of the kidney, and the bladder, and coitus. Evaluation and presentation of the cases in this chapter regarding the kidney and the bladder are the aims of this report.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Nefrologia/história
Obras Médicas de Referência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História Medieval
Nefropatias/história
Dor
Pérsia
Doenças da Bexiga Urinária/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Rhazes
[Em] Mês de entrada:1611
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160226
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 195 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26873170
[Au] Autor:Zarshenas MM; Zargaran A; Mehdizadeh A; Mohagheghzadeh A
[Ad] Endereço:Student Research Committee, Department of history of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran Research Office for the History of Persian Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Med
[Ti] Título:Mansur ibn Ilyas (1380-1422 AD): A Persian anatomist and his book of anatomy, Tashrih-i Mansuri.
[So] Source:J Med Biogr;24(1):67-71, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1758-1087
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A Persian scholar, Mansur ibn Elyas, a late 14th century anatomist and physician from Shiraz, published his illustrated book on anatomy. Mansur's anatomy (Tashrih-i Badan-i Insan) was written following the Mansur's medical synopsis, Kefaye Mojahedieh. The book of Mansur is believed to be the first anatomical illustrated manuscript containing two-dimensional pictures of the human body. This 14th-century treatise is composed in Persian and is organized into five articles on the skeleton, nerves, muscles, veins and arteries, each illustrated with a full page diagram and with a final chapter including an image of a pregnant woman delivering a breech baby. These chapters have description part and related figure involving brief explanation. Mansur's illustrations were often used in other Persian or Arabic medical manuscripts for at least two centuries in Persia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomia Artística/história
Ilustração Médica/história
Medicina Arábica/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História Medieval
Seres Humanos
Pérsia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:ibn Elyas M
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160214
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0967772013479474


  9 / 195 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26861565
[Au] Autor:Zargaran A; Borhani-Haghighi A; Faridi P; Daneshamouz S; Mohagheghzadeh A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. zargarana@sums.ac.ir.
[Ti] Título:A review on the management of migraine in the Avicenna's Canon of Medicine.
[So] Source:Neurol Sci;37(3):471-8, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1590-3478
[Cp] País de publicação:Italy
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Migraine is a common type of headache which has a deep history dating back thousands of years. Avicenna (980-1032), a Persian scholar, made a great contribution to neurology including headache and migraine. The aim of this study is to consider Avicenna's description about migraine (Shaghighe in Persian language) including definition, etiology and intervention. Also, his definition and treatment approaches were considered based on current concepts and findings. Although Avicenna believed in humoral theory and divided migraine into two categories, hot and cold, and suggested special treatments for them as well as general considerations, most of his definitions and explained pathologies are supported by current concepts of medicine. He believed that the migraine can result from bone of skull and also intra-parenchymal; or from skull underneath membrane (dura-mater); or reaching substances from the painful side or from outer vein and arteries (extra cranial); or from brain and meninges (pia-mater). Furthermore, current findings show most medicinal plants mentioned by Avicenna for the treatment of migraine can have potentially significant effects such as remedies which stop central and peripheral sensitization [anti-neuroinflammatory agents, decreasing nitric oxide level, cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitors], as well as serotonergics, neuroprotective agents and analgesics.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Medicina Arábica/história
Transtornos de Enxaqueca/história
Obras Médicas de Referência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Gerenciamento Clínico
História Medieval
Seres Humanos
Medicina nas Artes
Transtornos de Enxaqueca/terapia
Pérsia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Avicenna
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160211
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10072-016-2498-9


  10 / 195 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26827844
[Au] Autor:Sharifi AR; Homayounfar A; Mosavat SH; Heydari M; Naseri M
[Ad] Endereço:Traditional Iranian Medicine Clinical Trial Research Center, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.
[Ti] Título:Premature Ejaculation and Its Remedies in Medieval Persia.
[So] Source:Urology;90:225-8, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1527-9995
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ejaculação Precoce/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História Medieval
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Pérsia
Ejaculação Precoce/terapia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160402
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160402
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160202
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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