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[PMID]:27844090
[Au] Autor:Reiber H
[Ad] Endereço:CSF and Complexity Studies, Rua Piaui 163/11, Sao Paulo, SP, Brasilien. ho@horeiber.de.
[Ti] Título:[Cerebrospinal fluid diagnostics in Germany since 1950 : Developments in the GDR and FRG in the context of society and science].
[Ti] Título:Liquordiagnostik in Deutschland nach 1950 : Entwicklungen im Kontext von Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft in DDR und BRD..
[So] Source:Nervenarzt;87(12):1261-1270, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1433-0407
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:The 40 years of separated development in two countries with extremely different political and social utopias allow consideration of the connection between science and society. The society-dependent development of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diagnostics in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) is shown in the context of the international scientific development of the post-war era with new paradigms in physics, biology and genetics. As part of this contribution to the philosophy of science the consequences of the complex life science for a new view of disease research are discussed in contrast to the currently dominating, reductionistic medical industrial complex.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências
Encefalopatias/líquido cefalorraquidiano
Encefalopatias/diagnóstico
Técnicas de Diagnóstico Neurológico/tendências
Transtornos Mentais/líquido cefalorraquidiano
Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Biomarcadores/líquido cefalorraquidiano
Encefalopatias/complicações
Alemanha Oriental
Alemanha Ocidental
Setor de Assistência à Saúde/tendências
Seres Humanos
Transtornos Mentais/etiologia
Ciência/tendências
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biomarkers)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170916
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170916
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161116
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27806425
[Au] Autor:Kumbier E
[Ti] Título:[An Association Between Autonomy and National Ideology: The Founding of the Association for Psychiatry and Neurology in Mecklenburg].
[Ti] Título:Fachgesellschaft zwischen Autonomie und staatlicher Ideologie ­ Die Gründung der Gesellschaft für Psychiatrie und Neurologie in Mecklenburg..
[So] Source:Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr;84(S 02):S98-S100, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1439-3522
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:Following the end of World War II, regional associations for psychiatry and neurology were founded in the Soviet Occupation Zone. Using the association in Mecklenburg as an example and considering the way society developed in the German Democratic Republic (GDR), it will be shown whether and to what degree these were increasingly subject to state control.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Neurologia/história
Psiquiatria/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alemanha Oriental
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Autonomia Pessoal
Sociedades Médicas/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170920
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170920
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161103
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27806423
[Au] Autor:Häßler F
[Ti] Título:[Milestones of Child Neuropsychiatry].
[Ti] Título:Meilensteine der Kinderneuropsychiatrie..
[So] Source:Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr;84(S 02):S92-S94, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1439-3522
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:The development of child and adolescent psychiatry took different pathways in East and West Germany after World War II. In East Germany, child and adolescent psychiatry put more emphasis on neurology as it was influenced by the foundation of the first chair and care unit in Rostock. Prof. Göllnitz, who held the chair for many years, established child and adolescent neuropsychiatry as a subject in its own right in research and health care and helped promoting it at other universities and medical academies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Psiquiatria do Adolescente/história
Psiquiatria Infantil/história
Neuropsiquiatria/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Alemanha
Alemanha Oriental
Alemanha Ocidental
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170920
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170920
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161103
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 12105 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27488445
[Au] Autor:Keitel W; Wolf G
[Ad] Endereço:Medizinhistorische Sammlung Gommern-Vogelsang, Archiv der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Rheumatologie, Am Kiefernhang 3, 39245, Gommern-Vogelsang, Deutschland. VGM.MHS@helios-kliniken.de.
[Ti] Título:[Kurt Seidel (1914-1990) : Between medicine and politics].
[Ti] Título:Kurt Seidel (1914-1990) : Zwischen Medizin und Politik..
[So] Source:Z Rheumatol;75(7):736-42, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1435-1250
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:Prof. Dr. med. Kurt Seidel played an outstanding role in the post-war history of rheumatology in eastern Germany. This is documented by the textbook articles and review articles written by him, by the foundation and leadership over many years of the working and research group of rheumatology in Jena, by his role in the formation of the divided society of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and by the preparation of its chronical in 1984. An appreciation of his achievements against the background of the scientific political circumstances prevailing at that time is documented through a dissertation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pesquisa Biomédica/história
Política
Doenças Reumáticas/história
Reumatologia/história
Ciência/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alemanha
Alemanha Oriental
História do Século XX
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Seidel K
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170928
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170928
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160805
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00393-016-0162-7


  5 / 12105 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27476257
[Au] Autor:Hinz-Wessels A
[Ti] Título:[The Appointment of Paediatric Professorships in the Soviet Occupation Zone and the early GDR. The Impact of the Political System Change after 1945].
[Ti] Título:Die Besetzung der pädiatrischen Lehrstühle in der SBZ und frühen DDR. Personeller Umbruch im Zeichen des politischen Neuanfangs nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg?.
[So] Source:Medizinhist J;51(2):124-61, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0025-8431
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:This paper examines the impact of the political system change after 1945 on the appointment of paediatric professorships in the Soviet Occupation Zone and the GDR up until the time the Wall was built in 1961. It can be demonstrated that the political purge in the post-war period had only minor impact on the appointment of professorships and the National Socialist past no longer mattered after the conclusion of denazification. In 1957, the proportion of former NSDAP members among East German university professors of paediatrics was 100 per cent. When it came to new appointments, both members of the "bourgeois" academic non-professorial teaching staff from the GDR as well as paediatricians from West Germany, who had largely gained their scientifically qualifications under National Socialism, were in the running. A politically-controlled elite exchange did not take place until the construction of the Wall. State and party organs generally followed the personnel proposals of the universities since an insufficient number of qualified candidates was available for the systematic appointment of ,,progressive" paediatricians. Given the lack of staff, the SED personnel policy was aimed at the integration of previous elites, as long as they behaved loyally towards the new state. Since the East German faculties continued to make the questioning of the professionally competent professors in West Germany and East Germany the basis for their appointment lists, West German university paediatricians were able to exert considerable influence on the appointment of East German paediatric professorship until 1960s.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunismo/história
Docentes de Medicina/história
Nacional-Socialismo/história
Pediatria/história
II Guerra Mundial
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alemanha Oriental
História do Século XX
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160801
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160801
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160802
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27391984
[Au] Autor:Schmidt R; Steinberg H
[Ad] Endereço:Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Fachkrankenhaus Hubertusburg, Wermsdorf.
[Ti] Título:[Müller-Hegemann's classification of depressions of 1964 as a proposal for a conceptualization of affective disorders: A critical review].
[Ti] Título:Müller-Hegemanns Systematik der Depressionen von 1964 als Vorschlag zur Konzeptualisierung der affektiven Störungen. Eine kritische Analyse..
[So] Source:Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr;84(6):344-53, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1439-3522
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:Against the background of current discussions on the classification of psychiatric disorders, this study analyses and discusses the East-German psychiatrist Dietfried Müller-Hegemann's concept of a clinical classification of depressions of 1964.In his paper, Müller-Hegemann differentiated between two main forms of depression, namely the "vitally tinged depression" (= melancholy), found mainly in the depressive phases of the manic-depressive disorder, and the "depressive disgruntlement" (= dysthymia) seen in "reactive and neurotic depression", "involutional depression", and in the depressive states in psychopathic personalities. Due to a lack of sufficient biological evidence, Müller-Hegemann refrained from a purely etiological differentiation.His proposal is significant in so far as it provided a classification that could easily be used in clinical practice, and at the same time, by pointing to the traditional concept of melancholy and by calling for a differentiated psychopathology, anticipated aspects of topical interest.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Classificação
Transtorno Depressivo/classificação
Transtorno Depressivo/história
Transtornos do Humor/classificação
Transtornos do Humor/história
Psiquiatria/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia
Alemanha Oriental
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Transtornos do Humor/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS; REVIEW
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:M��ller-Hegemann D
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160709
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1055/s-0042-107469


  7 / 12105 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27299788
[Au] Autor:Steinberg H
[Ti] Título:[25 years after re-unification of Germany: An overview on Eastern German psychiatry. Part 2: Pluralistic approaches and the collapse in the 1980s].
[Ti] Título:25 Jahre nach der "Wiedervereinigung": Der Versuch einer Übersicht über die Psychiatrie in der DDR. Teil 2: Von pluralistischen Betrachtungsweisen und dem Zusammenbruch in den 1980er Jahren..
[So] Source:Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr;84(5):289-97, 2016 May.
[Is] ISSN:1439-3522
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:This is the second part of a 2-part study of the history of psychiatry in East Germany, i. e. the Soviet Occupied Zone and later German Democratic Republic. This part primarily covers the 1970 s and 1980 s. Starting from the 1970 s, pluralistic views on and approaches to mental illness and its treatment gained ground, which was especially visible in psychotherapy. The exacerbating economic crisis of the 1970 s and 1980 s led to a steadily worsening collapse of the building infrastructure of clinics and any reformation that would have led to significant financial investment became impossible. Despite attempts from party and state, psychiatric institutions successfully resisted being systematically misused against their patients.In the discussion part, the study supports the notion that East German psychiatry was neither totally isolated nor communist in nature. Even though communism had an influence, it did not have a decisively modifying impact on psychiatry, so that one can characterize psychiatry in East Germany as a medical discipline with a certain specific typology.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunismo/história
Institucionalização/história
Política
Psiquiatria/história
Psicoterapia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alemanha Oriental
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1055/s-0042-105516


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[PMID]:27263218
[Au] Autor:Linek J; Pfütsch P
[Ti] Título:[Gender images in health education: a comparison between East and West Germany (1949-1990)].
[Ti] Título:Geschlechterbilder in der Gesundheitsaufklärung im deutsch-deutschen Vergleich (1949-1990)..
[So] Source:Med Ges Gesch;34:73-110, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0939-351X
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:This essay takes a closer look at the shared traditions as well as separate developments in health education in both German states, based on the circulated gender images. Health education is a rewarding field of investigation because its materials not only convey information on the prevention of sickness or the cultivation of healthy lifestyles; they also--implicitly or explicitly--carry social key messages such as ideas regarding femininities and masculinities or the tasks and functions allocated to women and men within and outside the family. The fact, for instance, that women in East Germany were expected to be part of the labour force as early as the 1950 s, whereas their Western counterparts were expected to stay at home and look after the family, had an effect on health education. The question as to the normative images of femininity and masculinity is therefore at the centre of our inquiry. The sources used are health education publications and popular health magazines from both Germanies. Based on the parameters 'Home and Family', 'Work and Performance', 'Attractiveness and Outer Appearance', the ideas of femininity and masculinity, as portrayed in the health propaganda in East and West, are presented and compared. Analysis of these parameters shows that the gender images, while they coincided in some respects, also evolved in different ways in others, or that entirely different intentions were concealed behind the promotion of similar principles. Many of the guiding images discussed show how the two German states perceived each other. While there were attempts at dissociating from the other state entirely, there were also developments that seem to indicate that they referred to one another to a certain extent.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Imagem Corporal
Feminilidade/história
Identidade de Gênero
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde
Educação em Saúde/história
Masculinidade/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Alemanha Oriental
Alemanha Ocidental
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; ENGLISH ABSTRACT; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160606
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160606
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160607
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 12105 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27100844
[Au] Autor:Steinberg H
[Ti] Título:[25 Years After Re-Unification of Germany: An Overview on Eastern German Psychiatry. Part 1: Post-War Era, Pavlovization, Psychopharmacological Era and Social Psychiatric Reform Movement].
[Ti] Título:25 Jahre nach der "Wiedervereinigung": Versuch einer Übersicht über die Psychiatrie in der DDR. Teil 1: Nachkriegszeit, Pawlowisierung, psychopharmakologische Ära und sozialpsychiatrische Bewegung..
[So] Source:Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr;84(4):196-210, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1439-3522
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:This is the first of a 2-part study on the history of psychiatry in Eastern Germany, i. e. the Soviet Occupied Zone and later German Democratic Republic. It mainly covers the years post World War II up until the beginning of the 1970s. The first post-war years were determined by the new power holders' attempts to overcome National Socialist (Nazi) heritage and to re-organize mental health and care in general. The doctrine of a strict denazifization in East Germany must, however, be regarded as a myth. Promoted by centralized organization, there was an increase in communist party-ideological influence and harassment as well as aligning scientific views and research with Soviet paradigms (Pavlovization) during the 1950s and early 1960s. This, however, led to an enormous rise in exodus of skilled labor to West Germany, which in turn further increased the notorious lack of staff. After the erection of the inner-German wall, this problem was mitigated, yet never fully solved over the 40 years of the existence of the GDR. Despite adverse conditions, East German psychiatrists made major original contributions to the development of psychiatry in general, at least up until the 1960s. Academic psychiatry was mainly based on biological concepts that were further promoted by new somatic and psychopharmacological therapeutic options. In the 1960s, social psychiatric reformist forces emerged, primarily in the large psychiatric hospitals. The improvements achieved by these forces, however, were not implemented on a nation-wide scale, but mainly restricted to one particular or several institutions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunismo/história
Psiquiatria Comunitária/história
Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde/história
Política
Psiquiatria/história
Psicofarmacologia/história
II Guerra Mundial
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alemanha
Alemanha Oriental
História do Século XX
Federação Russa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Pavlov IP
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160422
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1055/s-0042-105515


  10 / 12105 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26729378
[Au] Autor:Bohley S; Kluttig A; Werdan K; Nuding S; Greiser KH; Kuss O; Markus MR; Schmidt CO; Völzke H; Krabbe C; Haerting J
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Medical Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Informatics, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale), Germany.
[Ti] Título:Changes of individual perception in psychosocial stressors related to German reunification in 1989/1990 and cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular diseases in a population-based study in East Germany.
[So] Source:BMJ Open;6(1):e008703, 2016 Jan 04.
[Is] ISSN:2044-6055
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Aim was to examine the relationship between individually perceived changes in psychosocial stressors associated with German reunification and cardiovascular effects. We hypothesised that higher levels of psychosocial stress related to German reunification were associated with an increase in cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from 2 cohort studies in East Germany were used: Cardiovascular Disease, Living and Ageing in Halle Study (CARLA), and Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP). SETTING: 2 populations in East Germany. PARTICIPANTS: CARLA study: 1779 participants, aged 45-83 years at baseline (812 women), SHIP study: 4308 participants, aged 20-79 years at baseline (2193 women). PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Psychosocial stressors related to reunification were operationalised by the Reunification Stress Index (RSI; scale from 0 to 10). This index was composed of questions that were related to individually perceived changes in psychosocial stressors (occupational, financial and personal) after reunification. To examine the associations between the RSI and each stressor separately with cardiovascular risk factors and CVD, regression models were used. RESULTS: RSI was associated with CVD in women (RR=1.15, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.33). Cardiovascular risk factors were associated with RSI for both men and women, with strongest associations between RSI and diabetes in women (RR=1.10, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.20) and depressive disorders in men (RR=1.15, 95% CI 1.07 to 2.77). The change in occupational situation related to reunification was the major contributing psychosocial stressor. We observed a strong association with CVD in women who experienced occupational deterioration after reunification (RR=4.04, 95% CI 1.21 to 13.43). CONCLUSIONS: Individually perceived deterioration of psychosocial stressors (occupational, financial and personal) related to German reunification was associated with cardiovascular risk factors and CVD. The associations were stronger for women than for men. An explanation for these findings could be that women were more often affected by unemployment after reunification. Morbidity and mortality follow-up of both cohorts could enhance the results.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças Cardiovasculares/psicologia
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Atitude Frente à Saúde
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia
Estudos Transversais
Emprego/psicologia
Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Alemanha
Alemanha Oriental/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Renda/estatística & dados numéricos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Percepção
Política
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008703



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