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[PMID]:27844090
[Au] Autor:Reiber H
[Ad] Endereço:CSF and Complexity Studies, Rua Piaui 163/11, Sao Paulo, SP, Brasilien. ho@horeiber.de.
[Ti] Título:[Cerebrospinal fluid diagnostics in Germany since 1950 : Developments in the GDR and FRG in the context of society and science].
[Ti] Título:Liquordiagnostik in Deutschland nach 1950 : Entwicklungen im Kontext von Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft in DDR und BRD..
[So] Source:Nervenarzt;87(12):1261-1270, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1433-0407
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:The 40 years of separated development in two countries with extremely different political and social utopias allow consideration of the connection between science and society. The society-dependent development of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diagnostics in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) is shown in the context of the international scientific development of the post-war era with new paradigms in physics, biology and genetics. As part of this contribution to the philosophy of science the consequences of the complex life science for a new view of disease research are discussed in contrast to the currently dominating, reductionistic medical industrial complex.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências
Encefalopatias/líquido cefalorraquidiano
Encefalopatias/diagnóstico
Técnicas de Diagnóstico Neurológico/tendências
Transtornos Mentais/líquido cefalorraquidiano
Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Biomarcadores/líquido cefalorraquidiano
Encefalopatias/complicações
Alemanha Oriental
Alemanha Ocidental
Setor de Assistência à Saúde/tendências
Seres Humanos
Transtornos Mentais/etiologia
Ciência/tendências
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biomarkers)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170916
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170916
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161116
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27806423
[Au] Autor:Häßler F
[Ti] Título:[Milestones of Child Neuropsychiatry].
[Ti] Título:Meilensteine der Kinderneuropsychiatrie..
[So] Source:Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr;84(S 02):S92-S94, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1439-3522
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:The development of child and adolescent psychiatry took different pathways in East and West Germany after World War II. In East Germany, child and adolescent psychiatry put more emphasis on neurology as it was influenced by the foundation of the first chair and care unit in Rostock. Prof. Göllnitz, who held the chair for many years, established child and adolescent neuropsychiatry as a subject in its own right in research and health care and helped promoting it at other universities and medical academies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Psiquiatria do Adolescente/história
Psiquiatria Infantil/história
Neuropsiquiatria/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Alemanha
Alemanha Oriental
Alemanha Ocidental
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170920
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170920
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161103
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 27616 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27632642
[Au] Autor:Regnath T; Mertes T; Ignatius R
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory Enders and Partners, Stuttgart, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Antimicrobial resistance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates in south-west Germany, 2004 to 2015: increasing minimal inhibitory concentrations of tetracycline but no resistance to third-generation cephalosporins.
[So] Source:Euro Surveill;21(36), 2016 Sep 08.
[Is] ISSN:1560-7917
[Cp] País de publicação:Sweden
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Increasing antimicrobial resistance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae, particularly to third-generation cephalosporins, has been reported in many countries. We examined the susceptibility (determined by Etest and evaluated using the breakpoints of the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing) of 434 N. gonorrhoeae isolates collected from 107 female and 327 male patients in Stuttgart, south-west Germany, between 2004 and 2015. During the study period, high proportions of isolates were resistant to ciprofloxacin (70.3%), tetracycline (48.4%; increasing from 27.5% in 2004/2005 to 57.7% in 2014/2015; p = 0.0002) and penicillin (25.6%). The proportion of isolates resistant to azithromycin was low (5.5%) but tended to increase (p = 0.08). No resistance and stable minimum inhibitory concentrations were found for cefixime, ceftriaxone, and spectinomycin. High-level resistance was found for ciprofloxacin (39.6%) and tetracycline (20.0%) but not for azithromycin; 16.3% of the isolates produced betalactamase. Thus, cephalosporins can still be used for the treatment of gonorrhoea in the study area. To avoid further increasing resistance to azithromycin, its usage should be limited to patients allergic to cephalosporins, or (in combination with cephalosporins) to patients for whom no susceptibility testing could be performed or those co-infected with chlamydiae.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
Cefalosporinas/farmacologia
Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos
Gonorreia/tratamento farmacológico
Neisseria gonorrhoeae/efeitos dos fármacos
Tetraciclina/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Azitromicina/farmacologia
Ceftriaxona/farmacologia
Ciprofloxacino/farmacologia
Feminino
Alemanha Ocidental/epidemiologia
Gonorreia/epidemiologia
Gonorreia/microbiologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
Meia-Idade
Neisseria gonorrhoeae/isolamento & purificação
Penicilinas/farmacologia
Tetraciclinas
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents); 0 (Cephalosporins); 0 (Penicillins); 0 (Tetracyclines); 5E8K9I0O4U (Ciprofloxacin); 75J73V1629 (Ceftriaxone); 83905-01-5 (Azithromycin); F8VB5M810T (Tetracycline)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160916
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2016.21.36.30335


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[PMID]:27263218
[Au] Autor:Linek J; Pfütsch P
[Ti] Título:[Gender images in health education: a comparison between East and West Germany (1949-1990)].
[Ti] Título:Geschlechterbilder in der Gesundheitsaufklärung im deutsch-deutschen Vergleich (1949-1990)..
[So] Source:Med Ges Gesch;34:73-110, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0939-351X
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:This essay takes a closer look at the shared traditions as well as separate developments in health education in both German states, based on the circulated gender images. Health education is a rewarding field of investigation because its materials not only convey information on the prevention of sickness or the cultivation of healthy lifestyles; they also--implicitly or explicitly--carry social key messages such as ideas regarding femininities and masculinities or the tasks and functions allocated to women and men within and outside the family. The fact, for instance, that women in East Germany were expected to be part of the labour force as early as the 1950 s, whereas their Western counterparts were expected to stay at home and look after the family, had an effect on health education. The question as to the normative images of femininity and masculinity is therefore at the centre of our inquiry. The sources used are health education publications and popular health magazines from both Germanies. Based on the parameters 'Home and Family', 'Work and Performance', 'Attractiveness and Outer Appearance', the ideas of femininity and masculinity, as portrayed in the health propaganda in East and West, are presented and compared. Analysis of these parameters shows that the gender images, while they coincided in some respects, also evolved in different ways in others, or that entirely different intentions were concealed behind the promotion of similar principles. Many of the guiding images discussed show how the two German states perceived each other. While there were attempts at dissociating from the other state entirely, there were also developments that seem to indicate that they referred to one another to a certain extent.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Imagem Corporal
Feminilidade/história
Identidade de Gênero
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde
Educação em Saúde/história
Masculinidade/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Alemanha Oriental
Alemanha Ocidental
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; ENGLISH ABSTRACT; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160606
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160606
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160607
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26856496
[Au] Autor:Kietzmann D; Wiehn S; Kehl D; Knuth D; Schmidt S
[Ad] Endereço:Department Health and Prevention, Institute of Psychology, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-University Greifswald, 17487 Greifswald, Germany. Electronic address: diana.kietzmann@uni-greifswald.de.
[Ti] Título:Migration background and overall satisfaction with pre-hospital emergency care.
[So] Source:Appl Nurs Res;29:96-100, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1532-8201
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to explore how sociodemographic factors of the patient/patient's relatives including migrant status and service-related aspects influence overall satisfaction with pre-hospital emergency care. METHODS: A descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 218 persons (57 migrants and 161 nonmigrants) who had received pre-hospital emergency care directly (as a patient) or indirectly (as a significant other) in Germany. Sociodemographic data and service-related aspects were entered into a hierarchical regression analysis in order to identify their influence on overall satisfaction. RESULTS: Altogether, 58.3% of the variance of the overall satisfaction with pre-hospital emergency care can be explained by the final model. Of this sum, only 9.8% is explained by sociodemographic factors and 47.3% by service-related aspects. Migrant status per se did not show any significant influence, whereas no or a basic level of German language skills is significantly negatively associated with overall satisfaction. Professional and emotional/social competencies of the emergency personnel are significantly positively associated with overall satisfaction with pre-hospital emergency care. CONCLUSIONS: Sociodemographic-related factors, excepted from language skills, seem to be largely unrelated to overall satisfaction with pre-hospital emergency care. Service-related factors such as the emergency personnel's professional and social/emotional competencies appear as the main factors determining overall satisfaction with pre-hospital emergency care.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Serviços Médicos de Emergência/normas
Emigração e Imigração
Satisfação do Paciente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Alemanha Ocidental
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26960859
[Au] Autor:Zieler P
[Ad] Endereço:.
[Ti] Título:[Family practice adventures in DDR and BDR].
[Ti] Título:Hausärztliche Abenteuer in DDR und BRD..
[So] Source:MMW Fortschr Med;157(21-22):40, 42, 2015 Dec 14.
[Is] ISSN:1438-3276
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Medicina Geral/tendências
Programas Nacionais de Saúde
Administração da Prática Médica/tendências
Serviços de Saúde Rural/tendências
Socialismo/tendências
Ultrassonografia/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Difusão de Inovações
Alemanha Oriental
Alemanha Ocidental
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1605
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160310
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160310
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160311
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s15006-015-7604-z


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[PMID]:26775431
[Au] Autor:Zachmann K
[Ti] Título:Peaceful atoms in agriculture and food: how the politics of the Cold War shaped agricultural research using isotopes and radiation in post war divided Germany.
[So] Source:Dynamis;35(2):307-31, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:0211-9536
[Cp] País de publicação:Spain
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:During the Cold War, the super powers advanced nuclear literacy and access to nuclear resources and technology to a first-class power factor. Both national governments and international organizations developed nuclear programs in a variety of areas and promoted the development of nuclear applications in new environments. Research into the use of isotopes and radiation in agriculture, food production, and storage gained major importance as governments tried to promote the possibility of a peaceful use of atomic energy. This study is situated in divided Germany as the intersection of the competing socio-political systems and focuses on the period of the late 1940s and 1950s. It is argued that political interests and international power relations decisively shaped the development of "nuclear agriculture". The aim is to explore whether and how politicians in both parts of the divided country fostered the new field and exerted authority over the scientists. Finally, it examines the ways in which researchers adapted to the altered political conditions and expectations within the two political structures, by now fundamentally different.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agricultura/história
Política
Radiação
Radioisótopos/história
Pesquisa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alemanha Oriental
Alemanha Ocidental
História do Século XX
Internacionalidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Radioisotopes)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1603
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160119
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26679482
[Au] Autor:Hopt U; Ghadimi M; Kalff J
[Ti] Título:[In Process Citation].
[Ti] Título:Editorial..
[So] Source:Zentralbl Chir;140(6):583-4, 2015 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1438-9592
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Políticas Editoriais
Cirurgia Geral/história
Fator de Impacto de Revistas/história
Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alemanha Oriental
Alemanha Ocidental
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL; HISTORICAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151219
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1558322


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[PMID]:26536789
[Au] Autor:Sammer C
[Ti] Título:[The "modernization" of health education in both German states between 1949 and 1975. The example of smoking].
[Ti] Título:Die "Modernisierung" der GesundheitsaufkIärung in beiden deutschen Staaten zwischen 1949 und 1975. Das Beispiel Rauchen..
[So] Source:Medizinhist J;50(3):249-94, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:0025-8431
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:Using the example of smoking, this article scrutinizes the notions of order, educational conduct and images of subjects in the health education of both German states between 1949 and the mid 70s. Drawing on archival sources, publications and educational media from both health ministries, the Deutsches Hygiene-Museum and the Bundeszentrale für gesundheitliche Aufklärung I reconstruct the organizational, conceptual and medial shift of health education from "citizenship" to a technology of communication and public relation, needing "scientification" in the 1960s. New epidemiological evidence fostered the belief in an efficacious prevention of manly coded and with smoking associated cardio-vascular diseases by forming healthy behavior. This went hand in hand with the increase of state responsibility for the health of its citizens and the import of new knowledge stemming from social research and new methodological expertise from advertising. At the same time the ideal of a comprehensible citizen shifted into a "socialist personality" that was to be shaped by a hierarchical and consistent education in the German Democratic Republic. In the Federal Republic of Germany the general principle of the self-determined citizen unfolded the antagonism of health education between individual emancipation and imposition.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde/história
Educação em Saúde/história
Promoção da Saúde/história
Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/história
Prevenção do Hábito de Fumar
Fumar/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alemanha Oriental
Alemanha Ocidental
História do Século XX
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1512
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151106
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 27616 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26507379
[Au] Autor:Wolters C
[Ad] Endereço:Institut für Geschichte, Ethik und Philosophie der Medizin, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany. wolters.christine@mh-hannover.de.
[Ti] Título:[Physicians as Experts of the Integration of war invalids of WWI and WWII].
[Ti] Título:Ärzte als Experten bei der Integration Kriegsbeschädigter und Kriegsversehrter nach dem Ersten und Zweiten Weltkrieg..
[So] Source:NTM;23(3-4):143-76, 2015 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1420-9144
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:After the First World War the large number of war invalids posed a medical as well as a socio-political problem. This needed to be addressed, at least to some extent, through healthcare providers (Versorgungsbehörden) and reintegration into the labour market. Due to the demilitarization of Germany, this task was taken on by the civil administration, which was dissolved during the time of National Socialism. In 1950, the Federal Republic of Germany enacted the Federal War Victims Relief Act (Bundesversorgungsgesetz), which created a privileged group of civil and military war invalids, whereas other disabled people and victims of national socialist persecution were initially excluded. This article examines the continuities and discontinuities of the institutions following the First World War. A particular focus lies on the groups of doctors which structured this field. How did doctors become experts and what was their expertise?
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pessoas com Deficiência/história
Órgãos Governamentais/história
Médicos/história
Lesões Relacionadas à Guerra/história
Guerra
II Guerra Mundial
I Guerra Mundial
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Emprego
Alemanha
Alemanha Ocidental
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Militares
Nacional-Socialismo
Papel Profissional
Veteranos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170915
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170915
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151029
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00048-015-0131-2



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