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[PMID]:29281653
[Au] Autor:Techer MA; Clémencet J; Simiand C; Turpin P; Garnery L; Reynaud B; Delatte H
[Ad] Endereço:Université de La Réunion, UMR PVBMT, La Réunion, France.
[Ti] Título:Genetic diversity and differentiation among insular honey bee populations in the southwest Indian Ocean likely reflect old geographical isolation and modern introductions.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0189234, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:With globalization the Western honey bee has become a nearly cosmopolitan species, but it was originally restricted to the Old World. This renowned model of biodiversity has diverged into five evolutionary lineages and several geographic "subspecies." If Apis mellifera unicolor is indubitably an African subspecies endemic to Madagascar, its relationship with honey bees from three archipelagos in the southwest Indian Ocean (SWIO) hotspot of biodiversity is misunderstood. We compared recent mtDNA diversity data to an original characterization of the nuclear diversity from honey bees in the Mascarenes and Comoros archipelagos, using 14 microsatellites, but also additional mtDNA tRNALeu-cox2 analysis. Our sampling offers the most comprehensive dataset for the SWIO populations with a total of 3,270 colonies from 10 islands compared with 855 samples from Madagascar, 113 from Africa, and 138 from Europe. Comprehensive mitochondrial screening confirmed that honey bees from La Réunion, Mauritius, and Comoros archipelagos are mainly of African origin (88.1% out of 2,746 colonies) and that coexistence with European lineages occurs only in the Mascarenes. PCA, Bayesian, and genetic differentiation analysis showed that African colonies are not significantly distinct on each island, but have diversified among islands and archipelagos. FST levels progressively decreased in significance from European and African continental populations, to SWIO insular and continental populations, and finally among islands from the same archipelago. Among African populations, Madagascar shared a nuclear background with and was most closely related to SWIO island populations (except Rodrigues). Only Mauritius Island presented clear cytoplasmic disequilibrium and genetic structure characteristic of an admixed population undergoing hybridization, in this case, between A. m. unicolor and A. m. ligustica, A. m. carnica and A. m. mellifera-like individuals. Finally, global genetic clustering analysis helped to better depict the colonization and introduction pattern of honey bee populations in these archipelagos.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abelhas/genética
Variação Genética
Geografia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Análise por Conglomerados
DNA Mitocondrial/genética
Evolução Molecular
Oceano Índico
Madagáscar
Maurício
Repetições de Microssatélites/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Mitochondrial)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180129
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180129
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189234


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[PMID]:28392375
[Au] Autor:Beesoo R; Bhagooli R; Neergheen-Bhujun VS; Li WW; Kagansky A; Bahorun T
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biosciences, Faculty of Science, University of Mauritius, Réduit 80837, Republic of Mauritius; ANDI Centre of Excellence for Biomedical and Biomaterials Research, MSIRI Building, University of Mauritius, Réduit 80837, Republic of Mauritius; Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Sci
[Ti] Título:Antibacterial and antibiotic potentiating activities of tropical marine sponge extracts.
[So] Source:Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol;196:81-90, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1532-0456
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistance has led research to focus on discovering new antimicrobial agents derived from the marine biome. Although ample studies have investigated sponges for their bioactive metabolites with promising prospects in drug discovery, the potentiating effects of sponge extracts on antibiotics still remains to be expounded. The present study aimed to investigate the antibacterial capacity of seven tropical sponges collected from Mauritian waters and their modulatory effect in association with three conventional antibiotics namely chloramphenicol, ampicillin and tetracycline. Disc diffusion assay was used to determine the inhibition zone diameter (IZD) of the sponge total crude extracts (CE), hexane (HF), ethyl acetate (EAF) and aqueous (AF) fractions against nine standard bacterial isolates whereas broth microdilution method was used to determine their minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs), minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) and antibiotic potentiating activity of the most active sponge extract. MIC values of the sponge extracts ranged from 0.039 to 1.25mg/mL. Extracts from Neopetrosia exigua rich in beta-sitosterol and cholesterol displayed the widest activity spectrum against the 9 tested bacterial isolates whilst the best antibacterial profile was observed by its EAF particularly against Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus with MIC and MBC values of 0.039mg/mL and 0.078mg/mL, respectively. The greatest antibiotic potentiating effect was obtained with the EAF of N. exigua (MIC/2) and ampicillin combination against S. aureus. These findings suggest that the antibacterial properties of the tested marine sponge extracts may provide an alternative and complementary strategy to manage bacterial infections.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antibacterianos/farmacologia
Organismos Aquáticos/química
Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia
Agonismo de Drogas
Descoberta de Drogas
Poríferos/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acetatos/química
Ampicilina/agonistas
Ampicilina/farmacologia
Animais
Antibacterianos/análise
Antibacterianos/química
Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação
Organismos Aquáticos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Produtos Biológicos/química
Produtos Biológicos/isolamento & purificação
Cloranfenicol/agonistas
Cloranfenicol/farmacologia
Testes de Sensibilidade a Antimicrobianos por Disco-Difusão
Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos
Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos
Bactérias Gram-Negativas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos
Bactérias Gram-Positivas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Oceano Índico
Maurício
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
Poríferos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Sitosteroides/análise
Sitosteroides/isolamento & purificação
Sitosteroides/farmacologia
Solventes/química
Tetraciclina/agonistas
Tetraciclina/farmacologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Acetates); 0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents); 0 (Biological Products); 0 (Sitosterols); 0 (Solvents); 5LI01C78DD (gamma-sitosterol); 66974FR9Q1 (Chloramphenicol); 76845O8NMZ (ethyl acetate); 7C782967RD (Ampicillin); F8VB5M810T (Tetracycline)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170411
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28360279
[Au] Autor:Vincenot CE; Florens FB; Kingston T
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Social Informatics, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. vincenot@i.kyoto-u.ac.jp.
[Ti] Título:Can we protect island flying foxes?
[So] Source:Science;355(6332):1368-1370, 2017 Mar 31.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Quirópteros
Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Maurício
Polinização
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170401
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1126/science.aam7582


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[PMID]:27928061
[Au] Autor:Rajcoomar A; Ramjeawon T
[Ad] Endereço:1 Sotravic Ltee, Industrial Zone, La Tour Koenig, Mauritius.
[Ti] Título:Life cycle assessment of municipal solid waste management scenarios on the small island of Mauritius.
[So] Source:Waste Manag Res;35(3):313-324, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1096-3669
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this study was to use the life cycle assessment tool to assess, from an environmental point of view, the different possible municipal solid waste (MSW) management scenarios for the island of Mauritius. The scenarios include landfilling with energy recovery (S1), incineration with energy recovery (S2), composting, incineration and landfilling (S3) and finally composting, recycling, incineration and landfilling (S4). The MSW generated in 2010 was selected as the functional unit. Foreground data were collected through surveys and literature. Background data were obtained from ecoinvent data in SimaPro 8 libraries. The scenarios were compared both through the CML-IA baseline-midpoint method and the ReCiPe end-point method. From the midpoint method, the results obtained indicates that landfilling (S1) has the greatest impact in all the analyzed impact categories except ozone layer depletion and human toxicity, while incineration (S2) has the least impact on almost all the analyzed damage categories except in global warming potential and human toxicity. The collection and transportation of waste has a significant impact on the environment. From the end-point method, S4 reduces the damage impact categories on Human Health, Ecosystems and Resources due to the recycling process. S3 is not favorable due to the impact caused by the composting process. However, it is also very important to emphasize that for incineration, the best available technology with energy recovery shall be considered. It is recommended that S2 and S4 are considered for strategic planning.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Resíduos Sólidos/análise
Gerenciamento de Resíduos/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fontes Geradoras de Energia
Incineração
Maurício
Reciclagem
Eliminação de Resíduos
Transportes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Solid Waste)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170612
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170612
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0734242X16679883


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[PMID]:27423223
[Au] Autor:Elaheebocus N; Mahomoodally MF
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Mauritius, 230 Réduit, Mauritius.
[Ti] Título:Ayurvedic medicine in Mauritius: Profile of Ayurvedic outlet, use, sale, distribution, regulation and importation.
[So] Source:J Ethnopharmacol;197:195-210, 2017 Feb 02.
[Is] ISSN:1872-7573
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ayurvedic medicine (AM) is a legalised alternative traditional medical system in the multicultural tropical island of Mauritius. A panoply of Ayurvedic specialised shops/centres involved in the provision of Ayurvedic services hereafter termed as 'outlets' operates in different regions of the island and is extensively exploited by a significant number of Mauritians. Nonetheless, there is currently no study geared towards studying the status of AM and profile of Ayurvedic outlets in Mauritius and there is undoubtedly a dearth of standardized regulatory framework governing the practice of AM in Mauritius. The present study attempts to study the profile of Ayurvedic outlets, sale, distribution, regulation and importation of AM in Mauritius. AIM OF STUDY: To evaluate the characteristics profile of Ayurvedic shops/clinics/pharmacies/centres, to document common Ayurvedic products used in the treatment and management of diseases, and to analyse existing regulatory control of AM in Mauritius. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ayurvedic outlets were identified using a random approach. Once permission granted, outlets were visited where face-to-face interviews with Ayurvedic practitioners/directors/dispensers were undertaken using a semi-structured questionnaire. The characteristics of the outlets with respect to the type of business registration, procurement and dispensing of products, registration and qualification of personnels employed amongst others were studied. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 10 was used to classify common AM dispensed to patients. Additionally, information was sought from local authorities pertaining to existing legislation governing the importation and regulation of AM in Mauritius. RESULTS: A total of 16 Ayurvedic outlets ('pharmacies' (n=3), clinics (n=2), shops (n=5) and centres (n=6)) was surveyed. Six outlets dispensed AM strictly on prescription only after consultation with an onsite full-time employed registered Ayurvedic practitioner. Seven outlets offered AM both on prescription and over-the-counter where consultation was not mandatory. The remaining three outlets, where no Ayurvedic practitioner was employed, did not offer consultation at any time and dispensed the medicines over-the-counter most of the time. There is currently no such legal framework that acknowledges the existence of an Ayurvedic pharmacy in Mauritius and no trained Ayurvedic pharmacist was recruited in any of the outlets. It was also found that no specific requirements were in place to establish an Ayurvedic outlet in Mauritius. A wide variety of Ayurvedic formulated and single herb products were recorded to be in use against common diseases. Ayurvedic products were imported from India (n=10), purchased from local suppliers (n=6) or locally manufactured (n=1). The Traditional Medicine Board under the aegis of the pharmacy board is a regulatory body which requires Ayurvedic practitioners to be registered so as to practice AM in Mauritius. Additionally, the government has an Ayurvedic committee, under the aegis of the Pharmacy board in the Ministry of Health and Quality of Life to monitor the importation of AM. However, no legal framework has been enacted to regulate the sale of AM under prescription or under the supervision of an Ayurvedic practitioner. CONCLUSION: The current regulatory framework is such that the sale/use/distribution of AM is not strictly controlled unlike its importation. This has led to a certain form of unregulated practice in the private sector whereby the dispensing and sale of AM are being done over-the-counter without professional recommendations. It is recommended that authorities need to regulate the Ayurvedic medical system in Mauritius by amending stringent laws to ensure safety of patients.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Prescrições de Medicamentos/economia
Prescrições de Medicamentos/normas
Medicina Tradicional/economia
Medicina Tradicional/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comércio
Etnofarmacologia/economia
Etnofarmacologia/métodos
Etnofarmacologia/normas
Seres Humanos
Índia
Maurício
Medicina Ayurvédica
Medicina Tradicional/métodos
Qualidade de Vida
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170608
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170608
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160718
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28009388
[Au] Autor:Carron M; Globokar P; Sicard BA
[Ad] Endereço:Emergency Department, Pasteur 2 Hospital, France. mathieu.carron01@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Acute gastrointestinal haemorrhage on board a cruise ship in the Antarctic Peninsula.
[So] Source:Int Marit Health;67(4):223-226, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:2081-3252
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Antarctic tourism on board cruise ships has expanded since the 1990s, essentially in the Antarctic Peninsula. Due to remoteness, medical cases may evolve into life threatening conditions as emergency medical evacuations are challenging. We discuss the case of a young crew member who suddenly fainted with an epigastric pain and abundant rectal bleeding while on board a cruise ship heading to the Deception Island (62°57.6 South, 60°29.5 West), 44 h away from Ushuaia by sea. A medical evacuation was necessary to save the patient whose haemoglobin level rapidly decreased from 11 g/dL to 8.7 g/dL over an 8 h period due to uncontrolled gastrointestinal bleeding. Following discussions between the French, Chilean and Argentinean Medical Top Side Support and Maritime Rescue Authorities and despite poor weather conditions, an emergency medical evacuation by air to Chile was made possible. The evacuation, which was 2 days shorter compared to an evacuation by sea, allowed the patient to reach a hospital facility in time to save his life whereas he decompensated in haemorrhagic shock. As passengers on cruise ships are typically elderly and often following anticoagulant therapies, the risk of bleeding is most important. Facing a gastric haemorrhage, a transfusion is often required. In remote areas, transfusion of fresh whole blood to stabilize a critical patient until he reaches a hospital must be considered.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Regiões Antárticas
Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico
Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Maurício/etnologia
Medicina Naval
Ácido Tranexâmico/uso terapêutico
Transporte de Pacientes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antifibrinolytic Agents); 6T84R30KC1 (Tranexamic Acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170830
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170830
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161224
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5603/IMH.2016.0040


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[PMID]:27916818
[Au] Autor:Cannoosamy K; Pem D; Bhagwant S; Jeewon R
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Mauritius, Réduit, Moka 80837, Mauritius. komeela_2905@hotmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Is a Nutrition Education Intervention Associated with a Higher Intake of Fruit and Vegetables and Improved Nutritional Knowledge among Housewives in Mauritius?
[So] Source:Nutrients;8(12), 2016 Nov 29.
[Is] ISSN:2072-6643
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The purpose of the study was to assess the determinants of nutrition behaviors and body mass index and determine the impact of a nutrition education intervention (NEI) among Mauritian housewives. A pretest-posttest design was used assessing Nutrition Knowledge (NK), Nutrition Attitudes, Fruit and Vegetable Intake (FVI), body mass index (BMI). Two hundred Mauritian housewives were recruited. The NEI was in the form of a lecture and lasted for twenty minutes. Statistical tests performed revealed that the mean NK score at baseline was 65.8 ± 6.92 and a significant increase of +17.1 at post-test and +16.1 at follow-up was observed. Determinants of NK were age, presence of elderly people, and BMI. Mean nutrition attitude score at baseline was 2.37 ± 0.22 with significant increase of +0.2 (post-test) and +0.17 at follow-up. Age, level of education, presence of elders, and NK were linked to a positive attitude. FVI was predicted by age, income, presence of elders, NK, and nutrition attitudes. Baseline FVI was 4.77 ± 1.11 which increased significantly ( < 0.001) to 4.98 ± 1.13 at post-test and 5.03 ± 1.20 at follow up. NEI had a positive impact suggesting the benefits of such intervention in the promotion of healthy nutrition behaviors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Inquéritos sobre Dietas
Frutas
Verduras
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Registros de Dieta
Escolaridade
Feminino
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Maurício
Meia-Idade
Política Nutricional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170406
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170406
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161206
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27698347
[Au] Autor:Hunma S; Ramuth H; Miles-Chan JL; Schutz Y; Montani JP; Joonas N; Dulloo AG
[Ad] Endereço:Obesity Unit, Victoria Hospital, Candos, Mauritius.
[Ti] Título:Body composition-derived BMI cut-offs for overweight and obesity in Indians and Creoles of Mauritius: comparison with Caucasians.
[So] Source:Int J Obes (Lond);40(12):1906-1914, 2016 12.
[Is] ISSN:1476-5497
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Global estimates of overweight and obesity prevalence are based on the World Health Organisation (WHO) body mass index (BMI) cut-off values of 25 and 30 kg m , respectively. To validate these BMI cut-offs for adiposity in the island population of Mauritius, we assessed the relationship between BMI and measured body fat mass in this population according to gender and ethnicity. METHODS: In 175 young adult Mauritians (age 20-42 years) belonging to the two main ethnic groups-Indians (South Asian descent) and Creoles (African/Malagasy descent), body weight, height and waist circumference (WC) were measured, total body fat assessed by deuterium oxide (D2O) dilution and trunk (abdominal) fat by segmental bioimpedance analysis. RESULTS: Compared to body fat% predicted from BMI using Caucasian-based equations, body fat% assessed by D2O dilution in Mauritians was higher by 3-5 units in Indian men and women as well as in Creole women, but not in Creole men. This gender-specific ethnic difference in body composition between Indians and Creoles is reflected in their BMI-Fat% relationships, as well as in their WC-Trunk Fat% relationships. Overall, WHO BMI cut-offs of 25 and 30 kg m for overweight and obesity, respectively, seem valid only for Creole men (~24 and 29.5, respectively), but not for Creole women whose BMI cut-offs are 2-4 units lower (21-22 for overweight; 27-28 for obese) nor for Indian men and women whose BMI cut-offs are 3-4 units lower (21-22 for overweight; 26-27 for obese). CONCLUSIONS: The use of BMI cut-off points for classifying overweight and obesity need to take into account both ethnicity and gender to avoid gross adiposity status misclassification in this population known to be at high risk for type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. This is particularly of importance in obesity prevention strategies both in clinical medicine and public health.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adiposidade/etnologia
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu
Obesidade/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Composição Corporal
Índice de Massa Corporal
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Maurício/epidemiologia
Maurício/etnologia
Obesidade/etnologia
Prevalência
Valores de Referência
Circunferência da Cintura
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161005
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/ijo.2016.176


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[PMID]:27281125
[Au] Autor:Devi Thakoor JP; Dong H; Zhang X; Wang G; Huang H; Xiang Y; Hao W
[Ad] Endereço:Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam National Hospital, Pamplemousses, Mauritius.
[Ti] Título:Duration of Untreated Psychosis in Chinese and Mauritian: Impact of Clinical Characteristics and Patients' and Families' Perspectives on Psychosis.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(6):e0157083, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) is a potentially modifiable prognostic factor of course and prognosis of psychiatric disorders. Few studies have demonstrated that different cultural backgrounds or perspectives on psychosis may be important factors to the DUP. This study attempted to explore whether the DUP was different in Chinese and Mauritians and to clarify potential influencing factors to a long DUP (>3 months). METHODS: 200 patients from China and 100 patients from Mauritius were enrolled in the study. Their respective family members were also recruited. Demographic and clinical characteristics were collected, and the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness (ISMI) scale was adapted to measure the stigma in all subjects. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to find the potential influencing factors to the long DUP. RESULTS: 35.3% of the enrolled patients had a long DUP. No significant difference was found in frequency of long DUP between the two countries. Chinese patients had relatively less perceptions of stigma. Furthermore, Chinese patients with a long DUP had more perception of breakup due to mental illness (OR = 2.22, p = 0.04) and more families' perception of the patient being disinherited due to mental illness (OR = 6.47, p = 0.01). Mauritian patients with a long DUP were less likely to have high monthly income (OR = 0.12, p<0.01), while they had less patients' awareness of mental illness (OR = 0.31, p<0.05) and less families' awareness of mental illness (OR = 0.14, p<0.01). CONCLUSION: The results of this study underlined the importance of DUP in economic conditions, racial and sociocultural factors, and public awareness on psychosis in developing countries.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Família
Transtornos Psicóticos/diagnóstico
Transtornos Psicóticos/epidemiologia
Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico
Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
China/epidemiologia
Cultura
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Maurício/epidemiologia
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Transtornos Psicóticos/terapia
Esquizofrenia/terapia
Meio Social
Fatores de Tempo
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170727
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170727
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160610
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0157083


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[PMID]:27079119
[Au] Autor:Caleyachetty R; Kengne AP; Muennig P; Rutter H; Echouffo-Tcheugui JB
[Ad] Endereço:Ministry of Health and Quality of Life, Port Louis, Mauritius; MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing at University College London, UK. Electronic address: r.caleyachetty@icloud.com.
[Ti] Título:Misperception of body weight among overweight or obese adults in Mauritius.
[So] Source:Obes Res Clin Pract;10(2):216-9, 2016 Mar-Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1871-403X
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In the African region, little is known about weight misperception among overweight or obese adults. We assessed the prevalence of weight misperception and predictors of weight misperception among overweight or obese adults in Mauritius. Height, weight, and self-perception of weight status data from 5736 adults (≥19 years of age), sampled in a population-based survey in 2009 were analysed. Weight status was defined using BMI calculated on the basis of measured height and weight. Information regarding self-perceived body weight, socio-demographic and self-rated health data were collected using a questionnaire. RESULTS: Overall 41% of overweight or obese adults misclassified their own weight status. Among adults who were overweight or obese, weight misperception was increasingly less likely among those with increasing education (men: p=0.02; women: p≤0.001) but was more likely among those who perceived their overall health as good or excellent (men: PR=1.29, 95% CI 1.10-1.52; women: PR=1.42, 95% CI 1.26-1.60). Adults who were overweight or obese, weight misperception was increasingly less likely with increasing income (men: p=0.025; women: p≤0.001). Among women who were overweight or obese, weight misperception was increasingly more likely with increasing age (p≤0.001) and those who self-reported Chinese ethnicity (PR=1.48, 95% CI 1.22-1.78). CONCLUSION: A large proportion of adults in Mauritius misperceive their own weight status, with variation by socio-demographic characteristics and self-rated health. Future studies are needed to examine if correcting misperceptions of weight status may support obesity prevention and control efforts in Mauritius.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Peso Corporal
Autoavaliação Diagnóstica
Obesidade/psicologia
Autoimagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Fatores Etários
Idoso
Grupos Étnicos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Renda
Masculino
Maurício
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160416
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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