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[PMID]:28409055
[Au] Autor:White P; Saketa S; Durand A; Vaai-Nielsen S; Leong-Lui TA; Naseri T; Matalima A; Amosa F; Mercier A; Lepers C; Lal V; Wojcik R; Lewis S; Roth A; Souares Y; Merilles OE; Hoy D
[Ad] Endereço:Epidemiology and Laboratory Capacity Programme, Public Health and Hospital Emergency Preparedness Office, Commonwealth Health Care Corporation, Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
[Ti] Título:Enhanced surveillance for the Third United Nations Conference on Small Island Developing States, Apia, Samoa, September 2014.
[So] Source:Western Pac Surveill Response J;8(1):15-21, 2017 Jan-Mar.
[Is] ISSN:2094-7313
[Cp] País de publicação:Philippines
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Ministry of Health in Samoa, in partnership with the Pacific Community, successfully implemented enhanced surveillance for the high-profile Third United Nations Conference on Small Island Developing States held concurrently with the popular local Teuila festival during a widespread chikungunya outbreak in September 2014. Samoa's weekly syndromic surveillance system was expanded to 12 syndromes and 10 sentinel sites from four syndromes and seven sentinel sites; sites included the national hospital, four private health clinics and three national health service clinics. Daily situation reports were produced and were disseminated through PacNet (the e-mail alert and communication tool of the Pacific Public Health Surveillance Network) together with daily prioritized line lists of syndrome activity to facilitate rapid response and investigation by the Samoan EpiNet team. Standard operating procedures for surveillance and response were introduced, together with a sustainability plan, including a monitoring and evaluation framework, to facilitate the transition of the mass gathering surveillance improvements to routine surveillance. The enhanced surveillance performed well, providing vital disease early warning and health security assurance. A total of 2386 encounters and 708 syndrome cases were reported. Influenza-like illness was the most frequently seen syndrome (17%). No new infectious disease outbreaks were recorded. The experience emphasized: (1) the need for a long lead time to pilot the surveillance enhancements and to maximize their sustainability; (2) the importance of good communication between key stakeholders; and (3) having sufficient staff dedicated to both surveillance and response.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Febre de Chikungunya/prevenção & controle
Vírus Chikungunya
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos
Congressos como Assunto
Surtos de Doenças
Vigilância em Saúde Pública
Vigilância de Evento Sentinela
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Febre de Chikungunya/epidemiologia
Febre de Chikungunya/transmissão
Febre de Chikungunya/virologia
Férias e Feriados
Hospitais
Seres Humanos
Influenza Humana/complicações
Saúde Pública
Samoa/epidemiologia
Síndrome
Nações Unidas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170705
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170705
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170415
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5365/WPSAR.2016.7.4.002


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[PMID]:28279139
[Au] Autor:Muaiava SP
[Ad] Endereço:Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.
[Ti] Título:The Feagaiga and Faife'au 'Kids' (FKs): An Examination of the Experiences of Parsonage Children of the Samoan Congregational Denomination in New Zealand.
[So] Source:J Pastoral Care Counsel;71(1):27-40, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:2167-776X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article examines the experiences of faife'au 'kids' (clergy children) of the Samoan Congregational Christian Church denomination in New Zealand. The paper investigates the effects the indigenous concept of feagaiga (covenant) has on faife'au kids (FKs) parsonage experiences. Additionally, the Eurocentric concept of 'tagata'ese' (stranger) is also investigated. As part of a master's research study, Talanoa sessions were conducted with eight FKs of the Congregational denomination in New Zealand. Participants were mainly from the Wellington and Auckland regions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude Frente à Saúde/etnologia
Comportamento Infantil/etnologia
Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
Religião e Psicologia
Espiritualidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Cristianismo
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia
Assistência Religiosa
Samoa/etnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170904
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170904
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:H
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170311
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1542305016687580


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[PMID]:28261795
[Au] Autor:Semenyna SW; VanderLaan DP; Vasey PL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Birth order and recalled childhood gender nonconformity in Samoan men and fa'afafine.
[So] Source:Dev Psychobiol;59(3):338-347, 2017 04.
[Is] ISSN:1098-2302
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Having a greater than average number of older biological brothers is a robust correlate of male androphilia (i.e., sexual attraction and arousal to adult males). Previous investigations have sought to understand whether this fraternal birth order (FBO) effect is also systematically related to recalled indicators of childhood gender nonconformity (CGN). However, these investigations have relied on data from low-fertility Western populations in which expressions of femininity in male children are routinely stigmatized and consequently, suppressed. The present study examined the FBO effect (among other sibship characteristics) and recalled indicators of CGN in Samoa, a high-fertility population, whose members are relatively tolerant of male femininity. Indeed, Samoans identify feminine androphilic males as belonging to an alternative gender category, known locally as fa'afafine. The present study compared the sibship characteristics of 231 fa'afafine and 231 opposite-sex attracted men from Samoa, as well as how these characteristics related to recalled CGN. Results replicated the well-established FBO effect for predicting male sexual orientation, with each older brother increasing the odds of being androphilic by 21%. However, no relationship was found between the number of older brothers (or other siblings) a participant had and their recalled CGN. Although fa'afafine reported significantly more CGN than Samoan men, CGN did not mediate the FBO effect, nor did the FBO effect and CGN interact to predict male sexual orientation. These findings are consistent with previous studies suggesting that the FBO effect is associated with male sexual orientation, but not childhood female-typical gender expression among androphilic males.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ordem de Nascimento
Feminilidade
Homossexualidade Masculina/etnologia
Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero
Irmãos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Samoa/etnologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171122
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171122
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170307
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/dev.21498


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[PMID]:28210529
[Au] Autor:Price LA; Lock LJ; Archer LE; Ahmed Z
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Inflammation and Ageing, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham.
[Ti] Título:Awareness of Gestational Diabetes and its Risk Factors among Pregnant Women in Samoa.
[So] Source:Hawaii J Med Public Health;76(2):48-54, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:2165-8242
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a subtype of diabetes mellitus defined as the development, or first recognition, of glucose intolerance during pregnancy. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is greater in mothers with GDM compared to the general population. Preventing the development of GDM could help lower the prevalence of T2DM and long-term morbidity in children of affected mothers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the awareness of GDM and its risk factors among pregnant women in Samoa, exploring where participants obtained information, and understanding their attitudes towards diet and physical activity. A quantitative cross-sectional study of 141 women attending Tupua Tamasese Meaole (TTM) hospital in Apia, Samoa in May 2015 was performed. Fifty-eight percent women were aware diabetes can occur for the first time during pregnancy. The greatest information source was from doctors (37%, n=44) followed by family members (22%, n=28), based on 118 respondents. Only one woman correctly identified all four risk factors for GDM. Most women recognized eating a healthy diet (79%) and regular physical activity (78%) to be appropriate lifestyle changes to help prevent GDM. These findings suggest awareness of GDM among pregnant women in Samoa is mixed, with a very small proportion having good knowledge (based on the number of risk factors identified). We conclude that increased education about GDM is necessary, both in hospital clinics and within the community. By increasing awareness of GDM, it may be possible to decrease the prevalence of T2DM in Samoa.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde/etnologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Gravidez
Fatores de Risco
Samoa/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170218
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28202634
[Au] Autor:Wang D; Hawley NL; Thompson AA; Lameko V; Reupena MS; McGarvey ST; Baylin A
[Ad] Endereço:Departments of Epidemiology and.
[Ti] Título:Dietary Patterns Are Associated with Metabolic Outcomes among Adult Samoans in a Cross-Sectional Study.
[So] Source:J Nutr;147(4):628-635, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1541-6100
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Samoan population has been undergoing a nutrition transition toward more imported and processed foods and a more sedentary lifestyle. We aimed to identify dietary patterns in Samoa and to evaluate their associations with metabolic outcomes. The sample of this cross-sectional study includes 2774 Samoan adults recruited in 2010 (1104 with metabolic syndrome compared with 1670 without). Principal component analysis on food items from a 104-item food-frequency questionnaire was used to identify dietary patterns. Adjusted least squares means of each component of metabolic syndrome were estimated by quintiles of factor scores for each dietary pattern. Metabolic syndrome status was regressed on quintiles of scores by using log-binomial models to obtain prevalence ratios. We identified a modern pattern, a mixed-traditional pattern, and a mixed-modern pattern. The modern pattern included a high intake of imported and processed foods, including pizza, cheeseburgers, margarine, sugary drinks, desserts, snacks, egg products, noodles, nuts, breads, and cakes and a low intake of traditional agricultural products and fish. The mixed-traditional pattern had a high intake of neotraditional foods, including fruits, vegetables, soup, poultry, and fish, and imported and processed foods, including dairy products, breads, and cakes. The mixed-modern pattern was loaded with imported and processed foods, including pizza, cheeseburgers, red meat, egg products, noodles, and grains, but also with neotraditional foods, such as seafood and coconut. It also included a low intake of fish, tea, coffee, soup, and traditional agricultural staples. Higher adherence to the mixed-modern pattern was associated with lower abdominal circumference ( -trend < 0.0001), lower serum triglycerides ( -trend = 0.03), and higher serum HDL cholesterol ( -trend = 0.0003). The mixed-modern pattern was inversely associated with prevalence of metabolic syndrome (the highest quintile: prevalence ratio = 0.79; 95% CI: 0.69, 0.91; -trend = 0.006). Mixed dietary patterns containing healthier foods, rather than a largely imported and processed modern diet, may help prevent metabolic syndrome in Samoa.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta
Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia
Síndrome Metabólica/etiologia
Grupo com Ancestrais Oceânicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos Transversais
Inquéritos sobre Dietas
Comportamento Alimentar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores de Risco
Samoa/epidemiologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170217
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3945/jn.116.243733


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[PMID]:28160848
[Au] Autor:Einbond LS; Negrin A; Kulakowski DM; Wu HA; Antonetti V; Jalees F; Law W; Roller M; Redenti S; Kennelly EJ; Balick MJ
[Ad] Endereço:The Institute of Economic Botany, The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458, USA; Lehman College, The City University of New York, Bronx, NY 10468, USA; Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA. Electronic address: lseinbond@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Traditional preparations of kava (Piper methysticum) inhibit the growth of human colon cancer cells in vitro.
[So] Source:Phytomedicine;24:1-13, 2017 Jan 15.
[Is] ISSN:1618-095X
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies indicate there is low incidence of colon cancer in the South Pacific islands, including Fiji, West Samoa, and Vanuatu. Cancer incidence has been shown to be inversely associated with kava (Piper methysticum G. Forst.) ingestion. Hypothesis/Purpose: Kava prepared traditionally will inhibit the growth of human cancer cells. This investigation entails preparation and analysis of kava extracts and study of the growth inhibitory activity of the extracts, alone and combined with hibiscus. STUDY DESIGN: We will prepare kava as in Micronesia - as a water extract, high in particulate content, alone or combined with sea hibiscus (Hibiscus tiliaceus L.) - and examine the components and growth inhibitory activity. METHODS: We obtained ground kava prepared in the traditional way from lateral roots and sea hibiscus mucilage and sap from different sources in Micronesia, and prepared water extracts (unfiltered, as well as filtered, since in traditional use the kava beverage contains a high particulate content) and partitions. We used the MTT assay to determine the growth inhibitory activity of the preparations on colon and breast cancer cells and nonmalignant intestinal epithelial cells. LC-MS analysis was used to examine the components of the kava and sea hibiscus extracts and partitions. RESULTS: Traditional preparations of kava inhibit the growth of breast and colon cancer cells. Among the kava preparations, the order of decreasing activity was Fiji(2), Fiji(1), Hawaii; the unfiltered preparations from Fiji were more active than the filtered. Phytochemical analysis indicated that filtering reduced most kavalactone and chalcone content. For example, for Fiji(2), the ratio of dihydromethysticin in filtered/unfiltered kava was 0.01. Thus, for the extracts from Fiji, growth inhibitory activity correlates with the content of these compounds. Unfiltered and filtered kava from Fiji(1) were more active on malignant than nonmalignant intestinal epithelial cells. Since kava is prepared in Micronesia by squeezing the extract through sea hibiscus bark, we assayed the growth inhibitory activity of combinations of kava and sea hibiscus sap and found that sea hibiscus enhanced the growth inhibitory effect of kava. CONCLUSION: Our results show that traditional kava, alone or combined with sea hibiscus, displays activity against human cancer cells and indicate it will be worthwhile to develop and further analyze these preparations to prevent and treat colon and other cancers. Our findings suggest it is important to examine the activity of plants in the form that people consume them.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico
Hibiscus/química
Kava/química
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/farmacologia
Pironas/farmacologia
Células Tumorais Cultivadas/efeitos dos fármacos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Neoplasias do Colo/epidemiologia
Fiji/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Espectrometria de Massas
Fitoterapia
Raízes de Plantas/química
Samoa/epidemiologia
Vanuatu/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Extracts); 0 (Plant Growth Regulators); 0 (Pyrones)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170206
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28050743
[Au] Autor:Gómez FR; Semenyna SW; Court L; Vasey PL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Drive, Lethbridge, AB, T1K 3M4, Canada. francisco.gomez@uleth.ca.
[Ti] Título:Recalled Separation Anxiety in Childhood in Istmo Zapotec Men, Women, and Muxes.
[So] Source:Arch Sex Behav;46(1):109-117, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2800
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Istmo Zapotec are a pre-Columbian cultural group indigenous to the Istmo region of Oaxaca, Mexico. Istmo Zapotec recognize three genders: men, women, and muxes. Like Istmo Zapotec men, muxes are biological males. However, unlike Istmo Zapotec men, most muxes are exclusively androphilic (i.e., sexually attracted to adult males), relatively feminine, and routinely adopt the receptive role during anal intercourse. Furthermore, the Istmo Zapotec recognize two types of muxes: muxe gunaa, who resemble the transgender androphilic males that are common in many non-Western cultures, and muxe nguiiu, who resemble the cisgender androphilic males ("gay" men) common in Western cultures. Retrospective research conducted in Canada and Samoa demonstrates that cisgender and transgender androphilic males recall elevated indicators of childhood separation anxiety (i.e., feelings of distress related to separation from major attachment figures) when compared to males who are gynephilic (i.e., sexually attracted to adult females). The present study compared recalled indicators of childhood separation anxiety among Istmo Zapotec men, women, muxe gunaa, and muxe nguiiu (N = 454). Men recalled significantly lower levels of childhood separation anxiety compared to all other groups (all p < .042). No additional group differences were found. Our results are consistent with previous research conducted in Canada and Samoa, suggesting that elevated childhood separation anxiety is a developmental correlate of male androphilia that is cross-culturally universal. This research is also consistent with the conclusion that cisgender and transgender male androphiles share a common biological and developmental foundation despite being different in appearance.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ansiedade de Separação/psicologia
Homossexualidade Masculina/psicologia
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Identidade de Gênero
Homossexualidade Masculina/etnologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Rememoração Mental
Estudos Retrospectivos
Samoa
Comportamento Sexual/etnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170918
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170918
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170105
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10508-016-0917-x


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[PMID]:27987088
[Au] Autor:VanderLaan DP; Petterson LJ; Vasey PL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Mississauga, Deerfield Hall, 3359 Mississauga Rd., Mississauga, ON, L5L 1C6, Canada. doug.vanderlaan@utoronto.ca.
[Ti] Título:Elevated Kin-Directed Altruism Emerges in Childhood and Is Linked to Feminine Gender Expression in Samoan Fa'afafine: A Retrospective Study.
[So] Source:Arch Sex Behav;46(1):95-108, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2800
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Androphilia refers to sexual attraction toward adult males, whereas gynephilia refers to sexual attraction toward adult females. The kin selection hypothesis posits that androphilic males help kin increase their reproductive output via kin-directed altruism, thus offsetting their own lowered reproduction and contributing to the fitness of genes underpinning male androphilia. Support for this hypothesis has been garnered in several Samoan studies showing that feminine androphilic males (known locally as fa'afafine) report elevated willingness to invest in nieces and nephews in adulthood. Also, recalled childhood kin attachment and concern for kin's well-being are elevated among Canadian androphilic males (i.e., gay men) and positively associated with childhood feminine gender expression. This study examined whether these childhood patterns were cross-culturally consistent and associated with adulthood kin-directed altruism in a Samoan sample. Samoan gynephilic men, androphilic women, and fa'afafine (N = 470) completed measures of recalled childhood kin attachment and concern for the well-being of kin, recalled childhood gender expression, and willingness in adulthood to invest in nieces and nephews. Fa'afafine recalled elevated anxiety due to separation from kin relative to men and elevated concern for kin's well-being relative to both men and women. Within groups, these characteristics were most robustly associated with childhood feminine gender expression and willingness in adulthood to invest in nieces and nephews among fa'afafine. These findings are consistent with the kin selection hypothesis and the adaptive feminine phenotype model, which proposes that a disposition toward elevated kin-directed altruism among androphilic males is associated with feminine gender expression.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Altruísmo
Homossexualidade Masculina/etnologia
Comportamento Sexual/etnologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Identidade de Gênero
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Reprodução
Estudos Retrospectivos
Samoa
Irmãos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170918
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170918
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161218
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10508-016-0884-2


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[PMID]:27785648
[Au] Autor:Semenyna SW; Petterson LJ; VanderLaan DP; Vasey PL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Lethbridge, C866 University Hall, 4401 University Drive, Lethbridge, AB, T1K 3M4, Canada. scott.semenyna@uleth.ca.
[Ti] Título:A Comparison of the Reproductive Output Among the Relatives of Samoan Androphilic Fa'afafine and Gynephilic Men.
[So] Source:Arch Sex Behav;46(1):87-93, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2800
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The sexually antagonistic gene hypothesis (SAGH) for male androphilia posits that genes associated with androphilia (i.e., sexual attraction to adult males) will result in lowered reproduction when present in males, but increased reproduction when present in females. Findings derived from some Western European samples furnish support for the SAGH; however, results from studies conducted in other regions of the world have been more equivocal. Our previous research in Samoa indicated that the mothers as well as the maternal and paternal grandmothers of androphilic males (known locally as fa'afafine) exhibit elevated reproductive output when compared to the relatives of gynephilic men (i.e., males that are sexually attracted to adult females). The present replication study tested the SAGH in Samoa using a sample that was 122 % larger than the one previously studied by our group (VanderLaan, Forrester, Petterson, & Vasey, 2012). In line with the predictions of the SAGH, we hypothesized that the grandmothers, aunts, and mothers of fa'afafine would show elevated reproductive output compared to those of Samoan gynephilic men. Data were collected from 191 fa'afafine and 191 gynephilic men on the reproductive output of their paternal and maternal biological relatives (i.e., mothers, grandmothers, aunts, uncles). The mothers and maternal grandmothers of fa'afafine showed elevated reproductive output compared to those of gynephilic men. The paternal grandmother effect was not replicated. Although these results are consistent with the SAGH, a lack of difference in the reproductive output of aunts renders support for the SAGH in Samoa equivocal.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Homossexualidade Masculina/etnologia
Reprodução/genética
Comportamento Sexual/etnologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Samoa
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170918
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170918
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161028
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10508-016-0765-8


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[PMID]:27654026
[Au] Autor:Gaillard JC; Sanz K; Balgos BC; Dalisay SNM; Gorman-Murray A; Smith F; Toelupe V
[Ad] Endereço:Associate Professor at the School of Environment, The University of Auckland, New Zealand.
[Ti] Título:Beyond men and women: a critical perspective on gender and disaster.
[So] Source:Disasters;41(3):429-447, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1467-7717
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Consideration of gender in the disaster sphere has centred almost exclusively on the vulnerability and capacities of women. This trend stems from a polarised Western understanding of gender as a binary concept of man-woman. Such an approach also mirrors the dominant framing of disasters and disaster risk reduction (DRR), emphasising Western standards and practices to the detriment of local, non-Western identities and experiences. This paper argues that the man-woman dichotomy is an insufficient construct with which to address the gendered dimensions of a disaster as it fails to capture the realities of diverse gender minorities in non-Western contexts. The paper presents case studies from the Philippines, Indonesia, and Samoa, where gender minorities display specific patterns of vulnerability associated with their marginal positions in society, yet, importantly, also possess a wide array of endogenous capacities. Recognition of these differences, needs, skills, and unique resources is essential to moving towards inclusive and gender-sensitive DRR.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desastres
Identidade de Gênero
Grupos Minoritários
Populações Vulneráveis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Indonésia
Masculino
Filipinas
Comportamento de Redução do Risco
Samoa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170726
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170726
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160923
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/disa.12209



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