Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : B01.050.150.900.649.313.988.400.600.150.150.105 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 47 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Longo]

página 1 de 5 ir para página              

  1 / 47 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
PMID:28535867
Autor:Chinnadurai SK; Johnson JG; Langan JN
Endereço:Chicago Zoological Society, Brookfield Zoo, Brookfield, Illinois;, Email: Sathya.chinnadurai@czs.org.
Título:Comparison of 3 Methods for Preventing Perianesthetic Hypothermia in Callimicos ( ).
Fonte:J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci; 56(3):318-321, 2017 05 01.
ISSN:1559-6109
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:Perianesthetic hypothermia is one of the most common complications in veterinary anesthesia, especially in small patients with a large body surface area to mass ratio. During anesthesia, body heat can be lost through 4 mechanisms-radiation, convection, conduction, and evaporation-but anesthetists frequently address only one mechanism at a time. Here we sought to evaluate 3 methods of preventing perianesthetic hypothermia in callimicos (Callimico goeldii). In our experience, these small NHP routinely become hypothermic under even brief inhalant anesthesia. To address multiple routes of heat loss, animals received 1 of 3 treatments: 1) placement of a reflective blanket over the patient to limit radiative heat loss to the surrounding environment; 2) placement of a reflective blanket and use of a heated anesthetic circuit, which warmed the inspired air to 104 °F (40 °C), and 3) placement under the patient of a forced-air warming blanket set at 109.4 °F (43 °C). Sources of radiative heat loss were assessed by using infrared thermography. Each animal was anesthetized with isoflurane and maintained in sternal recumbency in a temperature-controlled room (65 °F; 18.3 °C); esophageal core body temperature was monitored every 5 min for a total of 30 min. The rate of heat loss did not differ between the use of a reflective blanket with or without a heated anesthetic circuit. Animals provided the forced-air warming blanket experienced a slight increase in average body temperature. According to these findings, an underbody warm-air blanket provided the best protection against hypothermia for callimicos in sternal recumbency.
Tipo de publicação: COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nome de substância:0 (Anesthetics, Inhalation); CYS9AKD70P (Isoflurane)


  2 / 47 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
PMID:28080911
Autor:Cannizzo SA; Langan JN; Warneke M; Allender M
Título:EVALUATION OF IN-HOUSE URINE DIPSTICK, REFERENCE LABORATORY URINALYSIS, AND URINE PROTEIN: CREATININE RATIO FROM A COLONY OF CALLIMICOS (CALLIMICO GOELDII).
Fonte:J Zoo Wildl Med; 47(4):977-983, 2016 Dec.
ISSN:1042-7260
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:This study evaluated results from an in-house (IH) laboratory dipstick, a reference laboratory (RL) urinalysis, and urine protein : creatinine (UPC) ratios from callimicos ( Callimico goeldii ). Urine was collected from 25 individuals comprising a single colony under professional care in North America and compared based on laboratory, sex, age class, and presence or absence of a normal urinalysis. Urine specific gravity and pH between laboratories were statistically different. Overall, 56% to 100% of animals had at least a trace amount of protein in their urine. In comparing normal and abnormal urinalyses, IH dipstick protein, RL dipstick protein, RL pH, quantitative protein measurement, and UPC ratios were all statistically different. Eleven animals (44%) had UPC ratios that were ≥0.5. Based on results of this study, UPC > 0.3 was found to be abnormal and supportive of renal compromise in callimicos. Higher protein concentrations on the IH dipstick, the quantitative protein concentration, and UPC ratio in the 1- to 4-yr-old age class were the only significant age-related differences. There was no association between any categorical variable (glucose, blood, bilirubin, ketones, urobilinogen) and abnormal urinalysis. There were no differences between sexes. Since renal disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in this species, the authors recommend including routine urinalyses and UPC ratios as part of preventive care programs for callimicos. These data provide the first published information on urinalysis and UPC ratios in callimicos and will serve as a helpful reference for interpreting results and evaluating patients with renal disease.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nome de substância:AYI8EX34EU (Creatinine)


  3 / 47 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Rahal, Sheila Canevese
Texto completo
PMID:27386798
Autor:Martins MC; Rahal SC; Mamprim MJ; Teixeira RH; Teixeira CR; Sequeira JL; Nóbrega J
Endereço:Department of Veterinary Surgery and Anesthesiology, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Botucatu, Brazil.
Título:Hepatic myelolipoma in two Goeldi's monkeys from South America held captive.
Fonte:J Med Primatol; 45(4):202-5, 2016 Aug.
ISSN:1600-0684
País de publicação:Denmark
Idioma:eng
Resumo:Two cases of hepatic myelolipoma in Goeldi's monkeys from South America are described. One was a female evaluated due progressive abdominal distension. Ultrasound and computed tomography detected hepatic mass. Partial hepatectomy was performed, but the monkey died after surgery. Case 2 was a male that died suddenly, showing non-specific clinical signs.
Tipo de publicação: CASE REPORTS


  4 / 47 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
PMID:26025915
Autor:Sha JC; Ismail R; Marlena D; Lee JL
Endereço:Conservation and Research Department, Wildlife Reserves Singapore, Singapore john.sha.cm@gmail.com.
Título:Environmental complexity and feeding enrichment can mitigate effects of space constraints in captive callitrichids.
Fonte:Lab Anim; 50(2):137-44, 2016 Apr.
ISSN:1758-1117
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Resumo:Non-human primates housed in zoos and laboratories often exhibit reduced activity and this poses welfare concerns. We examined the effects of enclosure types of differing size and environmental complexity on the activities of two species of callitrichids. We found that cotton-top tamarins housed in an enclosure of larger size and more environmental complexity showed higher activity levels, which was mainly contributed by more feeding/foraging activity. By contrast, Goeldi's monkeys housed in an enclosure of larger size and more environmental complexity showed lower activity levels, which was mainly contributed by less locomotory activity. In both species, off-exhibit groups housed in smaller enclosures did not show significantly less locomotory activity which would have been expected, as larger availability spaces should allow more opportunities for locomotion. Furthermore, the feeding enrichment had significant effects on increased feeding/foraging activity for both cotton-top tamarins and Goeldi's monkeys, irrespective of enclosure type. These results suggested that environmental complexity (or application of feeding enrichment) that provided more opportunities for natural foraging could have a larger effect on overall activity levels compared with larger enclosure sizes that should provide more locomotion opportunities. More importantly, it showed that even when enclosure space and complexity were limited, increased opportunities for foraging through the application of enrichment could increase species-typical behaviours. Such inexpensive, easy to implement enrichment methods should be applied to provide more complex environments for captive non-human primates, particularly in situations where there are logistical and/or cost constraints to the modification of physical exhibits.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  5 / 47 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
PMID:26056899
Autor:Christiansen EF; Himsworth CG; Hill JE; Haulena M
Título:INFECTION OF A GOELDI'S MONKEY (CALLIMICO GOELDII) WITH A EUROPEAN STRAIN OF ECHINOCOCCUS MULTILOCULARIS IN A CANADIAN INSTITUTION.
Fonte:J Zoo Wildl Med; 46(2):378-81, 2015 Jun.
ISSN:1042-7260
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:A 12-yr-old female Goeldi's monkey (Callimico goeldii) in British Columbia, Canada was diagnosed with alveolar echinococcosis (AE) on postmortem examination. Echinococcus multilocularis has been identified in several species of nonhuman primates, most frequently Old World primates, in zoos and research facilities in Europe and Asia. The strain affecting this monkey was identified as a European haplotype, indistinguishable from E. multilocularis recently identified in several canids in British Columbia. The animal is suspected to have been exposed while living in a zoological institution in Alberta, where E. multilocularis has also been reported in urban coyotes. Alveolar echinococcosis is a zoonotic disease of increasing concern in the United States and Canada, and this disease should be considered on the differential list of any nonhuman primate exhibiting signs of abdominal pain or distension, along with diagnostic imaging consistent with cystic structures of the liver or other organs.
Tipo de publicação: CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE


  6 / 47 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
PMID:26056879
Autor:Kleinschmidt LM; Langan JN; Warneke MR; Kinsel MJ; Allender MC
Título:RETROSPECTIVE REVIEW OF THE PREVALENCE OF MYELOLIPOMA IN GOELDI'S MONKEYS (CALLIMICO GOELDII).
Fonte:J Zoo Wildl Med; 46(2):273-8, 2015 Jun.
ISSN:1042-7260
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:Myelolipomas are mesenchymal tumors composed of adipose and hematopoietic tissue. They have been reported in many species, including domestic dogs and cats, birds, mustelids, wild felids, and nonhuman primates. Myelolipomas in Callitrichidae have been reported at postmortem examination and rarely antemortem. Multiple cases of hepatic myelolipomas associated with morbidity in Chicago Zoological Society's collection of Goeldi's monkeys (Callimico goeldii) prompted a global retrospective study to determine the prevalence and investigate factors associated with this condition. A total of 842 postmortem examination reports (1965-2013) collected from 133 captive collections were reviewed. Myelolipomas were reported in 17.2% (n=145) of animals, with significantly more female cases than male (P=0.023). There was a significantly older mean age at death in affected animals (134 months) compared to unaffected animals (79 months) (P<0.0001). Myelolipomas were diagnosed in the liver in all affected animals, and rarely in the adrenal or spleen. One in five (22.1%) affected Callimico had notable morbidity associated with this disease, which is markedly different from the primarily benign reports in other species. To identify disease, prevent morbidity from hepatic myelolipoma, and improve care of Callimico species in zoological collections, new Species Survival Plan (SSP) medical management recommendations include incorporating abdominal ultrasonographic examination during routine physical examinations in addition to previously recommended hematological and serum biochemical evaluations. Future studies are merited to examine the prevalence, risk factors, health effects, and treatment options of myelolipoma in living collections.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  7 / 47 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
PMID:25912407
Autor:Kubiak ML; Jayson SL; Saunders RA
Endereço:Zoo and Exotic Animals department, Manor Veterinary Centre, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK.
Título:Determination of vertebral heart score in Goeldi's monkeys (Callimico goeldii).
Fonte:J Med Primatol; 44(4):183-6, 2015 Aug.
ISSN:1600-0684
País de publicação:Denmark
Idioma:eng
Resumo:BACKGROUND: Goeldi's monkeys (Callimico goeldii) are callitrichid primates commonly kept in zoological collections, and to date, no cardiac parameters have been recorded. The vertebral heart score (VHS) is an objective method of evaluation of cardiac size well documented in domestic mammals, and the aim of this study was to determine the VHS in Goeldi's monkeys. METHODS: In this retrospective study, right lateral radiographs of thirteen clinically well animals were reviewed and vertebral heart score determined. RESULTS: The vertebral heart score was found to be 9.35 ± 0.31. CONCLUSIONS: The observed value appears consistent within the study population and with values for other primate species. The value determined may be of benefit in objectively evaluating cardiac size in this species.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  8 / 47 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
PMID:25887279
Autor:Scott JE
Endereço:Department of Anthropology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901, USA. Electronic address: jeremiah.e.scott@gmail.com.
Título:Lost and found: The third molars of Callimico goeldii and the evolution of the callitrichine postcanine dentition.
Fonte:J Hum Evol; 83:65-73, 2015 Jun.
ISSN:1095-8606
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Resumo:This study tests the hypothesis that the third molars of Callimico goeldii represent a reversal in evolutionary tooth loss within the Callitrichinae. Loss of third molars is part of a suite of unusual characters that has been used to unite marmosets and tamarins in a clade to the exclusion of Callimico. However, molecular phylogenetic studies provide consistent support for the hypothesis that marmosets are more closely related to Callimico than to tamarins, raising the possibility that some or all of the features shared by marmosets and tamarins are homoplastic. Here, I use the binary-state speciation and extinction (BiSSE) model and a sample of 249 extant primate species to demonstrate that, given the shape of the primate phylogenetic tree and the distribution of character states in extant taxa, models in which M3 loss is constrained to be irreversible are much less likely than models in which reversals are allowed to occur. This result provides support for the idea that the last common ancestor of Callimico and marmosets was characterized by the two-molared phenotype. The M3s of Callimico therefore appear to be secondarily derived rather than plesiomorphic. This conclusion may also apply to the other apparently plesiomorphic traits found in Callimico. Hypotheses regarding the re-evolution of M3 in the callitrichine clade and the origin and maintenance of the two-molared phenotype are discussed.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  9 / 47 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
PMID:24033399
Autor:Macdonald C; Barden S; Foley S
Endereço:School of Life, Sport & Social Science, Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh, UK; Animal Department, Edinburgh Zoo, Edinburgh, UK.
Título:Isolation and characterization of chitin-degrading micro-organisms from the faeces of Goeldi's monkey, Callimico goeldii.
Fonte:J Appl Microbiol; 116(1):52-9, 2014 Jan.
ISSN:1365-2672
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Resumo:AIMS: The objective of this study was the isolation and characterization of chitin-degrading micro-organisms from the faeces of the insectivorous Goeldi's monkey, Callimico goeldii. METHODS AND RESULTS: Faeces samples were screened for chitin-degrading bacteria using basal medium in which chitin was included as the carbon and energy source. Of fifteen bacterial isolates with chitin-degrading activity, fourteen were also capable of degrading cellulose. All isolates were either aerobes or facultative anaerobes. CONCLUSIONS: Phylogenetic analyses of those isolates exhibiting strongest activity, as determined by the most distinctive zones of clearing in chitin-supplemented medium, were identified as Cellulosimicrobium spp., Arthrobacter spp., Staphylococcus spp. and Enterobacteriaceae. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: This study reports on the isolation of chitin-degrading microflora from nonhuman primates. Considering that chitin and cellulose are the most abundant naturally occurring polymers, it is of interest to note that the majority of isolates are capable of digesting both substrates. This may be of significance given that omnivorous primates live in seasonal environments, where the availability of food items varies with the seasons. Furthermore, given the presence of a chitin-degrading microflora, this may have implications, in terms of the inclusion of fungi and/or insects in the diets of these animals in captivity, whether as part of medical research or conservation programmes.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nome de substância:1398-61-4 (Chitin)


  10 / 47 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
PMID:23294901
Autor:Valle RR; Arakaki PR; Carvalho FM; Muniz JA; Leal CL; García-Herreros M
Endereço:ICS, Universidade Paulista, São Paulo, Brazil; FMVZ, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
Título:Identification of sperm head subpopulations with defined pleiomorphic characteristics in ejaculates of captive Goeldi's monkeys (Callimico goeldii).
Fonte:Anim Reprod Sci; 137(1-2):93-102, 2013 Feb.
ISSN:1873-2232
País de publicação:Netherlands
Idioma:eng
Resumo:The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of pleiomorphisms and its influence on the distribution of sperm morphometric subpopulations in ejaculates from the vulnerable Goeldi's monkey (Callimico goeldii) by using a combination of computerized analysis system and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) methods. Each sperm head was measured for four primary spermatozoal head dimensional parameters (area [A (µm(2))], perimeter [P (µm)], length [L (µm)] and width [W (µm)]) and three head shape derived parameters (ellipticity [(L/W)], elongation [(L-W)/(L+W)] and rugosity [(4πA/P(2))]). Six separate subpopulations (SPs) were identified: SP1, constituted by very large, narrow and very elliptical spermatozoa (A=16.85±1.56µm(2), W=2.75±0.42µm and ellipticity=2.16±0.24); SP2, characterized by average sized, short, wide and round spermatozoa (A=15.00±1.92µm(2), L=5.06±0.49µm, W=3.51±0.31µm and ellipticity=1.44±0.15); SP3, represented by small, wide and slightly round spermatozoa (A=14.95±1.75µm(2), W=3.47±0.29µm and ellipticity=1.48±0.14); SP4 included very small, short and very round spermatozoa (A=14.15±2.38µm(2), L=4.90±0.57µm and elongation=0.18±0.05); SP5 consisted of average sized and slightly elliptical spermatozoa (A=15.14±1.72µm(2) and ellipticity=1.49±0.14); and SP6 included large and round spermatozoa (A=16.30±1.62µm(2) and elongation=0.19±0.04). There were differences in the sperm subpopulation distribution (P<0.001) among the five donors analyzed. In conclusion, the results of the current study confirmed that the use of computer sperm analysis methods combined with PCA cluster analyses are useful methods to identify, classify, and characterize different sperm head morphometric subpopulations in neotropical primates. Broadening our knowledge of C. goeldii sperm morphometric abnormalities as well as developing reliable techniques for sperm evaluation may be essential for ex situ conservation of this threatened species.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T



página 1 de 5 ir para página              
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde