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Pesquisa : D12.776.124.486.485.114.089 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 10 MEDLINE  
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PMID:25782351
Autor:Subharat S; Shu D; Zheng T; Buddle BM; Janssen PH; Luo D; Wedlock DN
Endereço:AgResearch, Hopkirk Research Institute, Grasslands Research Centre, Private Bag 11008, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand. Electronic address: art.subharat@agresearch.co.nz.
Título:Vaccination of cattle with a methanogen protein produces specific antibodies in the saliva which are stable in the rumen.
Fonte:Vet Immunol Immunopathol; 164(3-4):201-7, 2015 Apr 15.
ISSN:1873-2534
País de publicação:Netherlands
Idioma:eng
Resumo:Methane is produced in the rumen of cattle by a group of archaea (single-celled organisms forming a domain distinct from bacteria and eucarya) called methanogens. Vaccination against methanogens has the potential to reduce methane emissions by inducing antibodies in saliva which are transferred to the rumen and diminish the ability of methanogens to produce methane. Since it is likely that an effective vaccination strategy will need to produce high levels of methanogen-specific antibody in the saliva; the choice of adjuvant, route of vaccination and stability of saliva-derived antibody in the rumen all need to be considered. In this study, stability of IgA and IgG in rumen fluid was determined using an in vitro assay. IgA levels in cattle saliva were reduced by only 40% after 8h exposure to rumen contents while IgG levels were reduced by 80%. These results indicated that antibody is relatively stable in the bovine rumen. A trial was conducted in cattle to investigate induction of immune responses to a methanogen protein, recombinant glycosyl transferase protein (rGT2) from Methanobrevibacter ruminantium M1. Groups of cattle (n=6) were vaccinated subcutaneously with rGT2, formulated with Montanide ISA61 with or without the TLR4 agonist, monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL). A control group (n=6) was not vaccinated. Strong antigen-specific IgG and moderate IgA responses were measured in the serum and saliva of the vaccinated animals and antibody was also detected in the rumen.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Nome de substância:0 (Antibodies, Archaeal); 0 (Archaeal Proteins); 0 (Immunoglobulin A); 0 (Immunoglobulin G); EC 2.4.- (Glycosyltransferases)


  2 / 10 MEDLINE  
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PMID:25531640
Autor:Blanco Y; Rivas LA; García-Moyano A; Aguirre J; Cruz-Gil P; Palacín A; van Heerden E; Parro V
Endereço:Department of Molecular Evolution, Centro de Astrobiología (INTA-CSIC), Carretera de Ajalvir, km 4, Torrejón de Ardoz, 28850, Madrid, Spain.
Título:Deciphering the prokaryotic community and metabolisms in South African deep-mine biofilms through antibody microarrays and graph theory.
Fonte:PLoS One; 9(12):e114180, 2014.
ISSN:1932-6203
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:In the South African deep mines, a variety of biofilms growing in mine corridor walls as water seeps from intersections or from fractures represents excellent proxies for deep-subsurface environments. However, they may be greatly affected by the oxygen inputs through the galleries of mining activities. As a consequence, the interaction between the anaerobic water coming out from the walls with the oxygen inputs creates new conditions that support rich microbial communities. The inherent difficulties for sampling these delicate habitats, together with transport and storage conditions may alter the community features and composition. Therefore, the development of in situ monitoring methods would be desirable for quick evaluation of the microbial community. In this work, we report the usefulness of an antibody-microarray (EMChip66) immunoassay for a quick check of the microbial diversity of biofilms located at 1.3 km below surface within the Beatrix deep gold mine (South Africa). In addition, a deconvolution method, previously described and used for environmental monitoring, based on graph theory and applied on antibody cross-reactivity was used to interpret the immunoassay results. The results were corroborated and further expanded by 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis. Both culture-independent techniques coincided in detecting features related to aerobic sulfur-oxidizers, aerobic chemoorganotrophic Alphaproteobacteria and metanotrophic Gammaproteobacteria. 16S rRNA gene sequencing detected phylotypes related to nitrate-reducers and anaerobic sulfur-oxidizers, whereas the EMChip66 detected immunological features from methanogens and sulfate-reducers. The results reveal a diverse microbial community with syntrophic metabolisms both anaerobic (fermentation, methanogenesis, sulphate and nitrate reduction) and aerobic (methanotrophy, sulphur oxidation). The presence of oxygen-scavenging microbes might indicate that the system is modified by the artificial oxygen inputs from the mine galleries.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Nome de substância:0 (Antibodies, Archaeal); 0 (Antibodies, Bacterial); 0 (RNA, Ribosomal, 16S); 7440-57-5 (Gold); S88TT14065 (Oxygen)


  3 / 10 MEDLINE  
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PMID:18707623
Autor:Yamabe K; Maeda H; Kokeguchi S; Tanimoto I; Sonoi N; Asakawa S; Takashiba S
Endereço:Department of Pathophysiology - Periodontal Science, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan.
Título:Distribution of Archaea in Japanese patients with periodontitis and humoral immune response to the components.
Fonte:FEMS Microbiol Lett; 287(1):69-75, 2008 Oct.
ISSN:0378-1097
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Resumo:There is controversy regarding the existence of archaeal pathogens. Periodontitis is one of the human diseases in which Archaea have been suggested to have roles as pathogens. This study was performed to investigate the distribution of Archaea in Japanese patients with periodontitis and to examine the serum IgG responses to archaeal components. Subgingival plaque samples were collected from 111 periodontal pockets of 49 patients (17 with aggressive periodontitis and 32 with chronic periodontitis), and 30 subgingival plaque samples were collected from 17 healthy subjects. By PCR targeting the 16S rRNA gene, Archaea were detected in 15 plaque samples (13.5% of total samples) from 11 patients (29.4% of patients with aggressive periodontitis and 18.8% of patients with chronic periodontitis). Archaea were detected mostly (14/15) in severe diseased sites (pocket depth > or =6 mm), while no amplicons were observed in any samples from healthy controls. Sequence analysis of the PCR products revealed that the majority of Archaea in periodontal pockets were a Methanobrevibacter oralis-like phylotype. Western immunoblotting detected IgG antibodies against M. oralis in eight of the 11 sera from patients. These results suggest the potential of Archaea (M. oralis) as an antigenic pathogen of periodontitis.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Nome de substância:0 (Antibodies, Archaeal); 0 (DNA, Archaeal); 0 (Immunoglobulin G); 0 (RNA, Ribosomal, 16S)


  4 / 10 MEDLINE  
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PMID:18643925
Autor:Thoma C; Frank M; Rachel R; Schmid S; Näther D; Wanner G; Wirth R
Endereço:University of Regensburg, Archaea Centre, Universitätsstrasse 31; D-93053 Regensburg, Germany.
Título:The Mth60 fimbriae of Methanothermobacter thermoautotrophicus are functional adhesins.
Fonte:Environ Microbiol; 10(10):2785-95, 2008 Oct.
ISSN:1462-2920
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Resumo:The ability to adhere onto surfaces is of very high importance for microorganisms, enabling them to stay in a favourable habitat for life. In the case of Bacteria cell surface organelles called fimbriae/pili have been shown to be used for adhesion; corresponding cell surface appendages of Archaea have not yet been defined. The first detailed characterization of archaeal fimbriae, namely those of Methanothermobacter thermoautotrophicus, allowed us to identify mth60 as the main structural fimbrin gene. Recombinant expression of mth60 in Escherichia coli was used to generate sufficient amounts of Mth60 to induce antibodies in rabbits. The antiserum reacted specifically with the 16 kDa fimbrial glycoprotein and could specifically detach adhering M. thermoautotrophicus cells from various surfaces. In addition we proved that cells adhering to solid surfaces - organic and inorganic ones - express many more fimbriae than cells growing in liquid cultures. The Mth60 fimbriae therefore are used by M. thermoautotrophicus as adhesins.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Nome de substância:0 (Antibodies, Archaeal); 0 (Archaeal Proteins); 0 (Membrane Glycoproteins); 0 (Microfilament Proteins); 0 (Recombinant Proteins); 0 (plastin)


  5 / 10 MEDLINE  
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PMID:15364447
Autor:Wright AD; Kennedy P; O'Neill CJ; Toovey AF; Popovski S; Rea SM; Pimm CL; Klein L
Endereço:CSIRO Livestock Industries, Centre for Environment and Life Sciences, Private Bag 5, Wembley, Western Australia, Perth 6913, Australia. andre-denis.wright@csiro.au
Título:Reducing methane emissions in sheep by immunization against rumen methanogens.
Fonte:Vaccine; 22(29-30):3976-85, 2004 Sep 28.
ISSN:0264-410X
País de publicação:Netherlands
Idioma:eng
Resumo:This work was conducted to determine if methane emissions from sheep immunized with an anti-methanogen vaccine were significantly lower than methane emissions from non-immunized sheep, to test the effectiveness of two different vaccine formulations (VF) on methane abatement, and to compare methane emissions measured using a closed-circuit respiration chamber and the sulphur-hexafluoride (SF6) tracer technique. Thirty mature wether sheep were randomly allocated to three treatment groups (n = 10). One group received an immunization of adjuvant only on days 0 and 153 (control), a second group received an immunization with a 3-methanogen mix on days 0 and 153 (VF3 + 3), and a third group received an immunization of a 7-methanogen mix on day 0 followed by a 3-methanogen mix on day 153 (VF7 + 3). Four weeks post-secondary immunization, there was a significant 7.7% reduction in methane production per kg dry matter intake in the VF7 + 3 group compared to the controls (P = 0.051). However, methane emissions from sheep immunized with VF7 + 3 were not significantly different when compared to the sheep in the control group (P = 0.883). The average IgG and IgA antibody titres in both plasma and saliva of the VF3 + 3 immunized sheep were four to nine times higher than those immunized with VF7 + 3 (P< 0.001) at both 3 and 6 weeks post-secondary immunization. Data also revealed that SF6 methane estimates were consistently higher than the respiration chamber estimates and that there was no significant correlation between the SF6 methane estimates and the respiration chamber methane estimates (R2 = 0.11).
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nome de substância:0 (Adjuvants, Immunologic); 0 (Antibodies, Archaeal); 0 (Immunoglobulin A); 0 (Immunoglobulin G); 0 (Vaccines); OP0UW79H66 (Methane)


  6 / 10 MEDLINE  
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PMID:16348508
Autor:Visser FA; van Lier JB; Macario AJ; Conway de Macario E
Endereço:Department of Microbiology and Department of Environmental Technology and Wadsworth Center for Laboratories and Research, New York State Department of Health, State University of New York at Albany, Albany, New York 12201-0509.
Título:Diversity and population dynamics of methanogenic bacteria in a granular consortium.
Fonte:Appl Environ Microbiol; 57(6):1728-34, 1991 Jun.
ISSN:0099-2240
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket bioreactor granules were used as an experimental model microbial consortium to study the dynamics and distribution of methanogens. Immunologic methods revealed a considerable diversity of methanogens that was greater in mesophilic granules than in the same granules 4 months after a temperature shift from 38 to 55 degrees C. During this period, the sizes of the methanogenic subpopulations changed with distinctive profiles after the initial reduction caused by the shift. Methanogens antigenically related to Methanobrevibacter smithii PS and ALI, Methanobacterium hungatei JF1, and Methanosarcina thermophila TM1 increased rapidly, reached a short plateau, and then fell to lower concentrations that persisted for the duration of the experiment. A methanogen related to Methanogenium cariaci JR1 followed a similar profile at the beginning, but it soon diminished below detection levels. Methanothrix rods weakly related to the strain Opfikon increased rapidly, reaching a high-level, long-lasting plateau. Two methanogens related to Methanobrevibacter arboriphilus AZ and Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum DeltaH emerged from very low levels before the temperature shift and multiplied to attain their highest numbers 4 months after the shift. Histochemistry and immunohistochemistry revealed thick layers, globular clusters, and lawns of variable density which were distinctive of the methanogens related to M. thermoautotrophicum DeltaH, M. thermophila TM1, and M. arboriphilus AZ and M. soehngenii Opfikon, respectively, in thin sections of granules grown at 55 degrees C for 4 months. Mesophilic granules showed a different pattern of methanogenic subpopulations.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Nome de substância:0 (Antibodies, Archaeal); 0 (Antigens, Archaeal); 0 (Sewage)


  7 / 10 MEDLINE  
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PMID:16347990
Autor:Macario AJ; Conway de Macario E; Ney U; Schoberth SM; Sahm H
Endereço:Wadsworth Center for Laboratories and Research, New York State Department of Health, and School of Public Health, State University of New York, Albany, New York, 12201-0509.
Título:Shifts in methanogenic subpopulations measured with antibody probes in a fixed-bed loop anaerobic bioreactor treating sulfite evaporator condensate.
Fonte:Appl Environ Microbiol; 55(8):1996-2001, 1989 Aug.
ISSN:0099-2240
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:A fixed-bed loop, high-rate anaerobic bioreactor treating sulfite evaporator condensate was sampled when it reached steady state and afterwards following perturbations during a 14-month period. By using immunotechnology, it was observed that shifts in methanogenic subpopulations occurred in association with perturbations, such as restarting and relocating the biomass into a different tank. Methanogens related to Methanobacterium bryantii MoHG and Methanobrevibacter smithii ALI were numerous throughout the observation period, while Methanosarcina mazei S6 and Methanosarcina thermophila TM1 were found in the early and late samples, respectively. Also, Methanobacterium formicicum was more numerous at the top portion of the bioreactor, while Methanobrevibacter arboriphilus AZ and DC were at the bottom. Sample formalinization required for prolonged storage proved suitable for antigen preservation.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Nome de substância:0 (Antibodies, Archaeal); 0 (Antigens, Archaeal); 0 (Sulfites); 1HG84L3525 (Formaldehyde)


  8 / 10 MEDLINE  
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PMID:16347591
Autor:Fielding ER; Archer DB; Conway de Macario E; Macario AJ
Endereço:Institute of Food Research, Agricultural and Food Research Council, Colney Lane, Norwich NR4 7UA, UK.
Título:Isolation and characterization of methanogenic bacteria from landfills.
Fonte:Appl Environ Microbiol; 54(3):835-6, 1988 Mar.
ISSN:0099-2240
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:Methanogenic bacteria were isolated from landfill sites in the United Kingdom. Strains of Methanobacterium formicicum, Methanosarcina barkeri, several different immunotypes of Methanobacterium bryantii, and a coccoid methanogen distinct from the reference immunotypes were identified.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
Nome de substância:0 (Antibodies, Archaeal); 0 (Antigens, Archaeal)


  9 / 10 MEDLINE  
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PMID:16347581
Autor:Kobayashi HA; Conway de Macario E; Williams RS; Macario AJ
Endereço:BP America, Cleveland, Ohio 44128.
Título:Direct characterization of methanogens in two high-rate anaerobic biological reactors.
Fonte:Appl Environ Microbiol; 54(3):693-8, 1988 Mar.
ISSN:0099-2240
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:The methanogenic flora from two types of turbulent, high-rate reactors was studied by immunologic methods as well as by phase-contrast, fluorescence, and scanning electron microscopy. The reactors were a fluidized sand-bed biofilm ANITRON reactor and an ultrafiltration membrane-associated suspended growth MARS reactor (both trademarks of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Allentown, Pa.). Conventional microscopic methods revealed complex mixtures of microbes of a range of sizes and shapes, among which morphotypes resembling Methanothrix spp. and Methanosarcina spp. were noticed. Precise identification of these and other methanogens was accomplished by antigenic fingerprinting with a comprehensive panel of calibrated antibody probes of predefined specificity spectra. The methanogens identified showed morphotypes and antigenic fingerprints indicating their close similarity with the following reference organisms: Methanobacterium formicicum MF and Methanosarcina barkeri W in the ANITRON reactor only; Methanosarcina barkeri R1M3, M. mazei S6, Methanogenium cariaci JR1, and Methanobrevibacter arboriphilus AZ in the MARS reactor only; and Methanobrevibacter smithii ALI and Methanothrix soehngenii Opfikon in both reactors. Species diversity and distribution appeared to be, at least in part, dependent on the degree of turbulence inside the reactor.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Nome de substância:0 (Antibodies, Archaeal); 0 (Antigens, Archaeal)


  10 / 10 MEDLINE  
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PMID:16347541
Autor:Macario AJ; Conway de Macario E
Endereço:Wadsworth Center for Laboratories and Research, New York State Department of Health, and School of Public Health, State University of New York, Albany, New York 12201.
Título:Quantitative immunologic analysis of the methanogenic flora of digestors reveals a considerable diversity.
Fonte:Appl Environ Microbiol; 54(1):79-86, 1988 Jan.
ISSN:0099-2240
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:To determine which methanogens occur in digestors, we performed a quantitative immunologic analysis of a variety of samples. A comprehensive panel of calibrated polyclonal antibody probes of predefined specificity spectra was used. This allowed precise identification of bacteria by antigenic fingerprinting. A considerable diversity of methanogens was uncovered, much larger than previously reported, encompassing at least 14 strains of 11 species. Strategies were developed to measure the load of any given methanogen in a sample and to compare samples quantitatively. Two methanogens were found to predominate which were antigenically closely related with either Methanobacterium formicicum MF or Methanobrevibacter arboriphilus AZ. Fundamental data, probes, and methods are now available to monitor methanogenic subpopulations during digestor operation and thus learn about their respective roles and predictive significance.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
Nome de substância:0 (Antibodies, Archaeal); 0 (Antigens, Archaeal)



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