Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : K01.517.211 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 627 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Longo]

página 1 de 63 ir para página                         

  1 / 627 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
PMID:28102789
Autor:Ewens B; Hendricks J; Sundin D
Endereço:Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Western Australia.
Título:Implications for research and practice of the biographic approach for storytelling.
Fonte:Nurse Res; 24(3):19-24, 2017 Jan 23.
ISSN:1351-5578
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Resumo:Background Intensive care unit survivors face many physical and psychological difficulties during their recovery following discharge from hospital. These difficulties can significantly affect their quality of life. Healthcare providers and survivors' families often do not understand what recovery means in this population, which may affect the support provided. Aim To consider the potential of the biographical method in helping to create stories that illustrate recovery in intensive care survivors and other populations. Discussion This paper identifies how the biographical approach has provided survivors with a way to uncover the hidden parts of their lives through diaries and interviews, and reveal the hidden stories of intensive care survivorship and recovery. Conclusion The application of the biographical method enabled stories to be created that identified the disruption survivors encounter as they struggle to appear recovered. Implications for practice The biographical method can illuminate experiences uncaptured by other methods. This insight into recovery journeys can help healthcare practitioners and family members to understand and recognise the need for support during recovery.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  2 / 627 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
PMID:28092478
Autor:Larner AJ
Endereço:Editor.
Título:Editorial.
Fonte:J Med Biogr; 25(1):1, 2017 Feb.
ISSN:1758-1087
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  3 / 627 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
PMID:27968938
Autor:Parish LC; Lavery MJ; Grzybowski A; Parish JL; Parish DH
Endereço:Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology, Sidney Kimmel College at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address: Larryderm@yahoo.com.
Título:Bibliography of secondary sources on the history of dermatology: II. Obituaries and biographies in English supplemented through 2015.
Fonte:Clin Dermatol; 34(6):779-785, 2016 Nov - Dec.
ISSN:1879-1131
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicação: BIBLIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE


  4 / 627 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
PMID:27832454
Autor:Shah E
Endereço:National Institute of Advanced Study, Bangalore, India. esha.shah@live.com.
Título:A tale of two biographies: the myth and truth of Barbara McClintock.
Fonte:Hist Philos Life Sci; 38(4):18, 2016 Dec.
ISSN:0391-9714
País de publicação:Switzerland
Idioma:eng
Resumo:Evelyn Fox Keller wrote first biography of the Nobel Prize winning geneticist Barbara McClintock in which Keller discussed how McClintock felt being rejected by her peers in the 1950s because she questioned the dominant idea of the particulate gene and instead proposed that the genetic material jumped positions on the chromosome which indicated that the gene did not control but was controlled by the cellular environment. Keller's story of McClintock's life is an account of a woman scientist's conception of science and how her unorthodox views isolated her from the main stream science. Keller's biography was read by many in a way that made McClintock a feminist icon by showing how women scientists "see" scientific objects differently and how their science is holistic and hence radically different from the reductionism of male-dominated science. The second biographer Nathaniel Comfort calls this story a myth. In his detailed intellectual biography, Comfort embarks on an energetic journey to separate fact from fiction to dismantle what he calls the McClintock myth. The difference between two biographers is not entirely about evidences or about separating fact from fiction but about their adoption of two contrasting paradigms of scientist's subjectivity: Keller foregrounds McClintock's affective self and Comfort her rational. In this commentary I have closely and comparatively read both biographies to revisit Keller's "myth" and Comfort's "truth" and to provide yet another interpretation of McClintock's life and work from the perspective of object relations theories in psychoanalysis. Instead of figuring out the extent to which the myth bears truth as Comfort does, I have asked questions: How and why this private myth was in the making throughout McClintock's life and work? How this private myth was related to the making of her science? By using developmental psychoanalytical approach, I show that what Comfort calls McClintock's private myth was not something that was partly fictional and hence incorrect or wrong but it emerged from a deeply and compellingly affective place in McClintock's life. This so called myth was integral to and fundamentally formative of who she was, a woman and a scientist, and that this myth formatively shaped McClintock's relationship with science's objects and science's subjects. This commentary aims to show the relevance and usefulness of psychoanalytical theories for understanding scientific subjectivities and provides a revision to the neo-Kantian idea of scientist subject-a unified and wilful, self-determined, self-regulated, active, autonomous, and rational subject wilfully driven by social and scientific ethos-generally popular among historians of science.
Tipo de publicação: BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nome de pessoa como assunto: McClintock B


  5 / 627 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
PMID:27510214
Autor:Strugnell J
Endereço:La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
Título:Profiles: Kudos for female Antarctic researchers.
Fonte:Nature; 536(7615):148, 2016 08 11.
ISSN:1476-4687
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicação: HISTORICAL ARTICLE; LETTER
Nome de substância:OP0UW79H66 (Methane)


  6 / 627 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
PMID:27376374
Autor:Schwarz L; Sippel S; Entwistle A; Hell AK; Koenig S
Endereço:Department of General, Visceral, and Paediatric Surgery, University Medical Centre, Georg August University Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.
Título:Biographic Characteristics and Factors Perceived as Affecting Female and Male Careers in Academic Surgery: The Tenured Gender Battle to Make It to the Top.
Fonte:Eur Surg Res; 57(3-4):139-154, 2016.
ISSN:1421-9921
País de publicação:Switzerland
Idioma:eng
Resumo:PURPOSE: Given the high attrition rate in the field of academic surgery, we aimed to characterise the professional and personal situations of female and male academic surgeons as well as to gather data on their respective perceptions of career advancement and work satisfaction. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in Germany, inviting all identifiable academically highly qualified female surgeons and their male counterparts in a 1:2 ratio to participate. An anonymous 103-item online questionnaire was designed and the data collected between July and September 2014. RESULTS: The questionnaire was sent to 93 female and 200 male surgeons, of whom 63 women (67.7%) and 70 men (35.0%) replied. The average age was 47.5 and 47.1 years, respectively. Respondents identified 'high degree of expertise', 'ambition', and 'clarity of one's professional aims' as important factors affecting professional career development. Both groups felt 'workload', 'working hours/shifts', and 'gender' to be a hindrance, the latter of significantly greater importance to female surgeons. The mean work satisfaction scores were high in both female (69.5%) and male (75.7%) surgeons. The predictors 'support from superiors' (standardised ß coefficient = 0.41) and 'manual aptitude' (ß = 0.41) contributed incrementally to the variance in 'high degree of work satisfaction' (90-100%) observed for female surgeons. However, childcare provided by 'kindergarten/crèche/after-school care' had the greatest negative predictive value (ß = -1.33). CONCLUSIONS: Although there are many parallels, female faculty members experience the culture of academic surgery to some extent differently from their male counterparts, especially when impacted by parenthood and childcare. Faculty development programmes need to develop strategies to improve perceived equality in career opportunities by respecting individuals' requirements as well as offering gender-appropriate career guidance.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  7 / 627 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
PMID:27325060
Autor:Palecek P
Endereço:Military History Institute Prague, Odlehlá 19, 621 00, Brno, Czech Republic. pavel.palecek@gmail.com.
Título:Vítezslav Orel (1926-2015): Gregor Mendel's biographer and the rehabilitation of genetics in the Communist Bloc.
Fonte:Hist Philos Life Sci; 38(3):4, 2016 Sep.
ISSN:0391-9714
País de publicação:Switzerland
Idioma:eng
Resumo:At almost 90 years of age, we have lost the author of the founding historical works on Johann Gregor Mendel. Vítezslav Orel served for almost 30 years as the editor of the journal Folia Mendeliana. His work was beset by the wider problems associated with Mendel's recognition in the Communist Bloc, and by the way in which narratives of the history of science could be co-opted into the service of Cold War and post-Cold War political agendas. Orel played a key role in the organization of the Mendel symposium of 1965 in Brno, and has made a strong contribution to the rehabilitation of genetics generally, and to championing the work of Johann Gregor Mendel in particular. With Jaroslav Krízenecký, he cofounded the Mendelianum in Brno, which for decades has served as an intellectual bridge between the East and West. Orel's involvement with this institution exposed him to dangers both during and after the Cold War.
Tipo de publicação: BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
Nome de pessoa como assunto: Orel V


  8 / 627 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
PMID:27100926
Autor:Citlak A
Endereço:Polish Academy of Sciences.
Título:The Lvov-Warsaw School: The forgotten tradition of historical psychology.
Fonte:Hist Psychol; 19(2):105-124, 2016 May.
ISSN:1939-0610
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:This article is an attempt to reconstruct the psychological achievements of the representatives of the Lvov-Warsaw School of historical psychology, virtually forgotten and unknown in the world's psychological literature. Kazimierz Twardowski (1866-1938), founder of the school, developed a philosophical and psychological program on the basis of (among other things) the theory of actions and products, including the research program that is now included in the thread of historical psychology. His student, Wladyslaw Witwicki (1878-1948), developed the cratism theory (the theory of power) on the basis Twardowski's assumptions, providing an alternative to Alfred Adler's theory of striving for superiority while also declaring it a few years before Adler. The consequence of Witwicki's theory and the methodological assumptions was the creation of psychobiography: the first nonpsychoanalytical psychobiography of Socrates (Witwicki, 1909, 1922) and the psychobiography of Jesus Christ (Witwicki, 1958). The school's activities weakened for political reasons, particularly the outbreak of the First World War. The members of the school dispersed after 1918, and they lost international connections with the world of science. Their significant achievements in the field of psychology remained unknown to psychologists for nearly a century. In this article, I would like to present the school's unique but unfinished program of reconstructing mental life through the psychological interpretation of cultural products (literature, arts, diaries), and its value for the practice of research in historical psychology. This program required additional development, but because of the war this never happened. Some of the school's theoretical findings and the first attempts to apply them have still significant value and show us the originality of Lvov-Warsaw School psychology.
Tipo de publicação: BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Nome de pessoa como assunto: Twardowski K; Witwicki W


  9 / 627 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
PMID:26969455
Autor:O'Doherty M
Endereço:Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Library, Dublin, Ireland. modoherty@rcsi.ie.
Título:Sir William Wilde: an enlightened editor.
Fonte:Ir J Med Sci; 185(2):297-9, 2016 May.
ISSN:1863-4362
País de publicação:Ireland
Idioma:eng
Resumo:This paper examines Sir William Wilde's peculiar genius as editor, his contribution to the Irish Journal of Medical Science in ensuring its endurance and making it a treasure-house of the history of medicine in Ireland.
Tipo de publicação: BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nome de pessoa como assunto: Wilde W


  10 / 627 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
PMID:26966290
Título:2016 manifestos online.
Fonte:Vet Rec; 178(11):251, 2016 Mar 12.
ISSN:2042-7670
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicação: NEWS



página 1 de 63 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde