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Pesquisa : K01.517.211.753 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 201 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28369970
Autor:Luepnitz DA
Endereço:4247 Locust St. Suite # 817, Philadelphia, PA, 19104.
Título:The name of the Piggle: Reconsidering Winnicott's classic case in light of some conversations with the adult 'Gabrielle'.
Fonte:Int J Psychoanal; 98(2):343-370, 2017 Apr.
ISSN:1745-8315
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Resumo:On the 40th anniversary of its publication, the author re-reads Winnicott's The Piggle - a case of 'on demand analysis' with a child suffering from psychotic night terrors - in light of new information about the patient. Conversations between the author and 'Gabrielle' explore two areas not regarded as priorities by Winnicott: the transgenerational transmission of pathology/trauma, and the ways that language, in general - and given names, in particular - organize individual subjectivity. The question raised is to what degree Winnicott - who described the treatment as "psychoanalysis partagé [shared]" due to the parents' involvement - thought of the pathology itself as 'shared.' The goal is not to supplant but to expand Winnicott's understanding of the case, borrowing insights from the work of Lacan and others.
Tipo de publicação: CASE REPORTS; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE


  2 / 201 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28364519
Autor:Carpentieri JD; Elliott J; Brett CE; Deary IJ
Endereço:UCL Institute of Education, London, UK.
Título:Adapting to Aging: Older People Talk About Their Use of Selection, Optimization, and Compensation to Maximize Well-being in the Context of Physical Decline.
Fonte:J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci; 72(2):351-361, 2017 Mar 01.
ISSN:1758-5368
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:Objectives: Selection, Optimization, and Compensation (SOC) may contribute to successful aging by helping older people maximize well-being in the context of physical decline. To explore this hypothesis, and to investigate the potential for narrative analysis to improve understanding of SOC, we analyze interviews conducted with 15 members of the 6-Day Sample, a cohort of Scots born in 1936. Method: Interviewees were chosen based on their physical function and well-being scores. Interviews were analyzed to investigate "SOC talk," that is, older people's talk about SOC behaviors in everyday life. Types and amounts of SOC talk were quantified, and talk was narratively analyzed. We hypothesized that older people who engaged in more SOC talk would have higher well-being. Results: Older people who engaged in high levels of SOC talk had high well-being despite low physical function. Those who engaged in little SOC talk had low well-being despite higher physical function. Discussion: The concept of successful aging is valuable in part because of its narrative quality: One must strive to keep one's life story developing despite physical decline and other losses. We provide evidence, from the perspectives of older people themselves, of the ways in which SOC may play a role in that process.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  3 / 201 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28323680
Autor:Kirshner HS
Endereço:Department of Neurology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee.
Título:Transient Global Amnesia: Commentary on Trip Gabriel's First-Person Account.
Fonte:Cogn Behav Neurol; 30(1):5-7, 2017 Mar.
ISSN:1543-3641
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:This paper comments on a companion article, a first-person account of an episode of transient global amnesia written by New York Times reporter Trip Gabriel (Gabriel T. 2017. Cogn Behav Neurol. 30:1-4). Mr Gabriel describes having no memories of a cold, rainy day that he had spent on a sailboat competing in two races. The episode may have been triggered by his exposure to water. Afterward, the skipper recalled that Mr Gabriel had functioned fine on the boat, although after returning to shore he needed help finding his car. When he told his wife over the phone that he could not remember where he lived, she got him home and to the hospital. The staff excluded stroke and other causes of amnesia. He felt some awareness after about 9 hours, and the episode ended after about 23 hours. He has been left with a permanent memory gap of 12 hours.The commentary on the case outlines the state of knowledge about transient global amnesia. The diagnosis is well established: a witnessed sudden-onset retrograde and anterograde amnesia lasting <24 hours in a fully conscious person who knows who he/she is and has no other cause for amnesia. Triggers include exposure to water, stress, and sexual intercourse. A normal magnetic resonance imaging scan can help with the often challenging differential diagnosis. Apart from the gap in memory, patients recover fully and only 15% to 20% have recurrences. The underlying pathophysiology has not been explained.
Tipo de publicação: CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE


  4 / 201 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28093762
Autor:Kimbles S
Endereço:San Francisco, USA.
Título:Floating worlds and their phantoms in the aftermath of social catastrophes.
Fonte:J Anal Psychol; 62(1):130-146, 2017 Feb.
ISSN:1468-5922
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Resumo:In this paper the author describes certain kinds of images (phantoms) that appear in the aftermath of social catastrophes. These phantoms come with an underlying narrative structure, which the author describes as phantom narratives. Phantom narratives show how the unconscious, working at the group and individual levels, provides political and social contexts within which the individual may find a different kind of containment for these catastrophes. In this way their suffering may be potentially processed psychologically and related to symbolically.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  5 / 201 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28072459
Autor:Macaulay C; Angus L; Khattra J; Westra H; Ip J
Endereço:York University.
Título:Client Retrospective Accounts of Corrective Experiences in Motivational Interviewing Integrated With Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Generalized Anxiety Disorder.
Fonte:J Clin Psychol; 73(2):168-181, 2017 Feb.
ISSN:1097-4679
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:A corrective experience (CE) is one "in which a person comes to understand or experience affectively an event or relationship in a different and unexpected way" (Castonguay & Hill, 2012, p. 5). CEs disconfirm clients' expectations based on past problematic experiences, and can be emotional, relational, behavioral, and/or cognitive. This qualitative study explored corrective shifts among recovered participants (N = 8) who had received motivational interviewing (MI) integrated with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in a randomized controlled trial comparing CBT alone to MI-CBT for generalized anxiety disorder (Westra, Constantino, & Antony, 2016). We administered a posttherapy interview querying their experience of, and explanations for, any shifts in therapy. Grounded theory analysis yielded three core themes: in command of the worry train, experiencing myself in new ways in therapy, and oriented toward change. Findings are discussed in terms of MI theory, and clinical implications for therapists are provided.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL


  6 / 201 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28011372
Autor:Farouk S
Endereço:School of Education, University of Roehampton, UK. Electronic address: shaalan.farouk@roehampton.ac.uk.
Título:My life as a pupil: The autobiographical memories of adolescents excluded from school.
Fonte:J Adolesc; 55:16-23, 2017 Feb.
ISSN:1095-9254
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Resumo:Narrative psychology is founded on the premise that substantial insight can be gained into individuals' self-understanding and behaviour by studying the content of their autobiographical memories. This article contributes to this field of inquiry by suggesting that our understanding of adolescents' exclusion from mainstream education can be enhanced by examining their recollections of school using a narrative dialogical approach. In a research project the autobiographical memories of fifteen female and twenty male students, aged 15-16 years, who had been excluded from secondary schools in London, England were collected and analysed. The aim was to examine how in their narrated depictions of the past, the adolescents explained and justified their position and behaviour at different times in their lives at school. The findings highlight how adolescents perceive themselves to have become positioned by the voices of significant others, schools as institutions and themselves at earlier or later stages in their lives.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  7 / 201 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27983748
Autor:Roussos A; Braun M; Olivera J
Endereço:Universidad de Buenos Aires.
Título:"For Me It Was a Key Moment of Therapy": Corrective Experience From the Client's Perspective.
Fonte:J Clin Psychol; 73(2):153-167, 2017 Feb.
ISSN:1097-4679
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:Despite recent attempts to develop a consensus definition, questions still remain as to what constitutes corrective experiences (CEs) in psychotherapy and how clients perceive them. This qualitative study assessed clients' first person accounts of CEs associated with their own treatment-related changes. Participants were 8 clients in private psychotherapy in Buenos Aires. Treatment, by therapists from diverse theoretical backgrounds, varied from 4 to 24 months. The Patients' Perceptions of Corrective Experiences in Individual Therapy interview protocol was used to assess clients' perceptions of CEs at posttreatment. All interviews were audiorecorded and transcribed and submitted to a 2-stage thematic analysis to assess CEs and the contextual factors that contributed to them. Of the 8 participants, 5 narrated stories about CEs that changed the way they thought about themselves and their behavior. Additionally, clients highlighted disconfirmation of therapist role expectations and surprise regarding therapists' actions and behaviors as mechanisms of these corrective moments.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  8 / 201 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27893150
Autor:Angus L; Constantino MJ
Endereço:York University.
Título:Client Accounts of Corrective Experiences in Psychotherapy: Implications for Clinical Practice.
Fonte:J Clin Psychol; 73(2):192-195, 2017 Feb.
ISSN:1097-4679
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:The Patient Perceptions of Corrective Experiences in Individual Therapy (PPCEIT; Constantino, Angus, Friedlander, Messer, & Moertl, 2011) posttreatment interview guide was developed to provide clinical researchers with an effective mode of inquiry to identify and further explore clients' firsthand accounts of corrective and transformative therapy experiences and their determinants. Not only do findings from the analysis of client corrective experience (CE) accounts help identify what and how CEs happen in or as a result of psychotherapy, but the measure itself may also provide therapists with an effective tool to further enhance clients' awareness, understanding, and integration of transformative change experiences. Accordingly, we discuss in this afterword to the series the implications for clinical practice arising from (a) the thematic analysis of client CE accounts, drawn from a range of clinical samples and international research programs and (b) the clinical effect of completing the PPCEIT posttreatment interview inquiry. We also identify directions for future clinical training and research.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  9 / 201 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27739578
Autor:Utrzan DS; Northwood AK
Endereço:University of Minnesota.
Título:Broken Promises and Lost Dreams: Navigating Asylum in the United States.
Fonte:J Marital Fam Ther; 43(1):3-15, 2017 Jan.
ISSN:1752-0606
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:Nearly 65 million people around the world have been displaced by war, conflict, and persecution since 2014 (UNHCR; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 2015). This yields an average of 42,000 people refugees, asylum seekers, or internally displaced every day. Displacement has adverse and disruptive consequences, including mental health problems (e.g., anxiety, depression), impaired interpersonal relationships, and heightened conflict. These consequences are compounded by profound ambiguity associated with navigating asylum in the United States. In this article, we describe the treatment of a couple from Syria who is seeking asylum in the United States. Informed by personal and professional experience, this case illustrates how ambiguous loss theory and awareness of relevant legal processes enhance our understanding of working with asylum seekers.
Tipo de publicação: CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE


  10 / 201 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27637177
Autor:Reese E; Myftari E; McAnally HM; Chen Y; Neha T; Wang Q; Jack F; Robertson SJ
Endereço:University of Otago.
Título:Telling the Tale and Living Well: Adolescent Narrative Identity, Personality Traits, and Well-Being Across Cultures.
Fonte:Child Dev; 88(2):612-628, 2017 Mar.
ISSN:1467-8624
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:This study explored links between narrative identity, personality traits, and well-being for 263 adolescents (age 12-21) from three New Zealand cultures: Maori, Chinese, and European. Turning-point narratives were assessed for autobiographical reasoning (causal coherence), local thematic coherence, emotional expressivity, and topic. Across cultures, older adolescents with higher causal coherence reported better well-being. Younger adolescents with higher causal coherence instead reported poorer well-being. Personal development topics were positively linked to well-being for New Zealand European adolescents only, and thematic coherence was positively linked to well-being for Maori adolescents only. Negative expressivity, neuroticism, conscientiousness, and openness were also linked to well-being. Implications of these cultural similarities and differences are considered for theories of narrative identity, personality, and adolescent well-being.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE



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