Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : N01.400.535 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 12792 MEDLINE  
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Fotocópia
Moimaz, Suzely Adas Saliba
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
PMID:29267676
Autor:Bordin D; Fadel CB; Santos CBD; Garbin CAS; Moimaz SAS; Saliba NA
Endereço:Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" - Unesp, Araçatuba School of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric and Social Dentistry, Araçatuba, SP, Brazil.
Título:Determinants of oral self-care in the Brazilian adult population: a national cross-sectional study.
Fonte:Braz Oral Res; 31:e115, 2017 Dec 18.
ISSN:1807-3107
País de publicação:Brazil
Idioma:eng
Resumo:This study aims to investigate variables related to adherence to oral self-care in the Brazilian adult population. It is an exploratory study, using secondary data from a population-based survey on a representative sample of the adult population of the entire Brazilian territory (n=60202). The sample was selected using a multiple stage approach. The oral self-care indicator was defined by grouping the variables: periodicity of dentist appointments, use of dental floss, toothbrush and toothpaste, frequency of brushing and replacement of the toothbrush. The scores obtained from the indicator were categorized into adequate, partially adequate, and inadequate care. Statistical analysis consisted of dimensionality reduction, and oral self-care-related variables were submitted to logistic regression. The variables mostly related to inadequate or partially adequate oral self-care were: illiteracy (OR = 11.20, OR = 4.81), low educational level (OR = 3.50, OR = 1.96), negative oral health self-concept (OR=3.73, OR=1.74), absence of natural teeth (OR = 4.98, OR=2.60), edentulous lower arch (OR = 3.09; _____), number of missing upper teeth (OR=1.14, OR=1.05), absence of health insurance (OR=2.23, OR=2.07), sedentary lifestyle (OR=2.77, OR=1.51), and smoking (OR=2.18, OR=1.40). It was concluded that the individual's level of education is one of the main factors for adherence to adequate oral self-care, followed by level of oral health self-concept and tooth loss. Likewise, lifestyle also bears a significant influence.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  2 / 12792 MEDLINE  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
PMID:29267672
Autor:Duarte-Rodrigues L; Ramos-Jorge J; Drumond CL; Diniz PB; Marques LS; Ramos-Jorge ML
Endereço:Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Macury - UFVJM, School of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Diamantina, MG, Brazil.
Título:Correlation and comparative analysis of the CPQ8-10 and child-OIDP indexes for dental caries and malocclusion.
Fonte:Braz Oral Res; 31:e111, 2017 Dec 18.
ISSN:1807-3107
País de publicação:Brazil
Idioma:eng
Resumo:The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the Child Perceptions Questionnaire 8 to 10 (CPQ8-10) and child-Oral Impact on Daily Performances (child-OIDP) indexes according to their total and item scores, as well as assess the discriminative validity of these assessment tools regarding dental caries and malocclusion among schoolchildren. A sample of 300 children aged between 8 and 10 years answered the questionnaires in two distinct steps. First, half of the sample (G1 = 150) answered the CPQ8-10 and the other half (G2 = 150) answered the child-OIDP. A week after, G1 answered the child-OIDP and G2 answered the CPQ8-10. Dental Aesthetic Index and WHO criteria were used to categorize malocclusion and dental caries, respectively. Descriptive analysis, Spearman's correlation and Mann-Whitney test were performed in this study. The CPQ8-10 and child-OIDP demonstrated a statistically significant and moderate correlation between their total scores. Regarding the discriminative validity, CPQ8-10 demonstrated a significant association between the "emotional status" daily activity and dental caries, and between the "eating", "sleeping", and "studying" daily activities and malocclusion. Concerning the child-OIDP, a significant difference was found only between the "social contact" activity and presence of dental caries. Both instruments were not capable of distinguishing children with and without dental caries and/or malocclusion by their total scores. However, the instruments were able to discriminate between children with and without those oral disorders in different dimensions. Thus, the CPQ8-10 and the child-OIDP demonstrated a different capacity to assess the impact on OHRQoL among schoolchildren.
Tipo de publicação: COMPARATIVE STUDY; EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE


  3 / 12792 MEDLINE  
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Lemos, Tadeu
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
PMID:29267663
Autor:Sordi MB; Massochin RC; Camargo AR; Lemos T; Munhoz EA
Endereço:Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC, Health Science Centre, Department of Stomatology, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.
Título:Oral health assessment for users of marijuana and cocaine/crack substances.
Fonte:Braz Oral Res; 31:e102, 2017 Dec 18.
ISSN:1807-3107
País de publicação:Brazil
Idioma:eng
Resumo:The objective of this study was to assess the oral health status of users of illicit drugs such as marijuana and cocaine/crack and compare it with individuals not using these chemical substances. Questionnaires were applied to 35 illicit drugs users to gather information on demographic status, general health, and use of drugs. Then, a clinical assessment of the oral health condition was performed to collect data on decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index, salivary flow rate (SFR), and mucosal lesions. The control group was composed of 35 non-illicit drug users. In the experimental group, 91.43% were males, 80% were smokers, and 42.85% were alcoholics. Cocaine was the most common drug used (77.15%), followed by marijuana (68.6%), and crack (51.4%). The average DMFT index was 9.8 and the SFR was reduced in 60% of subjects. Mucosal alterations were detected, but no potentially malignant disorders or oral cancer were diagnosed. Compared to control group, significantly higher values for gender (40%, p = 0.0001), smoking (22.86%) and heavy drinking (5.7%) habits (p = 0.0001), SFR (31.4%; p = 0.0308), and oral lesions (p = 0.0488) were found for the experimental group, although significantly higher values were found in the control group for DMFT index (p = 0.0148). It can be concluded that the use of illicit drugs contributed to an increased prevalence of oral mucosa lesions. In addition, a decline on SFR and a reduced DMFT index was observed for illicit drug users.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  4 / 12792 MEDLINE  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
PMID:29364329
Autor:Musskopf ML; Milanesi FC; Rocha JMD; Fiorini T; Moreira CHC; Susin C; Rösing CK; Weidlich P; Oppermann RV
Endereço:Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
Título:Oral health related quality of life among pregnant women: a randomized controlled trial.
Fonte:Braz Oral Res; 32:e002, 2018.
ISSN:1807-3107
País de publicação:Brazil
Idioma:eng
Resumo:The aim of the present study was to compare negative impacts of oral conditions in Oral Heath Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) assessed by the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) scores in pregnant women receiving or not comprehensive periodontal treatment. This randomized controlled clinical trial included pregnant women aged between 18 and 35 years old. Participants were randomized in a test group with 96 and a control group with 114 women. Patients in the test group received comprehensive periodontal treatment, supra and subgingival scaling and root-planning and periodontal maintenance appointments. The OHIP-14 was applied before and after treatment. The primary outcome was changes in OHIP-14 scores after follow-up period. The impact of having received or not comprehensive periodontal treatment on the change of the OHIP-14 scores was also investigated. Both groups showed significant reduction in OHIP-14 scores and effect size for the test group was 0.60 and 0.36 for the control group. Multinomial logistic regression analysis showed that participants of the control group had 5.9-fold odds (CI 95% 1.88-18.52) of worsening in OHIP-14 scores and their perception of oral conditions in relation to test group. Comprehensive periodontal treatment during pregnancy can reduce the negative impacts in OHRQoL.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL


  5 / 12792 MEDLINE  
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Texto completo
PMID:28449749
Autor:Brignardello-Petersen R
Título:No evidence of an association between caries at age 6 years and oral health-related quality of life at age 10 years.
Fonte:J Am Dent Assoc; 148(5):e45, 2017 05.
ISSN:1943-4723
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT


  6 / 12792 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29351551
Autor:Pérez Barrionuevo AM; Gómez Real F; Igland J; Johannessen A; Omenaas E; Franklin KA; Pérez Barrionuevo L; Åstrøm AN; Svanes C; Bertelsen RJ
Endereço:Centre for International Health, Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
Título:Periodontal health status and lung function in two Norwegian cohorts.
Fonte:PLoS One; 13(1):e0191410, 2018.
ISSN:1932-6203
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The oral cavity is united with the airways, and thus poor oral health may affect respiratory health. However, data on the interaction of periodontal and respiratory health is limited. We aimed to evaluate whether periodontal health status, assessed by the Community Periodontal Index (CPI), was related to lung function among young and middle-aged adults in two Norwegian cohorts. METHODS: Periodontal health status and lung function were measured among 656 participants in the Norwegian part of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECHRS III) and the RHINESSA offspring study. Each participant was given a CPI-index from 0 to 4 where higher values reflect poorer periodontal status. The association between CPI and lung function was estimated with linear regression adjusting for age, gender, smoking, body mass index, exercise, education, use of antibiotics, inhaled medication and corrected for clustering within families. MAIN RESULTS: Participants with CPI 3-4 had significantly lower FEV1/FVC ratio compared to participants with CPI 0, b (95% CI) = -0.032 (-0.055, -0.009). Poorer periodontal health was associated with a significant decrease in the FEV1/FVC ratio with an adjusted regression coefficient for linear trend b (95% CI) = -0.009 (-0.015, -0.004) per unit increase in CPI. This negative association remained when excluding asthmatics and smokers (-0.014 (-0.022, -0,006)). CONCLUSIONS: Poorer periodontal health was associated with increasing airways obstruction in a relatively young, healthy population. The oral cavity is united with the airways and our findings indicate an opportunity to influence respiratory health by improving oral health.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T


  7 / 12792 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28747180
Autor:Hakeberg M; Wide Boman U
Endereço:Department of Behavioral and Community Dentistry, Institute of Odontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, P.O. Box 450, 40530, Gothenburg, SE, Sweden. hakeberg@gu.se.
Título:Self-reported oral and general health in relation to socioeconomic position.
Fonte:BMC Public Health; 18(1):63, 2017 07 26.
ISSN:1471-2458
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Resumo:BACKGROUND: During the past two decades, several scientific publications from different countries have shown how oral health in the population varies with social determinants. The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between self-reported oral and general health in relation to different measures of socioeconomic position. METHODS: Data were collected from a randomly selected sample of the adult population in Sweden (n = 3500, mean age 53.4 years, 53.1% women). The response rate was 49.7%. Subjects were interviewed by telephone, using a questionnaire including items on self-reported oral and general health, socioeconomic position and lifestyle. RESULTS: A significant gradient was found for both oral and general health: the lower the socioeconomic position, the poorer the health. Socioeconomic position and, above all, economic measures were strongly associated with general health (OR 3.95) and with oral health (OR 1.76) if having an income below SEK 200,000 per year. Similar results were found in multivariate analyses controlling for age, gender and lifestyle variables. CONCLUSIONS: For adults, there are clear socioeconomic gradients in self-reported oral and general health, irrespective of different socioeconomic measures. Action is needed to ensure greater equity of oral and general health.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  8 / 12792 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29406664
Autor:Mahat G; Bowen F
Título:Parental Knowledge about Urban Preschool Children's Oral Health Risk.
Fonte:Pediatr Nurs; 43(1):30-4, 2017 Jan-Feb.
ISSN:0097-9805
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:Dental caries is one of the most prevalent and significant health problems in the United States. According to the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, more than one-fourth of children between the ages of two and five years experience early childhood caries before entering kindergarten. The purpose of this study was to explore parent's knowledge of preschool children's oral health risk factors. A descriptive design was used with a convenience sample of 87 parents of children who attended day care centers and preschools. Seventeen knowledge questions were used to assess parents' knowledge of their child's oral health. Results showed that parents lacked knowledge in some aspects of oral health care. The majority of parents knew that baby teeth are important, and both baby and permanent teeth should be brushed. Fewer, however, perceived that cavities in baby teeth lead to cavities in permanent teeth. Similarly, parents knew the role of food in the dental caries, but fewer perceived that cavities may be caused by using a bottle or infant drinking cup to drink fluid other than water and frequent snacking. Findings illuminate the knowledge gaps in this sample of parents of preschoolers. Pediatric nurses can play a key role in promoting children's oral health and preventing dental caries by proving anticipatory guidance and education to children and their parents at well child visits, during hospitalization, and in school and community settings.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  9 / 12792 MEDLINE  
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Antunes, José Leopoldo Ferreira
Texto completo
PMID:29364943
Autor:Singh A; Harford J; Antunes JLF; Peres MA
Endereço:Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health (ARCPOH), Adelaide Dental School, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia.
Título:Area-level income inequality and oral health among Australian adults-A population-based multilevel study.
Fonte:PLoS One; 13(1):e0191438, 2018.
ISSN:1932-6203
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:BACKGROUND: A lack of evidence exists on the association between area-level income inequality and oral health within Australia. This study examined associations between area-level income inequality and oral health outcomes (inadequate dentition (<21 teeth) and poor self-rated oral health) among Australian adults. Variations in the association between area-level income inequality and oral health outcomes according to area-level mean income were also assessed. Finally, household-income gradients in oral health outcomes according to area-level income inequality were compared. METHODS: For the analyses, data on Australian dentate adults (n = 5,165 nested in 435 Local Government Areas (LGAs)) was obtained from the National Dental Telephone Interview Survey-2013. Multilevel multivariable logistic regression models with random intercept and fixed slopes were fitted to test associations between area-level income inequality and oral health outcomes, examine variations in associations according to area-level mean income, and examine variations in household-income gradients in outcomes according to area-level income inequality. Covariates included age, sex, LGA-level mean weekly household income, geographic remoteness and household income. RESULTS: LGA-level income inequality was not associated with poor self-rated oral health and inversely associated with inadequate dentition (OR: 0.64; 95% CI: 0.48, 0.87) after adjusting for covariates. Inverse association between income inequality and inadequate dentition at the individual level was limited to LGAs within the highest tertile of mean weekly household income. Household income gradients in both outcomes showed poorer oral health at lower levels of household income. The household income gradients for inadequate dentition varied according to the LGA-level income inequality. CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that income inequality at the LGA-level in Australia is not positively associated with poorer oral health outcomes. Inverse association between income inequality and inadequate dentition is likely due to the contextual differences between Australia and other high-income countries.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  10 / 12792 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29384859
Autor:Wang TF; Fang CH; Hsiao KJ; Chou C
Endereço:School of Nursing.
Título:Effect of a comprehensive plan for periodontal disease care on oral health-related quality of life in patients with periodontal disease in Taiwan.
Fonte:Medicine (Baltimore); 97(5):e9749, 2018 Feb.
ISSN:1536-5964
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:A comprehensive plan for periodontal disease (PD) care in Taiwan provides non-surgical and supportive periodontal treatment. The aim of this study was to determine whether the care plan could improve the oral health-related quality of life of patients with PD.This study was conducted by purposive sampling and a quasi-experimental design. Patients with PD were assigned to either comprehensive periodontal treatment (n = 32) or a simple cleaning regimen (n = 32). Their oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) was measured using the Taiwanese version of the Brief World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) scale (general QoL) and the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) (OHRQoL). Both scales were completed 14, 28, and 90 days after the initial assessment. The extent of PD in the experimental group was determined again at the end of the study.On the 28-item WHOQOL-BREF scale, the scores of the experimental group were higher than those of the control group on 5 items and the environmental domain at 14 days. There was a significant improvement in the experimental group on 2 items at 28 days and at 90 days after periodontal treatment (both P < .05). No difference was found between the 2 groups in score on the OHIP-14; however, there was a significant improvement in the experimental group in total score at 28 and 90 days after periodontal treatment (both P < .05). The number of teeth with probing depth ≥5 mm and the percentage of dental plaque were both significantly reduced after the intervention (both P < .001).Patients with a comprehensive plan for PD care showed some improvement in QoL, including in the environmental domain, and on the total score for OHRQoL. Comprehensive periodontal treatment also alleviated periodontal symptoms.
Tipo de publicação: CONTROLLED CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY



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