Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : N01.400.535 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 12451 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29019383
Autor:Breitbach A; Nativi P
Título:The Dentist and the Athletic Trainer: A Winning Team for Oral Health Care.
Fonte:J Calif Dent Assoc; 45(6):305-09, 2017 06 22.
ISSN:1043-2256
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:Oral health is a key concern for student athletes. The dentist is the primary oral health care provider. Athletic trainers (ATs) are health professionals who have a primary care role for the student athlete. They are often the first to respond when dental trauma occurs in athletics. This paper informs dentists and ATs about each other and includes best practice in the care of athletes, which can be improved through interprofessional collaboration between dentists and ATs.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  2 / 12451 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29019382
Autor:Chang G
Título:Beyond the Mouthguard: Sports Dentistry's Role in Nutrition, Prevention and Social Advocacy.
Fonte:J Calif Dent Assoc; 45(6):302-04, 2017 06 22.
ISSN:1043-2256
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicação: EDITORIAL


  3 / 12451 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28573261
Autor:Liu J; Wong MCM; Lo ECM
Título:Development of Oral Health Impacts on Daily Living Questionnaire Items - a Qualitative Study.
Fonte:Chin J Dent Res; 20(2):79-88, 2017.
ISSN:1462-6446
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To develop an instrument to measure Oral Health-related Quality of Life (OHQoL) and the changes after dental treatment among older adults in Hong Kong, in order to understand their views on the influences of oral health problems and generate relevant items to design the instrument. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted among adults aged 55 and over. Information on their perceived oral health impacts was collected during semi-structured interviews. A framework approach was used to identify the oral health impacts and to understand the meaning of those impacts on the perception of life satisfaction. RESULTS: A total of 39 participants (average age 72 years) underwent the semi-structured interviews; 20 were seeking dental treatment and 19 had already received dental treatment for 1 to 3 months. In total, 308 statements on oral health impacts were drawn from the participants' descriptions. After four steps of item reduction and refinement, a list of 20 items was generated before being classified into eight domains: Cleansing, Eating, Speaking, Appearance, Social, Psychological, Awareness, and Health and Finance. CONCLUSION: Older adults in Hong Kong perceive that oral health impacts on different aspects of life. The face validity and content validity of the developed Oral Health Impact on Daily Living (OHIDL) was proved through qualitative study.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  4 / 12451 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29072407
Autor:Shetty S; Uchil S
Título:Systemic Conditions and Oral Health.
Fonte:J Calif Dent Assoc; 45(5):219, 2017 05.
ISSN:1043-2256
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicação: LETTER; COMMENT


  5 / 12451 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28950285
Autor:Kiykim A; Mumcu G; Ogulur I; Karakoc-Aydiner E; Direskeneli H; Baris S; Cagan H; Ozen A
Endereço:Department of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, School of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.
Título:Could Sublingual Immunotherapy Affect Oral Health in Children with Asthma and/or Allergic Rhinitis Sensitized to House Dust Mite?
Fonte:Int Arch Allergy Immunol; 174(1):52-56, 2017.
ISSN:1423-0097
País de publicação:Switzerland
Idioma:eng
Resumo:BACKGROUND: Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) has been successfully employed in IgE-mediated respiratory allergies. However, it is not known whether the modulation of immune responses in the sublingual area during SLIT has any deleterious effect on oral health. We sought to determine the oral health prospectively in children receiving SLIT for house dust mite allergy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen children with allergic asthma and/or rhinitis and 31 age-matched healthy controls (HC) were included in an open-labeled trial. Oral health was evaluated by scoring the decayed, missing, and filled teeth for primary (dmft) and permanent (DMFT) dentition, and the plaque and gingival indices. Moreover, cariogenic food intake and teeth-brushing habits were also noted at baseline and at 19 months. RESULTS: The mean age of the SLIT participants was 9.5 ± 3.1 years and that of the HC was 9.2 ± 3.7 years. The mean duration of SLIT was 19.13 ± 3.81 months. At baseline, the total dmft and DMFT indices were similar in the SLIT and HC groups (p > 0.05), which demonstrated poor hygiene overall. In the within-group comparisons at the examination at 19 months, the SLIT group had a lower number of carious primary teeth and a higher number of filled primary teeth compared to the count at baseline (p = 0.027 and p = 0.058, respectively). CONCLUSION: Our study showed no detrimental effect of SLIT on oral health during a period of 19 months of follow-up. Parents should be motivated to use dental health services to prevent new caries formation since our cohort had overall poor oral hygiene at the baseline.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nome de substância:0 (Allergens); 0 (Antigens, Dermatophagoides)


  6 / 12451 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29068612
Autor:Saeed S
Título:Systemic Conditions and Oral Health.
Fonte:J Calif Dent Assoc; 45(4):167, 2017 04.
ISSN:1043-2256
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicação: LETTER; COMMENT


  7 / 12451 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28742312
Autor:Sandhu KS; Gupta N; Bansal M; Arora V; Gupta P; Thakar S
Endereço:Department of Public Health Dentistry, Swami Devi Dyal Hospital and Dental College, Barwala, Panchkula, Haryana
Título:Health literacy and oral health literacy: are they associated? A cross sectional survey among undergraduate students of tricity (Chandigarh, Mohali, Panchkula), India
Fonte:Przegl Epidemiol; 71(1):111-118, 2017.
ISSN:0033-2100
País de publicação:Poland
Idioma:eng
Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Health Literacy is the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate decisions. As with general health; achieving and maintaining oral health requires one to be able to understand, interpret and act on various types of health information. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to determine the association between health literacy and oral health literacy among undergraduate students in tricity (Chandigarh, Mohali, Panchkula), India. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 490 undergraduate students studying in tricity, from randomly selected 10 colleges. The data was collected by a single trained examiner, using a structured proforma. The questionnaire consisted of two parts, REALM-66 and REALD-30. The subject was given a copy of list of words to be pronounced and score one was given for each word pronounced correctly. RESULTS: REALM-66 scores showed that subjects with health literacy level equivalent to fourth- sixth grade is 1%, seventh- eighth grade was 64.4% and 29.6% for ninth grade and above. REALD-30 scores showed that 37.6% subjects had low level of literacy, 33.1% had moderate and 29.3% had high level of literacy. REALM and REALD scores were found to be positively correlated for qualification and genders. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first study reporting association between health and oral health literacy. As the correlations were not strong, thus the results should be regarded as a first step to provide evidence.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  8 / 12451 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28168544
Autor:Coles E; Kruger E; Anjrini AA; Tennant M
Endereço:International Research Collaborative - Oral Health and Equity, Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Perth, 6009, Western Australia, Australia. 20921622@student.uwa.edu.au.
Título:The Urban Dental Index: a Method for Measuring and Mapping Dental Health Disparities across Urban Areas.
Fonte:J Urban Health; 94(2):211-219, 2017 Apr.
ISSN:1468-2869
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:The aim of this study was to create an Urban Dental Index (UDI) for Perth, Western Australia, adapting a method utilised by the World Health Organisation. Dental health indicators were derived from the 2011 census, standardised on a (0,1) interval, amalgamated using a geometric mean, and mapped to identify dental health inequity. The validity of the UDI was tested by comparison with oral cellulitis data. Dental health disparities were examined using a ratio of the mean of the highest to lowest decile and slope of the eight middle deciles. The robustness of the UDI was tested using indicator correlation, weighting, and systematic indicator removal. There were a high proportion of low UDI census areas outside the inner city. Adult public dental clinics were unevenly distributed across these low UDI areas. The UDI was significantly correlated with oral cellulitis data and had a moderate disparity ratio (1.69) and slope (0.23). All dental indicators were highly correlated, and UDIs calculated with weighted indicators and indicators removed were significantly correlated with the original UDI. These results indicate that the UDI is a robust tool which can be used by policy makers to target dental health initiatives to high-risk areas.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  9 / 12451 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28926671
Autor:Yanagisawa S; Nakano M; Goto T; Yoshioka M; Shirayama Y
Título:Development of an Oral Assessment Sheet for Evaluating Older Adults in Nursing Homes.
Fonte:Res Gerontol Nurs; 10(5):234-239, 2017 Sep 01.
ISSN:1938-2464
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:A new general use oral assessment sheet (OAS), comprising three items each in three categories (i.e., oral hygiene, biting and chewing, and oral function), was developed to improve the oral health of older adults requiring nursing care. Seventy-nine care workers used the assessment sheet to evaluate oral conditions in 188 institutionalized older adults. Forty-five care workers and three dental professionals then assessed oral conditions in 45 institutionalized older adults using the test-retest method before and after dental professional guidance. Cronbach's alpha of the OAS was 0.72, and 0.65, 0.57, and 0.82 for the three subcategories of oral hygiene, biting and chewing, and oral function, respectively. After dental professional intervention, absolute and relative agreement coefficients increased to more than 0.6 and 0.89, respectively. Reliability and validity of the OAS were verified, and difficulties in oral assessment experienced by care workers were identified. [Res Gerontol Nurs. 2017; 10(5):234-239.].
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  10 / 12451 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28442895
Autor:Klotz AL; Hassel AJ; Schröder J; Rammelsberg P; Zenthöfer A
Endereço:Department of Prosthodontics, Dental School.
Título:Oral health-related quality of life and prosthetic status of nursing home residents with or without dementia.
Fonte:Clin Interv Aging; 12:659-665, 2017.
ISSN:1178-1998
País de publicação:New Zealand
Idioma:eng
Resumo:PURPOSE: The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the effect of prosthetic status on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of nursing home residents with or without dementia. METHODS: The study was performed in 14 nursing homes across the federal state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. All eligible participants were included, and general and medical information and information about their dental and prosthetic statuses were collected. The Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) was administered to evaluate OHRQoL. The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) served to classify participants into living or not living with dementia according to the established cutoff value for dementia (MMSE <24). Parametric bivariate statistics and logistic regression models were used to analyze data at <0.05. RESULTS: A total of 169 participants were included in this study. The mean age of the participants was 82.9 years. A total of some 70% of the sample was living with dementia. The mean GOHAI score along the sample was 49.1 (8.3), and 41% of the sample reported substantially compromised OHRQoL (GOHAI <50). OHRQoL was statistically similar for people with or without dementia ( =0.234); objective oral health was also similar in both groups ( >0.05). The number of teeth (odds ratio [OR]: 2.0), the type of prosthetic status (OR: 6.5), and denture-related treatment needs (OR: 2.4) were the major factors significantly affecting OHRQoL ( <0.05). CONCLUSION: The OHRQoL of elderly nursing home residents is substantially compromised. Several prosthetic treatment needs for residents living with or without dementia were identified. Edentulism without tooth replacement and having <5 teeth resulted in an increased risk of substantially compromised OHRQoL. Further studies should be conducted to determine whether improvements in prosthetic status can increase OHRQoL.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE



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