Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : SP1.001.002 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 13695 [refinar]
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  1 / 13695 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27810108
Autor:Rawluk A; Ford RM; Neolaka FL; Williams KJ
Endereço:School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences, University of Melbourne, Baldwin Spencer Building, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia. Electronic address: andrea.rawluk@unimelb.edu.au.
Título:Public values for integration in natural disaster management and planning: A case study from Victoria, Australia.
Fonte:J Environ Manage; 185:11-20, 2017 Jan 01.
ISSN:1095-8630
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Resumo:Values can be useful for identifying what is important to individuals and communities, yet there is currently not a coherent way to conceptualize, identify, and organize the breadth of values that can be affected by a natural disaster. This research proposes a conceptual framework for how to conceptualize, identify, and organize values, and proposes a concrete, tangible value called the valued entity. The framework is applied in two studies of bushfire in Victoria, Australia: 112 submissions from individuals to the 2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission and interviews with 30 members of the public in bushfire risk landscapes. Our findings suggest that: what people value ranges from abstract to concrete; prevalent abstract values include benevolence and universalism; prevalent mid-level valued attributes include natural attributes of landscapes and human life and welfare; prevalent valued entities are people and properties close to the person. Comparison between the two studies suggests people with more recent experience with bushfire refer less to the importance of natural places and natural attributes. The conceptual framework can act as a boundary object to facilitate researchers and policy-makers understanding the breadth of values affected by natural disaster events and management actions and how governance can better consider values at different scales.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  2 / 13695 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27998157
Autor:Sajadi HS; Hadi M
Endereço:Assistant Professor, Health Management and Economics Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
Título:Promoting the Medical University's Governance: Content Analysis of Decisions Made by the Medical University's Governing Bodies.
Fonte:Arch Iran Med; 19(12):832-837, 2016 Dec.
ISSN:1735-3947
País de publicação:Iran
Idioma:eng
Resumo:BACKGROUND: Decisions made by the governing body of a university would overshadow university governance. This study aimed to analyze the quantity and quality of decisions made by the three governing bodies (Board of trustees, Board of Chancellors and University council) of a medical university in Isfahan, Iran. METHODS: A mixed qualitative and quantitative approach was employed, with the quantitative part in cross-sectional format and the qualitative part in content analysis format. In the quantitative part, the number of meetings and resolutions of the governing bodies were collected through Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. In the qualitative part, the content of 3121 resolutions that were selected using stratified sampling method was analyzed. RESULTS: The results indicated the defensible numbers of meetings and resolutions of the boards of trustees and chancellors. The governing bodies' resolutions were mostly operational in domain, administrative (boards of trustees and chancellors) and educational (university council) in nature, financing (board of trustees) and providing services (board of chancellors and university council) in function with the aim of responsiveness. The share of specific and single-department resolutions was greater compared to others. CONCLUSION: Better monitoring and evaluation of the activity of governing bodies, redirecting the decisions made by governing bodies, reminding the position of the governing bodies and revising their duties and responsibilities are recommended for better governance of the medical university.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  3 / 13695 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28150783
Autor:Butler D
Título:World's foremost institute on death and disease metrics gets massive cash boost.
Fonte:Nature; 542(7639):19, 2017 01 25.
ISSN:1476-4687
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  4 / 13695 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28105478
Autor:Busquet F; Hartung T
Endereço:Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing, CAAT-Europe, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany.
Título:The need for strategic development of safety sciences.
Fonte:ALTEX; 34(1):3-21, 2017.
ISSN:1868-596X
País de publicação:Germany
Idioma:eng
Resumo:The practice of risk assessment and regulation of substances has largely developed as a patchwork of circumstantial additions to a nowadays more or less shared international toolbox. The dominant drivers from the US and Europe have pursued remarkably different approaches in the use of these tools for regulation, i.e., a more risk-based approach in the US and a more precautionary approach in Europe. We argue that there is need for scientific developments not only for the tools but also for their application, i.e., a need for Regulatory Science or, perhaps better, Safety Science. While some of this is emerging on the US side as strategic reports, e.g., from the National Academies, the NIH and the regulatory agencies, especially the EPA and the FDA, such strategic developments beyond technological developments are largely lacking in Europe or have started only recently at EFSA, ECHA or within the flagship project EU-ToxRisk. This article provides a rationale for the creation of a European Safety Sciences Institute (ESSI) based on regulatory and scientific needs, political context and current EU missions. Moreover, the possible modus operandi of ESSI will be described along with possible working formats as well as anticipated main tasks and duties. This mirrors the triple alliance on the American side (US EPA, NIH and FDA) in revamping regulatory sciences. Moreover, this could fit the political agenda of the European Commission for better implementation of existing EU legislation rather than creating new laws.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  5 / 13695 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27808214
Título:Twitterstorm shows why scientific evidence matters.
Fonte:Nature; 539(7627):6, 2016 Nov 01.
ISSN:1476-4687
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicação: EDITORIAL


  6 / 13695 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27786231
Autor:Jones N
Título:Scientific challenges loom for Canada's popular prime minister.
Fonte:Nature; 538(7626):436-437, 2016 Oct 25.
ISSN:1476-4687
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicação: NEWS


  7 / 13695 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27734889
Autor:McPhearson T; Parnell S; Simon D; Gaffney O; Elmqvist T; Bai X; Roberts D; Revi A
Endereço:Cary Institute for Ecosystem Studies and associate professor of urban ecology at The New School in New York, USA.
Título:Scientists must have a say in the future of cities.
Fonte:Nature; 538(7624):165-166, 2016 Oct 10.
ISSN:1476-4687
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T


  8 / 13695 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27734885
Autor:Ellison AM
Título:It's time to get real about conservation.
Fonte:Nature; 538(7624):141, 2016 Oct 11.
ISSN:1476-4687
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T


  9 / 13695 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27580140
Autor:Nordling L
Título:Rwanda: From killing fields to technopolis.
Fonte:Nature; 537(7618):S4-5, 2016 Aug 31.
ISSN:1476-4687
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nome de substância:0 (Coffee)


  10 / 13695 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27558046
Autor:Monastersky R
Título:Obama's science legacy: uneven progress on scientific integrity.
Fonte:Nature; 536(7617):386-7, 2016 Aug 23.
ISSN:1476-4687
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicação: NEWS
Nome de substância:5W7SIA7YZW (Levonorgestrel); 66H7ZZK23N (Ozone)



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