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Fotocópia
Id: 18155
Autor: Kelly, P. (aut); Dimascio, J. (aut); Keller, K. (aut); Kuntz, J. (aut); Kelly, S. (aut); Lucas, H. .
Título: Attitudes towards dog ownership on St. Kitts, West Indies.
Fuente: West Indian veterinary journal;8(2):86-88, December 2008.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: A structured face-to- face interview was held with 64 arbitrarily selected local people attending a vegetable market in the capital of St. Kitts on a Saturday morning. Most (67%) respondents liked dogs and many (57%) owned one (41%) or two (29%) for protection (67%) and as a pet (65%). The main reason people disliked dogs were because they feared them (56%) and because they created a mess (50%). Generally people had purebred (40%) male (56%) dogs which were always outside (50%), in fenced yards (43%), on chains (34%) or running free (22%). All owners fed their dogs, mainly on table scraps (44%) or commercial dog food (39%). Only 16% of animals were neutered and many had puppies (range 3-11) and there was a high mortality rate (>2 puppies in 73% of litters). Only 24% of the dogs were over 4 years. Relatively few owners (55%) took their dogs to the veterinarian, principally for vaccination and checkups (85%) but when their animal was ill (24%). Most people (54%) used insecticides for external parasites on their dogs and some (44%) dewormed their animals. Many people (24%) had been bitten by a dog but 64% did not believe people could acquire diseases from dogs. Only 6% of respondents thought there were too many dogs on the island.
Responsable: TT5 - Médical Sciences Library
TT5; W1, JO91517


  2 / 49 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 18105
Autor: University of Ontario(aut); Roberts, R(aut); Brennen, D(aut); Deveaux, L(aut); Read, S(aut).
Título: Getting to zero HIV in The Bahamas: PhysiciansÆ attitudes and practice regarding male circumcision
Fuente: West Indian med. j;65(Supp. 3):[53], 2016.
Idioma: en.
Conferencia: Presentado en: 61st Annual CARPHA Health Research Conference, Providenciales, June 23-25, 2016.
Resumen: OBJECTIVE: We proposed that physicians in The Bahamas may favour and participate in a national policy advocating circumcision and conducted a study on the attitudes and practices of Bahamian physicians related to male circumcision(MC). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Sample size was estimated using information on physiciansÆ recommending or practising MC in the United States of America (USA). Bahamian physicians were randomly selected. A standardized questionnaire adapted from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS/World Health Organization(UNAIDS/WHO) was used. Trained medical students conducted the face-to-face interviews. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Board of the Universityof Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) and the National Ethics Committee of The Bahamas. Data analysis was done in SPSS. RESULTS: A total of 196 questionnaires were analysed. Over 62% of the sample was between 25 and 49 years ofage; 53% was male. Sixty-one per cent of the sample would recommend MC, 27% were undecided and 12% would not recommend MC. Asked if they would perform MC, 63% reported that they would need additional training. However, if an MC programme was promoted in The Bahamas, 52% would not be willing to provide the service. CONCLUSION: Our study indicates that, in The Bahamas, more than half the physicians would support a policy recommending male circumcision. Education and training programmes would likely be beneficial in promoting this practice as half reported being unwilling to provide the service of MC.
Responsable: TT2.1 - Library
TT5; W1, WE389


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Fotocópia
Id: 18054
Autor: Glover Walton, CA(aut).
Título: Attitude toward older people taking the HIV-test among a sample of middle-aged and older people in the British Virgin Islands
Fuente: en: Caribbean Public Health Agency. Caribbean Public Health Agency: 60th Annual Scientific Meeting. Kingston, The University of the West Indies. Faculty of Medical Sciences, 2015. p.[1-75]. (West Indian Medical Journal Supplement).
Idioma: en.
Resumen: OBJECTIVE: This study focuses on middle-aged and older peopleÆs attitude toward older people taking the HIV-test by examining the effect of sociodemographic and HIV-related factors on their agreement with the statement ôThere is no reason for older people to take the HIV-test because younger ones are more likely to be infected than older onesö. DESIGN AND METHODS: Descriptive, bivariate and multivariate statistics were used to analyse the data. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to examine the effect of sociodemographic and HIV/AIDS related factors on attitude toward older people taking the HIV-test. RESULTS: 64.4% of the participants were born in the Virgin Islands; the average age is 65.3 years; 49.7% had at least a secondary level education; 62.5% were married or in a cohabiting relationship; 63.8% lived in male-headed households. 54.8% strongly disagreed with the notion that older people do not have to be tested because younger ones are more at risk for infection. Bivariate examination showed a significant association between attitude toward older people taking the HIV-test and place of birth; age; education; age of head of the household; religious participation, type of relationship; employment status and number of children; as well as HIV/AIDS-related factors. In binary logistic regression analysis, the two most important influences in attitude toward older people taking the HIV-test were education and agreement with the idea that HV can be prevented by always using condoms with a person who is not your spouse. CONCLUSION: There may be a need to scale up HIV services for the older adult.
Responsable: TT2.1 - Library


  4 / 49 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 18046
Autor: Ali, R(aut); Trigg, D(aut); Ramadhar, L(aut); Balgobin, S(aut); Rakhar, V(aut); Maharaj, S(aut); Rambert, K(aut); Gadd, S(aut); Charles, K(aut).
Título: Local public knowledge of blood donation systems in Trinidad and Tobago and in other places
Fuente: en: Caribbean Public Health Agency. Caribbean Public Health Agency: 60th Annual Scientific Meeting. Kingston, The University of the West Indies. Faculty of Medical Sciences, 2015. p.[1-75]. (West Indian Medical Journal Supplement).
Idioma: en.
Resumen: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the Trinidad and Tobago (TRT) publicÆs knowledge of donation procedures locally and in the United States (USA) and United Kingdom (UK) and its effect on willingness to donate blood locally. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted on a convenience sample from adults in TRT concerning knowledge and attitudes towards blood donation. Data was collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. 529 responses were received. Analysis was performed using SPSS Statistics 21. Chi-squared testing was done to determine statistical significance. RESULTS: Of 529 respondents, 141 (26.7%) had donated previously, 34 (6.4%) had been excluded and 354 (66.9%) had never donated. 76.8% of those who had donated did so for a friend or family member. 53.6% of respondents rated their knowledge of TRTÆs system, and 86.2% rated that of the US and UK, as æpoorÆ or ævery poorÆ. Knowledge of the local system was directly correlated to willingness to donate blood in TRT (p<0.001). No relation was found concerning knowledge of the foreign systems and local willingness to donate (p=0.423). Factors deemed most ælikelyÆ or ævery likelyÆ to influence people to donate included: if donation was for an ill family member (87.7%) or friend (77.9%); if the blood donation system in place was a replacement system (70.9%) and if more information was given to the public about blood donation (67.3%). CONCLUSION: Public knowledge of the blood donation system of TRT affected willingness to donate while knowledge of the US and UK systems had no effect.
Responsable: TT2.1 - Library


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Fotocópia
Id: 18041
Autor: Nagaradona, C(aut); Forde, M(aut).
Título: Grenadian doctorsÆ perceptions on abortion
Fuente: en: Caribbean Public Health Agency. Caribbean Public Health Agency: 60th Annual Scientific Meeting. Kingston, The University of the West Indies. Faculty of Medical Sciences, 2015. p.[1-75]. (West Indian Medical Journal Supplement).
Idioma: en.
Resumen: OBJECTIVE: To assess perceptions of Grenadian physician on abortion. DESIGN AND METHODS: An online survey was created and emailed to all doctors registered to practice in Grenada. Once the data was collected, it was analyzed using SPSS. RESULTS: A response rate of 58% (45 out of 78 physicians) took part in this study. Almost all physicians (93%) indicated that they were personally aware of unsafe abortions being performed in Grenada. The three main complications physicians reported as arising out of unregulated abortion procedures were bleeding (18%), infection (17%), and uterine perforation (17%). Health education was identified by 93% of physicians as the best solution to preventing unsafe abortions. CONCLUSIONS: Almost all local physicians reported that unsafe abortions are taking place in Grenada and that the best solutions to this problem would be to provide health education along with use of modern contraception and the use of legalized and regulated abortion services. Specifically, the implementation of school-based health education program could prove effective in minimizing the conditions that lead to women being placed in a position where they feel that they have to resort to unsafe abortion procedures.
Responsable: TT2.1 - Library


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Fotocópia
Id: 18036
Autor: Rocke, KD(aut); Smith, JA(aut); Charles, SM(aut); Walker, SP(aut); Taveras, EM(aut); Tulloch Reid, MK(aut).
Título: Turn off the TV?: attitudes towards TV-viewing and childhood obesity in Jamaican mothers
Fuente: en: Caribbean Public Health Agency. Caribbean Public Health Agency: 60th Annual Scientific Meeting. Kingston, The University of the West Indies. Faculty of Medical Sciences, 2015. p.[1-75]. (West Indian Medical Journal Supplement).
Idioma: en.
Resumen: OBJECTIVE: TV-viewing has been associated with childhood obesity and reducing screen time might help address this epidemic in Caribbean children. We explored the attitudes and beliefs of Jamaican mothers on the impact of television viewing on childhood obesity. DESIGN AND METHODS: Community health aides recruited mothers, 18 years and older with children aged 6-24 months, from four primary care clinics in Jamaica. Four focus group discussions (2 rural and 2 urban) were conducted using a semi-structured interview guide. Audio recordings and field notes from discussions were collected by field investigators. Transcripts were reviewed by study investigators and immersion/crystallization techniques were used to identify emerging themes. RESULTS: the mothers had a mean age of 28.26 ± 6.25 years and 63% were unemployed. Parenting decisions were made based on instinct developed through experience, example and external input (friends, family, community and media) and information not consistent with this instinct was not readily accepted. Among the risk factors for obesity identified by mothers, TV-viewing was not perceived as important. The causal link between TV-viewing and obesity in young children was unclear to mothers. The perceived benefits from TV-viewing on their childÆs development outweighed any potential harm and strong evidence would be required to convince them otherwise. CONCLUSION: Jamaican mothers may not easily accept obesity interventions that discourage TV-viewing. Incorporating evidence from credible sources, and interventions focused on healthy growth and development using examples of children developing optimally without the aid of TV, may overcome this perception.
Responsable: TT2.1 - Library


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Fotocópia
Id: 17827
Autor: Kelly, P. (aut); Dimascio, J. (aut); Keller, K. (aut); Kuntz, J. (aut); Kelly, S. (aut); Lucas, H. .
Título: Attitudes towards dog ownership on St. Kitts, West Indies.
Fuente: West Indian veterinary journal;8(2):86-88, December 2008.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: A structured face-to- face interview was held with 64 arbitrarily selected local people attending a vegetable market in the capital of St. Kitts on a Saturday morning. Most (67%) respondents liked dogs and many (57%) owned one (41%) or two (29%) for protection (67%) and as a pet (65%). The main reason people disliked dogs were because they feared them (56%) and because they created a mess (50%). Generally people had purebred (40%) male (56%) dogs which were always outside (50%), in fenced yards (43%), on chains (34%) or running free (22%). All owners fed their dogs, mainly on table scraps (44%) or commercial dog food (39%). Only 16% of animals were neutered and many had puppies (range 3-11) and there was a high mortality rate (>2 puppies in 73% of litters). Only 24% of the dogs were over 4 years. Relatively few owners (55%) took their dogs to the veterinarian, principally for vaccination and checkups (85%) but when their animal was ill (24%). Most people (54%) used insecticides for external parasites on their dogs and some (44%) dewormed their animals. Many people (24%) had been bitten by a dog but 64% did not believe people could acquire diseases from dogs. Only 6% of respondents thought there were too many dogs on the island.
Responsable: TT5 - Médical Sciences Library
TT5; W1, JO91517


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Id: 17219
Autor: Persaud, Shamdeo.
Título: A study of the Knowledge, attitudes and practices of primary health care workers in the South-East region of Jamaica concerning the DOTS strategy for the control of tuberculosis.
Fuente: Mona; s.n; Oct. 1999. i,57 p. maps, tab.
Idioma: En.
Tesis: Presentada en The University of the West Indies para obtención del grado de Master of Public Health.
Resumen: Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by the micro-organism Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This micro-organism can be found in about one third of the world population and causes more deaths than any other infectious agent globally. To control this deadly disease, persons ill witH TB need to take a combination of medications for a period of 6 to 8 months. Most of those suffering from TB find this difficult, and to aid in the adequate treatment of persons with the disease and protect others from it, the World Health Organisation along with others concerned about the situation, developed the directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS) strategy. This cost effective method of treatment requires that health workers world wide observe infected persons while they take their tablets. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of primary health care workers about the treatment and control of TB using the directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS) strategy. Data were collected using a questionnaire administered to a sample of selected categories of health workers in the study area. Additionally, three selected key informants from the Jamaican health services were interviewed. One hundred and seventy respondents from five categories, (medical officers, nurses, public health inspectors, community health aids and contact investigators) completed questionnaires. The study found that primary health care workers in Jamaica are very willing to participate in this global effort. They feel confident that once they are given the right tools to work with they can contribute ... The study recommends a review of the progress of the implementation program, preparation of a revised plan of action will all involved in TB control activities and institution of training programs throughout the health service on this "health breakthrough of the 1990's" (AU)
Responsable: TT5 - Médical Sciences Library
TT5; RA 644.T7 P47 1999


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Id: 15970
Autor: Lambert, Michael C; Weisz, John R; Knight, Frank; Desrosiers, M. F; Overly, Kathay; Thesiger, Charles.
Título: Jamaican and American adult perspectives on child psychopathology: further exploration of the threshold model
Fuente: J Consult Clin Psychol;60(1):146-9, Feb. 1992.
Idioma: En.
Resumen: Although several factors determine whether children receive psychological intervention, cultural determinants may be particularly influential. Cultural factors may influence adults' levels of concern over child psychopathology. This possibility was explored by comparing adult attitudes in two socioculturally different societies. Jamaican and American parents, teachers, and clinicians (total N=382) judged vignettes of two children, one with over controlled (e.g., fearfulness) and one with undercontrolled (e.g., fighting) problems. Regression analyses revealed that although years of education affected some adult ratings, culture had the most profound effect. (AU)
Responsable: JM3.1 - Médical Library
JM3.1


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Fotocópia
Id: 15917
Autor: Morley, R; Wykes, T; MacCarthy, B.
Título: Attitudes of relatives of Afro-Caribbean patients: do they affect admission?
Fuente: Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol;26(4):187-93, Aug. 1991.
Idioma: En.
Resumen: This pilot study explored suggestions made in the literature that high rates of Afro-Caribbean patients compulsorily admitted to hospital can be explained by the attitudes of relatives. In particular relatives who hold negative attitudes towards psychiatric services and adopt non-medical explanations for the onset of illness might delay in contacting hospital services. This could delay the process of admission and make a compulsory admission more likely. The attitudes and experiences of relatives of 15 patients admitted compulsorily and 10 admitted informally were compared. The relatives' attitudes did not differ between the two groups. There was also no difference in the severity of current symptoms of the relative's assessment of dangerousness. Neither group was characterised by the sorts of attitudes to illness that had been hypothesised
Responsable: JM3.1 - Médical Library



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