Base de dados : MedCarib
Pesquisa : C11.187.183.220 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 5 [refinar]
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  1 / 5 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 16879
Autor: St. John, M. Anne.
Título: Neonatal chlamydial conjunctivitis in Barbados
Fonte: Tropical doctor;22(4):184, Oct. 1992.
Idioma: En.
Resumo: Chlamydia trachomatis has been reported to be amongthe most frequent of pathogens in sexually transmitted diseases (AU)
Responsável: TT5 - Médical Sciences Library
TT5; W1 TR88G


  2 / 5 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 5601
Autor: Ali, Zulaika; Hull, Barbara P; Ramsumair, K; Glasgow, V; Haqq, Wayne; Perkins, S; Ragbir, C; Wilson, L; Warris, H.
Título: Bacterial-aetiology of neonatal conjunctivitis in Trinidad - abstract
Fonte: West Indian med. j;40(suppl.1):20-1, Apr. 1991.
Idioma: En.
Conferência: Apresentado em: Commonwealth Caribbean Medical Research Council 36th Scientific Meeting, Christ Church, Apr. 24-7, 1991.
Resumo: This prospective, consecutive survey of 3,645 babies delivered at the Mount Hope Women's Hospital from March 1 to November 8, 1990 was to determine the aetiology of neonatal conjunctivitis and to compare 3 methods for detection of Chlamydial infection in material from affected eyes. One hundred and twenty babies presented with purulent conjunctivitis within the first four weeks of life and were investigated for bacterial infection including chlamydia trachomatis. Material from infected eyes was examined for the presence of aerobic bacteria by standard bacteriological methods and for chlamydial infection by fluorescein antibody (FA) test, ELISA method and tissue culture. Staphylococcus aureus (40 percent) and Chlamydia trachomatis (11 percent) were the commonest organisms isolated. The prevalence rate of chlamydia trachomatis was 3.84 percent per 1,000 live births. Tissue culture and ELISA methods were more sensitive than the immuno-fluorescence technique. The cost per test for chlamydia trachomatis by the 3 methods varied from a minimum of TT$37.44 to a maximum of TT$63.11. In spite of the cost, it is recommended that testing for Chlamydial as well as bacterial infections should be a routine part of investigating neonatal conjunctivitis (AU)
Responsável: JM3.1 - Médical Library
JM3.1; R18.W4


  3 / 5 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 878
Autor: Robinson, N; Miller, M; Levett, Paul N.
Título: Antimicrobial sensitivity of Haemophilus influenzae isolates from bacterial conjunctivitis - Poster abstract
Fonte: West Indian med. j;49(suppl. 2):63, Apr. 2000.
Idioma: En.
Resumo: OBJECTIVE: To review retrospectively the serotypes and antimicrobial sensitivity of Haemopilus influenzae isolates from bacterial conjunctivitis. DESIGN AND METHODS: Laboratory records over a 9 month period were reviewed. Data on antimicrobial sensitivity (obtained) by the NCCLS disk diffusion method) and ß-lactamase production, and typing results, were analysed. RESULTS: 34 isolates were recovered, of which 31 were typed. Most isolates were recovered from children under one year of age. Seventy-one percent were un-encapsulated and bio-types I and IV were most common. H influenzae type b was recovered only once. ß=lactamase was produced by 45 percent isolates (14/31) while one was ampicillin-resistant but did not produce ß-lactamase. All isolates were sensitive to chloramphenicol and 60 percent were co-trimoazole sensitive. CONCLUSIONS: H influenzae is commonly isolated from bacterial conjunctivitis in Barbadians, and the majority of isolates are from infants and are non-encapsualted. However, there is a high prevalence of ß-lactamase production, which may serve as a reservoir for transfer to more invasive encapsulated strains within the oropharyngeal flora.(AU)
Responsável: JM3.1 - Médical Library
JM3.1; R18.W4


  4 / 5 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 344
Autor: Robinson, N; Miller, M; Levett, Paul N.
Título: Antimicrobial sensitivity of Haemophilus influenzae isolates from bacterial conjunctivitis
Fonte: West Indian med. j;50(2):137-9, Jun. 2001.
Idioma: En.
Resumo: Haemophilus influenzae is one of the common bacterial pathogens which affect children. Resistance to frequently use antibiotics is becoming a significant problem in community isolates of common pathogens. A retrospective review was conducted of the serotypes and antimicrobial sensitivity of H influenzae isolates from bacterial conjunctivitis, over an 18-month period. Data on antimicrobial sensitivity (obtained by the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards disk diffusion method) and B-lactamase production, and typing results, were analysed. Ninety-nine islolates were recovered, of which 87 were typed. Most isolates were recovered from children under one year of age. Ninety-three percent were unencapsulated and biotypes I and IV were most common. H influenzae type b was recovered only twice. B-lactamase was produced by 41 percent isolates while four isolates were ampicillin-resistant but did not produce B-lactamase. All isolates were sensitive to chloramphenicol and 45 percent were co-trimoxazole sensitive. H influenzae is commonly isolated from bacterial conjunctivitis in Barbados and, as elsewhere, the majority of isolates are from small children and are non-encapsulated. However, there is a high prevalence of B-lactamase production, which may serve as a reservoir for transfer to more invasive encapsulated strains of H influenzae within the oropharyngeal flora.(Au)
Responsável: JM3.1 - Médical Library
JM3.1; R18.W4


  5 / 5 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 143
Autor: Akpaka, P. E; Bodonaik, Nabin C.
Título: Frequency of occurence and antimicrobial resistance in isolates of bacterial conjunctivitis in patients at the University Hospital of the West Indies [abstract]
Fonte: West Indian med. j;50(Suppl 5):31, Nov. 2001.
Idioma: En.
Resumo: OBJECTIVE: There is paucity of published data on bacterial conjunctivitis in patients at the University Hospital of the West Indies and the wider community in Jamaica. This report analyses 208 bacterial isolates from 198 eye swab cultures of patients with clinical diagnosis of conjunctivitis in this hospital. METHODS: Culture of eye swabs was done by routine methodology, and anti-microbial susceptibility tests were performed by the standard disc-diffusion technique. RESULTS: Two hundred and eight bacterial isolates were encountered in the 198 ocular cultures. Eighty of these (32.9 percent) were likely contaminants (normal commensal from skin of the eyelid). The common isolates in order of frequency in the remaining 128 were: Haemophilus influenzae pneumoniae 12 (9.4 percent) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa 5 (3.9 percent). These four organisms together accounted for over two-thirds (69.5 percent) of the 128 isolates. More than 90 percent of these strains were susceptible to chloraphenicol and gentamicin. CONCLUSIONS: The contamination rate in eye swab cultures is very high and there is need for improvement of the collection procedures. Haemophilus influenzae remains the most common pathogen of bacterial conjunctivitis as in many other parts of the world. The common eye preparations such as chloramphenicol and gentamicin (alternatively, tobramycin) continue to be highly effective against pathogens from conjunctivitis at the University Hospital of the West Indies. (AU)
Responsável: JM3.1 - Médical Library
JM3.1; R18.W4



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