Base de dados : MedCarib
Pesquisa : E01.370.388.100.100 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 22 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Longo]

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  1 / 22 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 14697
Autor: Kaye, Robert; Koop, C. Everett; Wagner, Bernard M; Picou, David I. M; Yakovac, William C.
Título: Needle biopsy of the liver: an aid in the differential diagnosis of prolonged jaundice in infancy
Fonte: AMA J Dis Child;98:699-709, Dec. 1959.
Idioma: En.
Resumo: Needle biopsy of the liver has been carried out in 25 infants aged 3 weeks to 18 months in whom normal bleeding, coagulation and prothrombin times had been determined. In 14 subjects the jaundice was secondary to biliary atresia and in 11 to hepatitis. The technique of biopsy is described. The histologic criteria for the differentiation of hepatitis and biliary atresia have been outlined. According to the criteria described above, 12 of 14 biopsies in cases of biliary atresia and 6 of 11 biopsies in patients with hepatitis have been adequate for diagnosis. In five patients, the correct diagnosis of biliary atresia was made on the basis of the biopsy specimen when certain findings were more suggestive of hepatitis. The actual or potential value of needle biopsy in avoiding unnecessary laparotomy is described in four subjects with hepatitis. Needle biopsy, by permitting early definitive diagnosis, may be an aid in avoiding the development of biliary cirrhosis in patients with types of biliary atresia amenable to surgical correction (SUMMARY)
Responsável: JM3.1 - Médical Library
JM3.1; RJ1.A5; Reprint collection


  2 / 22 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 14643
Autor: Waterlow, John C.
Título: Oxidative phosphorylation in the livers of normal and malnourished human infants
Fonte: Proc R Soc;155:96-114, 1961.
Idioma: En.
Resumo: Respiration, oxidative phosphorylation and the uptake of phosphste into phosphatidic acid have been measured in samples of liver obtained by biopsy from malnourished and recovered human infants. All measurements were made on homogenates. Respiration was well maintained in the malnourished liver, but phosphorylation was slightly reduced, and P uptake into phosphatidic acid greatly reduced. Ageing by pre-incubation caused a much greater reduction of phosphorylation in homogenates from malnourished than from normal livers. Albumin had some protective effect. In the malnourished infants the livers were usually fatty. All changes observed were more severe in the more fatty livers. Homogenates from malnourished fatty livers were capable of inhibiting phosphorylation by normal rat liver mitochondria. This and other evidence suggests that the reduction in phosphorylation in the malnourished livers may result from the uncoupling action of free fatty acids or some other lipid derivative. The question is discussed wether there may be changes of mitochondrial function in the malnourished livers, independent of fatty infiltration (AU)
Responsável: JM3.1 - Médical Library
JM9.1; QH1.R65; JM3.1; Reprint collection


  3 / 22 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 14621
Autor: McLean, A. E. M.
Título: Leakage of enzymes from human and rat liver slices
Fonte: Biochem J;89(1):54, 1963.
Idioma: En.
Responsável: JM3.1 - Médical Library
JM3.1; Reprint collection; JM33; QP501.B47


  4 / 22 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 14481
Autor: Jelliffe, Derrick B; Bras, Gerrit; Mukherjee, Kanai L.
Título: Veno-occlusive disease of the liver and Indian childhood cirrhosis
Fonte: Arch Dis Child;32(165):369-85, Oct. 1957.
Idioma: En.
Resumo: Cirrhosis of the liver is common in children in parts of India, especially in West Bengal and Madras, and in the West Indian island of Jamaica, where it usually occurs as a late result of 'veno-occlusive disease of the liver'. The literature concerning veno-occlusive disease is reviewed, with especial reference to its possible relation to the ingestion of plant toxins of certain 'bush teas', particularly species of Crotalaria and Senecio. The clinical and pathological features of 15 cases of Indian childhood cirrhosis (I.C.C) seen in Calcutta, West Bengal, are presented, analysed and compared with accounts in the literature. A two-stage clinical classification is suggested: (1) stage of hapatomegaly, (2) stage of clinical cirrhosis. The socio-economic background of the present cases is compared with reports by previous workers. The clinical picture and morbid anatomy of veno-occlusive disease and I.C.C., as judged by the literature and the present cases, are compared and contrasted. While some cases are clinically similar, the absence in I.C.C. of the acute episode that occurs in some children with veno-occlusive disease is stressed. Hepatic venous occlusion was found in all six of the 15 children who were liver biopsied or who came to necropsy. This histological feature has been noted by some other investigators, although more workers have stressed the presence of parenchymal damage. It is noted that, in both experimental animals and in veterinary medicine, it has been shown that certain plant toxins may sometimes act on liver cells and sometimes on the hepatic veins. The possibility of a similarly varied response in children is suggested (Summary)
Responsável: JM3.1 - Médical Library
JM3.1; RJ1.A7


  5 / 22 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 14180
Autor: McDonald, Archibald H; Hanchard, Barrie; Shah, Dipak J; Fletcher, Peter R; DuQuesnay, Denis R.
Título: Fine needle aspiration biopsy in the diagnosis of breast cancer
Fonte: West Indian med. j;39(2):71-3, June 1990.
Idioma: En.
Resumo: A prospective study if 176 fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) in 172 patients was carried out to assess the accuracy of FNAB in diagnosing breast cancer at the University Hospital of the West Indies. The results showed 99 per cent and 97 per cent accuracy and sensitivity rates, respectively. There were no false positives and a one per cent false negative rate. FNAB provides a rapid, safe and cheap method of accurately diagnosing breast cancer (AU)
Responsável: JM3.1 - Médical Library
JM3.1; R18.W4


  6 / 22 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 12172
Autor: Clarke, P. D; Bain, Brendan C; Davies, A; Levin, G. E; Lambert, H. P.
Título: Aspiration in seriously ill patients: a study of amylase in bronchial secretions
Fonte: J Clin Pathol;34:803-5, 1981.
Idioma: En.
Resumo: Bronchial secretions from 21 patients with moderate to severe chest infections were obtained by transtracheal aspiration. Six seriously ill patients showed greatly increased levels of amylase activity in the bronchial secretions compared with those found in the 15 less ill patients. This amylase was almost certainly derived from oropharyngeal contents and its presence suggests that aspiration may be more common in comatose and semi-comatose patients than is generally appreciated. (Summary)
Responsável: JM3.1 - Médical Library
JM3.1; RB1.J62


  7 / 22 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 11724
Autor: Shah, Dipak J; Hanchard, Barrie; Royes, Charles A.
Título: Evaluation of thyroid nodules by fine needle aspiration cytology: a prospective study
Fonte: West Indian med. j;37(1):31-5, Mar. 1988.
Idioma: En.
Resumo: A prospective study of 200 fine aspiration cytology specimens from 194 patients with thyroid nodules at the University Hospital of the West Indies in Jamaica showed a 95 percent accuracy when the results were compared with histopathology reports of the subsequent thyroidectomy surgical specimens in 86 patients. The false negative rate was 3 percent (for neoplasia), and there was a false positive rate of 10.5 percent. Fine needle aspiration cytology thus proves to be an accurate, specific and sensitive method of assessment of thyroid nodules which ultimately reduces unnecessary surgical intervention (AU)
Responsável: JM3.1 - Médical Library
JM3.1; R18.W4


  8 / 22 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 11286
Autor: Terry, Shaughan I; Hall, Joseph St. E; Hanchard, Barrie.
Título: Laparoscopic liver biopsy
Fonte: West Indian med. j;29(3):198-202, Sept. 1980.
Idioma: En.
Resumo: The value of laparoscopy in the evaluation of the surface appearance of the liver is described in 21 patients. Observed abnormalities may be biopsiedunder guidance and this is particularly helpful in suspected neoplastic involvement of the liver where disease of only the left lobe of the liver exists or when percutaneous needle biopsy has failed. Liver biopsy under laparoscopic vision usefully increases our diagnostic capacity (AU)
Responsável: JM3.1 - Médical Library
JM3.1; R18.W4


  9 / 22 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 9497
Autor: Nicholson, George D.
Título: Systemic lupus erythematosus in Barbados
Fonte: Postgrad Doc - Caribbean;8(5):180-8, Sept.-Oct. 1992.
Idioma: En.
Resumo: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a relatively common disease in the Caribbean. Its demographic and clinical features are presented in this review of SLE in Barbados in which 75 consecutive cases were evaluated during the course of prospective analysis. Renal involvement was the most important cause of morbidity and mortality, and the major indication for the use of aggressive immunosuppressive therapy. Renal failure, immunosuppression, and infection combined to provide major risks to survival (Summary)
Responsável: JM3.1 - Médical Library
JM3.1; R31.P55


  10 / 22 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 8562
Autor: Mamby Alexander, Jennifer E.
Título: Update in cytology: fine needle aspiration biopsies
Fonte: Jamaican Practitioner:26-8, June 1993.
Responsável: JM3.1 - Médical Library
JM3.1; R18.N4



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