Base de dados : MedCarib
Pesquisa : F01.145.805 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 21 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Longo]

página 1 de 3 ir para página          

  1 / 21 MedCarib  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Id: 18127
Autor: The University of the West Indies(aut); Ferguson, TS(aut); Younger-Coleman, NO(aut); Francis, DK(aut); Wilks, RJ(aut); Harris, EN(aut); MacLeish, MY(aut); Sullivan, LW(aut).
Título: Socio-economic health disparities in tobacco smoking among Afro-Caribbean adults: Findings from the Jamaica Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007û2008
Fonte: West Indian med. j;65(Supp. 3):[44], 2016.
Idioma: en.
Conferência: Apresentado em: 61st Annual CARPHA Health Research Conference, Providenciales, June 23-25, 2016.
Resumo: OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether education attainment oroccupation class was associated with the prevalence of tobacco smoking among Jamaican adults. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study was a secondary analysis of data collected from the Jamaica Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007û2008 (JHLS-II) and included participants who were 25û74 years old. Data on current tobacco smoking, highest educational attainment and usual occupation were collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Poisson regression models were used to estimate sex-specific, age-adjusted prevalence and prevalence ratios (PR). RESULTS: Analyses included 2299 participants (696 men,1603 women) with mean age of 42.9 years. Prevalence of current smoking among men and women was 25.8% and 7.8%, respectively (p < 0.001). Age-adjusted prevalence of current smoking in men was highest in the primary education group (36.5%) and lowest in the post-secondary education group (10.2%), p (trend) = 0.003. Among women, prevalence was highest among those with junior secondary education (10.2%) and lowest among those with primary education (4.7%), p (trend) = 0.014. Using post secondary education as the reference category, age adjusted PR showed statistically significant two- to three fold higher prevalence of current smoking for all the lower education groups among men. Prevalence ratios for women were lower and not statistically significant. Disparity patterns for occupation were similar, with statistically significant higher age-adjusted prevalence among men in the lower occupational categories, but not among women. CONCLUSION: There are large socio-economic disparities in tobacco smoking among men, but less so among women in Jamaica. Interventions to reduce smoking should consider these socio-economic disparities.
Responsável: TT2.1 - Library
TT5; W1, WE389


  2 / 21 MedCarib  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Id: 18000
Autor: Read, UM(aut); Karamanos, A(aut); Cassidy, A(aut); Joao da Silva, M(aut); Molaodi, OR(aut); Cruickshank, JK(aut); Harding, S(aut).
Título: Racism triggers smoking in British ethnic minority adolescents: evidence from the determinants of young adult social wellbeing and health (DASH) longitudinal study
Fonte: In: Caribbean Public Health Agency. Caribbean Public Health Agency: 60th Annual Scientific Meeting. Kingston, The University of the West Indies. Faculty of Medical Sciences, 2015. p.[1-75]. (West Indian Medical Journal Supplement).
Idioma: en.
Resumo: OBJECTIVE: Racism may have a negative impact on the health behaviours in adolescence, however there were few longitudinal studies. We examined the impact of perceived racism on smoking in an ethnically diverse sample of adolescents in the UK, and potential modifying factors. DESIGN AND METHODS: In 2002/03, 6643 11-13 year olds in London, an80% ethnic minorities, participated in the baseline survey. In 2005/06 4,782 were followed-up. In 2012-14 665 took part in a pilot follow-up aged 21-23y, including 42 qualitative interviews. Measures of socio- economic and psychosocial factors and health were collected. RESULTS: Ethnic minority adolescents were more likely to report racism compared with White British, but smoking was generally lower. Reported racism in adolescence was associated with having ever smoked (e.g. males Odds Ratio 2.20, 95% CI 1.59-3.02), and with smoking initiation (males 4.09, 2.45-6.83). Smoking initiation was greatest among Black Caribbeans. Attendance to a place of worship, being a Muslim and a good parent-child relationship were independent protective factors. Qualitative interviews supported evidence for reported racism as well as protective factors including increasing ethnic diversity, a sense of identity and belonging, supportive parenting, high aspirations, and religious faith. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first UK study to show the negative impact of racism on smoking in adolescence, regardless of ethnic origin. Religious involvement and parenting may provide social support and reinforce cultural and religious values which may prevent the uptake of harmful health behaviours such as smoking. This has implications for health promotion among young people of all ethnicities.
Responsável: TT2.1 - Library


  3 / 21 MedCarib  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Id: 16967
Autor: Vittetoe, Kenneth; Lopez, Marsha F; Delva, Jorge; Wagner, Fernando; Anthony, James C; PACARDO, (research group).
Título: Behavioral problems and tobacco use among adolescents in Central America and the Dominican Republic
Fonte: Rev. panam. salud publica = Pan am. j. public health;11(2):76-82, Feb. 2002. tab.
Idioma: En.
Resumo: Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between behavioral problems and tobacco use among adolescent students in six countries of Central America and in the Dominican Republic. Methods: Data were drawn from a multinational collaborative study that included questionnaire surveys of between 451 and 1 170 school-attending adolescents in each of the seven countries studied. Assessments were based on an adapted, Spanish-language version of the Drug Use Screening Inventory (DUSI). The conditional form of logistic regression was employed for analysis, matching students on type of school and area, with further statistical adjustments for sex, age, and selected risk factors. Results: Occurrence of tobacco use was observed to vary dramatically from country to country. Nevertheless, for the combined group of countries, the estimated odds of tobacco use in youths at the highest levels of behavioral problems was more than five times that for youths at the lowest levels, after controlling for sex, age, lack of participation in recreational activities, level of irritability, and levels of problems with school, family, and mental health. Country-specific analyses show that youths at the highest levels of behavioral problems have a consistently greater occurrence of tobacco use as compared to youths at the lowest levels of behavioral problems. Conclusions: These findings are concordant with prior studies on tobacco use among adolescents with behavioral problems. Although the magnitude of observed associations varied according to the country of residence, the strength of these associations and their significance by conventional standards were observed in nearly all the countries sampled. This is the first study in these seven countries on potentially causal relationships such as these. More research is needed to augment our knowledge regarding the observed cross-country differences and ultimately to develop, implement, and evaluate effective tobacco preventative intervention programs (AU)
Responsável: TT5 - Médical Sciences Library
TT5; W1 RE712AW


  4 / 21 MedCarib  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Id: 16792
Autor: Anon.
Título: Quit smoking
Idioma: En.
Responsável: TT5 - Médical Sciences Library
TT5; W1 CA780


  5 / 21 MedCarib  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Id: 16780
Autor: PAHO.
Título: Trinidad and Tobago
Idioma: En.
Responsável: TT5 - Médical Sciences Library
TT5; QV 137 T628 1992


  6 / 21 MedCarib  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Id: 16779
Autor: PAHO.
Título: Suriname
Idioma: En.
Responsável: TT5 - Médical Sciences Library
TT5; QV 137 T628 1992


  7 / 21 MedCarib  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Id: 16778
Autor: PAHO.
Título: Organization of Eastern Caribbean States: Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Idioma: En.
Responsável: TT5 - Médical Sciences Library
TT5; QV 137 T628 1992


  8 / 21 MedCarib  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Id: 16777
Autor: PAHO.
Título: Jamaica
Idioma: En.
Responsável: TT5 - Médical Sciences Library
TT5; QV 137 T628 1992


  9 / 21 MedCarib  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Id: 16776
Autor: PAHO.
Título: Honduras
Idioma: En.
Responsável: TT5 - Médical Sciences Library
TT5; QV 137 T628 1992


  10 / 21 MedCarib  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Id: 16774
Autor: PAHO.
Título: Guyana
Idioma: En.
Responsável: TT5 - Médical Sciences Library
TT5; QV 137 T628 1992



página 1 de 3 ir para página          
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde