||Joseph, Jerome; Alleyne, Trevor A; Adogwa, A. O; Crichlow, E.|
||Increased BAEP latency and reduced brain cytochrome c oxidase activity observed in the Suzuki model of Alzheimer's disease [abstract]|
||West Indian med. j;50(Suppl 7):16-7, Dec. 2001.
||Cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal respiratory enzyme, is reported to be deficient and to exhibit reduced activity in a number of neurodegenerative disorders. The Alzheimer's rabbit model is based on the intracerebral injection of Holt's adjuvant, an aluminum salt solution. This model was used to compare the brain activity and the activity of brain COX in treated and controlled rabbits. Of a total of 26 New Zealand white rabbits, thirteen were injected intracerebrally with Holt's adjuvant solution, five with physiologically saline solution and the remainder were kept as controls. The auditory responses (BAEP) of the rabbits were monitored for 14 days before injections and 14 days thereafter. The animals were then sacrificed and brain mitochondrial extracts were used for SDS-PAGE analysis, difference spectra spectrophotometry and polarographic assays. The results of SDS-PAGE showed that there were no differences in the protein composition of the brain mitochondria of the three groups. Similarly, difference spectra (reduced minus oxidized, 400-630 nm) from both treated groups were identical to that of the control with characteristic maxima centered around 434, 550 and 604 nm. Polarographic assays, however, showed that while the enzyme from both treated groups displayed the characteristic biphasic kinetics, there was reduced activity in the enzymes from the brain of rabbits receiving the adjuvant but not the saline solution. This result is significant in light of the fact that several researchers have reported reduced activity of COX from Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Of particular significance, BAEP results reveal an increase in the interpeak latency between peaks III and V of the Holt's injected but not the saline injected or control rabbits. This latter result suggests that monitoring the BAEP might provide a simple non-invasive method for confirming AD. (AU)|
||JM3.1 - Médical Library|