||Patterson, A. Wynante.|
||An analysis of the food and nutrition situation in the Commonwealth Caribbean and the role of the Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute in this nutritional environment.
||Kingston; Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute; 1991. 27 p. tab.
||Apresentado em: IIIeme Congress de Diabetologie, Fort de France, Oct. 1991.
||The paper analyses the nutritional environment in the Commonwealth Caribbean. The differences in economic growth and the detrimental social consequences of those countries experiencing negative growth, are used to demonstrate the differing scenarios existing in the area. All the countries under review have for a prolonged period showed low domestic food production, and incurred large food import bills. Within this environment, household food security is unstable and very vulnerable especially for the poorer segments of society. Coping mechanisms employed by the government and the people have maintained an adequate supply of energy-rich foods so that energy-protein analysis of the available foods(using the most recent FAO data) point to a deficiency of complex carbohydrates, an overabundance of simple sugars and animal foods. From observation, the animal products tend to be very fatty. Coincidentally, the countries are experiencing an epidemic of the chronic nutrition-related diseases,e.g. cerebrovascular and ischemic heart diseases and diabetes mellitus of adult onset. The role and mission of the Caribbean food and Nutrition Institute in this nutritional environment is stated, as are its priority programme activities. As regards future directions, new targes to 1995 to be based on the situational analysis are presented. A shift in the work of the Institute to focus on chronic nutrition related diseases and health promotion and to emphasize health for development, is the major consideration for the 1990's|
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