Base de dados : MedCarib
Pesquisa : SP3.056.112.058 [Categoria DeCS]
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Fotocópia
Id: 13691
Autor: McLeod, Joan C. L.
Título: A study of undernutrition, poverty and national development in Jamaica.
Fonte: Kingston; s.n; Nov. 1984. xiv, 324 p. maps, tab.
Idioma: En.
Tese: Apresentada a University of the West Indies (Mona) para obtenção do grau de Doctor of Philosophy.
Resumo: A socio-economic survey of 301 households was conducted in the parish of St. James, during 1982. Households were chosen from enumeration districts, randomly selected from within three ecologically defined strata. Urban households from wealthy districts and rural households farming over 10 acres of land were excluded. The data suggest that the prevalence of urban undernutrition has increased over the past 7-9 years. Of the observed variation in nutritional status, 28 percent was explained by 10 socio-economic variables. Of 7 categories of households identified, least at risk were those supported by professional and technical persons or farmers operating over 2.5 acres, while those most at risk were dependent on the urban unskilled and the skilled self-employed. Casual analysis revealed that although child health and food consumption were the direct precursors of child malnutrition, these were in turn due to poor household and community socio-economic conditions. The households' inability to provide adequate diets and child care appeared related to inadequate and unstable income and employment opportunities. Two public policies were evaluated. The data suggest that while the Food Assistance Plan will save some of the most at-risk from nutritional disaster, the benefits are too little to be generally effective. Better targeting and commodity choice would improve the plan. Additionally, an income supplement might be a better alternative to food stamps. The First Rural Development Project was found to have improved the incomes of beneficiaries. However, insufficient selection bias, inadvertent displacement of squatters, the number of beneficiaries and the real size of income increases make its impact small in relation to need. The study confirms the necessity to approach nutrition improvements through socio-economic development, and underscores the importance of far reaching social restructuring to prevent the continuous occurrence of malnutrition in Jamaica (AU)
Responsável: JM23.1 - Main Library
JM23.1; U Thesis


  2 / 11 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 12463
Autor: Fonaroff, L. Schuyler.
Título: Settlement typology and infant malnutrition in Jamaica
Fonte: Trop Geogr Med;21(2):177-85, June 1969.
Idioma: En.
Resumo: This report has attempted to relate settlement typology to infant malnutrition in Jamaica. During the summer of 1967, field work was undertaken in two western parishes of the island. Numerous clinics of the Ministry of Health were visited and interviews conducted with clinic staffs and local residents. With a geographer's eye, the landscape was examined in relation to population distribution and movement, land-use, topography, child care practices and general life style. The mapping of deaths attributed to PCM and related causes in the age group 1-4 years shows striking correlation with specific population agglomerations. The probability factors associated with PCM occurs in four distinct patterns associated with urben, plantation, remote village and town-small holding settlements. There seems to be a greater similarity in behaviour, and hence greater similarity in disease pattern, between certain of these settlements. Urban and plantation areas are more alike, as are remote village and town-small holdings. As an area begins exhibiting behaviour similar to urban-plantation settlements, there is a probability of PCM increase. There seems to be some predictive capability of showing PMC incidence by examining probability factors. (AU)
Responsável: JM3.1 - Médical Library
JM3.1; RC960.T7


  3 / 11 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 8761
Autor: Payne, Monica A; Furnham, A.
Título: Casual attributions for unemployment in Barbados
Fonte: J Soc Psychol;130(2):169-81, Apr. 1990.
Idioma: En.
Resumo: The importance of various explanations for unemployment in their country was rated by 468 predominantly young people from the Caribbean island of Barbados. The twenty explanations provided, which were taken from other studies, showed a clear structure. The six factors that emerged from them were lack of effort on the part of the unemployed, lack of ability, failure of trade unions, effects of government policy, regional and world-wide changes, and poor industrial management. Endorsement of these explanations was related to sex, age, and education, but was not related very clearly to employment status. (AU)
Responsável: JM3.1 - Médical Library


  4 / 11 MedCarib  
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Fotocópia
Id: 8198
Autor: Bailey, Wilma.
Título: Clinical undernutrition in the Kingston/St Andrew metropolitan area: 1967-1976
Fonte: Soc Sci Med: Med Geography;15D(4):471-7, Nov. 1981.
Idioma: En.
Resumo: The spatial and temporal characteristics of undernutrition in the Kingston/St. Andrew Metropolitan Area, Jamaica are described, and the relationship between the incidence and certain social and economic indices are examined. For the latter purpose, a sample was drawn from urban constituencies solely, since some of the variables used have different implications in a rural setting. A total of 1521 cases of undernutrition were admitted to 2 hospitals from the Kingston/St. Andrew Metropolitan region. There was a slight majority of male (55 percent) over females. Over 91 percent of all patients diagnosed as undernourished fell within the age group 0-23 months. The average of admission was 12 months . No clear temporal pattern emerges from the current study of a 10-year pattern in Kingston/St. Andrew. The cumulated monthly total ranged from 111 in August to 138 in March, and the quarterly figures from 374 in the 2nd and 3rd quarters to 398 in the last quarter of the year. These totals, however, mask wide variations from year to year. The last quater of the year accounted for the highest percentage of admissions due to undernutrition, while the 2nd and 3rd provided the lowest. The variations are so slight as to be of little importance. There was a heavy concentration af cases in the west and southwest of the Kingston/St. Andrew Metropolitan area, where the 3 constituencies of St. Andrew west-central, St. Andrew south-west and St. Andrew south accounted for 47 percent of all admissions due to undernutrition. The numbers declined towards the north and especially the southeast. Overall, the incidence of undernutrition was fairly high in the late 1960s and rose to a peak in 1970. There was a marked decline in 1971, a rise to the highest level achieved in 1974, and thereafter a decline until 1976. Within the sample, the social and economic variables identified as important factors in the occurrence of undernutrition are 1st presented in the form of simple associations and then stepwide multiple regression analysis is undertaken to attempt an explanation for the spatial distribution of malnutrition. The following social and economic variables are identified as important factors: infant feeding practices; family stability; unemployment; family size; and mothers 20 years of age and younger. Correlation values revealed that the unemployment of mothers was the most important of the variables utilized. 57 percent of the mothers in the sample were unemployed. The level of undernutrition over the 10-year period bore a statistically significant relationship to the level of unemployment among mothers. Even when these mothers were employed their incomes were far too low to meet without additional support the high costs of artificial baby foods, which in 1970 were estimated to cost about 50 percent more than the food needed to lactation. It is suggested that a national scheme of child allowance payable directly to mothers would provide needed help to parents without being at odds with a government policy aimed at limiting family size (AU)
Responsável: JM3.1 - Médical Library
JM3.1; Reprint Collection


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Fotocópia
Id: 7142
Autor: Bailey, Wilma.
Título: Clinical malnutrition in the Kingston/St. Andrew Metropolitan area 1967-1976 - abstract
Fonte: West Indian med. j;29(4):213, 1980.
Idioma: En.
Conferência: Apresentado em: Twenty-fifth Scientific Meeting of Commonwealth Caribbean Medical Research Council, Georgetown, Apr. 17-19, 1980.
Resumo: The study attempts to explain both the temporal trend and spatial distribution of clinical malnutrition in the Kingston/St. Andrew Metropolitan Area (K.M.A.) in the ten-year period 1967-1976. Data were obtained from the patients' dockets at the Bustamante Children's Hospital and the Hospital of the University of the West Indies. Because of the lack of uniformity in the reporting of case histories, a sample was extracted consisting of those cases in which all informaton which could have some bearing on the condition of the children was supplied. Such cases numbered 761 and comprised 50 percent of the total Chi-squared tests proved the sample to be representative. Within the sample, a number of social and economic variables identified as being important factors in the occurrence of malnutrition was considered on a constituency basis; first in the form of simple associatons and then a stepwise multiple regression analysis was undertaken to determine to what extent they helped to explain the spatial distribution of malnutrition. To explain the temporal trend, an annual Standard of Living Index was computed for each of the ten years and correlated with the level of malnutrition, to test whether the two were in any way related. The resulting coefficient of -0.71, significant at the 0.1 percent confidence level implied a fairly high negative correlation between the two - malnutrition increased as the standard of living decreased. The five social and economic variables considered in the regression accounted for the bulk of the variance - 94 percent. The unemployment of mothers proved to be by far the most important variable explaining the distribution, alone accounting for 75 percent of the variation. Thus fluctuations in the standard of living explained the trend over the ten-year period while the geographical response may be explained in terms of the differing levels of unemployment among mothers (AU)
Responsável: JM3.1 - Médical Library
JM3.1; R18.W4


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Fotocópia
Id: 6852
Autor: Sampson, Jennifer.
Título: Paper on migration issues seminar workshop on social and community development issues - 1990's and beyond, Wednesday 25th January, 1989
Fonte: In: Anon. Seminar/Workshop on Social and Community Development Issues: 1990's and Beyond, proceedings. Port of Spain, s.n., 1989. p.47-52.
Idioma: En.
Conferência: Apresentado em: Seminar/Workshop on Social and Community Development Issues: 1990's and Beyond, Port of Spain, Jan. 25 - 26 1989.
Resumo: Large scale migration is acknowledged to be a natural reaction to harsh conditions of one kind or another in the home country, as against the attraction of better prospects in the destination country. Unemployment, under-employment, the lure of better employment opportunities, deteriorating social services-health, education, housing, deteriorating social environment - crime, drug abuse, vagrancy - these are some of the main causes cited as being behind the mass exodus of citizens of Trinidad and Tobago within recent years. Suggested solutions:- i Incentives (financial and otherwise) for those in critical occupations to remain/return; ii Re-training; job enrichment strategies; iii Improved social services
Responsável: TT3.1
TT3.1


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Id: 6802
Autor: Andrews, Norma G.
Título: Family life education in Trinidad & Tobago.
Fonte: Port of Spain; s.n.; 1973. <9> p.
Idioma: En.
Conferência: Apresentado em: National Consultation on Family Life Education, Chaguaramas, 15-19 Oct. 1973.
Responsável: TT3.1
TT3.1


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Id: 6796
Autor: Andrews, Norma G.
Título: Family life education.
Fonte: s.l.; s.n.; 1972. 4 p.
Idioma: En.
Conferência: Apresentado em: Seminar on Drug Abuse, Venereal Diseases and Family Life Education for Senior Health Personnel and Resource Personnel, Tobago, Dec. 1972.
Responsável: TT3.1
TT3.1


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Id: 3236
Autor: Reddock, R.
Título: Social problems of Trinidad and Tobago: a discussion paper.
Fonte: s.l; s.n; 1976. 6 p.
Idioma: En.
Conferência: Apresentado em: Trade Union Seminar for Trade Unionists in Tobago, s.l, Sept. 1976.
Responsável: TT3.1
TT3.1; MLP 3367


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Fotocópia
Id: 1648
Autor: Hutchinson, Gerald A; Simeon, Donald T.
Título: Suicide in Trinidad and Tobago: associations with measures of social distress
Fonte: Int J Soc Psychiatry;43(4):269-75, 1997.
Idioma: En.
Resumo: Using national statistics for the period 1978-1992, associations were examined between suicide rates and measures of social distress in Trinidad and Tobago. The latter included unemployment, serious crimes, emigration rates and admissions to the country's psychiatric hospital. There was a 319 percent increase in male suicide rates, from 4.96/100,000 in 1978 to 20.76/100,000 in male suicide in 1992. Although there were fluctuations in the rate for females, it remained below 8/100,000. Over the 15 year period examined, there was a 51 percent increase in serious crime while male and female unemployment increase by 89 percent and 33 percent respectively. There was a 63 percent fall in the rate of permanent emigration while male and female admissions to the psychiatric hospital fell by 28 percent and 19 percent respectively. There were significant positive associations between male suicide and serious crimes as well as with male and female employment (p < 0.01). Male suicide rates were also negatively associated with male admissions to the psychiatric hospital (p < 0.01). Female suicide rates were positively associated with serious crime and male unemployment (p < 0.01). Although it is not possible to determine whether the observed associations were causal, the results suggest that social distress may be an important contributor to the suicide rate in Trinidad and Tobago, particularly among men. The organisation of preventive strategies for suicidal behaviour must therefore include measures to counter the experience of social distress in this setting(AU)
Responsável: JM3.1 - Médical Library
JM3.1; Reprint Collection



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