Base de datos : WHOLIS
Búsqueda : F01.100.150 [Categoria DeCS]
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Id: a93710
Autor: World Health Organization.
Título: Self-help strategies for cutting down or stopping substance use: a guide.
Fuente: Geneva; World Health Organization; 2010. 41 p.
Idioma: en.
Responsable: CH1.1 - WHO Library


  2 / 61 WHOLIS  
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Id: a82533
Autor: Vaidyanathan, K; Limburg, H; Foster, A; Pandey, R. M.
Título: Evolution dans les obstacles au traitement chirurgical de la cataracte en Inde
Fuente: Bulletin de l' Organisation mondiale de la Santé : la revue internationale de santé publique : recueil d' articles(1):203, 1999.
Idioma: fr.
Responsable: CH1.1 - WHO Library


  3 / 61 WHOLIS  
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Id: e79396
Autor: World Health Organization.
Título: CINDI Health Monitor: a study of feasibility of a health behaviour monitoring survey across CINDI countries : data book.
Fuente: Copenhagen; WHO Regional Office for Europe; 2003. 95 p.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: To better monitor health-related behaviour at community level in countries which are implementing an integrated approach towards noncommunicable disease prevention and control, a CINDI Health Monitor survey was introduced in the CINDI (Countrywide Integrated Noncommunicable Diseases Intervention) Programme. In 2000-2002, 32 surveys were carried out in 26 countries of the CINDI network. In order to assess the process of the implementation of the surveys and to study feasibility of such surveys, a survey on the methodological aspects of the CINDI Health Monitor survey was conducted. A database on the results was established and a data book prepared, which will be used to study the experience of the implementation of the CINDI Health Monitor survey at country level and elaborate strategies for the development of a regular health behaviour monitoring system
Responsable: CH1.1 - WHO Library


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Id: a73317
Autor: Satishchandra, P; Gururaj, Gopalakrishna; Mohammed, Q. D; Senanayake, N; Silpakit, O.
Título: Epilepsy: out of the shadows.
Fuente: New Delhi; WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia; 2001. 63 p.
Idioma: en.
Responsable: CH1.1 - WHO Library


  5 / 61 WHOLIS  
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Id: a71280
Autor: Al-Sheikh, O. G; Al-Samarrai, J. I; Al-Sumaidaie, M. M; Mohammad, S. A; Al-Dujaily, A. A.
Título: Immunization coverage among children born between 1989 and 1994 in Saladdin Governorate, Iraq
Fuente: Eastern Mediterranean health journal;5(5):933-940, 2000.
Resumen: We assessed vaccination coverage rates among children born between 1989 and 1994 (0-2 years of age) and tried to find the underlying causes of incomplete immunization. Of 662 children surveyed, 326 were from Tikrit city (urban) and 336 were from three rural villages. The coverage rates for BCG, DPT-OPV (first dose), DPT-OPV (second dose), DPT-OPV (third dose), measles, MMR, and DPT-OPV (first booster) were 97%, 97%, 94%, 92%, 83%, 70% and 59% respectively in Tikrit city; in rural areas they were 92%, 65%, 57%, 41%, 42%, 32%, and 25% respectively. The most common causes of incomplete immunization were unawareness and ignorance for both urban and rural areas. The percentage of children completely immunized declined between 1989 and 1994, both in urban and rural areas
Responsable: CH1.1 - WHO Library


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Id: a71262
Autor: Saleh, Mahmoud A; Al-Ghamdi, Yasser S; Al-Yahia, Omer A; Shaqran, Tariq M; Mosa, Ahmed R.
Título: Impact of health education program on knowledge about AIDS and HIV transmission in students of secondary schools in Buraidah city, Saudi Arabia: an exploratory study
Fuente: Eastern Mediterranean health journal;5(5):1068-1075, 2000.
Resumen: BACKGROUND: Accurate information about acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is important for their prevention. OBJECTIVES: This study is intended to assess knowledge on AIDS in students of secondary schools in Buraidah City and to measure the effect of a health education program on their knowledge about AIDS in general, modes of HIV transmission and the degree of their misperception about the transmission of the disease through casual contact. METHODOLOGY: A well-designed health education program using personal communication and visual media techniques was conducted for 483 secondary school students in Buraidah secondary schools during the year 1997. Preand post-tests were done to examine their knowledge about AIDS. RESULTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: The results of this study pointed out that a health education program on AIDS for students of secondary schools greatly and significantly improved their scores on general knowledge on AIDS views on its transmission and misperception of AIDS (p < 0.01). Continuous in-ice programs for secondary students are recommended
Responsable: CH1.1 - WHO Library


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Id: a71051
Autor: Valdés Roque, Ana Iris; Martínez Canalejo, Humberto.
Título: Nivel educacional de las madres y conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas ante las infecciones respiratorias agudas de sus hijos
Fuente: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública (Pan American Journal of Public Health 1999 ; 6(6) : 400-407), 1999.
Resumen: An evaluation was performed on the influence of different variables on the knowledge, attitudes, and practices that mothers of children under the age of 5 have concerning acute respiratory infections (ARIs). Two groups of mothers were interviewed: 1) mothers of children seen in a polyclinic in the province of Havana (n = 221) and 2) mothers whose children were hospitalized in the respiratory unit of a pediatric hospital in the city of Havana (n = 200). The five variables analyzed were the educational level of the mother, her age, place of residence, number of children, and whether or not she was employed in the health service sector, as well as the interactions between the first variable and the other four variables. A questionnaire was used to measure the ARI knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of the mothers. Two levels of KAP sufficiency were taken into account, "Adequate I" for obtaining 70% or more of the maximum possible score and "Adequate II" for achieving at least a 50% score. For both levels of adequacy, the KAP of the mothers working in the health sector was significantly higher than that of the mothers interviewed in the secondary health care center. This suggests that the poorer knowledge, attitudes, and practices of mothers with hospitalized children may have contributed to the children's hospitalization. The most important variable associated with sufficient knowledge was educational level, which highlights the fundamental and positive influence education exerts on the preventive and curative care that mothers provide their children with ARI
Responsable: CH1.1 - WHO Library


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Id: a71031
Autor: Kohn, Robert; Sharma, Davis; Camilleri, Christopher P; Levav, Itzhak.
Título: Attitudes towards mental illness in the Commonwealth of Dominica
Fuente: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública (Pan American Journal of Public Health 2000 ; 7(3) : 148-154), 2000.
Resumen: Little is known about the perception of mental illness in the English-speaking Caribbean. This study was conducted in 1995 to determine the attitudes, knowledge, and help-seeking practices for emotional disorders in the Commonwealth of Dominica. Two groups in Dominica were surveyed: 67 community leaders, consisting of nurses, teachers, and police officers; and 135 community members grouped into five socioeconomic strata that were collapsed to three for the analysis. All the respondents were asked to identify and suggest management of individuals with psychosis, alcoholism, depression, and childhood hyperactivity, as depicted in case vignettes. The person in the psychosis vignette was diagnosed as suffering from mental illness by 84.0% of the leaders and by 71.2% of the community members. However, in each of the three other vignettes, fewer than 30% of the respondents thought that mental illness was present. The person with alcoholism was viewed as having a serious problem by only slightly more than half of the respondents. Fewer than half of the respondents thought that the individuals with depression or hyperactivity had serious problems. The community leaders did somewhat worse in recognizing mental illness than did the community members. Respondents were most likely to refer a family member with emotional problems to a medical practitioner. In conclusion, education about mental health problems is needed in Dominica. Especially disconcerting was the lack of knowledge on mental illness among nurses, teachers, and police officers, that is, professionals directly involved in the pathway to care
Responsable: CH1.1 - WHO Library


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Id: a68997
Autor: Mahdy, N. H; El-Zeiny, Nadia A.
Título: Probability of contraceptive continuation and its determinants
Fuente: Eastern Mediterranean health journal (Revue de santé de la Méditerranée orientale 1999 ; 5(3) : 526-539), 1999.
Responsable: CH1.1 - WHO Library


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Id: a68889
Autor: World Health Organization.
Título: Bringing epilepsy out of the shadows in Africa: ill-informed attitudes prevent up to 80% of Africans suffering from epilepsy from being treated, says WHO.
Fuente: Geneva; World Health Organization; 2000. 2 p.
Responsable: CH1.1 - WHO Library



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