Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : E02.190.388 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 3598 [refinar]
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  1 / 3598 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28437146
Autor:Banerjee K; Mathie RT; Costelloe C; Howick J
Endereço:1 Dr. Kalyan Banerjee's Clinic , New Delhi, India .
Título:Homeopathy for Allergic Rhinitis: A Systematic Review.
Fonte:J Altern Complement Med; 23(6):426-444, 2017 Jun.
ISSN:1557-7708
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and effectiveness of homeopathic intervention in the treatment of seasonal or perennial allergic rhinitis (AR). METHOD: Randomized controlled trials evaluating all forms of homeopathic treatment for AR were included in a systematic review (SR) of studies published up to and including December 2015. Two authors independently screened potential studies, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias. Primary outcomes included symptom improvement and total quality-of-life score. Treatment effect size was quantified as mean difference (continuous data), or by risk ratio (RR) and odds ratio (dichotomous data), with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Meta-analysis was performed after assessing heterogeneity and risk of bias. RESULTS: Eleven studies were eligible for SR. All trials were placebo-controlled except one. Six trials used the treatment approach known as isopathy, but they were unsuitable for meta-analysis due to problems of heterogeneity and data extraction. The overall standard of methods and reporting was poor: 8/11 trials were assessed as "high risk of bias"; only one trial, on isopathy for seasonal AR, possessed reliable evidence. Three trials of variable quality (all using Galphimia glauca for seasonal AR) were included in the meta-analysis: nasal symptom relief at 2 and 4 weeks (RR = 1.48 [95% CI 1.24-1.77] and 1.27 [95% CI 1.10-1.46], respectively) favored homeopathy compared with placebo; ocular symptom relief at 2 and 4 weeks also favored homeopathy (RR = 1.55 [95% CI 1.33-1.80] and 1.37 [95% CI 1.21-1.56], respectively). The single trial with reliable evidence had a small positive treatment effect without statistical significance. A homeopathic and a conventional nasal spray produced equivalent improvements in nasal and ocular symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: The low or uncertain overall quality of the evidence warrants caution in drawing firm conclusions about intervention effects. Use of either Galphimia glauca or a homeopathic nasal spray may have small beneficial effects on the nasal and ocular symptoms of AR. The efficacy of isopathic treatment of AR is unclear.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW


  2 / 3598 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28274213
Autor:Jocham A; Kriston L; Berberat PO; Schneider A; Linde K
Endereço:Institute of General Practice, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Orleansstrasse 47, 81667, Munich, Germany.
Título:How do medical students engaging in elective courses on acupuncture and homeopathy differ from unselected students? A survey.
Fonte:BMC Complement Altern Med; 17(1):148, 2017 Mar 09.
ISSN:1472-6882
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Resumo:BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate whether students at German medical schools participating in elective courses on acupuncture and homeopathy differ from an unselected group of students regarding attitudes and personality traits. METHODS: Elective courses on acupuncture and homeopathy in the academic half-year 2013/14 all over Germany were identified and participants invited to fill in a questionnaire including nineteen questions on attitudes towards Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM), orientation towards science, care and status orientation, and a short validated instrument (Big-Five-Inventory-10) to measure personality traits (extraversion, neuroticism, openness, conscientiousness, and agreeableness). Participants of a mandatory family medicine course at one university served as unselected control group. RESULTS: Two hundred twenty and 113 students from elective courses on acupuncture and homeopathy, respectively, and 315 control students participated (response rate 93%). Students participating in elective courses had much more positive attitudes towards CAM, somewhat lower science and status orientation, and somewhat higher care orientation than control group students (all p-values for three-group comparisons < 0.001). There were no differences between the three groups regarding personality traits with the exception of lower values for agreeableness in controls (p = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study show that attitudes of students participating in elective courses on acupuncture or homeopathy at German medical schools differ to a considerable degree from the attitudes of unselected students.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  3 / 3598 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28040373
Autor:Perng P; Zampella JG; Okoye GA
Endereço:School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.
Título:Management of hidradenitis suppurativa in pregnancy.
Fonte:J Am Acad Dermatol; 76(5):979-989, 2017 May.
ISSN:1097-6787
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:Hidradenitis suppurativa is a debilitating inflammatory skin disease with a chronic course and often disappointing response to treatment. Though a minority of persons (20%) reports symptom remission during pregnancy, the vast majority experiences no relief (72%), and few experience clinical deterioration (8%). Disease flares are also observed post-partum. The pathophysiological basis for pregnancy-associated fluctuations in clinical status is currently unknown. Because most women with HS require ongoing management throughout pregnancy, it is important to evaluate the suitability and safety of current treatment options for pregnant women. The following review will outline current management strategies for HS and their compatibility with pregnancy and lactation.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
Nome de substância:0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents); 0 (Biological Products); 0 (Immunosuppressive Agents); 9100L32L2N (Metformin)


  4 / 3598 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28255376
Autor:Vithoulkas G
Endereço:International Academy of Classical Homeopathy, Alonissos, Greece.
Título:Serious mistakes in meta-analysis of homeopathic research.
Fonte:J Med Life; 10(1):47-49, 2017 Jan-Mar.
ISSN:1844-3117
País de publicação:Romania
Idioma:eng
Resumo:The article discussed the immanent problems of meta-analyses selecting a number of independent trials in homeopathy, within which, the purpose was to examine the effectiveness of homeopathic treatment. Our focus lied in clarifying that the complex effects of homeopathic treatment known from history and day-to-day practice have not been respected so far. The examination of most of the homeopathic trials showed that studies rarely account for homeopathic principles, in order to assess the effectiveness of the treatment. The main flaw was that trials reflect the point of view that the treatment with a specific remedy could be administered in a particular disease. However, homeopathy aims to treat the whole person, rather than the diseases and each case has to be treated individually with an individualized remedy. Furthermore, the commonly known events during the course of homeopathic treatment, such as "initial aggravation" and "symptom-shift" were not considered in almost all the studies. Thus, only few trials were eligible for meta-analyses, if at all. These and other factors were discussed and certain homeopathic principles were suggested to be respected in further trials. It is expected, that a better understanding of homeopathic principles would provide guidelines for homeopathic research, which are more acceptable to both homeopathy and conventional medicine.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE


  5 / 3598 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28077754
Autor:Bodey AL; Almond CJ; Holmes MA
Endereço:The Hyperthyroid Cat Centre, 433 Birch Park, Thorp Arch Estate, Wetherby, Yorkshire, LS23 7FG, UK.
Título:Double-blinded randomised placebo-controlled clinical trial of individualised homeopathic treatment of hyperthyroid cats.
Fonte:Vet Rec; 180(15):377, 2017 Apr 15.
ISSN:2042-7670
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Resumo:Feline hyperthyroidism is a common endocrine disorder in older cats for which homeopathic treatment has been advocated. A double-blinded, placebo-controlled randomised trial was performed to look for evidence of efficacy for the use of individualised homeopathy in the treatment of this disease. Using a case definition of a concentration of the thyroid hormone T4 >66 nmol/l, cats were randomised into two treatment arms. Either a placebo or a homeopathic treatment was given to each cat blindly. After 21 days, the T4 levels, weight (Wt) and heart rate (HR) were compared with pretreatment values. There were no statistically significant differences in the changes seen between the two treatment arms following placebo or homeopathic treatment (T4 P=0.96, Wt P=0.16, HR P=0.36) or between the means of each parameter for either treatment arm before and after placebo or homeopathic treatment (all P values >0.13). In a second phase of the study, patients in both treatment arms were given methimazole treatment for 21 days and T4, Wt and HR determined again. Again there were no statistically significant differences between the groups, but there were statistically significant reductions in T4 (P<0.0001) and HR (P=0.02), and a statistically significant increase in Wt (P=0.004) in both groups compared with their pre-methimazole treatment levels. The results of this study failed to provide any evidence of the efficacy of homeopathic treatment of feline hyperthyroidism.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Nome de substância:0 (Antithyroid Agents); 554Z48XN5E (Methimazole); Q51BO43MG4 (Thyroxine)


  6 / 3598 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27923892
Autor:Michell AR
Endereço:Formerly Professor of Comparative Medicine, University of London & Author, The Clinical Biology of Sodium, Pergamon. bobmichell@hotmail.com.
Título:Homeopathy, oral rehydration and cholera.
Fonte:J R Soc Med; 109(12):436, 2016 Dec.
ISSN:1758-1095
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicação: LETTER
Nome de substância:0 (Salts)


  7 / 3598 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27542428
Autor:Trivedi R; Salvo MC
Endereço:Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06032, USA. Electronic address: Rtrivedi@uchc.edu.
Título:Utilization and Safety of Common Over-the-Counter Dietary/Nutritional Supplements, Herbal Agents, and Homeopathic Compounds for Disease Prevention.
Fonte:Med Clin North Am; 100(5):1089-99, 2016 Sep.
ISSN:1557-9859
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:Dietary supplements are commonly used by patients as part of their medical care plan. Often clinicians may not be aware of their use, because patients do not always consider these to be medications. All clinicians need to continually ask patients about their use of dietary supplements when collecting a medication history. Dietary supplements and prescription medications often share similar enzymatic pathways for their metabolism. These interactions may lead to severe adverse reactions. This article reviews available evidence for a variety of dietary supplements in select disease categories.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
Nome de substância:0 (Nonprescription Drugs); 0 (Plant Preparations); 0 (Prescription Drugs)


  8 / 3598 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27339190
Título:Seven days in medicine: 15-21 June 2016.
Fonte:BMJ; 353:i3479, 2016 Jun 23.
ISSN:1756-1833
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicação: NEWS


  9 / 3598 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27317799
Autor:Wise J
Endereço:London.
Título:Liverpool residents vote to stop homeopathy funding by CCG.
Fonte:BMJ; 353:i3380, 2016 Jun 16.
ISSN:1756-1833
País de publicação:England
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicação: NEWS


  10 / 3598 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27285053
Autor:Davidson J; Jonas W
Endereço:1 Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center , Durham, NC.
Título:Individualized Homeopathy: A Consideration of Its Relationship to Psychotherapy.
Fonte:J Altern Complement Med; 22(8):594-8, 2016 Aug.
ISSN:1557-7708
País de publicação:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumo:OBJECTIVES: The benefit and potential mechanisms of action of homeopathy have long been debated. Almost entirely neglected has been the study of individualized homeopathy (IH) as a form of psychotherapy, which incorporates factors that are common to most therapies while using processes that are specific to IH. METHODS: Recent research into the therapeutic components of IH is reviewed; similarities and differences between IH and other forms of psychotherapy are also described. RESULTS: IH includes elements found in humanistic therapy and narrative medicine and additionally incorporates idiographic material in treatment selection. It is structured in a manner that takes maximum advantage of the components of the placebo effect, which could further expand its effectiveness beyond those conditions thought usually amenable to psychotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: It is possible that IH entails specific psychotherapeutic processes in addition to possible therapeutic action of the homeopathic remedy, but the relative contributions of each remain to be determined. Suggestions are given for future research.
Tipo de publicação: JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW



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